The Green Papers
2016 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm Democratic Convention
Presidential Nominating Process
Debate - CNN  Nevada: Tuesday 13 October 2015
Debate -  CBS/KCCI/Des Moines Register  Des Moines, Iowa: Saturday 14 November 2015
Debate - ABC/WMUR  Manchester, New Hampshire: Saturday 19 December 2015
Debate - NBC/Congressional Black Caucus Institute  Charleston, South Carolina: Sunday 17 January 2016
Debate - Univision/Washington Post  Miami, Floria: February - March 2016 (presumably)
Debate - PBS  Wisconsin: Monday 1 February - Thursday 31 March 2016 (presumably)
Automatic selection of unpledged delegates: Tuesday 1 March 2016
47th Democratic National Convention: Monday 25 July - Thursday 28 July 2016
Democrats
CandidateDelegate Votes
Hard TotalFloor
Clinton, Hillary Diane Rodham2,205  46.29%2,842  59.67%
Sanders, Bernard "Bernie"1,846  38.76%1,865  39.16%
abstention 55   1.15%
(available)1   0.02%1   0.02%
Uncommitted711  14.93% 
Total4,763 100.00%4,763 100.00%
 

Nationwide Popular Vote

CandidatePop
Vote
%
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton16,917,85355.23%
Bernard "Bernie" Sanders13,210,55043.13%
Martin Joseph O'Malley110,4230.36%
Uncommitted101,4810.33%
Roque "Rocky" De La Fuente Guerra67,4680.22%
No Preference50,9900.17%
(scattering)48,5760.16%
Willie L. Wilson25,7960.08%
Paul T. Farrell, Jr.21,6940.07%
Keith Russell Judd20,3050.07%
Michael Alan Steinberg20,1260.07%
Henry Hewes11,0620.04%
John Wolfe7,3690.02%
Star Locke5,2020.02%
Steve Burke4,8930.02%
Lawrence "Larry Joe" Cohen2,4070.01%
Calvis L. Hawes2,0170.01%
James Valentine1,7260.01%
Uninstructed Delegation1,4880.00%
Jon Adams4860.00%
Vermin Supreme2680.00%
Mark Stewart2360.00%
David John Thistle2260.00%
Graham Schwass1430.00%
Lloyd Thomas Kelso460.00%
Mark Stewart Greenstein410.00%
Eric Elbot360.00%
William D. French290.00%
Edward T. O'Donnell, Jr.260.00%
David Formhals (write-in)250.00%
Robert Lovitt220.00%
William H. McGaughey, Jr.190.00%
Edward Sonnino170.00%
Steven Roy Lipscomb150.00%
Sam Sloan150.00%
Brock C. Hutton140.00%
Andrew Daniel "Andy" Basiago (write-in)130.00%
Raymond Michael Moroz80.00%
Richard Lyons Weil80.00%
Ignació León Nuñez (write-in)60.00%
Willie Felix Carter (write-in)30.00%
Brian James O'Neill, II (write-in)20.00%
Doug Terry (write-in)10.00%
Kevin Michael Moreau (write-in)00.00%
Total30,633,131100.00%

(scattering) = Blank, Blank Ballots, Blank Votes, Others, Over votes, Referred to Special Committee, Scattering, Spoiled, Spoiled ballots, Under votes, Void, Void Ballots, Write-in.

Popular vote total includes AK, AL, AR, AS, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DA, DC, DE, FL, GA, GU, HI, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MP, MS, MT, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, PR, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VI, VT, WI, WV, WY and excludes IA, ME, ND, NV, WA. No popular vote for UN.

 
 

States Chronologically   States Alphabetically
 
Democratic Convention
AK AL AR AS AZ CA CO CT DA DC DE FL GA GU HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MP MS MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK OR PA PR RI SC SD TN TX UN UT VA VI VT WA WI WV WY
 
Republican Convention
AK AL AR AS AZ CA CO CT DC DE FL GA GU HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MP MS MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK OR PA PR RI SC SD TN TX UT VA VI VT WA WI WV WY

 
 

Commentary:
Dem Convention Day 1 redacted tweets
DAY 1 of the 2016 DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION
met in the Wells Fargo Center: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

by RICHARD E. BERG-ANDERSSON
TheGreenPapers.com Staff

 

 
Roll Call Vote - 26 July 2016
JurisdictionVotesClintonSandersabstention
Alabama1605091
Alaska20614
American Samoa1183
Arizona855134
Arkansas372710
California551330221
Colorado27836411
Connecticut714427
Delaware32239
Democrats Abroad317710
District of Columbia44395
Florida42461637211
Georgia411787291
Guam512921
Hawaii341519
Idaho27720
Illinois4183987411
Indiana29248431
Iowa513021
Kansas371423
Kentucky603327
Louisiana594514
Maine301218
Maryland1208436
Massachusetts411568461
Michigan1478166
Minnesota49342474
Mississippi4413371
Missouri844935
Montana42714121
Nebraska43013161
Nevada432716
New Hampshire321616
New Jersey414290457
New Mexico432716
New York42911811082
North Carolina412070482
North Dakota3237142
Mariana Islands1192
Ohio1609862
Oklahoma422022
Oregon47434382
Pennsylvania20812682
Puerto Rico674423
Rhode Island43319131
South Carolina594613
South Dakota251510
South Dakota puts Hillary Clinton "over the top" with 2,395 votes. 2,382 votes are necessary to nominate.
Tennessee47550232
Texas25117972
Utah37829
Vermont26***Sanders' home State PASSES***
Virgin Islands1212
Virginia1087533
Washington211842742
West Virginia371918
Wisconsin964749
Wyoming18117
Vermont26422
Totals 4,762 2,842 1,865 55
JurisdictionVotesClintonSandersabstention


Notes

1. Alabama: 1 vote announced as an abstention from the Chair (not by the delegation).

2. Various: Abstention(s) announced by the delegation.

3. Democrats Abroad: Larry Sanders, brother of Senator Bernie Sanders, announces his own vote for his brother separate from a 7-9 split earlier announced by the spokesman for the delegation.

4. Various: Total vote was short. No abstentions announced by delegation or Chair.

5. Guam's delegation announced 1 vote as "Absent"; the Chair announced it as an "abstention".

The 1 delegate allocated to Unassigned was never announced..

After the Roll Call was completed (with his own VERMONT voting last), Bernie Sanders moved that Hillary Clinton be nominated by acclamation (actual words: "be selected as the nominee of the Democratic Party") which was approved viva voce. The total vote was never announced from the Chair.

 

 

24 November 2014: 2016 Democratic National Convention host finalists announced-- Philadelphia, New York, and Columbus.

20 January 2015: Media reports state that the Democratic National Convention will begin either 25 July or 22 August 2016.

On 23 January 2015, the Democratic National Committee announced that the 47th Democratic National Convention would be held from Monday 25 July through Thursday 28 July 2016.

On 12 February 2015, the Democratic National Committee announced that the National Convention would be held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The 2016 Democratic National Convention (official site)


   

Tuesday 13 October 2015: Debate - CNN Nevada (announced 6 August 2015). Democratic Party Presidential Debate televised on CNN from Las Vegas. 8:30 PM Eastern Time [0100 GMT]: The following Democratic presidential contenders debate among themselves for two and a half hours:

  • former Governor Lincoln D. [Linc] CHAFEE of Rhode Island
  • former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham CLINTON of New York
  • former Governor Martin J. O'MALLEY of Maryland
  • U.S. Senator Bernard [Bernie] SANDERS
  • former U.S. Senator James H. [Jim] WEBB of Virginia

This Prime Time debate will be broadcast 'live' via CNN

Commentary:
MEANWHILE, THERE ARE *OTHERS* ALSO RUNNING!
The first Democratic Party debate re: 2016 is here

by Richard E. Berg-Andersson TheGreenPapers.com Staff

Alas! (as well as finally)-- it is now time to discuss the various and sundry contenders for the Democratic presidential nomination in 2016. Yes, dear reader, in case you might well have forgotten by now (and- given how so much of the media has, so far, covered all this- you can't be at all blamed if you might have!), there are actually two Major Parties here in the United States of America and both of them will nominate candidates for President of the ....

 

Saturday 14 November 2015: Debate - CBS/KCCI/Des Moines Register Des Moines, Iowa (announced 6 August 2015).

9 PM Eastern Time [0200 GMT, 15 Nov]-- The following Democratic presidential contenders debate among themselves for two hours:

  • former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham CLINTON of New York
  • former Governor Martin J. O'MALLEY of Maryland
  • U.S. Senator Bernard [Bernie] SANDERS of Vermont

This Prime Time debate will be broadcast 'live' via CBS

 

Saturday 19 December 2015: Debate - ABC/WMUR Manchester, New Hampshire (announced 6 August 2015).

8 PM Eastern Time [0100 GMT, 20 Dec]-- The following Democratic presidential contenders debate among themselves:

  • former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham CLINTON of New York
  • former Governor Martin J. O'MALLEY of Maryland
  • United States Senator Bernard [Bernie] SANDERS of Vermont

This Prime Time debate will be broadcast 'live' via ABC

 

Sunday 17 January 2016: Debate - NBC/Congressional Black Caucus Institute Charleston, South Carolina (announced 6 August 2015).

 

February - March 2016 (presumably): Debate - Univision/Washington Post Miami, Floria (announced 6 August 2015).

 

Monday 1 February - Thursday 31 March 2016 (presumably): Debate - PBS Wisconsin (announced 6 August 2015).

 

Tuesday 1 March 2016: Automatic Assignment of 712 Unpledged Delegates.

The unpledged party leader and elected official delegates are assigned automatically by virtue of respective public or Party office as provided in Rule 9.A. of the 2016 Delegate Selection Rules.

 

Monday 25 July - Thursday 28 July 2016: 47th Democratic National Convention, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. On 23 January 2015, the DNC announced that the Convention will be from 25 to 28 July 2016.

The 47th DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION will have a total of 4,763 delegate votes, with 2,382 (a majority) necessary in order for a Presidential or Vice-Presidential candidate to be nominated.

"The rules for the 2016 Democratic National Convention call for the following formula to be used in determining the allocation of delegate votes to each state and jurisdiction sending a delegation to the Convention:

Each state plus the District of Columbia is to be assigned a number of Base delegate votes based on an "Allocation Factor" multiplied by 3,200 (the optimum minimum size of a Democratic National Convention as determined by the Democratic National Committee): a state's (or D.C.'s) "Allocation Factor" being a decimal fraction arrived at through a calculation involving the following factors-

  1. the state's (or D.C.'s) popular vote for the Democratic candidate for President in the three Presidential Elections just previous to the Convention (in this case: 2004, 2008, and 2012). This is the "State's Democratic Vote" [SDV].
  2. the total popular vote for the Democratic candidate for President in the three Presidential Elections just previous to the Convention. This is the "Total Democratic Vote" [TDV].
  3. the state's Electoral Vote [SEV] and
  4. the total Electoral Vote [TEV] (538)

The formula for determining a given state's (or D.C.'s) "Allocation Factor" [AF] is:

AF = ½ ( ( SDV ÷ TDV ) + ( SEV ÷ 538 ) )

[2016 Call for the Democratic Convention I.B.]

The number of Base delegate votes assigned to a state is AF × 3,200. Of these Base delegate votes, 75% are assigned to be district delegate votes and the remaining 25% are to be at-large delegate votes. In addition to these Base delegate votes, the state (and D.C.) are awarded a number of Pledged "Party Leaders and Elected Officials" [PLEOs] equal to 15% of the number of Base delegate votes as determined by the "Allocation Factor" × 3,200 formula described above. [Reference: 2016 Delegate Selection Rules for the Democratic National Convention: Rule 8. C.]

There are also delegate votes from U.S. dependencies which do not cast Electoral Votes for President in a General Election. PUERTO RICO is considered, for purposes of the Convention, to have a Base delegate vote of 44; the special case of the other dependencies sending delegations to the Democratic National Convention will be considered below. These delegate votes described so far (making up a number equal to 115% of the total Base delegate votes as determined by the "Allocation Factor" × 3,200) are pledged, prior to the first meeting of the Convention, to the support of a presidential contender who earns the support of such delegate votes by virtue of his performance as measured by the votes cast by Democratic voters in primaries and caucuses and/or by Democratic delegates to state and/or sub-state conventions held in each state prior to the Convention.

The states (and D.C.) are also assigned a number of "Unpledged" delegates:

"Unpledged PLEOs" consisting of the following:

  • Democratic National Committee members.
  • Democratic Members of Congress (U.S. Senators, Representatives, and Delegates).
  • Democratic Governors, except those who are already members of the Democratic National Committee and, therefore, are delegates re: a.) above.
  • Distinguished Party Leaders (current and former U.S. Presidents and Vice-Presidents, former Democratic Leaders of the U.S. Senate and U.S, House- including former Democratic Speakers of the House and former chairmen of the Democratic National Committee.

These "Unpledged" delegates go to the Convention officially "Unpledged" (that is, not committed- ahead of time- to vote for any particular presidential contender), though it is well known that many- if not most- of these may very well be privately supporting a presidential contender. The number of these "Unpledged" delegates to the Democratic National Convention is subject to change up to the first meeting of the Convention due to deaths, resignations from office (for those PLEOs who hold an elective office) or accession- by a Democrat- to an elective office through an intervening election or special election. In addition, any Unpledged PLEO who shall subsequently become a Pledged PLEO may further alter the number of Unpledged National Convention delegates within a given delegation."

The breakdown of the delegate votes is as follows:

  • 3,560 Base delegate votes (2,650 district delegate votes and 910 at-large delegate votes)
  • 491 Pledged PLEOs (meaning a total of 4,051 delegate votes to be determined by either a primary or a caucus/convention system in each state or other jurisdiction)
  • 712 Unpledged delegate votes.
  • TOTAL: 4,763 delegate votes.

There will actually be more delegates on the floor of the Democratic National Convention than there are delegate votes [which is why I use the term "delegate votes" in the first place]. Some jursidictions will have more delegate seats than actual delegate votes at that Convention [as a result of which, some delegates from some states will have to cast fractional votes during roll calls on the Convention floor]. There will be 4,763 delegate votes at the 47th Democratic National Convention, but there will be 4,767 actual delegates on the floor of the Convention (in other words, 4 more delegates than votes)... here's why:

  • DEMOCRATS ABROAD, with 17 delegate votes, will have 21 delegates.
    • 8 unpledged Democratic National Committee members each casts ½ vote for a total of 4 votes.

"In a relative handful of cases, a Member of Congress or a Governor is also a member of the Democratic National Committee (in some of these cases, such as that of the Democrats' Congressional Leaders- House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi - Members of Congress are DNC members ex-officio; in other cases, however, they represent various associated committees or organizations affiliated with the DNC: for example, U.S. Senators sit on the DNC as representatives of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee- likewise, Congressmen and Governors sit on the DNC as representatives of, respectively, the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee and the Democratic Governors' Association); the Democratic Party lists these Unpledged PLEOs who are DNC members as well as holders of elective office solely as DNC members (in other words, as far as the Party is concerned, these people are "Party Leaders" more than "Elected Officials"). However, it is the considered opinion of "The Green Papers" that the average user of this web site is going to think of these few Unpledged PLEOs who are in the unique position of being both PLs AND EOs more in terms of their elected office than their DNC membership: as a result, "The Green Papers" has "converted" DNC members who happen also to be Governors, Senators and Representatives to their political office from their DNC membership. Therefore, the breakdown in each state or other jurisdiction of Unpledged PLEOs as posted on "The Green Papers" may differ somewhat from that put out by the Democratic Party itself: where this is the case, it is so indicated on the appropriate DEMOCRAT page for the affected state or other jurisdiction."


Replacing Unpledged Delegates

Unpledged delegates shall not be entitled to a replacement, nor shall the state be entitled to a replacement, except under the following conditions:

  1. Members of Congress and Democratic Governors shall not be entitled to name a replacement. In the event of changes or vacancies in the state's Congressional Delegation, following the official confirmation and prior to the commencement of the national convention, the DNC Secretary shall recognize only such changes as have been officially recognized by the Democratic Caucus of the U. S. House of Representatives or the Democratic Conference of the U. S. Senate. In the event of a change or vacancy in he state's office of Governor, the DNC shall recognize only such changes as have been officially recognized by the Democratic Governors' Association.
  2. Members of the DNC shall not be entitled to a replacement, nor shall the state be entitled to a replacement, except in the case of death of such delegates. In the case where the state's DNC membership changes following the DNC Secretary's official confirmation, but prior to the commencement of the 2016 Democratic National Convention, acknowledgment by the Secretary of the new DNC member certification shall constitute verification of the corresponding change of unpledged delegates.
  3. Distinguished Party Leader delegates allocated to the state pursuant to Rule 9.A.(5) shall not be entitled to name a replacement, nor shall the state be entitled to name a replacement.
  4. In no case may an alternate cast a vote for an unpledged delegate.

Terminology:

  • PLEOs = Party Leaders and Elected Officials.
  • Unpledged PLEOs = Superdelegates.
  • District + at-large delegates = Base delegates.
  • Base delegates + Pledged PLEOs are the only delegates chosen through a Democratic presidential Primary or Caucus/Convention procedure and, thus, allocated to presidential contenders.
  • All Unpledged delegates (Unpledged PLEOs) are automatically uncommitted and are held aside rather than allocated to presidential contenders through a Primary or Caucus/Convention.

 

Notes

Primary dates marked "presumably" and polling times marked "reportedly" are based on unofficial or estimated data (especially as regards local variations from a jurisdictionwide statutory and/or regulatory standard) and are, thereby, subject to change.

1 Democratic Party's "First Determining Step" of the delegate selection process.

 


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Documentation
  Historical Analysis of the Presidential Nominating Process  
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  Primary/Caucus/Convention Glossary  
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