|The Green Papers|
2016 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions
Presidential Nominating Process
Precinct Caucuses: Monday 1 February 20161
County Conventions: Saturday 12 March 2016
District Conventions: Saturday 30 April 2016
State Convention: Saturday 18 June 2016
51 total delegate votes - 29 district / 9 at large; 6 Pledged PLEOs; 7 Unpledged PLEOs
States Chronologically States Alphabetically
Source: 2016 Delegate Selection Plan.
Source: 2016 Iowa Caucuses.
Iowa Caucus Results
Unpledged delegate preferences as of
Military (tele-caucus) and other voters (satellite caucuses) who can not attend the precinct caucuses in person may participate in the 2016 Iowa Caucuses via tele-conference. There will be no absentee or proxy voting at any precinct caucus. The satellite caucuses are allocated 3 delegates and the military tele-caucus is allocated 2 delegates to the state convention.
Monday 1 February 2016: Precinct Caucuses. Democratic Party Caucuses meet in each precinct at 7 PM CST. Each Precinct Caucus chooses the precinct's delegates to County Conventions based on presidential preference (which, despite the media circus that quadrennially surrounds this event, is all that will be actually decided at these Iowa caucuses!).
NOTE: Estimates will, of course, be made by media outlets as well as by the campaigns of the presidential contenders themselves as to how many of Iowa's 51 National Convention delegates each presidential contender is likely to be ultimately be receiving as a result of the Iowa caucuses but, of course, since no National Convention delegates are actually being chosen by these caucuses, all such estimates will almost certainly, come the District Conventions in April and the State Convention in June, be wrong!!
Example. 57 people attend a caucus electing 3 delegates. The viability is 1/6th of 57 = 9.5 rounded which is 10. Say 29 people support candidate A, 19 support candidate B, and 9 support candidate C. Candidates A and B are viable since they have support of 10 or more of the attendees. Because candidate C did not receive the support of 10 attendees, those supporting candidate C must realign to another candidate. At this point, the attendees realign themselves so 34 support candidate A and 23 support candidate B.
The caucus will next choose the precinct's delegates to the Democratic Convention of the County in which the precinct is located (which is all, despite all the media hoopla, that will be actually decided at the Iowa caucuses!) who will be allocated in proportion to the percentage of the support each "viable" presidential contender received in the second round of balloting at the precinct caucus as of the time of its adjournment. (Estimates will, of course, be made by media outlets as well as the contenders themselves as to how many of Iowa's 51 National Convention delegates each contender will ultimately be receiving but, of course, since NO National Convention delegates are actually being chosen by these caucuses, all such estimates will almost certainly, in the end, be WRONG!!!)."
Continuing the example from above: For Candidate A: 3 (total precinct delegates) × 34 (supporters) ÷ 57 (total attendees) = 1.789 which rounds to 2 precinct delegates. Candidate B receives 3 × 23 ÷ 57 = 1.211 which rounds to 1 precinct delegate. Note: Due to rounding, the sum of precinct delegates may exceed the total number of precinct delegates allocated to the caucus. If this happens, round down the candidate with the smallest fraction. Candidates receiving 1 precinct delegate are not subject to this rule, that is, candidates cannot loose their only precinct delegate during this adjustment.
Here's how we estimate the delegate count based on the votes cast (to elect delegates to the County Conventions) at the Precinct Caucuses. Note that zero national convention delegates are allocated during the Precinct Conventions - national convention delegates are first elected in April.
How the Democratic Proportional Delegate Allocation Math works.
"We are proud of the more than 171,000 Iowa Democrats who came out to caucus on Monday night..." - Iowa Democratic Party.
Saturday 12 March 2016: County Conventions convene in each county. Each County Convention chooses the county's delegates to both Congressional District Conventions and the Iowa State Convention based on presidential preference. A mandatory 15 percent threshold is required in order for a presidential contender to be viable. Delegates assigned to a non-viable candidate will realign themselves to another candidate. Delegates are not required to align with the presidential preference that elected them at the caucuses.
Here's how we estimate the delegate count based on the number of delegates elected to the State Convention at the County Conventions. Note that zero national convention delegates are allocated during the County Conventions - national convention delegates are first elected in April.
The count below does not include Satellite Caucuses (Clinton 2, Sanders 1) and Tele-Caucus (Clinton 1, Sanders 1).
Saturday 30 April 2016: Democratic Party District Conventions convene in each congressional district to choose the district's delegates to the Democratic National Convention. A mandatory 15 percent threshold is required in order for a presidential contender to be allocated National Convention delegates at the district level.
The National Convention District Delegates are elected at the District Conventions.
Therefore, the very first time Democratic National Convention delegates from Iowa will be pledged to presidential contenders officially will be at these Saturday 30 April 2016 District Conventions!!
Saturday 18 June 2016: The Iowa State Democratic Convention convenes at 9:00am CDT. The State Convention chooses 15 of the Iowa's Pledged delegates to the Democratic National Convention. A mandatory 15 percent threshold is required in order for a presidential contender to be allocated National Convention delegates at the statewide level.
Delegates to the State Convention align with a Presidential preference or uncommitted group when they register at the convention. Delegates are not required to align with the same Presidential preference as they did at the County Convention. Delegates at the District conventions who realign with a different presidential preference group shall sign a statement that states: "I now support (candidate) for the Democratic nomination for President" prior to voting for National Convention At-Large and PLEO delegates.
15 delegates are to be pledged to presidential contenders based the support for the presidential contenders in the State Convention as a whole.
The Pledged PLEO and At-Large National Convention Delegates are elected at the State Convention.
The remaining 7 National Convention delegates consist of
These 7 delegates and will go to the Democratic National Convention officially "Unpledged".
Only as of Saturday 18 June 2016 will ALL of Iowa's 51 Democratic National Convention delegates have been allocated: the estimates made re: delegate allocation as a result of the Iowa caucuses will likely not match the presidential preferences and pledges of the National Convention delegates as actually chosen because it is rather probable that the field of Democratic presidential contenders on Saturday 18 June 2016 will very well be quite different from the way that same field looked at the time the Iowa Precinct Caucuses had taken place way back in February!
National Convention At-Large Delegates: 5 Clinton, 4 Sanders.
National Convention PLEO (Party Leader Elected Officials) Delegates: 3 Clinton, 3 Sanders
|Primary dates marked "presumably" and polling times marked "reportedly" are based on unofficial or estimated data (especially as regards local variations from a jurisdictionwide statutory and/or regulatory standard) and are, thereby, subject to change.|
|Links Links to other web sites|
|Constitution Links to State Constitutions|
|• Constitution of the State of Iowa|
|• Iowa Secretary of State|
|Legislature Links to State Legislatures|
|• Iowa Legislature|
|• Iowa Democratic Party|
|• Iowa House Democrats|
|• Iowa Senate Democrats|
|Media & others|
|• Blog for Iowa|
|• Dubuque Telegraph Herald|
|• Fort Madison Daily Democrat|
|• Globe Gazette - Mason City|
|• Iowa City Press-Citizen|
|• Iowa Farmer Today|
|• Iowa Public Television - Johnston|
|• Iowa Starting Line|
|• Kalona News|
|• KCAU TV - ABC - Sioux City|
|• KCRG TV - ABC - Cedar Rapids - Iowa City - Dubuque|
|• KDSM TV - FOX - Des Moines|
|• KLJB TV - Fox - Davenport|
|• KMEG TV - CBS - Sioux City|
|• Politics1.com - Iowa|
|• Quad-Cities - Dispatch/Argus/Leader - Moline - Rock Island - Davenport|
|• Quad-City Times|
|• Radio Iowa|
|• Sioux City Journal|
|• The Bloomfield Democrat|
|• The Daily Nonpareil - Council Bluffs|
|• The Des Moines Register|
|• The Gazette - Cedar Rapids|
|• The Gazette - Cedar Rapids|
|• The Iowa Republican|
|• The Iowa Republican - Brooklyn|
|• The Waterloo Cedar-Falls Courier|
|• WHO TV - NBC - Des Moines|
1 Democratic Party's "First Determining Step" of the delegate selection process.
Election 2016 - Presidential Primary, Caucus, and Convention Home