The Green Papers
2020 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions

Disclaimer:
These pages contain a combination of official, unofficial, and estimated data. The information posted here is subject to change.

The delegate selection processes herein, along with any and all dates and delegate counts associated therewith, are unofficial and based on either (1) information obtained from either Major Party, (2) Presidential Primary dates established by currently-effective State statute, or- where the foregoing information could not be obtained- (3) the state's 2016 delegate selection process and associated dates adjusted to the corresponding dates in 2020.

Democrats

  • Democratic Bonus Delegates and penalties are preliminary.

Republicans

  • Republican delegate counts are based on the number of Republicans elected to the State Legislatures, Governors chairs, U.S. House seats, and U.S. Senators seats through 31 December 2019. Republican unpledged delegate counts are determined by state (or equivalent) party rules. We have assumed that the policies of 2016 will apply in 2020.
  • The Republican district delegate count is based on the number of U.S. House members each state will elect in 2020.
  • Republican penalties for violating the timing window are not included in these delegate tallies.
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm Iowa Democrat
Presidential Nominating Process
Satellite and Precinct Caucuses: Monday 3 February 20201
County Conventions: Saturday 21 March 2020
District Conventions: Saturday 25 April 2020
State Convention: Saturday 13 June 2020
Democrats
CandidateDelegate Votes
Soft
Pledged
Soft
Unpledged
Soft
Total
Hard Total
(available)41 100.00%8 100.00%49 100.00%49 100.00%
Total41 100.00%8 100.00%49 100.00%49 100.00%

States Chronologically   States Alphabetically
 
Democratic Convention
AK AL AR AS AZ CA CO CT DA DC DE FL GA GU HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MP MS MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK OR PA PR RI SC SD TN TX UN UT VA VI VT WA WI WV WY
 
Republican Convention
AK AL AR AS AZ CA CO CT DC DE FL GA GU HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MP MS MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK OR PA PR RI SC SD TN TX UT VA VI VT WA WI WV WY
 
Iowa Primaries for Statewide offices and Congress
 
Iowa State and Local Government

 
 

11 February 2019: The Iowa Democratic Party proposed that the caucuses allow Democrats to vote absentee using ranked choice. The virtual results will be tabulated and added to the precinct caucuses. However, on 29 August 2019, citing security concerns, the DNC disapproved.

Iowa Delegate Selection Plan from the Iowa Democratic Party.


   

Monday 3 February 2020: Iowa Satellite and Precinct Caucuses. Hours begin at 7:00p CST (0100 UTC). Delegate Pledging: Proportional Caucus/Convention. Voter Eligibility: Closed Caucus/Convention.

Satellite and Precinct Caucuses (preliminary)
Excluded from Nationwide vote.

CandidateState
Delegate
Equivalents
%
Total  
 

The 2020 satellite caucuses will allow for additional caucus locations for those cannot attend the in-person precinct caucus. Iowa Democrats can apply to hold a satellite site at places like factories, group homes, or community gathering places. Satellite caucuses will be tallied as one additional county in each Congressional District.

Satellite and Precinct Caucuses. Democratic Party Caucuses meet in each precinct at 7 PM CST. Absentee or proxy voting is not allowed. Each Precinct Caucus chooses the precinct's delegates to the County Conventions based on presidential preference.

  • At each caucus, each presidential contender who fails to get at least 15 percent support among the participants in the initial balloting after a period of discussion will be considered "non-viable" and all supporters of such "non-viable" presidential contenders will then be required to join in the support of presidential contenders who have remained "viable". To determine the viability of a presidential contender, multiply the number of eligible caucus attendees by the percentages below and round to the nearest whole number. This is the minimum number of delegates needed for the contender to remain viable.
    • 50% (majority vote) for caucuses electing 1 delegate.
    • 25% (one quarter) for caucuses electing 2 delegates.
    • 16.66...% (one sixth) for caucuses electing 3 delegates.
    • 15% for caucuses electing 4 or more delegates.

Example. 57 people attend a caucus electing 3 delegates. The viability is 1/6th of 57 = 9.5 rounded which is 10. Say 29 people support candidate A, 19 support candidate B, and 9 support candidate C. Candidates A and B are viable since they have support of 10 or more of the attendees. Because candidate C did not receive the support of 10 attendees, those supporting candidate C must realign to another candidate. At this point, the attendees realign themselves so 34 support candidate A and 23 support candidate B.

The caucus will next choose the precinct's delegates to who will be allocated in proportion to the percentage of the support each "viable" presidential contender received in the second round of balloting at the precinct caucus as of the time of its adjournment.

Continuing the example from above: For Candidate A: 3 (total precinct delegates) × 34 (supporters) ÷ 57 (total attendees) = 1.789 which rounds to 2 precinct delegates. Candidate B receives 3 × 23 ÷ 57 = 1.211 which rounds to 1 precinct delegate. Note: Due to rounding, the sum of precinct delegates may exceed the total number of precinct delegates allocated to the caucus. If this happens, round down the candidate with the smallest fraction. Candidates receiving 1 precinct delegate are not subject to this rule, that is, candidates cannot loose their only precinct delegate during this adjustment.

National Convention delegates are allocated from the state delegate equivalency results of the precinct and virtual caucuses. In addition, the first and last expression of perference are recorded.

How the Democratic Proportional Delegate Allocation Math works.

Satellite and Precinct Caucuses
National Convention Delegate (preliminary)

Contest
 State
Delegate
Equivalents
Votes
Qualified
State
Delegate
Equivalents
Votes
Del
CD1  7
CD2  7
CD3  8
CD4  5
PLEO  5
At-Large  9
Total
Delegates
  41
 

Saturday 21 March 2020: County Conventions convene in each county to choose Congressional District delegates of which the county is a part as well as the county's delegates the Iowa State Democratic Convention.

 

Saturday 25 April 2020: Democratic Party District Conventions convene in each congressional district at 9:00am to elect the district's delegates to the Democratic National Convention according to the results of the precinct and virtual caucuses.

 

Saturday 13 June 2020: The Iowa State Democratic Convention convenes at 9am CDT. The State Convention elects the 9 At-Large and 5 PLEO of the Iowa's Pledged delegates to the Democratic National Convention according to the results of the precinct and virtual caucuses.

The remaining 8 National Convention delegates consist of

  • 8 Unpledged PLEO delegates:
    • 5 Democratic National Committee members.
    • 3 Members of Congress (0 Senators and 3 Representatives).
    • 0 Governors.
    • 0 Distinguished Party Leaders.

These 8 delegates and will go to the Democratic National Convention officially "Unpledged".

 

Notes

Primary dates marked "presumably" and polling times marked "reportedly" are based on unofficial or estimated data (especially as regards local variations from a jurisdictionwide statutory and/or regulatory standard) and are, thereby, subject to change.

1 Democratic Party's "First Determining Step" of the delegate selection process.

 

Links Links to other web sites

Constitution   Links to State Constitutions
  Constitution of the State of Iowa
Election Authority
  Iowa Secretary of State
Legislature   Links to State Legislatures
  Iowa Legislature
Democratic
  Iowa Democratic Party
  Iowa House Democrats
  Iowa Senate Democrats
Media & others
  Blog for Iowa
  Dubuque Telegraph Herald
  Fort Madison Daily Democrat
  Globe Gazette - Mason City
  Iowa City Press-Citizen
  Iowa Farmer Today
  Iowa Public Television - Johnston
  Iowa Starting Line
  Kalona News
  KCAU TV - ABC - Sioux City
  KCRG TV - ABC - Cedar Rapids - Iowa City - Dubuque
  KDSM TV - FOX - Des Moines
  KLJB TV - Fox - Davenport
  Politics1.com - Iowa
  Quad-Cities - Dispatch/Argus/Leader - Moline - Rock Island - Davenport
  Quad-City Times
  Radio Iowa
  Sioux City Journal
  The Bloomfield Democrat
  The Daily Nonpareil - Council Bluffs
  The Des Moines Register
  The Gazette - Cedar Rapids
  The Gazette - Cedar Rapids
  The Iowa Republican
  The Iowa Republican - Brooklyn
  The Waterloo Cedar-Falls Courier
  WHO TV - NBC - Des Moines
 


  Election 2020 - Presidential Primary, Caucus, and Convention Home  
 
  Presidential Candidates  
 
  States Alphabetically  
  Events Chronologically  
  Major Events Chronologically  
  Poll Closing Times Chronologically   --   Poll Closing Times Alphabetically  
  Democratic "First Determining Step" Chronologically  
 
  Chronological Cumulative Allocation of Delegates  
  Weekly Delegate Distribution and Availability  
 
Delegate Counts
  Democratic Hard and Soft Summary   --   Republican Hard and Soft Summary  
 
Delegate Allocation
  Democratic Quick Reference   --   Republican Quick Reference  
  The Math Behind the Democratic Delegate Allocation   --   The Math Behind the Republican Delegate Allocation  
  Democratic Timing Penalties and Bonuses  
 
  Democratic Delegate Pledging and Voter Eligibility   --   Republican Delegate Binding and Voter Eligibility  
 
  Primaries at a Glance  
 
  Results Status and Date Retreived  
 
Documentation
  Historical Analysis of the Presidential Nominating Process  
  Historical Analysis of the apportionment of delegate votes at the National Conventions of the two major parties  
  Primary/Caucus/Convention Glossary  
  Statutory Election Information of the Several states / Presidential Primary  
  Dates of PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES re: selection and/or allocation/distribution of Delegates to Major Party National Conventions  
 
  Straw Polls  
 
  (download)