The Green Papers
2020 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions

Disclaimer:
These pages contain a combination of official, unofficial, and estimated data. The information posted here is subject to change.

The delegate selection processes herein, along with any and all dates and delegate counts associated therewith, are unofficial and based on either (1) information obtained from either Major Party, (2) Presidential Primary dates established by currently-effective State statute, or- where the foregoing information could not be obtained- (3) the state's 2016 delegate selection process and associated dates adjusted to the corresponding dates in 2020.

Democrats

  • Democratic pledged delegate counts are determined by the jurisdiction's Presidential vote in 2008, 2012, and 2016; along with the jurisdiction's electoral vote allocation based on 2010 census for the number of electors in 2020.
  • Democratic unpledged delegate counts are determined by the number of DNC Members, Democratic Governors, Democratic U.S. House members, and Democratic U.S. Senators serving at the time of the convention. The count for DNC Members, Distinguished Party Leaders is from the 2016 Convention. The tallies of Governors, Democratic U.S. House members, and Democratic U.S. Senators are the current officeholders.
  • Democratic Bonus Delegates and penalties are not included in these delegate tallies.

Republicans

  • Republican delegate counts are based on the number of Republicans elected to the State Legislatures, Governors chairs, U.S. House seats, and U.S. Senators seats through 31 December 2019. Republican unpledged delegate counts are determined by state (or equivalent) party rules. We have assumed that the policies of 2016 will apply in 2020.
  • The Republican district delegate count is based on the number of U.S. House members each state will elect in 2020.
  • Republican penalties for violating the timing window are not included in these delegate tallies.
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm Democratic Convention
Presidential Nominating Process
1st Democratic Primary Debate in Miami (NBC News, MSNBC, Telemundo): Wednesday 26 June - Thursday 27 June 2019
2nd Democratic Primary Debate in Detroit (CNN): Tuesday 30 July - Wednesday 31 July 2019
3rd Democratic Primary Debate in Houston (ABC News, Univision): Thursday 12 September - Friday 13 September 2019
Confirmation of Automatic delegates: Friday 6 March 2020
48th Democratic National Convention: Monday 13 July - Thursday 16 July 2020
Democrats
CandidateDelegate Votes
Soft
Pledged
Soft
Unpledged
Soft
Total
Hard Total
(available)3,769 100.00%766 100.00%4,535 100.00%4,535 100.00%
Total3,769 100.00%766 100.00%4,535 100.00%4,535 100.00%
 

Nationwide Popular Vote

CandidatePop
Vote
%
D|Uncommitted  
No Preference  
Uncommitted  
Total0 

Popular vote total includes AK, AL, AR, AS, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DA, DC, DE, FL, GA, GU, HI, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MP, MS, MT, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, PR, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VI, VT, WI, WV, WY and excludes IA, ND. No popular vote for NV, UN, WA.

 
 

States Chronologically   States Alphabetically
 
Democratic Convention
AK AL AR AS AZ CA CO CT DA DC DE FL GA GU HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MP MS MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK OR PA PR RI SC SD TN TX UN UT VA VI VT WA WI WV WY
 
Republican Convention
AK AL AR AS AZ CA CO CT DC DE FL GA GU HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MP MS MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK OR PA PR RI SC SD TN TX UT VA VI VT WA WI WV WY

 
 

The Democratic Party's 1st debate will be circa June 2019. Qualifications are: 1% in 3 national polls or raising $65,000 or more from at least 200 donors in at least 20 states. Debates are limited to 20 candidates. If more than 20 candidates qualify, those with the lowest polling averages are eliminated.

To qualify for the 3rd round of debates, candidates need 2% or more in 4 qualifying polls released between 28 June and 28 August and must raise money from at least 130,000 unique individual donors.

2020 Presidential Campaign Resources from the Democratic National Committee.


   

Wednesday 26 June - Thursday 27 June 2019 at 9PM ET: 1st Democratic Primary Debate in Miami (NBC News, MSNBC, Telemundo).

The Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts in Miami, Florida

Candidate qualifications: 1% in 3 national polls or raising $65,000 or more from at least 200 donors in at least 20 states. Debates are limited to 20 candidates. If more than 20 candidates qualify, those with the lowest polling averages are eliminated.

On 13 June 2019, the DNC announced the following candidates have qualified: Colorado Senator Michael Bennet; former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr.; New Jersey Senator Cory Booker; South Bend, Indiana Mayor Pete Buttigieg; former housing secretary Julián Castro of Texas; New York, New York Mayor Bill de Blasio; former Maryland Congressman John Delaney; Hawaii Congressman Tulsi Gabbard; New York Senator Kirsten Gillibrand; California Senator Kamala Harris; former Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper; Washington Governor Jay Inslee; Minnesota Senator Amy Klobuchar; former Congressman Texas Beto O'Rourke; Ohio Congressman Tim Ryan; Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders; California Congressman Eric Swalwell; Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren; Marianne Williamson of California; and Andrew Yang of New York.

  • First night: Cory Booker, Julián Castro, Bill de Blasio, John Delaney, Tulsi Gabbard, Jay Inslee, Amy Klobuchar, Beto O’Rourke, Tim Ryan, and Elizabeth Warren.
  • Second night: Michael Bennet, Joe Biden, Pete Buttigieg, Kirsten Gillibrand, Kamala Harris, John Hickenlooper, Bernie Sanders, Eric Swalwell, Marianne Williamson, and Andrew Yang.

Moderators are Savannah Guthrie, Lester Holt, Chuck Todd, Rachel Maddow, and José Diaz-Balart.

 

Tuesday 30 July - Wednesday 31 July 2019: 2nd Democratic Primary Debate in Detroit (CNN).

The qualifications for candidates are the same as those for the first debate.

On 18 July 2019, the DNC announced the following candidates have qualified: former Vice President Joe Biden from Deleware; Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders; California Senator Kamala Harris; Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren; South Bend Indiana Mayor Pete Buttigieg; former Texas Congressman Beto O'Rourke; New Jersey Senator Cory Booker; New York Andrew Yang; former HUD Secretary Julián Castro of Texas; Hawaii Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard; Minnesota Senator Amy Klobuchar; Marianne Williamson of California; Washington Governor Jay Inslee; New York Senator Kirsten Gillibrand; former Maryland Congressman John Delaney; former Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper; Ohio Congressman Tim Ryan; Colorado Senator Michael Bennet; New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio; and Montana Governor Steve Bullock.

  • First night: Michael Bennet, Joe Biden, Cory Booker, Julián Castro, Bill de Blasio, Tulsi Gabbard, Kirsten Gillibrand, Kamala Harris, Jay Inslee, and Andrew Yang.
  • Second night: Steve Bullock, Pete Buttigieg, John Delaney, John Hickenlooper, Amy Klobuchar, Beto O'Rourke, Tim Ryan, Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren, and Marianne Williamson.
 

Thursday 12 September - Friday 13 September 2019: 3rd Democratic Primary Debate in Houston (ABC News, Univision).

Candidate qualifications: 2% in 4 national polls or raising $130,000 or more from at least 400 donors in at least 20 states. Debates are limited to 20 candidates. If more than 20 candidates qualify, those with the lowest polling averages are eliminated.

 

Friday 6 March 2020: Confirmation of Automatic delegates of 766 Automatic Delegates.

The Automatic (unpledged party leader and elected official) delegates are assigned automatically by virtue of respective public or Party office. [Delegate Selection Rules 9.A.].

 

Monday 13 July - Thursday 16 July 2020: 48th Democratic National Convention, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The date was announced on 16 June 2018 and the location on 11 March 2019.

The 48th DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION will have a total of 4,535 delegate votes.

  • Either, a majority of pledged delegate votes, 1,885 of 3,769, must support a single candidate on the first ballot, or a majority of all (pledged and automatic) delegate votes, 2,268 of 4,535, must support a single candidate on any ballot necessary in order for a Presidential candidate to be nominated.
  • A majority of all (pledged and automatic) delegate votes, 2,268 of 4,535, is necessary in order for a Vice-Presidential candidate to be nominated.

"The rules for the 2020 Democratic National Convention specify a formula to be used in determining the allocation of delegate votes to each state and jurisdiction sending a delegation to the Convention. For the details see The Math Behind the Democratic Delegate Allocation.

The breakdown of the delegate votes is as follows:

  • 3,279 Base delegate votes (2,437 district delegate votes and 842 at-large delegate votes)
  • 490 Pledged PLEOs (meaning a total of 3,769 delegate votes to be determined by either a primary or a caucus/convention system in each state or other jurisdiction)
  • 766 Automatic (Unpledged) delegate votes.
  • TOTAL: 4,535 delegate votes.

There will actually be more delegates on the floor of the Democratic National Convention than there are delegate votes [which is why I use the term "delegate votes" in the first place]. Some jursidictions will have more delegate seats than actual delegate votes at that Convention [as a result of which, some delegates from some states will have to cast fractional votes during roll calls on the Convention floor]. There will be 4,535 delegate votes at the 47th Democratic National Convention, but there will be 4,539 actual delegates on the floor of the Convention (in other words, 4 more delegates than votes)... here's why:

  • DEMOCRATS ABROAD, with 17 delegate votes, will have 21 delegates.
    • 8 unpledged Democratic National Committee members each casts ½ vote for a total of 4 votes.

"In a relative handful of cases, a Member of Congress or a Governor is also a member of the Democratic National Committee (in some of these cases, such as that of the Democrats' Congressional Leaders- House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi - Members of Congress are DNC members ex-officio; in other cases, however, they represent various associated committees or organizations affiliated with the DNC: for example, U.S. Senators sit on the DNC as representatives of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee- likewise, Congressmen and Governors sit on the DNC as representatives of, respectively, the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee and the Democratic Governors' Association); the Democratic Party lists these Unpledged PLEOs who are DNC members as well as holders of elective office solely as DNC members (in other words, as far as the Party is concerned, these people are "Party Leaders" more than "Elected Officials"). However, it is the considered opinion of "The Green Papers" that the average user of this web site is going to think of these few Unpledged PLEOs who are in the unique position of being both PLs AND EOs more in terms of their elected office than their DNC membership: as a result, "The Green Papers" has "converted" DNC members who happen also to be Governors, Senators and Representatives to their political office from their DNC membership. Therefore, the breakdown in each state or other jurisdiction of Unpledged PLEOs as posted on "The Green Papers" may differ somewhat from that put out by the Democratic Party itself: where this is the case, it is so indicated on the appropriate DEMOCRAT page for the affected state or other jurisdiction."


Terminology:

  • PLEOs = Party Leaders and Elected Officials.
  • Unpledged PLEOs = Superdelegates.
  • District + at-large delegates = Base delegates.
  • Base delegates + Pledged PLEOs are the only delegates chosen through a Democratic presidential Primary or Caucus/Convention procedure and, thus, allocated to presidential contenders.
  • All Unpledged delegates (Unpledged PLEOs) are automatically uncommitted and are held aside rather than allocated to presidential contenders through a Primary or Caucus/Convention.

 

Notes

Primary dates marked "presumably" and polling times marked "reportedly" are based on unofficial or estimated data (especially as regards local variations from a jurisdictionwide statutory and/or regulatory standard) and are, thereby, subject to change.

1 Democratic Party's "First Determining Step" of the delegate selection process.

 


  Election 2020 - Presidential Primary, Caucus, and Convention Home  
 
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  Poll Closing Times Chronologically   --   Poll Closing Times Alphabetically  
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  Chronological Cumulative Allocation of Delegates  
  Weekly Delegate Distribution and Availability  
 
Delegate Counts
  Democratic Hard and Soft Summary   --   Republican Hard and Soft Summary  
 
Delegate Allocation
  Democratic Quick Reference   --   Republican Quick Reference  
  The Math Behind the Democratic Delegate Allocation   --   The Math Behind the Republican Delegate Allocation  
  Democratic Timing Penalties and Bonuses  
 
  Democratic Delegate Pledging and Voter Eligibility   --   Republican Delegate Binding and Voter Eligibility  
 
  Primaries at a Glance  
 
  Results Status and Date Retreived  
 
Documentation
  Historical Analysis of the Presidential Nominating Process  
  Historical Analysis of the apportionment of delegate votes at the National Conventions of the two major parties  
  Primary/Caucus/Convention Glossary  
  Statutory Election Information of the Several states / Presidential Primary  
  Dates of PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES re: selection and/or allocation/distribution of Delegates to Major Party National Conventions  
 
  Straw Polls  
 
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