Democratic Timing Penalties and Bonuses

The Democratic National Committee has approved the Call for Convention for the 2020 Democratic National Convention (9 September 2018) and Delegate Selection Rules for the 2020 Democratic National Convention (7 September 2018) for the 2020 Democratic National Convention.

The party set dates for the pre-window states [Delegate Selection Rules 12.A.]: Iowa-- may begin no earlier than 3 February 2020, New Hampshire-- 11 February 2020, Nevada-- 22 February 2020, and South Carolina-- 29 February 2020. The pre-windows states are designated with a ‡ in the table below. All other states may begin on 3 March 2020 (Stage I).

Delegate selection primaries, caucuses, and conventions will begin on the first Tuesday in March (Stage I - 3 March 2020). The Democrats will award states who begin their process in April (Stage II) with a 10% bonus. For those beginning in May or June (Stage III), a 20% bonus. Starting on the Tuesday 24 March 2020 (Stage I cluster), a 15% bonus is awarded when clusters of 3 or more neighboring states begin on the same date [Call to Convention I.C.].

The Democratic jurisdictions are listed below in chronological order according to their "First Determining Step". Many of these events are primaries whose dates are established by state law.

(sorted by)
Start Date
Start Date
Stage Date
IowaMonday 3 February 2020    
New HampshireTuesday 11 February 2020    
NevadaSaturday 22 February 2020    
South CarolinaSaturday 29 February 2020    
AlabamaTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
American SamoaTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
ArkansasTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
CaliforniaTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
ColoradoTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
Democrats AbroadTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
MaineTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
MassachusettsTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
MinnesotaTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
North CarolinaTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
OklahomaTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
TennesseeTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
TexasTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
UtahTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
VermontTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
VirginiaTuesday 3 March 2020 Stage I  
IdahoTuesday 10 March 2020 Stage I  
MichiganTuesday 10 March 2020 Stage I  
MississippiTuesday 10 March 2020 Stage I  
MissouriTuesday 10 March 2020 Stage I  
North DakotaTuesday 10 March 2020 Stage I  
WashingtonTuesday 10 March 2020 Stage I  
Northern MarianasSaturday 14 March 2020 Stage I  
ArizonaTuesday 17 March 2020 Stage I  
FloridaTuesday 17 March 2020 Stage I  
IllinoisTuesday 17 March 2020 Stage I  
WyomingSaturday 4 April 2020 Stage II cluster10% 
WisconsinTuesday 7 April 2020 Stage II cluster10% 
AlaskaSaturday 11 April 2020 Stage II cluster10% 
OhioTuesday 28 April 2020 Stage II cluster10% 
KansasSaturday 2 May 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
NebraskaTuesday 12 May 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
OregonTuesday 19 May 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
HawaiiSaturday 23 May 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
District of ColumbiaTuesday 2 June 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
IndianaTuesday 2 June 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
MarylandTuesday 2 June 2020 Stage III cluster20%15%
MontanaTuesday 2 June 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
New MexicoTuesday 2 June 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
PennsylvaniaTuesday 2 June 2020 Stage III cluster20%15%
Rhode IslandTuesday 2 June 2020 Stage III cluster20%15%
South DakotaTuesday 2 June 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
GuamSaturday 6 June 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
Virgin IslandsSaturday 6 June 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
GeorgiaTuesday 9 June 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
West VirginiaTuesday 9 June 2020 Stage III cluster20% 
KentuckyTuesday 23 June 2020    
New YorkTuesday 23 June 2020   15%
UnassignedJuly 2020    
DelawareTuesday 7 July 2020   15%
New JerseyTuesday 7 July 2020    
LouisianaSaturday 11 July 2020    
Puerto RicoSunday 12 July 2020    
ConnecticutTuesday 11 August 2020   15%

Circa or presumably-- an unofficial date. An unconfirmed Presidential Primary established by currently-effective State statute or introduced bill; or- where the foregoing information could not be obtained- the state's prior delegate selection process and associated dates adjusted to the corresponding dates in the current year.

‡ Pre-window state.


  Election 2020 - Presidential Primary, Caucus, and Convention Home  
  Presidential Candidates  
  States Alphabetically  
  Events Chronologically  
  Major Events Chronologically  
  Democratic "First Determining Step" Chronologically  
  Poll Closing Times Chronologically   --   Poll Closing Times Alphabetically  
  Chronological Cumulative Allocation of Delegates  
  Weekly Delegate Distribution and Availability  
Delegate Counts
  Democratic Pledged and Unpledged Summary   --   Republican Pledged and Unpledged Summary  
  Democratic Hard and Soft Summary   --   Republican Hard and Soft Summary  
  Democratic Hard and Floor Summary   --   Republican Hard and Floor Summary  
Commentary: THE TIES THAT BIND-- OR DO THEY? or, Politicus Unbound
Delegate Allocation
  Democratic Quick Reference   --   Republican Quick Reference  
  The Math Behind the Democratic Delegate Allocation   --   The Math Behind the Republican Delegate Allocation  
  Democratic Timing Penalties and Bonuses  
  Democratic Delegate Pledging and Voter Eligibility   --   Republican Delegate Selection and Voter Eligibility  
  Primaries at a Glance  
  Results Status and Date Retrieved  
  Estimating the Delegate Count  

  Historical Analysis of the Presidential Nominating Process  
  Historical Analysis of the apportionment of delegate votes at the National Conventions of the two major parties  
  Primary/Caucus/Convention Glossary  
  Statutory Election Information of the Several states / Presidential Primary  
  Dates of PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES re: selection and/or allocation/distribution of Delegates to Major Party National Conventions  
  Major Third Party Presidential Nomination Process  
  Straw Polls