The Green Papers: 2020 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 116th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 33 Senate Seats are up for election on 3 November 2020.

There have been 0 deaths, 1 resignation, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 116th Senate.

  • Senator Martha E. McSally (Republican, Arizona Class 3) was appointed on 31 December 2018 by Governor Doug Ducey (Republican) and was sworn on 3 January 2019.
  • Senator John Hardy "Johnny" Isakson (Republican, Georgia Class 3) resigned on 31 December 2019.
  • Senator Kelly Loeffler (Republican, Georgia Class 3) was appointed on 4 December 2019, to fill the seat once it becomes vacant, by Governor Brian Porter Kemp (Republican) and was sworn on 6 January 2020.
  • Senator Mark Kelley (Democratic, Arizona Class 3) was sworn on 2 December 2020. He was first elected in a Special Election on 3 November 2020. This seat was previously held by former Senator John McCain who passed away on 25 August 2018, appointed Senators Jon Llewellyn Kyl (Republican), and Martha E. McSally (Republican).

  Alabama    Alaska    Arizona    Arkansas    California    Colorado    Connecticut    Delaware    Florida    Georgia    Hawaii    Idaho    Illinois    Indiana    Iowa    Kansas    Kentucky    Louisiana    Maine    Maryland    Massachusetts    Michigan    Minnesota    Mississippi    Missouri    Montana    Nebraska    Nevada    New Hampshire    New Jersey    New Mexico    New York    North Carolina    North Dakota    Ohio    Oklahoma    Oregon    Pennsylvania    Rhode Island    South Carolina    South Dakota    Tennessee    Texas    Utah    Vermont    Virginia    Washington    West Virginia    Wisconsin    Wyoming 

Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Alabama  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 920,478 39.74% Senator  Doug Jones
FEC S0AL00156; 23 Nov 20; Tot $31,050,126; Dsb $32,614,723
Total 2,316,445 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     former Brighton Mayor Brandaun Lefred Dean
?

FEC S2AL00111

Alaska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic; (Nonpartisan) 146,068 41.19% Al Gross
FEC S0AK00196; 23 Nov 20; Tot $19,539,874; Dsb $19,410,840
Total 354,587 100.00%  

Arizona  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Kyrsten Sinema
FEC S8AZ00197

Class 3  
  Elected Democratic 1,716,467 51.16% Mark Kelly
FEC S0AZ00350; 23 Nov 20; Tot $100,257,218; Dsb $98,478,706
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 68 0.00% Mohammad "Mike Obama" Arif
FEC S0AZ00384
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 58 0.00% Perry Kapadia
FEC S0AZ00483
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 22 0.00% Buzz Stewart
FEC S0AZ00533
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 19 0.00% Adam Chilton
FEC S0AZ00459
Total 3,355,317 100.00%  

California  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Dianne Feinstein
FEC S0CA00199

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Akinyemi Agbede
FEC S6CA00634
  Candidate Democratic     Dhruva Herle
FEC S2CA00930
  Candidate Democratic     Robert George Lucero, Jr.
FEC S2CA00898

Colorado  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Republican, 1 Democratic

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 1,731,114 53.50% former Governor John W. Hickenlooper
First elected Governor of Colorado: 2010; re-elected: 2014

FEC S0CO00575; 23 Nov 20; Tot $44,129,827; Dsb $41,729,491
Total 3,235,789 100.00%  

Connecticut  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Christopher Scott "Chris" Murphy
FEC S2CT00132

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Richard Blumenthal
FEC S0CT00177

Delaware  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Thomas R. "Tom" Carper
FEC S8DE00079

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 291,804 59.44% Senator  Christopher A. "Chris" Coons
FEC S0DE00092; 23 Nov 20; Tot $6,055,223; Dsb $4,589,280
Total 490,935 100.00%  

Florida  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Bernard Korn
FEC S0FL00635

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Shantele Bennett
  Candidate Democratic     Josue Larose
FEC S2FL00441

Georgia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 2,269,923 50.61% T. Jonathan "Jon" Ossoff
3 November 2020: Received 47.95%. Advances to and won the 5 January 2021 runoff.

FEC S8GA00180; 16 Dec 20; Tot $139,626,583; Dsb $122,144,921
Total 4,484,902 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Elected Democratic 2,289,113 51.04% Raphael Warnock
3 November 2020: Received 32.90%. Advances to a and won the 5 January 2021 runoff.

FEC S0GA00559; 16 Dec 20; Tot $125,358,564; Dsb $102,595,578
Total 4,484,954 100.00%  

Hawaii  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Mazie K. Hirono
FEC S2HI00106

Idaho  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 285,864 33.25% former state Representative Paulette Jordan
FEC S0ID00180; 23 Nov 20; Tot $1,124,820; Dsb $1,075,881
Total 859,827 100.00%  

Illinois  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 3,278,930 54.93% Senator  Richard J. "Dick" Durbin
FEC S6IL00151; 23 Nov 20; Tot $7,291,921; Dsb $8,137,599
Total 5,968,901 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  L. Tammy Duckworth
FEC S6IL00292

Indiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Haneefah Khaaliq
FEC S2IN00133

Iowa  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 754,859 44.40% Theresa Greenfield
FEC S0IA00176; 23 Nov 20; Tot $56,358,239; Dsb $56,079,009
Total 1,700,130 100.00%  

Kansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Democratic 571,530 41.79% state Senator  Barbara Bollier
FEC S0KS00323; 23 Nov 20; Tot $28,824,226; Dsb $28,502,917
Total 1,367,755 100.00%  

Kentucky  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 816,257 38.23% Amy McGrath
FEC S0KY00339; 23 Nov 20; Tot $96,303,369; Dsb $92,577,099
Total 2,135,057 100.00%  

Louisiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 394,049 19.02% Shreveport Mayor  Adrian Perkins
FEC S0LA00386; 23 Nov 20; Tot $2,804,454; Dsb $2,611,841
  Candidate Democratic 229,814 11.09% Derrick "Champ" Edwards
FEC S6LA00342
  Candidate Democratic 55,710 2.69% Antoine Pierce
FEC S0LA00311; 30 Sep 20; Tot $93,526; Dsb $34,003
  Candidate Democratic 36,962 1.78% David Drew "Drew" Knight
FEC S0LA00402
  Candidate Democratic 14,454 0.70% Peter Wenstrup
FEC S0LA00345; 23 Nov 20; Tot $159,781; Dsb $153,316
Total 2,071,543 100.00%  

Maine  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 347,223 41.92% state Representative  Sara I. Gideon
FEC S0ME00111; 23 Nov 20; Tot $75,614,190; Dsb $60,804,104
Total 828,305 100.00%  

Maryland  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Benjamin L. "Ben" Cardin
FEC S6MD03177

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Jaden Thomas Farris
FEC S2MD00511
  Candidate Democratic     Michelle Laurence Smith
FEC S2MD00529

Massachusetts  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Elizabeth A. Warren
FEC S2MA00170

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 2,357,809 64.46% Senator  Edward John "Ed" Markey
FEC S4MA00028; 23 Nov 20; Tot $11,726,716; Dsb $12,643,949
Total 3,658,005 100.00%  

Michigan  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator Debbie Stabenow
FEC S8MI00281

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 2,734,568 49.90% Senator  Gary C. Peters
FEC S4MI00355; 23 Nov 20; Tot $49,869,193; Dsb $49,528,953
Total 5,479,720 100.00%  

Minnesota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Amy J. Klobuchar
FEC S6MN00267

Class 2  
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Stephen W. Carlson
FEC S4MN00437
Total 3,214,256 100.00%  

Mississippi  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 578,691 44.13% former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Michael "Mike" Espy
FEC S8MS00287; 23 Nov 20; Tot $12,320,830; Dsb $12,405,571
Total 1,311,354 100.00%  

Missouri  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Timothy Jacob "Tim" Shepard
FEC S2MO00460

Montana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 272,463 44.99% Governor  Steve Bullock
FEC S0MT00173; 23 Nov 20; Tot $49,510,687; Dsb $48,352,005
Total 605,637 100.00%  

Nebraska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 227,191 24.43% Chris Edward Janicek
FEC S8NE00216; 14 Oct 20; Tot $159,630; Dsb $141,424
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 58,411 6.28% Preston Love, Jr.
Total 930,012 100.00%  

Nevada  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Jacklyn S. "Jacky" Rosen
FEC S8NV00156

New Hampshire  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 450,778 56.64% Senator  Jeanne Shaheen
FEC S0NH00219; 23 Nov 20; Tot $18,108,045; Dsb $17,189,214
Total 795,914 100.00%  

New Jersey  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Robert "Bob" Menendez
FEC S6NJ00289

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 2,541,178 57.23% Senator  Cory A. Booker
FEC S4NJ00185; 23 Nov 20; Tot $8,254,294; Dsb $6,386,949
Total 4,440,440 100.00%  

New Mexico  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Martin Trevor Heinrich
FEC S2NM00088

Class 2  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Democratic 474,483 51.73% Member of Congress  Ben Ray Luján
Member of Congress CD 3

FEC S0NM00058; 23 Nov 20; Tot $9,143,984; Dsb $9,412,961
Total 917,237 100.00%  

New York  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Kirsten Elizabeth Gillibrand
FEC S0NY00410

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Sam Seder

North Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 2,569,965 46.94% former state Senator James Calvin "Cal" Cunningham, III
FEC S0NC00202; 23 Nov 20; Tot $52,559,448; Dsb $52,176,114
Total 5,474,952 100.00%  

North Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Michael J. Steele
FEC S2ND00107

Ohio  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Sherrod Brown
FEC S6OH00163

Oklahoma  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 509,763 32.75% Abby Broyles
FEC S0OK00370; 23 Nov 20; Tot $2,089,230; Dsb $2,054,596
Total 1,556,361 100.00%  

Oregon  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic; Independent Party of Oregon; Working Families 1,321,047 56.91% Senator  Jeffrey Alan "Jeff" Merkley
FEC S8OR00207; 23 Nov 20; Tot $6,342,495; Dsb $4,182,974
Total 2,321,249 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Ronald Lee "Ron" Wyden
FEC S6OR00110

Pennsylvania  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Robert P. "Bob" Casey, Jr.
FEC S6PA00217

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     former Brighton, Alabama Mayor Brandaun Lefred Dean
Exploratory

FEC S2PA00299
  Candidate Democratic     John David McGuigan
FEC S2PA00307

Rhode Island  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Sheldon Whitehouse, II
FEC S6RI00221

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 328,574 66.48% Senator  John F. "Jack" Reed
FEC S6RI00163; 23 Nov 20; Tot $2,962,367; Dsb $2,444,188
Total 494,262 100.00%  

South Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 1,110,828 44.17% Jaime Harrison
FEC S0SC00289; 23 Nov 20; Tot $132,678,083; Dsb $131,836,927
Total 2,515,104 100.00%  

South Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 143,987 34.26% former state Senator Dan Ahlers
FEC S0SD00070; 31 Dec 20; Tot $273,833; Dsb $253,114
Total 420,219 100.00%  

Tennessee  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Democratic 1,040,691 35.16% Marquita Bradshaw
FEC S0TN00342; 23 Nov 20; Tot $1,662,910; Dsb $1,517,942
Total 2,959,761 100.00%  

Texas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 4,888,764 43.87% Mary Jennings "MJ" Hegar
proceeds to and won the 14 July 2020 Runoff

FEC S0TX00233; 23 Nov 20; Tot $29,577,520; Dsb $29,172,493
Total 11,144,040 100.00%  

Utah  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Austin Searle
FEC S2UT00294

Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Timothy Michael "Tim" Kaine
FEC S2VA00142
  Candidate Democratic     Zoey Maria King
FEC S2VA00217

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 2,466,500 55.99% Senator  Mark Robert Warner
FEC S6VA00093; 23 Nov 20; Tot $13,206,485; Dsb $15,641,417
Total 4,405,087 100.00%  

Washington  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Maria E. Cantwell
FEC S8WA00194

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Nicolaus Sleister
FEC S2WA00338

West Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator Joseph "Joe" Manchin, III
FEC S0WV00090

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic 210,309 27.00% Paula Jean Swearengin
FEC S0WV00215; 23 Nov 20; Tot $2,064,710; Dsb $1,934,526
Total 778,918 100.00%  

Wisconsin  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     former state Representative Tom Nelson
FEC S0WI00247; 30 Sep 20; Tot $0; Dsb $2,102
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Samuel Nicholas D'Amico
FEC S2WI00300

Wyoming  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Democratic 72,766 26.13% Merav Ben-David
FEC S0WY00152; 23 Nov 20; Tot $558,609; Dsb $490,739
Total 278,503 100.00%  

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Green Independent
  Libertarian
  Pacific Green
Other Third Parties
  Alaskan Independence
  Alliance Party
  Approval Voting
  Grassroots - Legalize Cannabis
  Independent Party Of Delaware
  Independent Party of Oregon
  Legal Marijuana Now
  Natural Law
  Progressive
  U.S. Taxpayers
  United Party
  Unity
  Willie Wilson Party
  Working Families
  Your Voice Hard
Independents
 
  Independent
  LaRouche was Right
  No Party
  No Party Affiliation
  Non Affiliated
  None
  Nonpartisan
  Of, By, For!
  Other
  Unaffiliated
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  Scattering
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2019 and end their terms on 3 January 2025. The next regular election for these seats is in 5 November 2024.
Class 2 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2015 and end their terms on 3 January 2021. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2020.
Class 3 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2017 and end their terms on 3 January 2023. The next regular election for these seats is 8 November 2022.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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  Political Party Floor Leaders in the Congress of the United States  
  Dates of DIRECT PRIMARY Elections re: Major Party Nominations for Statewide and/or Federal Office  
  Length of Terms of Office of STATE Governors throughout American History  
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  Dates of U.S. Presidential Election "Events": 1789 to present  
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  Complete Constitutional provisions for the election of the President and Vice-President  
  Complete Federal Law governing the election of a President and Vice-President and filling of vacancies of the same  
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  (downloads)