The Green Papers: 2020 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 116th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 33 Senate Seats are up for election on 3 November 2020.

There have been 0 deaths, 1 resignation, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 116th Senate.

  • Senator Martha E. McSally (Republican, Arizona Class 3) was appointed on 31 December 2018 by Governor Doug Ducey (Republican) and was sworn on 3 January 2019.
  • Senator John Hardy "Johnny" Isakson (Republican, Georgia Class 3) resigned on 31 December 2019.
  • Senator Kelly Loeffler (Republican, Georgia Class 3) was appointed on 4 December 2019, to fill the seat once it becomes vacant, by Governor Brian Porter Kemp (Republican) and was sworn on 6 January 2020.
  • Senator Mark Kelley (Democratic, Arizona Class 3) was sworn on 2 December 2020. He was first elected in a Special Election on 3 November 2020. This seat was previously held by former Senator John McCain who passed away on 25 August 2018, appointed Senators Jon Llewellyn Kyl (Republican), and Martha E. McSally (Republican).

  Alabama    Alaska    Arizona    Arkansas    California    Colorado    Connecticut    Delaware    Florida    Georgia    Hawaii    Idaho    Illinois    Indiana    Iowa    Kansas    Kentucky    Louisiana    Maine    Maryland    Massachusetts    Michigan    Minnesota    Mississippi    Missouri    Montana    Nebraska    Nevada    New Hampshire    New Jersey    New Mexico    New York    North Carolina    North Dakota    Ohio    Oklahoma    Oregon    Pennsylvania    Rhode Island    South Carolina    South Dakota    Tennessee    Texas    Utah    Vermont    Virginia    Washington    West Virginia    Wisconsin    Wyoming 

Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Alabama  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 1,392,076 60.10% Thomas H. "Tommy" Tuberville
FEC S0AL00230; 14 Oct 20; Tot $8,242,486; Dsb $6,746,628
  Candidate Democratic 920,478 39.74% Senator  Doug Jones
FEC S0AL00156; 14 Oct 20; Tot $26,735,100; Dsb $24,851,770
  Candidate Scattering 3,891 0.17% Write-In
Total 2,316,445 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     former Brighton Mayor Brandaun Lefred Dean
?

FEC S2AL00111

Alaska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 190,772 53.91% Senator  Dan Sullivan
FEC S4AK00214; 14 Oct 20; Tot $8,071,244; Dsb $7,057,349
  Candidate Democratic; (Nonpartisan) 145,813 41.20% Al Gross
FEC S0AK00196; 14 Oct 20; Tot $16,904,624; Dsb $13,911,406
  Candidate Alaskan Independence 16,697 4.72% John Wayne Howe
FEC S0AK00238
  Candidate Scattering 595 0.17% Write-in
  Candidate Write-in; (Non Affiliated)     Sid Hill
FEC S0AK00162
  Candidate Write-in; (Green)     Jed Party Whittaker
FEC S2AK00044
Total 353,877 100.00%  

Arizona  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Kyrsten Sinema
FEC S8AZ00197

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Martha E. McSally
FEC S8AZ00221; 14 Oct 20; Tot $56,861,953; Dsb $48,672,920

Class 3  
  Elected Democratic 1,670,127 51.32% Mark Kelly
FEC S0AZ00350; 14 Oct 20; Tot $89,792,547; Dsb $78,790,737
  Candidate Republican 1,584,386 48.68% Senator  Martha E. McSally
FEC S8AZ00221; 14 Oct 20; Tot $56,861,953; Dsb $48,672,920
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Mohammad "Mike Obama" Arif
FEC S0AZ00384
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Christopher "Chris" Beckett
FEC S0AZ00442
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Adam Chilton
FEC S0AZ00459
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Edward Davida
FEC S8AZ00312
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     William "Will" Decker
  Candidate Write-in; (Libertarian)     Matthew "Doc" Dorcester
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican; Independent)     Nicholas N. Glenn
FEC S0AZ00475
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Matthew Haupt
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Perry Kapadia
FEC S0AZ00483
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Benjamin Rodriguez
FEC S0AZ00491
  Candidate Write-in; (United Party)     Joshua Rodriguez
FEC S0AZ00509
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Frank Saenz
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     John Scheiss
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Debbie Simmons
FEC S0AZ00525
  Candidate Write-in; (None)     Jim Stevens
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Buzz Stewart
FEC S0AZ00533
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Patrick "Pat" Thomas
Total 3,254,513 100.00%  

Arkansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 793,871 66.53% Senator  Thomas B. "Tom" Cotton
FEC S4AR00103; 14 Oct 20; Tot $8,353,795; Dsb $3,908,499
  Candidate Libertarian 399,390 33.47% Ricky Dale Harrington, Jr.
FEC S0AR00226; 14 Oct 20; Tot $68,191; Dsb $22,179
Total 1,193,261 100.00%  

California  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Dianne Feinstein
FEC S0CA00199

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Akinyemi Agbede
FEC S6CA00634
  Candidate Republican     Arun Bhumitra
    Republican     James P. Bradley - apparently not a candidate
22 July 2019: Withdrew from the U.S. Senate contest.
Now running for U.S. House CD 33.

FEC S8CA00515
  Candidate Other     Jerry Leon Carroll
FEC S2CA00591; 30 Sep 19; Tot $40; Dsb $40
  Candidate Republican     Erin Alvarez Cruz
FEC S8CA00440
  Candidate Republican     Paul Anthony Gutierrez
FEC S2CA00849
  Candidate Democratic     Dhruva Herle
FEC S2CA00930
  Candidate None     Fepbrina Estrelvia Keivaulqe Autiameineire
FEC S2CA00922
  Candidate Republican     Sarah Liew
FEC S2CA00872
  Candidate Republican     Peter Y. Liu
FEC S2CA00880
  Candidate Democratic     Robert George Lucero, Jr.
FEC S2CA00898
  Candidate None     Mary Glory Thach
FEC S2CA00914
  Candidate Republican     Erik Urbina
FEC S2CA00906
  Candidate Libertarian     Ellerton Pratt "Mark" Whitney, III
FEC S2CA00864
  Candidate Independent     Brant John-Michael "J.M." Williams
FEC S2CA00856

Colorado  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Republican, 1 Democratic

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 1,730,964 53.50% former Governor John W. Hickenlooper
First elected Governor of Colorado: 2010; re-elected: 2014

FEC S0CO00575; 14 Oct 20; Tot $39,838,223; Dsb $35,724,984
  Candidate Republican 1,429,356 44.18% Senator  Cory Scott Gardner
FEC S4CO00395; 14 Oct 20; Tot $23,860,613; Dsb $21,341,880
  Candidate Libertarian 56,255 1.74% Raymon Anthony Doane
FEC S0CO00674
  Candidate Approval Voting 9,818 0.30% Daniel "Dan" Doyle
FEC S0CO00732
  Candidate Unity 8,967 0.28% Stephan E. "Sekú" Evans
FEC S0CO00708
  Candidate Write-in; (Green)     Bruce E. Lohmiller
FEC S8CO00230
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Michael Sanchez Atlas
FEC S0CO00740
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Danny Skelly
FEC S0CO00757
Total 3,235,360 100.00%  

Connecticut  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Christopher Scott "Chris" Murphy
FEC S2CT00132

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Richard Blumenthal
FEC S0CT00177
  Candidate Republican     John J. Flynn
FEC S2CT00264
    Republican     Robert Finley Hyde - apparently not a candidate
25 November 2019: Filed a Termination Report with the FEC.

FEC S2CT00256

Delaware  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Thomas R. "Tom" Carper
FEC S8DE00079

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 291,804 59.44% Senator  Christopher A. "Chris" Coons
FEC S0DE00092; 14 Oct 20; Tot $5,731,468; Dsb $3,964,769
  Candidate Republican 186,054 37.90% Lauren Elena Witzke
FEC S0DE00183; 14 Oct 20; Tot $348,784; Dsb $286,657
  Candidate Independent Party Of Delaware 7,833 1.60% Mark William Turley
FEC S0DE00167
  Candidate Libertarian 5,244 1.07% Nadine M. Frost
FEC S8DE00160
Total 490,935 100.00%  

Florida  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Bernard Korn
FEC S0FL00635
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Richard L. "Rick" Scott
FEC S8FL00273

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Shantele Bennett
  Candidate Democratic     Josue Larose
FEC S2FL00441
  Candidate Republican     Piotr Blass
  Candidate No Party Affiliation     Carlos Jose Barberena
FEC S2FL00433
  Candidate No Party Affiliation     Grace Granda
FEC S2FL00425

Georgia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican 2,462,617 49.73% Senator  David Alfred Perdue
3 November 2020: Advances to a 5 January 2021 runoff.

FEC S4GA11285; 14 Oct 20; Tot $17,941,295; Dsb $13,806,005
  Candidate Democratic 2,374,519 47.95% T. Jonathan "Jon" Ossoff
3 November 2020: Advances to a 5 January 2021 runoff.

FEC S8GA00180; 14 Oct 20; Tot $32,827,992; Dsb $28,631,712
    Libertarian 115,039 2.32% Shane Hazel - lost primary
FEC S0GA00575
Total 4,952,175 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic 1,617,035 32.90% Raphael Warnock
3 November 2020: Advances to a 5 January 2021 runoff.

FEC S0GA00559; 14 Oct 20; Tot $21,971,506; Dsb $16,452,660
  Candidate Republican 1,273,214 25.91% Senator  Kelly Loeffler
3 November 2020: Advances to a 5 January 2021 runoff.

FEC S0GA00526; 14 Oct 20; Tot $28,249,317; Dsb $22,319,207
    Republican 980,454 19.95% Member of Congress  Douglas Allen "Doug" Collins - lost primary
Congressional District 9

FEC S0GA00567; 14 Oct 20; Tot $6,330,698; Dsb $4,864,208
    Democratic 324,118 6.60% Deborah A. Jackson - lost primary
FEC S0GA00591; 14 Oct 20; Tot $18,788; Dsb $16,004
    Democratic 136,021 2.77% Matthew "Matt" Lieberman - lost primary
Son of former Senator Joseph Lieberman

FEC S0GA00468; 14 Oct 20; Tot $1,524,878; Dsb $1,320,347
    Democratic 106,767 2.17% Tamara Johnson-Shealey - lost primary
FEC S0GA00484; 14 Oct 20; Tot $56,475; Dsb $57,878
    Democratic 94,406 1.92% Jamesia James - lost primary
FEC S0GA00609
    Republican 51,592 1.05% Derrick E. Grayson - lost primary
FEC S0GA00658; 14 Oct 20; Tot $18,061; Dsb $13,202
    Democratic 44,945 0.91% Joy Felicia Slade - lost primary
FEC S0GA00708
    Republican 44,335 0.90% Annette Davis Jackson - lost primary
FEC S0GA00716
    Republican 40,349 0.82% Kandiss Sharpe Taylor - lost primary
FEC S0GA00641; 14 Oct 20; Tot $27,833; Dsb $21,833
    Republican 36,176 0.74% Arthur Wayne "Wayne" Johnson - lost primary
FEC S0GA00492; 14 Oct 20; Tot $146,275; Dsb $122,129
    Libertarian 35,431 0.72% Brian Richard Slowinski - lost primary
FEC S0GA00633; 31 Mar 20; Tot $5,220; Dsb $5,220
    Democratic 28,687 0.58% Richard Dien Winfield - lost primary
FEC S0GA00542; 14 Oct 20; Tot $58,208; Dsb $43,733
    Democratic 26,333 0.54% former state Senator Edward J. "Ed" Tarver - lost primary
FEC S0GA00583; 14 Oct 20; Tot $270,535; Dsb $261,011
    Independent 17,954 0.37% Allen Buckley - lost primary
FEC S4GA11103; 14 Oct 20; Tot $23,388; Dsb $19,400
    Green 15,293 0.31% John "Green" Fortuin - lost primary
FEC S0GA00617; 14 Oct 20; Tot $6,661; Dsb $6,210
    Independent 14,640 0.30% Elbert "Al" Bartell - lost primary
FEC S0GA00443; 14 Oct 20; Tot $7,234; Dsb $6,856
    Independent 13,318 0.27% state Representative  Valencia Stovall - lost primary
FEC S0GA00625; 14 Oct 20; Tot $20,944; Dsb $20,346
    Independent 13,293 0.27% Michael Todd Greene - lost primary
FEC S0GA00724
    Write-in     Hapeville Board of Appeals Member Rod Mack - lost primary
FEC S0GA00732
Total 4,914,361 100.00%  

Hawaii  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Mazie K. Hirono
FEC S2HI00106

Idaho  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 537,445 62.58% Senator  James E. "Jim" Risch
FEC S8ID00092; 14 Oct 20; Tot $2,717,880; Dsb $1,295,240
  Candidate Democratic 285,864 33.29% former state Representative Paulette Jordan
FEC S0ID00180; 14 Oct 20; Tot $946,435; Dsb $707,361
  Candidate Independent 25,329 2.95% Natalie M. Fleming
FEC S0ID00172
  Candidate Constitution 10,188 1.19% Ray J. Writz
FEC S6ID00104; 30 Sep 20; Tot $4,140; Dsb $3,196
Total 858,826 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Michael D. "Mike" Crapo
FEC S8ID00027

Illinois  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 2,888,094 52.99% Senator  Richard J. "Dick" Durbin
FEC S6IL00151; 14 Oct 20; Tot $6,757,498; Dsb $6,665,210
  Candidate Republican 2,196,246 40.30% former Lake County Sheriff Mark C. Curran, Jr.
FEC S0IL00543; 14 Oct 20; Tot $314,246; Dsb $301,443
  Candidate Willie Wilson Party 215,573 3.96% Willie F. Wilson
FEC S0IL00568; 14 Oct 20; Tot $3,076,000; Dsb $1,065,994
  Candidate Libertarian 100,605 1.85% Daniel "Danny" Malouf
FEC S0IL00618; 14 Oct 20; Tot $11,826; Dsb $10,872
  Candidate Green 49,385 0.91% David N. Black
FEC S0IL00634
  Candidate Write-in     Kevin Keely
  Candidate Write-in     Albert A. Schaal
  Candidate Write-in     Lowell Martin Seida
Total 5,449,903 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  L. Tammy Duckworth
FEC S6IL00292

Indiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Mike Braun
FEC S8IN00171

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Haneefah Khaaliq
FEC S2IN00133
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Todd Christopher Young
FEC S6IN00191

Iowa  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 864,997 51.74% Senator  Joni K. Ernst
FEC S4IA00129; 14 Oct 20; Tot $20,852,035; Dsb $19,721,548
  Candidate Democratic 754,859 45.15% Theresa Greenfield
FEC S0IA00176; 14 Oct 20; Tot $47,539,579; Dsb $43,766,774
  Candidate Libertarian 36,961 2.21% Rick Stewart
FEC S4IA00194; 14 Oct 20; Tot $8,330; Dsb $12,435
  Candidate No Party 13,800 0.83% Suzanne Herzog
FEC S0IA00184; 14 Oct 20; Tot $17,863; Dsb $17,525
  Candidate Scattering 1,211 0.07% Write-in
Total 1,671,828 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Charles E. "Chuck" Grassley
FEC S0IA00028

Kansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Republican 710,733 53.50% Member of Congress  Roger W. "Doc" Marshall
CD 1.

FEC S0KS00315; 14 Oct 20; Tot $5,993,934; Dsb $5,175,693
  Candidate Democratic 552,234 41.57% state Senator  Barbara Bollier
FEC S0KS00323; 14 Oct 20; Tot $24,492,827; Dsb $19,679,333
  Candidate Libertarian 65,556 4.93% Jason Buckley
FEC S0KS00356
Total 1,328,523 100.00%  

Kentucky  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 1,233,315 57.76% Senator  Mitch McConnell
4 August 2018: Announced that he will run for re-election in 2020.

FEC S2KY00012; 14 Oct 20; Tot $51,181,156; Dsb $42,975,425
  Candidate Democratic 816,257 38.23% Amy McGrath
FEC S0KY00339; 14 Oct 20; Tot $90,026,047; Dsb $75,280,930
  Candidate Libertarian 85,386 4.00% Stephen Bradley "Brad" Barron
FEC S0KY00396; 30 Jun 20; Tot $112,187; Dsb $16,601
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 70 0.00% Paul John Frangedakis
23 June 2020: Lost the Republican Primary. Now running as a write-in.

FEC S0KY00347
  Candidate Write-in 18 0.00% Daniel Cobble
  Candidate Write-in 9 0.00% Randall Lee "Randy" Teegarden
FEC S0KY00529
  Candidate Write-in 1 0.00% Harold H. "Hal" Fitzpatrick
  Candidate Write-in 1 0.00% Demetra Jefferson Wysinger
Total 2,135,057 100.00%  

Louisiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 1,228,908 59.32% Senator  William M. "Bill" Cassidy
FEC S4LA00107; 14 Oct 20; Tot $6,921,016; Dsb $6,420,296
  Candidate Democratic 394,049 19.02% Shreveport Mayor  Adrian Perkins
FEC S0LA00386; 14 Oct 20; Tot $1,770,041; Dsb $1,223,982
  Candidate Democratic 229,814 11.09% Derrick "Champ" Edwards
FEC S6LA00342
  Candidate Democratic 55,710 2.69% Antoine Pierce
FEC S0LA00311; 30 Sep 20; Tot $93,526; Dsb $34,003
  Candidate Republican 38,383 1.85% Dustin Murphy
FEC S0LA00352; 14 Oct 20; Tot $12,857; Dsb $8,941
  Candidate Democratic 36,962 1.78% David Drew "Drew" Knight
FEC S0LA00402
  Candidate No Party 17,362 0.84% Beryl Billiot
FEC S6LA00441; 14 Oct 20; Tot $5,400; Dsb $5,375
  Candidate No Party 16,518 0.80% John Paul Bourgeois
FEC S0LA00360; 30 Sep 20; Tot $3,500; Dsb $3,400
  Candidate Democratic 14,454 0.70% Peter Wenstrup
FEC S0LA00345; 14 Oct 20; Tot $127,862; Dsb $108,160
  Candidate Libertarian 11,321 0.55% Aaron Charles Sigler
FEC S0LA00394; 13 Oct 20; Tot $3,298; Dsb $2,647
  Candidate Independent 7,811 0.38% M. V. "Vinny" Mendoza
FEC S6LA00409
  Candidate Other 7,680 0.37% Melinda Mary Price
aka Melinda Price-Bedi

FEC S0LA00428
  Candidate No Party 5,804 0.28% Jamar "Doc" Myers-Montgomery
FEC S0LA00303
  Candidate No Party 3,954 0.19% Reno Jean Daret, III
FEC S0LA00410
  Candidate Other 2,813 0.14% Alexander "Xan" John
FEC S0LA00378
Total 2,071,543 100.00%  

Maine  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Independent     Senator  Angus Stanley King, Jr.
FEC S2ME00109

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 417,645 50.42% Senator  Susan Margaret Collins
FEC S6ME00159; 14 Oct 20; Tot $24,187,447; Dsb $22,385,272
  Candidate Democratic 347,223 41.92% state Representative  Sara I. Gideon
FEC S0ME00111; 14 Oct 20; Tot $69,521,849; Dsb $48,852,757
  Candidate Independent; (Green Independent) 40,579 4.90% Lisa Jill Savage
24 February 2020: Insufficient petition signatures for Green Independent ballot access. Running as an Independent.

FEC S0ME00137; 23 Nov 20; Tot $208,800; Dsb $194,238
  Candidate Independent 13,508 1.63% Max Patrick Linn
FEC S8ME00163; 14 Oct 20; Tot $493,473; Dsb $489,934
  Candidate Scattering 9,122 1.10% BLANK
  Candidate Scattering 228 0.03% Others
  Candidate Write-in     Tiffany L. Bond
Moderate MaineRaising Independent

FEC S0ME00160
  Candidate Write-in     Ian Kenton Engelman
Facts Matter
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Douglas E. "Doug" Fogg
Total 828,305 100.00%  

Maryland  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Benjamin L. "Ben" Cardin
FEC S6MD03177

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Jaden Thomas Farris
FEC S2MD00511
  Candidate Democratic     Michelle Laurence Smith
FEC S2MD00529

Massachusetts  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Elizabeth A. Warren
FEC S2MA00170

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 2,357,809 64.46% Senator  Edward John "Ed" Markey
FEC S4MA00028; 14 Oct 20; Tot $11,477,451; Dsb $12,299,057
  Candidate Republican 1,177,765 32.20% Kevin J. O'Connor
FEC S0MA00232; 14 Oct 20; Tot $804,294; Dsb $684,102
  Candidate Scattering 93,869 2.57% Blank Votes
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 21,134 0.58% Shiva Ayyadurai
FEC S8MA00268; 14 Oct 20; Tot $1,794,610; Dsb $1,676,818
  Candidate Scattering 7,428 0.20% All Others
  Candidate Write-in; (Libertarian)     Vermin Supreme
Total 3,658,005 100.00%  

Michigan  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator Debbie Stabenow
FEC S8MI00281

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 2,734,568 49.90% Senator  Gary C. Peters
FEC S4MI00355; 14 Oct 20; Tot $40,696,761; Dsb $38,330,555
  Candidate Republican 2,642,233 48.22% John E. James
FEC S8MI00372; 14 Oct 20; Tot $37,248,331; Dsb $31,543,250
  Candidate U.S. Taxpayers 50,597 0.92% Valerie L. Willis
FEC S0MI00205
  Candidate Green 39,217 0.72% Marcia Squier
FEC S8MI00430
  Candidate Natural Law 13,093 0.24% Doug Dern
FEC S2MI00144
  Candidate Write-in 7 0.00% Leonard Paul Gadzinski
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 5 0.00% Robert William "Bob" Carr
FEC S4MI00298; 31 Mar 20; Tot $23,283; Dsb $16,940
Total 5,479,720 100.00%  

Minnesota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Amy J. Klobuchar
FEC S6MN00267

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic-Farmer Labor 1,566,522 48.74% Senator  Tina Flint Smith
FEC S8MN00578; 14 Oct 20; Tot $14,865,911; Dsb $13,493,499
  Candidate Republican 1,398,145 43.50% former Member of Congress  Jason Mark Lewis
Unsuccessful candidate for election Congress: 1990; first elected 2016; unsuccessful candidate for reelection: 2018.

FEC S0MN00328; 14 Oct 20; Tot $5,384,966; Dsb $4,279,002
  Candidate Legal Marijuana Now 190,154 5.92% Kevin O'Connor
FEC S0MN00393
  Candidate Grassroots - Legalize Cannabis 57,174 1.78% Oliver Steinberg
FEC S0MN00385
  Candidate Scattering 2,261 0.07% WRITE-IN
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Robert Paul "Rob" Barrett, Jr.
FEC S0MN00294; 30 Sep 20; Tot $35,975; Dsb $36,369
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     John L. Berman
FEC S0MN00351
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Stephen W. Carlson
FEC S4MN00437
  Candidate Write-in     George A. Dennis, Jr.
  Candidate Write-in     Josh D. Ondich
  Candidate Write-in     Jason U. Shaver
Total 3,214,256 100.00%  

Mississippi  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Roger F. Wicker
FEC S8MS00196

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 632,379 55.98% Senator  Cindy Hyde-Smith
FEC S8MS00261; 14 Oct 20; Tot $3,015,258; Dsb $2,291,969
  Candidate Democratic 476,031 42.14% former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Michael "Mike" Espy
FEC S8MS00287; 14 Oct 20; Tot $9,392,102; Dsb $5,991,284
  Candidate Libertarian 21,211 1.88% Jimmy L. Edwards
FEC S0MS00086
Total 1,129,621 100.00%  

Missouri  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Joshua David "Josh" Hawley
FEC S8MO00160

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Timothy Jacob "Tim" Shepard
FEC S2MO00460
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Roy Blunt
FEC S0MO00183

Montana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 333,174 55.01% Senator  Steven "Steve" Daines
FEC S2MT00096; 14 Oct 20; Tot $25,700,101; Dsb $25,399,124
  Candidate Democratic 272,463 44.99% Governor  Steve Bullock
FEC S0MT00173; 14 Oct 20; Tot $43,388,861; Dsb $39,310,672
Total 605,637 100.00%  

Nebraska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 583,507 67.39% Senator  Benjamin E. "Ben" Sasse
FEC S4NE00090; 14 Oct 20; Tot $4,320,393; Dsb $3,188,596
  Candidate Democratic 227,191 26.24% Chris Edward Janicek
FEC S8NE00216; 14 Oct 20; Tot $159,630; Dsb $141,424
  Candidate Libertarian 55,115 6.37% Eugene "Gene" Siadek
FEC S0NE00163
    Write-in; (Democratic)     former Congressman  John Bradley "Brad" Ashford - apparently not a candidate
First elected as a Democrat: 2014, unsuccessful candidate for reelection: 2016, unsuccessful candidate for nomination: 2018.
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Preston Love
Total 865,813 100.00%  

Nevada  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Jacklyn S. "Jacky" Rosen
FEC S8NV00156

New Hampshire  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 450,771 56.67% Senator  Jeanne Shaheen
FEC S0NH00219; 14 Oct 20; Tot $17,196,852; Dsb $14,644,342
  Candidate Republican 326,229 41.01% Bryant S. "Corky" Messner
FEC S0NH00334; 14 Oct 20; Tot $6,837,121; Dsb $5,225,737
  Candidate Libertarian 18,421 2.32% Justin F. O'Donnell
FEC S0NH00300; 14 Oct 20; Tot $6,240; Dsb $4,853
Total 795,421 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Donald C. "Don" Bolduc
FEC S0NH00326; 30 Sep 20; Tot $1,076,348; Dsb $920,644

New Jersey  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Robert "Bob" Menendez
FEC S6NJ00289

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 2,257,667 57.34% Senator  Cory A. Booker
FEC S4NJ00185; 14 Oct 20; Tot $7,324,483; Dsb $6,030,677
  Candidate Republican 1,611,125 40.92% Rikin "Rik" Mehta
FEC S0NJ00217; 14 Oct 20; Tot $563,956; Dsb $561,049
  Candidate Green 33,222 0.84% Madelyn R. Hoffman
FEC S8NJ00558
  Candidate Of, By, For! 25,842 0.66% Veronica Fernandez
FEC S0NJ00258; 27 Nov 20; Tot $12,633; Dsb $12,633
  Candidate LaRouche was Right 9,577 0.24% Daniel C. Burke
FEC S0NJ00266; 14 Oct 20; Tot $6,970; Dsb $6,155
  Candidate Write-in     Luis Ed Vergara
FEC S0NJ00183
Total 3,937,433 100.00%  

New Mexico  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Martin Trevor Heinrich
FEC S2NM00088

Class 2  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Democratic 474,483 51.73% Member of Congress  Ben Ray Luján
Member of Congress CD 3

FEC S0NM00058; 14 Oct 20; Tot $8,429,400; Dsb $7,803,400
  Candidate Republican 418,483 45.62% Mark V. Ronchetti
FEC S0NM00124; 14 Oct 20; Tot $3,468,689; Dsb $2,782,457
  Candidate Libertarian 24,271 2.65% Bob Walsh
FEC S0NM00132; 14 Oct 20; Tot $7,948; Dsb $5,391
Total 917,237 100.00%  

New York  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Kirsten Elizabeth Gillibrand
FEC S0NY00410

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Sam Seder
  Candidate Independent     Diane Wilson Sare
FEC S2NY00325

North Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 2,665,598 48.69% Senator  Thomas Roland "Thom" Tillis
FEC S4NC00162; 14 Oct 20; Tot $18,998,498; Dsb $17,524,213
  Candidate Democratic 2,569,965 46.94% former state Senator James Calvin "Cal" Cunningham, III
FEC S0NC00202; 14 Oct 20; Tot $47,553,797; Dsb $46,667,352
  Candidate Libertarian 171,571 3.13% Shannon Wilson Bray
FEC S0NC00335
  Candidate Constitution 67,818 1.24% Kevin Eugene Hayes
FEC S0NC00400
Total 5,474,952 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Lee Andrea Brian
FEC S2NC00273

North Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Kevin Cramer
FEC S8ND00120

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Michael J. Steele
FEC S2ND00107

Ohio  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Sherrod Brown
FEC S6OH00163

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Robert Jones "Rob" Portman
FEC S0OH00133
  Candidate Republican     Mark Pukita
FEC S2OH00287
  Candidate Libertarian     Dominic James LaCavera, Jr.
FEC S2OH00279

Oklahoma  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 979,140 62.91% Senator  James M. "Jim" Inhofe
FEC S4OK00083; 14 Oct 20; Tot $4,313,802; Dsb $3,763,345
  Candidate Democratic 509,763 32.75% Abby Broyles
FEC S0OK00370; 14 Oct 20; Tot $1,808,513; Dsb $1,692,667
  Candidate Libertarian 34,435 2.21% Robert T. Murphy
FEC S6OK04098
  Candidate Independent 21,652 1.39% Joan Farr
FEC S0OK00412; 14 Oct 20; Tot $7,438; Dsb $10,732
  Candidate Independent 11,371 0.73% April D. "A. D." Nesbit
FEC S0OK00404; 14 Oct 20; Tot $3,309; Dsb $3,188
Total 1,556,361 100.00%  

Oregon  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic; Independent Party of Oregon; Working Families 1,321,047 56.91% Senator  Jeffrey Alan "Jeff" Merkley
FEC S8OR00207; 14 Oct 20; Tot $6,085,185; Dsb $3,925,890
  Candidate Republican 912,814 39.32% Jo Rae Perkins
FEC H6OR04203; 14 Oct 20; Tot $114,168; Dsb $65,896
  Candidate Libertarian 42,747 1.84% Gary Dye
FEC S0OR00378
  Candidate Pacific Green; Progressive 42,239 1.82% Ibrahim A. Taher
FEC S0OR00329
  Candidate Scattering 2,372 0.10% Write-in
Total 2,321,219 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Ronald Lee "Ron" Wyden
FEC S6OR00110

Pennsylvania  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Robert P. "Bob" Casey, Jr.
FEC S6PA00217

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     former Brighton, Alabama Mayor Brandaun Lefred Dean
Exploratory

FEC S2PA00299
  Candidate Democratic     John David McGuigan
FEC S2PA00307
  Candidate Alliance Party     Darcy Richardson

Rhode Island  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Sheldon Whitehouse, II
FEC S6RI00221

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 328,574 66.48% Senator  John F. "Jack" Reed
FEC S6RI00163; 14 Oct 20; Tot $2,815,453; Dsb $1,600,507
  Candidate Republican 164,855 33.35% Allen R. Waters
FEC S0RI00067; 14 Oct 20; Tot $29,181; Dsb $21,945
  Candidate Scattering 833 0.17% WRITE-IN
Total 494,262 100.00%  

South Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 1,369,137 54.44% Senator  Lindsey Olin Graham
FEC S0SC00149; 14 Oct 20; Tot $69,672,869; Dsb $59,742,955
  Candidate Democratic 1,110,828 44.17% Jaime Harrison
FEC S0SC00289; 14 Oct 20; Tot $108,978,639; Dsb $105,502,730
  Candidate Constitution 32,845 1.31% William David "Bill" Bledsoe
Withdrew, remains on the ballot.

FEC S6SC04155; 30 Sep 20; Tot $0; Dsb $0
  Candidate Scattering 2,294 0.09% Write-In
Total 2,515,104 100.00%  

South Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 276,232 65.74% Senator  Marion Michael "Mike" Rounds
FEC S4SD00049; 14 Oct 20; Tot $3,424,236; Dsb $2,023,340
  Candidate Democratic 143,987 34.26% former state Senator Dan Ahlers
FEC S0SD00070; 14 Oct 20; Tot $240,246; Dsb $184,702
Total 420,219 100.00%  

Tennessee  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Marsha Blackburn
FEC S8TN00337

Class 2  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Republican 1,837,940 62.25% former Ambassador to Japan Bill Hagerty
FEC S0TN00169; 14 Oct 20; Tot $15,221,088; Dsb $13,779,494
  Candidate Democratic 1,036,661 35.11% Marquita Bradshaw
FEC S0TN00342; 14 Oct 20; Tot $1,214,438; Dsb $421,892
  Candidate Independent 16,590 0.56% Elizabeth D. McLeod
FEC S0TN00227; 30 Sep 20; Tot $9,777; Dsb $9,777
  Candidate Independent 10,699 0.36% Yomi "Fapas" Faparusi, Sr.
FEC S0TN00318; 30 Jun 20; Tot $4,862; Dsb $4,797
  Candidate Independent 9,590 0.32% Steven J. Hooper
FEC S0TN00409
  Candidate Independent 9,567 0.32% Kacey Morgan
Dropped out endorsing Marquita Bradshaw. Remains on the ballot.

FEC S0TN00292
  Candidate Independent 8,450 0.29% Ronnie Henley
FEC S0TN00391
  Candidate Independent 7,181 0.24% Aaron James
FEC S0TN00417
  Candidate Independent 6,762 0.23% Eric William Stansberry
FEC S0TN00425
  Candidate Independent 4,862 0.16% Garland Dean "Dean" Hill, II
FEC S0TN00300; 30 Jun 20; Tot $58; Dsb $58
  Candidate Independent; (Your Voice Hard) 4,147 0.14% Jeffrey Alan Grünau
FEC S0TN00375
Total 2,952,449 100.00%  

Texas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz
FEC S2TX00312

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 5,962,983 53.51% Senator  John Cornyn
FEC S2TX00106; 14 Oct 20; Tot $25,196,621; Dsb $27,183,279
  Candidate Democratic 4,888,764 43.87% Mary Jennings "MJ" Hegar
proceeds to and won the 14 July 2020 Runoff

FEC S0TX00233; 14 Oct 20; Tot $24,262,715; Dsb $17,450,224
  Candidate Libertarian 209,722 1.88% Kerry Douglas McKennon
FEC S0TX00340; 14 Oct 20; Tot $11,502; Dsb $8,799
  Candidate Green 81,893 0.73% David Bruce Collins
FEC S2TX00486
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 678 0.01% Ricardo "Ric" Turullols-Bonilla
FEC S0TX00423
Total 11,144,040 100.00%  

Utah  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Willard "Mitt" Romney
FEC S8UT00176

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Austin Searle
FEC S2UT00294
  Candidate Unaffiliated     Evan Barlow
FEC S2UT00286

Vermont  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Independent     Cris Ericson
FEC H8VT00141

Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Timothy Michael "Tim" Kaine
FEC S2VA00142
  Candidate Democratic     Zoey Maria King
FEC S2VA00217

Class 2  
  Elected Democratic 2,466,500 55.99% Senator  Mark Robert Warner
FEC S6VA00093; 14 Oct 20; Tot $12,586,899; Dsb $12,709,862
  Candidate Republican 1,934,199 43.91% Daniel MacArthur Gade
FEC S0VA00146; 14 Oct 20; Tot $4,016,206; Dsb $3,678,853
  Candidate Scattering 4,388 0.10% Write In
Total 4,405,087 100.00%  

Washington  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Maria E. Cantwell
FEC S8WA00194

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Nicolaus Sleister
FEC S2WA00338

West Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator Joseph "Joe" Manchin, III
FEC S0WV00090

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 547,454 70.28% Senator  Shelley Moore Capito
FEC S4WV00159; 14 Oct 20; Tot $4,564,046; Dsb $2,276,068
  Candidate Democratic 210,309 27.00% Paula Jean Swearengin
FEC S0WV00215; 14 Oct 20; Tot $1,616,805; Dsb $1,159,027
  Candidate Libertarian 21,155 2.72% David Durstan Moran
FEC S0WV00264
Total 778,918 100.00%  

Wisconsin  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     former state Representative Tom Nelson
FEC S0WI00247; 30 Sep 20; Tot $0; Dsb $2,102
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Ronald Harold "Ron" Johnson
FEC S0WI00197
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Samuel Nicholas D'Amico
FEC S2WI00300

Wyoming  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Republican 198,100 71.13% former Member of Congress  Cynthia Marie Lummis
First elected to the US House: 2008; re-elected 2010, 2012, 2014; did not run in 2016.

FEC S0WY00137; 21 Oct 20; Tot $2,776,829; Dsb $2,215,959
  Candidate Democratic 72,766 26.13% Merav Ben-David
FEC S0WY00152; 14 Oct 20; Tot $427,982; Dsb $279,530
  Candidate Scattering 6,401 2.30% Undervotes
  Candidate Scattering 1,071 0.38% Write-Ins
  Candidate Scattering 165 0.06% Overvotes
Total 278,503 100.00%  

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Green Independent
  Libertarian
  Pacific Green
Other Third Parties
  Alaskan Independence
  Alliance Party
  Approval Voting
  Grassroots - Legalize Cannabis
  Independent Party Of Delaware
  Independent Party of Oregon
  Legal Marijuana Now
  Natural Law
  Progressive
  U.S. Taxpayers
  United Party
  Unity
  Willie Wilson Party
  Working Families
  Your Voice Hard
Independents
 
  Independent
  LaRouche was Right
  No Party
  No Party Affiliation
  Non Affiliated
  None
  Nonpartisan
  Of, By, For!
  Other
  Unaffiliated
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  Scattering
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2019 and end their terms on 3 January 2025. The next regular election for these seats is in 5 November 2024.
Class 2 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2015 and end their terms on 3 January 2021. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2020.
Class 3 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2017 and end their terms on 3 January 2023. The next regular election for these seats is 8 November 2022.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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