The Green Papers: 2020 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 116th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 33 Senate Seats are up for election on 3 November 2020.

There have been 0 deaths, 1 resignation, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 116th Senate.

  • Senator Martha E. McSally (Republican, Arizona Class 3) was appointed on 31 December 2018 by Governor Doug Ducey (Republican) and was sworn on 3 January 2019.
  • Senator John Hardy "Johnny" Isakson (Republican, Georgia Class 3) resigned on 31 December 2019.
  • Senator Kelly Loeffler (Republican, Georgia Class 3) was appointed on 4 December 2019, to fill the seat once it becomes vacant, by Governor Brian Porter Kemp (Republican) and was sworn on 6 January 2020.
  • Senator Mark Kelley (Democratic, Arizona Class 3) was sworn on 2 December 2020. He was first elected in a Special Election on 3 November 2020. This seat was previously held by former Senator John McCain who passed away on 25 August 2018, appointed Senators Jon Llewellyn Kyl (Republican), and Martha E. McSally (Republican).

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Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Alabama  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Doug Jones
First elected in a Special Election 12 December 2017 [re: resignation of Senator Jefferson Beauregard "Jeff" Sessions, III (Republican) who was confirmed as Attorney General in the Trump administration.]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
  Elected Republican 1,392,076 60.10% Thomas H. "Tommy" Tuberville
FEC S0AL00230; 23 Nov 20; Tot $9,527,791; Dsb $9,107,776
  Candidate Democratic 920,478 39.74% Senator  Doug Jones
FEC S0AL00156; 23 Nov 20; Tot $31,050,126; Dsb $32,614,723
  Candidate Scattering 3,891 0.17% Write-In
 

Senator Jefferson Beauregard "Jeff" Sessions, III (Republican) who was first elected in 1996 and re-elected in 2002, 2008, and 2014 was confirmed as Attorney General in the Trump administration on 8 February 2017 by the U.S. Senate, 52-47.
9 February 2017: Governor Robert J. Bentley (Republican) named state Attorney General Luther Strange to the seat.
On 9 February 2017, Governor Robert J. Bentley (Republican) called a special election concurrent with the regular 6 November 2018 election to fill the remaining 2 years of the term.
18 April 2017: Governor Kay Ivey (Republican) called a Special Election for Tuesday 12 December 2017. The primary is Tuesday 15 August 2017. If no candidate receives at least 50% of the vote in the primary, a Tuesday 26 September 2017 runoff will be held between the top two vote-getters.
12 December 2017: Doug Jones (Democratic) is elected in a Special Election.
28 December 2017: Doug Jones (Democratic) is certified as the winner.
3 January 2018: Doug Jones (Democratic) is sworn.

Total 2,316,445 100.00%  

Delaware  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Christopher A. "Chris" Coons
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected in a special election: 2010 (to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Joe Biden [Democrat] in January 2009 in order to accede to the Vice-Presidency of the United States; he replaces Senator Edward E. "Ted" Kaufman [Democrat] who had been appointed by the Governor of DELAWARE to temporarily fill the vacancy.). Re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 291,804 59.44% Senator  Christopher A. "Chris" Coons
FEC S0DE00092; 23 Nov 20; Tot $6,055,223; Dsb $4,589,280
  Candidate Republican 186,054 37.90% Lauren Elena Witzke
FEC S0DE00183; 31 Dec 20; Tot $479,515; Dsb $476,182
  Candidate Independent Party Of Delaware 7,833 1.60% Mark William Turley
FEC S0DE00167
  Candidate Libertarian 5,244 1.07% Nadine M. Frost
FEC S8DE00160
Total 490,935 100.00%  

Illinois  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Richard J. "Dick" Durbin
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008, 2014
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1994]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 3,278,930 54.93% Senator  Richard J. "Dick" Durbin
FEC S6IL00151; 23 Nov 20; Tot $7,291,921; Dsb $8,137,599
  Candidate Republican 2,319,870 38.87% former Lake County Sheriff Mark C. Curran, Jr.
FEC S0IL00543; 31 Dec 20; Tot $376,608; Dsb $376,608
  Candidate Willie Wilson Party 237,699 3.98% Willie F. Wilson
FEC S0IL00568; 31 Dec 20; Tot $3,083,272; Dsb $3,060,000
  Candidate Libertarian 75,673 1.27% Daniel "Danny" Malouf
FEC S0IL00618; 23 Nov 20; Tot $12,536; Dsb $12,160
  Candidate Green 56,711 0.95% David N. Black
FEC S0IL00634
  Candidate Write-in 10 0.00% Kevin Keely
  Candidate Write-in 6 0.00% Lowell Martin Seida
  Candidate Write-in 2 0.00% Albert A. Schaal
  Candidate Write-in 0 0.00% Bryan Robinson
Total 5,968,901 100.00%  

Massachusetts  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Edward John "Ed" Markey
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected in a Special Election: 25 June 2013 (re: resignation of Senator John Forbes Kerry (Democratic) to become Secretary of State); re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 2,357,809 64.46% Senator  Edward John "Ed" Markey
FEC S4MA00028; 23 Nov 20; Tot $11,726,716; Dsb $12,643,949
  Candidate Republican 1,177,765 32.20% Kevin J. O'Connor
FEC S0MA00232; 31 Dec 20; Tot $947,014; Dsb $884,051
  Candidate Scattering 93,869 2.57% Blank Votes
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 21,134 0.58% Shiva Ayyadurai
FEC S8MA00268; 23 Nov 20; Tot $1,810,282; Dsb $1,743,261
  Candidate Scattering 7,428 0.20% All Others
  Candidate Write-in; (Libertarian)     Vermin Supreme
Total 3,658,005 100.00%  

Michigan  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Gary C. Peters
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2014.
Previously served in the U.S. House: 2009-2015.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 2,734,568 49.90% Senator  Gary C. Peters
FEC S4MI00355; 23 Nov 20; Tot $49,869,193; Dsb $49,528,953
  Candidate Republican 2,642,233 48.22% John E. James
FEC S8MI00372; 23 Nov 20; Tot $48,278,506; Dsb $46,253,455
  Candidate U.S. Taxpayers 50,597 0.92% Valerie L. Willis
FEC S0MI00205
  Candidate Green 39,217 0.72% Marcia Squier
FEC S8MI00430
  Candidate Natural Law 13,093 0.24% Doug Dern
FEC S2MI00144
  Candidate Write-in 7 0.00% Leonard Paul Gadzinski
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 5 0.00% Robert William "Bob" Carr
FEC S4MI00298; 30 Sep 20; Tot $23,378; Dsb $18,789
Total 5,479,720 100.00%  

Minnesota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Tina Flint Smith
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
Appointed: 13 December 2017 [re: resignation of Senator Al Franken (Democratic)]; first elected in a Special Election: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
  Elected Democratic-Farmer Labor 1,566,522 48.74% Senator  Tina Flint Smith
FEC S8MN00578; 23 Nov 20; Tot $16,421,484; Dsb $15,849,267
  Candidate Republican 1,398,145 43.50% former Member of Congress  Jason Mark Lewis
Unsuccessful candidate for election Congress: 1990; first elected 2016; unsuccessful candidate for reelection: 2018.

FEC S0MN00328; 23 Nov 20; Tot $7,114,445; Dsb $6,723,641
  Candidate Legal Marijuana Now 190,154 5.92% Kevin O'Connor
FEC S0MN00393
  Candidate Grassroots - Legalize Cannabis 57,174 1.78% Oliver Steinberg
FEC S0MN00385
  Candidate Scattering 2,261 0.07% WRITE-IN
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Robert Paul "Rob" Barrett, Jr.
FEC S0MN00294; 30 Sep 20; Tot $35,975; Dsb $36,369
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     John L. Berman
FEC S0MN00351
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Stephen W. Carlson
FEC S4MN00437
  Candidate Write-in     George A. Dennis, Jr.
  Candidate Write-in     Josh D. Ondich
  Candidate Write-in     Jason U. Shaver
Total 3,214,256 100.00%  

New Hampshire  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Jeanne Shaheen
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2008; re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 450,778 56.64% Senator  Jeanne Shaheen
FEC S0NH00219; 23 Nov 20; Tot $18,108,045; Dsb $17,189,214
  Candidate Republican 326,229 40.99% Bryant S. "Corky" Messner
FEC S0NH00334; 23 Nov 20; Tot $7,025,419; Dsb $6,923,523
  Candidate Libertarian 18,421 2.31% Justin F. O'Donnell
FEC S0NH00300; 14 Oct 20; Tot $6,240; Dsb $4,853
  Candidate Scattering 486 0.06% Scatter
Total 795,914 100.00%  

New Jersey  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Cory A. Booker
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 16 October 2013 in a Special Election re: passing of Senator Frank R. Lautenberg (Democratic). Re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated - 1 February 2019: "I'm Cory Booker and I'm running for president of the United States of America...." New Jersey law allows candidates to concurrently run for President and Senator simultaneously.
13 January 2020: "It's with a full heart that I share this news -- I've made the decision to suspend my campaign for president."
  Elected Democratic 2,541,178 57.23% Senator  Cory A. Booker
FEC S4NJ00185; 23 Nov 20; Tot $8,254,294; Dsb $6,386,949
  Candidate Republican 1,817,052 40.92% Rikin "Rik" Mehta
FEC S0NJ00217; 23 Nov 20; Tot $586,707; Dsb $586,154
  Candidate Green 38,288 0.86% Madelyn R. Hoffman
FEC S8NJ00558; 23 Nov 20; Tot $6,219; Dsb $5,763
  Candidate Of, By, For! 32,290 0.73% Veronica Fernandez
FEC S0NJ00258; 27 Nov 20; Tot $12,633; Dsb $12,633
  Candidate LaRouche was Right 11,632 0.26% Daniel C. Burke
FEC S0NJ00266; 23 Nov 20; Tot $7,220; Dsb $7,100
Total 4,440,440 100.00%  

New Mexico  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Tom Udall
First elected: 2008; re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Open Seat - 25 March 2019: "... I'm announcing today that I won’t be seeking re-election next year."
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Democratic 474,483 51.73% Member of Congress  Ben Ray Luján
Member of Congress CD 3

FEC S0NM00058; 23 Nov 20; Tot $9,143,984; Dsb $9,412,961
  Candidate Republican 418,483 45.62% Mark V. Ronchetti
FEC S0NM00124; 23 Nov 20; Tot $3,977,143; Dsb $3,940,139
  Candidate Libertarian 24,271 2.65% Bob Walsh
FEC S0NM00132; 23 Nov 20; Tot $8,326; Dsb $6,895
Total 917,237 100.00%  

Oregon  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Jeffrey Alan "Jeff" Merkley
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2008; re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
  Elected Democratic; Independent Party of Oregon; Working Families 1,321,047 56.91% Senator  Jeffrey Alan "Jeff" Merkley
FEC S8OR00207; 23 Nov 20; Tot $6,342,495; Dsb $4,182,974
  Candidate Republican 912,814 39.32% Jo Rae Perkins
FEC H6OR04203; 23 Nov 20; Tot $137,377; Dsb $122,249
  Candidate Libertarian 42,747 1.84% Gary Dye
FEC S0OR00378
  Candidate Pacific Green; Progressive 42,239 1.82% Ibrahim A. Taher
FEC S0OR00329
  Candidate Scattering 2,402 0.10% Misc.
Total 2,321,249 100.00%  

Rhode Island  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  John F. "Jack" Reed
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008, 2014.
Previously served in the U.S. House: First elected: 1990, re-elected: 1992, 1994.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 328,574 66.48% Senator  John F. "Jack" Reed
FEC S6RI00163; 23 Nov 20; Tot $2,962,367; Dsb $2,444,188
  Candidate Republican 164,855 33.35% Allen R. Waters
FEC S0RI00067; 23 Nov 20; Tot $29,651; Dsb $21,945
  Candidate Scattering 833 0.17% WRITE-IN
Total 494,262 100.00%  

Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Mark Robert Warner
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2008; re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated -
Nominations-- Democrats unopposed. Republicans will nominate by Primary.
  Elected Democratic 2,466,500 55.99% Senator  Mark Robert Warner
FEC S6VA00093; 23 Nov 20; Tot $13,206,485; Dsb $15,641,417
  Candidate Republican 1,934,199 43.91% Daniel MacArthur Gade
FEC S0VA00146; 23 Nov 20; Tot $4,914,705; Dsb $4,895,249
  Candidate Scattering 4,388 0.10% Write In
Total 4,405,087 100.00%  

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Green Independent
  Libertarian
  Pacific Green
Other Third Parties
  Alaskan Independence
  Alliance Party
  Approval Voting
  Grassroots - Legalize Cannabis
  Independent Party Of Delaware
  Independent Party of Oregon
  Legal Marijuana Now
  Natural Law
  Progressive
  U.S. Taxpayers
  United Party
  Unity
  Willie Wilson Party
  Working Families
  Your Voice Hard
Independents
 
  Independent
  LaRouche was Right
  No Party
  No Party Affiliation
  Non Affiliated
  None
  Nonpartisan
  Of, By, For!
  Other
  Unaffiliated
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  Scattering
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2019 and end their terms on 3 January 2025. The next regular election for these seats is in 5 November 2024.
Class 2 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2015 and end their terms on 3 January 2021. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2020.
Class 3 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2017 and end their terms on 3 January 2023. The next regular election for these seats is 8 November 2022.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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