The Green Papers: Michigan 2020 General Election
 
This page is for offices up for election in 2020. Find 2021 elections here.

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Elections for Statewide offices and Congress
✓ Primary: Tuesday 4 August 2020
✓ General Election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Friday 8 May 2020 - Filing Deadline - Primary/Third/Minor/President.
Thursday 16 July 2020 - Filing Deadline - Independent (No Party Affiliation 168.590c) and Independent President.
Tuesday 4 August 2020 - Primary. Polling hours 7:00a-8:00p EDT (1100-0000 UTC) / 7:00a-8:00p CDT (1200-0100 UTC). Relatively small portions of this state are in Central Time and so the vast majority of the polls are closed by the time indicated Eastern Time, when the networks feel they can project.
Tuesday 4 August 2020 - Nomination Deadline - Third/Minor party (168.686a).
Friday 23 October 2020 - Filing Deadline - Write-in (Congress).
Tuesday 3 November 2020 - General Election. Polling hours 7:00a-8:00p EST (1200-0100 UTC) / 7:00a-8:00p CST (1300-0200 UTC). Relatively small portions of this state are in Central Time and so the vast majority of the polls are closed by the time indicated Eastern Time, when the networks feel they can project.
 
Senators:2(Electoral Classes 1 and 2)
Governor:1 
2022-2030 Representatives:14(3.22% of 435)
2010 Census:9,911,626 (3.20% of 309,785,186)
2012, 2016, 2020 Electoral Votes:16(2.97% of 538)
2012-2020 Representatives:14(3.22% of 435)
Capital:Lansing
 

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Michigan State and Local Government

Michigan 2020 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions:
Democrats   Republicans


The Green, Libertarian, Natural Law, U.S. Taxpayers, and Working Class parties may nominate by caucus/convention: ... Caucuses ... and ... conventions ... shall be held not later than the August Primary. To qualify, a party's nominee must receive at least 1% of the total number of votes cast for winner of the office of Secretary of State in the last preceding state election [MCL 168.685(6)].

The Libertarian Party convention date is 7 March.

Primary elections are for Democratic, Libertarian, and Republican candidates. To qualify, a party's nominee must receive at least 5% of the total number of votes cast for the office of Secretary of State in the last preceding state election [MCL 168.532].


Upcoming Elections and Political Party Status from the Michigan Bureau of Elections.

Primary Candidate Listing from the Michigan Bureau of Elections.

General Election Listing from the Michigan Bureau of Elections.

4 August 2020 Primary results from a media source.

3 November 2020 returns from the Michigan Bureau of Elections.

 
           

President  4 year term, Election Cycle: 2020, 2024. Term Limit: No more than 2 4-year terms in a lifetime. Electors: 16 (Winner-take-all), How Appointed, Meeting Place, Duly Appointed Presidential Electors, List of Presidential Candidates by State, List of Presidential Candidates.
Up for election in 2020
 Candidate list (6, 5 write-ins)
  Elected Democratic 2,804,040 50.62% former Vice President Joseph Robinette "Joe" Biden, Jr.
for Vice President: California Senator Kamala D. Harris
(16 Electoral Votes)
FEC P80000722; 23 Nov 20; Tot $1,064,613,463; Dsb $1,063,053,521
  Candidate Republican 2,649,852 47.84% President Donald John Trump
for Vice President: Vice President Michael R. "Mike" Pence
FEC P80001571; 23 Nov 20; Tot $717,303,371; Dsb $718,174,436
  Candidate Libertarian 60,381 1.09% Jo Jorgensen
for Vice President: Jeremy "Spike" Cohen
FEC P00013524; 23 Nov 20; Tot $3,405,357; Dsb $3,373,521
  Candidate Green 13,718 0.25% Howie Gresham Hawkins
for Vice President: Angela Nichole Walker
FEC P00012211; 23 Nov 20; Tot $495,566; Dsb $476,095
  Candidate U.S. Taxpayers 7,235 0.13% Don Blankenship
for Vice President: William Alan Mohr
FEC P00014209; 20 Dec 20; Tot $83,880; Dsb $83,880
  Candidate Natural Law 2,986 0.05% Roque "Rocky" De La Fuente, Jr.
for Vice President: Darcy G. Richardson
FEC P60016342; 23 Nov 20; Tot $14,220,189; Dsb $14,208,041
  Candidate Write-in; (American Solidarity) 963 0.02% Brian T. Carroll
FEC P00013771
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 89 0.00% Jade Simmons
FEC P00015537; 23 Nov 20; Tot $125,500; Dsb $72,644
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated) 32 0.00% Thomas "Tom" Hoefling
  Candidate Write-in; (Non Affiliated) 5 0.00% Kasey J. Wells
FEC P00007864; 14 Oct 20; Tot $10,625; Dsb $10,578
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 1 0.00% Tara Renee Hunter
Total 5,539,302 100.00%  

U.S. Senate  6 year term. No Term Limit. 116th Senate  Senate Electoral Classes

Class 1 Democratic Senator Debbie Stabenow
First elected: 2000; re-elected 2006, 2012, 2018.
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1996, 1998]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
 Candidate list (1)
  Candidate Democratic     Senator Debbie Stabenow
FEC S8MI00281

Class 2
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Gary C. Peters
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2014.
Previously served in the U.S. House: 2009-2015.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (5, 2 write-ins)
  Elected Democratic 2,734,568 49.90% Senator  Gary C. Peters
FEC S4MI00355; 23 Nov 20; Tot $49,869,193; Dsb $49,528,953
  Candidate Republican 2,642,233 48.22% John E. James
FEC S8MI00372; 23 Nov 20; Tot $48,278,506; Dsb $46,253,455
  Candidate U.S. Taxpayers 50,597 0.92% Valerie L. Willis
FEC S0MI00205
  Candidate Green 39,217 0.72% Marcia Squier
FEC S8MI00430
  Candidate Natural Law 13,093 0.24% Doug Dern
FEC S2MI00144
  Candidate Write-in 7 0.00% Leonard Paul Gadzinski
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 5 0.00% Robert William "Bob" Carr
FEC S4MI00298; 30 Sep 20; Tot $23,378; Dsb $18,789
Total 5,479,720 100.00%  

Governor  4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022. Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms, All Governors

  Democratic Governor  Gretchen Whitmer
First elected: 2018
Chair up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
The current Governor is unaffected by the State's term limit.

Lieutenant Governor  4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022. Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms. Nominated by convention separately from the gubernatorial primary; elected on same ticket with Governor.

  Democratic Lieutenant Governor  Garlin D. Gilchrist, II
First elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
The current Lieutenant Governor is unaffected by the State's term limit.
 Candidates for Lieutenant Governor are nominated by political parties at their fall state convention (Michigan Election Law, Act 116 of 1954, Section 168.72).

116th U.S. House of Representatives  2-year term. Election Cycle 2020, 2021. No Term Limit. 116th House
Partisan Composition (primary disposition):
5 Republican (5 Renominated);
1 Libertarian (1 Open);
7 Democratic (7 Renominated);
1 Independent (1 Open)

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Member of Congress  John W. "Jack" Bergman
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2016
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (3) - 117th Congress
  Elected Republican 256,581 61.65% Member of Congress  John W. "Jack" Bergman
FEC H6MI01226; 23 Nov 20; Tot $1,975,200; Dsb $1,799,899
  Candidate Democratic 153,328 36.84% Dana Ferguson
FEC H0MI01211; 23 Nov 20; Tot $347,903; Dsb $342,911
  Candidate Libertarian 6,310 1.52% Benjamin "Ben" Boren
FEC H0MI01245
Total 416,219 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 2
Seat up for regular election
Republican Member of Congress  William P. "Bill" Huizenga
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (5) - 117th Congress
  Elected Republican 238,711 59.20% Member of Congress  William P. "Bill" Huizenga
FEC H0MI02094; 23 Nov 20; Tot $2,211,270; Dsb $1,830,812
  Candidate Democratic 154,122 38.22% Bryan Berghoef
FEC H0MI02201; 23 Nov 20; Tot $751,624; Dsb $667,342
  Candidate Libertarian 5,292 1.31% Max Riekse
FEC H0MI02227
  Candidate Green 2,646 0.66% Jean-Michel Creviere
FEC H0MI02219; 15 Nov 20; Tot $281; Dsb $1,207
  Candidate U.S. Taxpayers 2,476 0.61% Gerald T. Van Sickle
FEC H0MI02235
Total 403,247 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 3
Seat up for regular election
Open
Libertarian Member of Congress  Justin Amash
First elected: 2010 as a Republican.
4 July 2019: "Today, I am declaring my independence and leaving the Republican Party...."
1 May 2020: Listed in the Congressional Directory as a Libertarian.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Open Seat - 28 April 2020: Announced that he will run for the Libertarian Presidential nomination.
16 May 2020: "After much reflection, I've concluded that circumstances don't lend themselves to my success as a candidate for president this year, and therefore I will not be a candidate...."
16 July 2020: "He hasn't been campaigning for any office and doesn't plan to seek the nomination for any office...." --Adviser Poppy Nelson.
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
 Candidate list (2, 2 write-ins) - 117th Congress
  Elected Republican 213,649 52.96% Peter Meijer
FEC H0MI03308; 23 Nov 20; Tot $3,386,480; Dsb $3,365,981
  Candidate Democratic 189,769 47.04% Hillary Scholten
FEC H0MI03316; 23 Nov 20; Tot $3,839,963; Dsb $3,809,621
  Candidate Write-in 1 0.00% Richard David Fuentes
  Candidate Write-in 0 0.00% Shannon Ruth Hogan
Total 403,419 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 4
Seat up for regular election
Republican Member of Congress  John Moolenaar
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (4) - 117th Congress
  Elected Republican 242,621 65.00% Member of Congress  John Moolenaar
FEC H4MI04126; 23 Nov 20; Tot $1,531,082; Dsb $1,006,699
  Candidate Democratic 120,802 32.37% Jerome C. "Jerry" Hilliard
FEC H8MI04101; 23 Nov 20; Tot $41,031; Dsb $23,603
  Candidate Libertarian 5,374 1.44% David Canny
FEC H0MI04140
  Candidate Green 4,448 1.19% Amanda "Amy" Slepr
FEC H0MI04132
Total 373,245 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 5
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Member of Congress  Daniel T. "Dan" Kildee
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (4) - 117th Congress
  Elected Democratic 196,599 54.45% Member of Congress  Daniel T. "Dan" Kildee
FEC H2MI05119; 23 Nov 20; Tot $1,667,738; Dsb $1,496,383
  Candidate Republican 150,772 41.76% former state Representative Timothy P. "Tim" Kelly
FEC H0MI05162; 23 Nov 20; Tot $72,427; Dsb $66,159
  Candidate Working Class 8,180 2.27% Kathy Goodwin
FEC H8MI05124
  Candidate Libertarian 5,481 1.52% James Harris
FEC H0MI05170
Total 361,032 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 6
Seat up for regular election
Republican Member of Congress  Frederick Stephen "Fred" Upton
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (4, 1 write-in) - 117th Congress
  Elected Republican 211,496 55.81% Member of Congress  Frederick Stephen "Fred" Upton
FEC H6MI04113; 23 Nov 20; Tot $3,636,591; Dsb $3,440,000
  Candidate Democratic 152,085 40.13% state Representative  Jon Hoadley
FEC H0MI06152; 23 Nov 20; Tot $3,130,925; Dsb $3,104,379
  Candidate Libertarian 10,399 2.74% Jeff DePoy
FEC H0MI06210
  Candidate Green 4,440 1.17% John M. Lawrence
FEC H4MI06139
  Candidate Write-in 560 0.15% Jerry Solis
FEC H0MI06202
Total 378,980 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 7
Seat up for regular election
Republican Member of Congress  Timothy L. "Tim" Walberg
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (2) - 117th Congress
  Elected Republican 227,524 58.75% Member of Congress  Timothy L. "Tim" Walberg
FEC H4MI07103; 23 Nov 20; Tot $2,311,378; Dsb $1,552,881
  Candidate Democratic 159,743 41.25% former state Representative Gretchen D. Driskell
FEC H0MI07150; 21 Dec 20; Tot $1,762,854; Dsb $1,762,854
Total 387,267 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 8
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Member of Congress  Elissa Slotkin
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (3) - 117th Congress
  Elected Democratic 217,922 50.88% Member of Congress  Elissa Slotkin
FEC H8MI08102; 23 Nov 20; Tot $9,034,734; Dsb $7,473,472
  Candidate Republican 202,525 47.28% Paul Junge
FEC H0MI08141; 31 Dec 20; Tot $2,075,467; Dsb $2,066,088
  Candidate Libertarian 7,897 1.84% Joe Hartman
FEC H0MI08174
Total 428,344 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 9
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Member of Congress  Andy Levin
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (4, 1 write-in) - 117th Congress
  Elected Democratic 230,318 57.71% Member of Congress  Andy Levin
FEC H8MI09118; 23 Nov 20; Tot $1,326,039; Dsb $862,292
  Candidate Republican 153,296 38.41% Charles John Langworthy
FEC H0MI09180
  Candidate Working Class 8,970 2.25% Andrea L. Kirby
FEC H8MI09142
  Candidate Libertarian 6,532 1.64% Mike Saliba
FEC H0MI09206
  Candidate Write-in 1 0.00% Douglas Allen Troszak
Total 399,117 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 10
Seat up for regular election
Open
Independent Member of Congress  Paul Mitchell, III
First elected as a Republican: 2016. Switched to Independent: 14 December 2020.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Open Seat - 24 July 2019: "I have decided I will not seek to continue to represent Michigan’s 10th District next term. After serving out the remainder of the 116th Congress – I will return to my family and our small farm."
14 December 2020: Member of Congress Paul Mitchell, III announced he was leaving the Republican Party and becoming an Independent.
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
 Candidate list (2) - 117th Congress
  Elected Republican 271,607 66.28% Lisa McClain
FEC H0MI10287; 23 Nov 20; Tot $2,460,887; Dsb $2,342,083
  Candidate Democratic 138,179 33.72% Kimberly Ann Bizon
FEC H8MI10108; 23 Nov 20; Tot $41,438; Dsb $41,246
Total 409,786 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 11
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Member of Congress  Haley Stevens
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (3, 1 write-in) - 117th Congress
  Elected Democratic 226,128 50.20% Member of Congress  Haley Stevens
FEC H8MI11254; 23 Nov 20; Tot $5,847,117; Dsb $5,755,413
  Candidate Republican 215,405 47.82% Eric S. Esshaki
FEC H0MI11129; 31 Dec 20; Tot $1,406,210; Dsb $1,374,693
  Candidate Libertarian 8,936 1.98% Leonard Schwartz
FEC H8MI11387
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 4 0.00% Frank Acosta
FEC H0MI11103
Total 450,473 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 12
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Member of Congress  Debbie Dingell
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (3) - 117th Congress
  Elected Democratic 254,957 66.43% Member of Congress  Debbie Dingell
FEC H4MI12079; 23 Nov 20; Tot $1,626,737; Dsb $1,645,149
  Candidate Republican 117,719 30.67% Jeff Jones
FEC H6MI12264; 31 Dec 20; Tot $10,616; Dsb $9,657
  Candidate Working Class 11,147 2.90% Gary Walkowicz
FEC H8MI07039
Total 383,823 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 13
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Member of Congress  Rashida Tlaib
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (5, 1 write-in) - 117th Congress
  Elected Democratic 223,205 78.08% Member of Congress  Rashida Tlaib
FEC H8MI13250; 23 Nov 20; Tot $4,030,587; Dsb $3,667,510
  Candidate Republican 53,311 18.65% David Anthony "Dude" Dudenhoefer
FEC H0MI13471
  Candidate Working Class 5,284 1.85% Sam Johnson
FEC H4MI13218
  Candidate Green 2,105 0.74% D. Etta Wilcoxon
FEC H8MI13342
  Candidate U.S. Taxpayers 1,974 0.69% Articia Bomer
FEC H0MI13505
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 6 0.00% Donald Eason
FEC H0MI13513; 23 Nov 20; Tot $35,656; Dsb $35,656
Total 285,885 100.00%  

Incumbent - 116th Congress
CD 14
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Member of Congress  Brenda Lulenar Lawrence
• Re-elected Tuesday 3 November 2020
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
Renominated
 Candidate list (5) - 117th Congress
  Elected Democratic 271,370 79.28% Member of Congress  Brenda Lulenar Lawrence
FEC H2MI14111; 23 Nov 20; Tot $1,085,683; Dsb $777,102
  Candidate Republican 62,664 18.31% Robert Vance Patrick
FEC H0MI14255; 23 Nov 20; Tot $39,670; Dsb $41,973
  Candidate Libertarian 3,737 1.09% Lisa Lane Gioia
FEC H6MI10243
  Candidate Working Class 2,534 0.74% Philip Kolody
FEC H8MI14118
  Candidate Green 1,998 0.58% Clyde K. Shabazz
FEC H8MI14084
Total 342,303 100.00%  

Secretary of State  4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022. Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms

  Democratic Secretary of State  Jocelyn Benson
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
The current Secretary of State is unaffected by the State's term limit.
  
Candidates for Secretary of State are nominated by political parties at their fall state convention (Michigan Election Law, Act 116 of 1954, Section 168.72).

Attorney General  4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022. Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms

  Democratic Attorney General  Dana Nessel
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
The current Attorney General is unaffected by the State's term limit.
  
Candidates for Attorney General are nominated by political parties at their fall state convention (Michigan Election Law, Act 116 of 1954, Section 168.72).
 

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties   Those parties which received electoral votes through winning a plurality of a state's [or the District of Columbia's] popular vote in any presidential election between 1984 and 2016. See Classification of Political parties.
  Democratic (affiliates): 13 incumbents, 17 candidates
  Republican: 5 incumbents, 18 candidates
Major Third Parties   Any Party, other than a Major Party, receiving a minimum of 15/100ths of 1 percent of the nationwide popular vote in any presidential election between 1984 and 2016. See Classification of Political parties.
  Green (affiliates): 7 candidates
  Libertarian: 1 incumbent, 10 candidates
  Reform (affiliates)
Other Third Parties
  America's Independent (affiliates)
  American Solidarity: 1 candidate
  Justice Party
  Natural Law (affiliates): 2 candidates
  Right to Life
  Socialist Party USA
  U.S. Taxpayers (affiliate of Constitution): 4 candidates
Independents
  Independent: 1 incumbent, 3 candidates
  Non Affiliated: 1 candidate
  Unaffiliated: 1 candidate
  Working Class: 5 candidates
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  Write-in: 13 candidates
 
Candidates running under the banner of more than one party are counted towards each party's total. A candidate who has lost a primary or is apparently no longer a candidate is not counted.

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.

Primary dates marked "presumably" and polling times marked "reportedly" are based on unofficial or estimated data (especially as regards local variations from a jurisdictionwide statutory and/or regulatory standard) and are, thereby, subject to change.

"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Links Links to other web sites

Election Authority
  Michigan Secretary of State
Legislature   Links to State Legislatures
  Michigan House of Representatives
  Michigan Legislature
  Michigan Senate
Democratic
  Michigan House Democrats
  Michigan Senate Democratic Caucus
  The Michigan Democratic Party
Republican
  Michigan House Republicans
  The Michigan Republican Party
Third Party
  America's Independent Party (associated with Alan Keyes)
  Green Party of Michigan
  Justice Party of Michigan
  Libertarian Party of Michigan
  Natural Law Party of Michigan
  Natural Law Party of Michigan
  Reform Party of Michigan
  Right to Life of Michigan
  Socialist Party of Michigan
  The Green Party of Michigan
  U.S. Taxpayers Party of Michigan
Media & others
  Battle Creek Enquirer
  C & G Newspapers - Oakland, Macomb and Wayne Counties
  Cheboygan Daily Tribune
  Deadline Detroit
  Detroit Free Press
  Detroit News
  Gongwer News Service
  Grassroots in Michigan
  Hometown Newspapers - Oakland, Livingston, Wayne, and Macomb Counties
  Huron Daily Tribune - Bad Axe
  Lansing State Journal
  Leader Publications - Dowagiac - Niles
  Macomb Daily
  MichiganVotes.org - Mackinac Center Michigan Legislature
  Midland Daily News
  MLive.com
  Monroe Evening News
  Politics1.com - Michigan
  Right Michigan
  Sentinel-Standard - Ionia
  Sturgis Journal
  The Alpena News
  The Daily Telegram - Adrian
  The Herald-Palladium - St. Joseph - Benton Harbor
  The Independent - Dundee
  The News-Herald-Heritage - Wayne County
  The Oakland Press - Pontiac
  The Voice - New Baltimore
  WDIV TV - NBC - Detroit
  WJBK TV - FOX - Detroit
  WLNS TV - CBS - Lansing
  WLUC TV - NBC - Negaunee
  WNEM - Bay City - Saginaw - Midland - Flint
  WOOD AM - Grand Rapids
  WOOD TV - NBC - Grand Rapids

 


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  Statewide Political Party Strength going into the 2020 Presidential Election  
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  Comparative Political Party Predominance in each State, 2000 thru 2016  
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History
  Political Party Floor Leaders in the Congress of the United States  
  Dates of DIRECT PRIMARY Elections re: Major Party Nominations for Statewide and/or Federal Office  
  Length of Terms of Office of STATE Governors throughout American History  
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  Dates of U.S. Presidential Election "Events": 1789 to present  
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  Complete Constitutional provisions for the election of the President and Vice-President  
  Complete Federal Law governing the election of a President and Vice-President and filling of vacancies of the same  
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  (downloads)