The Green Papers: 2016 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 114th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 34 Senate Seats are up for election on 8 November 2016.

There have been 0 deaths, 0 resignations, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 114th Senate.

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Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

California  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Barbara Boxer
First elected: 1992; re-elected: 1998, 2004, 2010.
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Open Seat - Open Seat - 8 January 2015: Announced she will not run for re-election.
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Democratic 7,542,753 61.60% Attorney General  Kamala D. Harris
FEC S6CA00584; 28 Nov 16; Tot $15,221,436; Dsb $14,102,174
  Candidate Democratic 4,701,417 38.40% Congressman  Loretta L. Sanchez
CD 46.
12 May 2015: Running for the U.S. Senate Class 3 Seat in 2016.

FEC S6CA00691; 28 Nov 16; Tot $4,566,565; Dsb $4,478,727
Total 12,244,170 100.00%  

Colorado  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Republican, 1 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Michael F. Bennet
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
Appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Ken Salazar on 21 January 2009 after entering upon his duties as Secretary of the Interior; appointed 21 January 2009 and sworn 22 January 2009. First elected: 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 28 June 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic 1,370,710 49.97% Senator  Michael F. Bennet
FEC S0CO00211; 28 Nov 16; Tot $15,539,412; Dsb $14,841,265
  Candidate Republican 1,215,318 44.31% El Paso County Commissioner Darryl Glenn
FEC S6CO00226; 28 Nov 16; Tot $4,135,311; Dsb $3,895,160
  Candidate Libertarian 99,277 3.62% Lily Tang Williams
FEC S6CO00317; 28 Nov 16; Tot $19,789; Dsb $19,788
  Candidate Green 36,805 1.34% Arnold Michael "Arn" Menconi
FEC S6CO00366; 08 Dec 16; Tot $19,420; Dsb $19,211
  Candidate Unity 9,336 0.34% Bill Hammons
FEC S4CO00411
  Candidate Unaffiliated 8,361 0.30% Dan Chapin
FEC S6CO00374
  Candidate Unaffiliated 3,216 0.12% Paul Noel Fiorino
FEC S6CO00382
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated) 6 0.00% Donald "Don" Willoughby
FEC S4CO00429
Total 2,743,029 100.00%  

Connecticut  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Richard Blumenthal
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 7 May 2016 Convention
  Elected Democratic; Working Families 1,008,714 63.19% Senator  Richard Blumenthal
FEC S0CT00177; 28 Nov 16; Tot $7,334,649; Dsb $4,989,225
  Candidate Republican 552,621 34.62% state Representative Dan Carter
FEC S6CT05108; 31 Dec 16; Tot $383,917; Dsb $375,795
  Candidate Libertarian 18,190 1.14% Richard Lion
FEC S6CT05124
  Candidate Green 16,713 1.05% Jeffery David "Jeff" Russell
FEC S0CT00250
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated) 26 0.00% Andrew Rule
FEC S6CT05132
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated) 12 0.00% John M. Traceski
FEC S0CT00268
Total 1,596,276 100.00%  

Hawaii  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Brian Emanuel Schatz
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
Appointed: 26 December 2012 (re 17 December 2012 death of Senator Daniel K. Inouye [Democratic]). First elected in a special election: 2014.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 13 August 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic 306,604 70.05% Senator  Brian Emanuel Schatz
FEC S4HI00136; 28 Nov 16; Tot $3,813,588; Dsb $2,511,657
  Candidate Republican 92,653 21.17% former state Senator John Stanley Carroll
FEC S0HI00126; 28 Nov 16; Tot $82,940; Dsb $54,417
  Candidate Scattering 20,763 4.74% Blank Votes
  Candidate Constitution 9,103 2.08% Joy Jennifer Allison
FEC S4HI00151
  Candidate Libertarian 6,809 1.56% Michael Kokoski
FEC S4HI00169
  Candidate American Shopping 1,393 0.32% John M. "Raghu" Giuffre
FEC S6HI00305
  Candidate Scattering 339 0.08% Over Votes
Total 437,664 100.00%  

Maryland  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator Barbara A. Mikulski
First elected: 1986; re-elected: 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Open Seat - 2 March 2015: Announced retirement
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Democratic 1,659,907 60.89% Congressman  Christopher "Chris" Van Hollen, Jr.
Congressman CD 8.
4 March 2015: Announced.

FEC S6MD03441; 28 Nov 16; Tot $11,914,048; Dsb $11,333,458
  Candidate Republican 972,557 35.67% state Delegate  Kathy Szeliga
FEC S6MD03508; 28 Nov 16; Tot $1,582,986; Dsb $1,518,529
  Candidate Green 89,970 3.30% Margaret Flowers
FEC S6MD03474; 23 Nov 16; Tot $79,993; Dsb $79,281
  Candidate Scattering 3,231 0.12% Other Write-Ins
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated) 242 0.01% Greg Dorsey
FEC S6MD03623
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 138 0.01% Ed Tinus
Lost his party's nomination for the Senate Class 3 seat.

FEC S2MD00446
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 77 0.00% Lih Young
Lost his party's nomination for the Senate Class 3 seat.

FEC S6MD03375
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 26 0.00% Charles Ulysses Smith
Lost his party's nomination for the Senate Class 3 seat.

FEC S6MD03359
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 15 0.00% Bob Robinson
FEC S6MD03326
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 7 0.00% Jeffrey Binkins
Total 2,726,170 100.00%  

Nevada  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Republican, 1 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Harry Mason Reid
First elected: 1986; re-elected: 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Open Seat - 27 March 2015: Will not seek re-election in 2016.
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Democratic 521,994 47.10% former Attorney General Catherine Marie Cortez-Masto
FEC S6NV00200; 28 Nov 16; Tot $19,878,015; Dsb $18,830,739
  Candidate Republican 495,079 44.67% Congressman Joseph John "Joe" Heck
Congressman CD 3.
6 July 2015: Running for Class 3 Senate Seat in 2016.

FEC S6NV00218; 28 Nov 16; Tot $12,356,469; Dsb $11,798,151
  Candidate None of these candidates 42,257 3.81% None of these candidates
  Candidate Independent American 17,128 1.55% Thomas Franklin "Tom" Jones
FEC S6NV00242; 31 Mar 16; Tot $2,215; Dsb $1,200
  Candidate No Poliitical Party 14,208 1.28% Thomas Lamont "Tom" Sawyer
FEC S6NV00317
  Candidate No Poliitical Party 10,740 0.97% Antonino "Tony" Gumina
FEC S6NV00259; 19 Oct 16; Tot $31,480; Dsb $28,047
  Candidate No Poliitical Party; (Socialist Party USA) 6,888 0.62% Jarrod Michael Williams
FEC S6NV00341; 28 Nov 16; Tot $2,277; Dsb $2,376
Total 1,108,294 100.00%  

New York  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Charles E. "Chuck" Schumer
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 1998; re-elected: 2004, 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 28 June 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic; Independence; Women's Equality; Working Families 5,221,945 66.94% Senator  Charles E. "Chuck" Schumer
FEC S8NY00082; 28 Nov 16; Tot $17,379,696; Dsb $20,006,883
  Candidate Republican; Reform; Conservative 2,009,355 25.76% Wendy Long
FEC S2NY00259; 28 Nov 16; Tot $759,629; Dsb $652,380
  Candidate Scattering 400,847 5.14% Blank
  Candidate Green 113,413 1.45% Robin Laverne Wilson
FEC S6NY00425; 19 Oct 16; Tot $5,160; Dsb $4,523
  Candidate Libertarian 48,120 0.62% Alex Merced
FEC S6NY00433; 28 Nov 16; Tot $14,461; Dsb $14,187
  Candidate Scattering 3,472 0.04% Scattering
  Candidate Scattering 3,467 0.04% Void
Total 7,800,619 100.00%  

Oregon  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Ronald Lee "Ron" Wyden
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected to finish out the term in a Special Election: 30 January 1996 [held to fill vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Robert Packwood (Republican): 1 October 1995 (Oregon state law does not permit the state's Governor to make temporary appointments to fill vacancies in the United States Senate)]; elected to a full term: 1998; re-elected: 2004, 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 17 May 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic 1,105,119 56.60% Senator  Ronald Lee "Ron" Wyden
FEC S6OR00110; 28 Nov 16; Tot $8,616,115; Dsb $7,393,277
  Candidate Republican 651,106 33.35% Mark Allen Callahan
FEC S4OR00172; 28 Nov 16; Tot $35,817; Dsb $33,126
  Candidate Working Families 61,915 3.17% Shanti S. Lewallen
FEC S6OR05168; 28 Nov 16; Tot $8,584; Dsb $7,104
  Candidate Independent Party of Oregon 59,516 3.05% Steven Cody Reynolds
FEC S6OR05127
  Candidate Pacific Green; Progressive 48,823 2.50% Eric C. Navickas
FEC S6OR05150
  Candidate Libertarian 23,941 1.23% Jim Lindsay
FEC S6OR05176
  Candidate Scattering 2,058 0.11% Misc.
Total 1,952,478 100.00%  

Vermont  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Patrick J. Leahy
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 1974; re-elected: 1980, 1986, 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 9 August 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic 192,243 59.99% Senator  Patrick J. Leahy
FEC S4VT00017; 28 Nov 16; Tot $3,927,834; Dsb $3,141,457
  Candidate Republican 103,637 32.34% Scott Milne
FEC S6VT00160; 08 Dec 16; Tot $127,633; Dsb $106,458
  Candidate Marijuana; (Democratic) 9,156 2.86% Cris Ericson
Ran for but lost the 9 August 2016 Democratic Primary for Senator.

FEC S4VT00132
  Candidate Scattering 6,192 1.93% Blank Votes
  Candidate Independent 5,223 1.63% Jerry Trudell
FEC S6VT00178
  Candidate Liberty Union 3,241 1.01% Pete Diamondstone
FEC S6VT00152
  Candidate Scattering 466 0.15% Spoiled Votes
  Candidate Scattering 309 0.10% Write-in
BERNIE SANDERS 86 (0.03%), NO NAME 25 (0.01%), ROSANNE GRECO 14 (0.00%), JIM DOUGLAS 9 (0.00%), PETER WELCH 7 (0.00%), BILL LEE 4 (0.00%), HOWARD DEAN 3 (0.00%), PETER GALBRAITH 2 (0.00%), KESHA RAM 2 (0.00%), HAL BILL 1 (0.00%), LORI MORO 1 (0.00%), DAVID SCHERR 1 (0.00%), RICHARD LENCHUS 1 (0.00%), EDWARD B. PELTIER 1 (0.00%), MICHELLE HICKEY 1 (0.00%), MICHAEL STEIN 1 (0.00%), JOHN MCCLAUGHRY 1 (0.00%), FELECIA MOSEA 1 (0.00%), CHARLES WINNLEMAN 1 (0.00%), MARY BEERWORTH 1 (0.00%), DENNIS CUTLER 1 (0.00%), PENGE 1 (0.00%), TOISI GABBARD 1 (0.00%), DENNIS TATRO 1 (0.00%), PETER GALBRAITH 1 (0.00%), BRIAN DUBIE 1 (0.00%), DANIEL DENNETT 1 (0.00%), VARPILAH CHASE 1 (0.00%), PETER IRVING 1 (0.00%), KADING SALVADOR 1 (0.00%), IVY LIEBMAN 1 (0.00%), RUSTY DEWEES 1 (0.00%), ERICH ZEICHNER 1 (0.00%), JOANNE HUNT 1 (0.00%), GLENN SOUSA 1 (0.00%), BOB MACH 1 (0.00%), DANIELLE FOURNIER 1 (0.00%), JOELLE BECK 1 (0.00%), LAWRENCE KNOUSS 1 (0.00%), WILLIE MCALLISTER 1 (0.00%), MATT MUROWSKI 1 (0.00%), SARAH SMITH CONREY 1 (0.00%), ROBERTA WELCH 1 (0.00%), DON JOHNSON 1 (0.00%), TOM BRADY 1 (0.00%), JENNY ROSSI 1 (0.00%), PATRICK STAR 1 (0.00%), GEORGE BENNIS SR 1 (0.00%), GEN TSO 1 (0.00%), AVERY PITTMAN 1 (0.00%), PETE MILLER 1 (0.00%), CLANCY DESMET 1 (0.00%), CHRIS NOLAN 1 (0.00%), KATHERINE LAPP 1 (0.00%), JOHN MACGOVERN 1 (0.00%), TOMMY BRALEMKANE 1 (0.00%), SUSAN HATCH-DAVIS 1 (0.00%), SCOTT GRAY 1 (0.00%), JON FARBER 1 (0.00%), CRAIG GABLE 1 (0.00%), WALTER WEEKS 1 (0.00%), ANTHONY FETICELLI 1 (0.00%), ROB ASHTON 1 (0.00%), RANDY QUAID 1 (0.00%), HERMAN SPENCER III 1 (0.00%), TRACY LAMPHERE 1 (0.00%), RICHARD JOSEPH 1 (0.00%), PAULA TRAYNOR 1 (0.00%), JAMES BAKER 1 (0.00%), EMILY TROSTEL 1 (0.00%), BENJAMIN WALSH 1 (0.00%), LINDA PARENT 1 (0.00%), NANCY MUIR 1 (0.00%), TOM HALEY 1 (0.00%), WARREN ROAF 1 (0.00%), MARY MORRISSEY 1 (0.00%), GIFFORD 1 (0.00%), JOHN MANAHAN SR 1 (0.00%), MARKED NO NAME ENTERED 1 (0.00%), TAMMY LYROTT 1 (0.00%), RICK WYMAN 1 (0.00%), WRATH KISSELL 1 (0.00%), JERRY TRUDELL 1 (0.00%), ANDRE SINCLAIR 1 (0.00%), MIKE THORPE 1 (0.00%), CODY SHAW 1 (0.00%), RILEY GOODEMOTE 1 (0.00%), STEPHEN WEBSTER 1 (0.00%), HILARY CLINTON 1 (0.00%), KEVIN DONAHUE 1 (0.00%), BRUCE LISMAN 1 (0.00%), DONALD TURNER J 1 (0.00%), ART MENUT 1 (0.00%), KARI REEN 1 (0.00%), JOE BENNET 1 (0.00%), ANDREW GLOVER 1 (0.00%), KEVIN CHRISTIE 1 (0.00%), SHAP SMITH 1 (0.00%), MATT DUNNE 1 (0.00%), MAIDA TOWNSEND 1 (0.00%), SUE MINTER 1 (0.00%), PETER CLARK 1 (0.00%), JANE SANDERS 1 (0.00%), TYLER CARMACK 1 (0.00%), RETTA DUNLAP 1 (0.00%), CHAPIN SPENCER 1 (0.00%), LAMBETH CLARK 1 (0.00%), LUIS CARDOFREN 1 (0.00%), SU GONYEA 1 (0.00%), DAVID LINES 1 (0.00%), RACHEL WINER 1 (0.00%), MICHAEL ROGERS 1 (0.00%), ANDREW HASLEM 1 (0.00%), KARL STEEN 1 (0.00%), LYNN DYKE 1 (0.00%), DON TURNER 1 (0.00%), JAHALA DEDLEY 1 (0.00%), JIM SAUNDERS 1 (0.00%), THEO EPSTEIN 1 (0.00%), CHRISTOPHER PEARSON 1 (0.00%), ASHLEY HILL 1 (0.00%), CORAL LEE MORANDE 1 (0.00%), GEROME WASHBURN 1 (0.00%), TED NUGENT 1 (0.00%), DAN FRAZER 1 (0.00%), HARRISON UNGER 1 (0.00%), DREW JACOBSON 1 (0.00%), Other Write-Ins 39 (0.01%).
Total 320,467 100.00%  

Washington  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Patricia L. "Patty" Murray
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 1992; re-elected: 1998, 2004, 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
on General Election ballot - 2 August 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic 1,913,979 59.01% Senator  Patricia L. "Patty" Murray
FEC S2WA00189; 28 Nov 16; Tot $10,157,983; Dsb $8,243,363
  Candidate Republican 1,329,338 40.99% former state Representative Chris Vance
FEC S6WA00321; 28 Nov 16; Tot $445,294; Dsb $448,266
Total 3,243,317 100.00%  

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Democratic-Nonpartisan League
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Libertarian
  Pacific Green
  Reform
Other Third Parties
  America's Party
  American
  American Shopping
  Conservative
  Independence
  Independent American
  Independent Party of Oregon
  Liberty Union
  Marijuana
  New Independent Party Iowa
  Progressive
  Socialist Party USA
  Unity
  Veterans Party of America
  Women's Equality
  Working Families
Independents
  Independent
  No Affiliation
  No Party Affiliation
  No Poliitical Party
  Nominated By Petition
  Non Affiliated
  None
  Nonparty
  Unaffiliated
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  None of these candidates
  Scattering
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2013 and end their terms on 3 January 2019. The next regular election for these seats is in 6 November 2018.
Class 2 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2015 and end their terms on 3 January 2021. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2020.
Class 3 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2011 and end their terms on 3 January 2017. The next regular election for these seats is 8 November 2016.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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