The Green Papers: 2016 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 114th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 34 Senate Seats are up for election on 8 November 2016.

There have been 0 deaths, 0 resignations, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 114th Senate.

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Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Alabama  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  Jefferson Beauregard "Jeff" Sessions, III
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008, 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
18 November 2016: Accepted the position of Attorney General in the Trump administration.
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Jefferson Beauregard "Jeff" Sessions, III
FEC S6AL00195

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Richard C. Shelby
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected as a Democrat: 1986; re-elected: 1992; Changed Party affiliation to Republican: 9 November 1994; re-elected as a Republican: 1998, 2004, 2010.
[also served in the U.S. House- elected: 1978, 1980, 1982, 1984 as a Democrat]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 1 March 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 1,335,104 63.96% Senator  Richard C. Shelby
FEC S6AL00013; 28 Nov 16; Tot $3,463,603; Dsb $11,491,220
  Candidate Democratic 748,709 35.87% Ronald Steven "Ron" Crumpton
FEC S6AL00302; 28 Nov 16; Tot $36,280; Dsb $31,485
  Candidate Scattering 3,631 0.17% Write-In
Total 2,087,444 100.00%  

Alaska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  Dan Sullivan
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Dan Sullivan
FEC S4AK00214

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Lisa Murkowski
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
Appointed by Governor Frank H. Murkowski (Republican) on 20 December 2002, to fill vacancy left by the resignation of her father, the same Frank H. Murkowski, when he resigned to become Governor of the State on 2 December 2002. First elected: 2004; relected: 2010 (as a write-in).
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 16 August 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 138,149 44.36% Senator  Lisa Murkowski
FEC S4AK00099; 28 Nov 16; Tot $4,374,594; Dsb $5,964,519
  Candidate Libertarian 90,825 29.16% Joseph W. "Joe" Miller
Previously affiliated with the Republican Party

FEC S0AK00121; 28 Nov 16; Tot $384,828; Dsb $400,496
  Candidate Non Affiliated 41,194 13.23% Margaret Stock
FEC S6AK00151; 28 Nov 16; Tot $744,810; Dsb $742,959
  Candidate Democratic 36,200 11.62% Ray Homer Metcalfe
FEC S8AK00082; 28 Nov 16; Tot $21,364; Dsb $13,647
  Candidate Non Affiliated 2,609 0.84% Breck Andrew Craig
FEC S6AK00201; 30 Nov 16; Tot $17,631; Dsb $22,121
  Candidate Non Affiliated 1,758 0.56% Ted Gianoutsos
FEC S4AK00115
  Candidate Scattering 706 0.23% Write-in Votes
  Candidate Write-in; (Non Affiliated)     Sidney "Sid" Hill
FEC S0AK00162
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Paul Kendall
FEC S6AK00193
  Candidate Write-in; (No Affiliation)     Rob Mulford
FEC S6AK00219
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Jed Whittaker
FEC S2AK00044
Total 311,441 100.00%  

Arizona  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1 Republican Senator  Jeff Flake
First elected: 2012.
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Jeff Flake
FEC S2AZ00141
  Candidate Republican     former state Senator Kelli Ward
27 October 2016: Announced.

FEC S6AZ00233; 30 Sep 16; Tot $1,591,465; Dsb $1,533,879

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  John Sidney McCain
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 1986; re-elected: 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010.
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1982, 1984]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 30 August 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 1,359,267 53.71% Senator  John Sidney McCain
FEC S6AZ00019; 31 Dec 16; Tot $11,756,078; Dsb $13,353,389
  Candidate Democratic 1,031,245 40.75% Congressman  Ann Leila Kirkpatrick
Congressman CD 1.

FEC S6AZ00225; 28 Nov 16; Tot $9,277,010; Dsb $9,216,070
  Candidate Green 138,634 5.48% Gary Swing
FEC S6AZ00340
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 694 0.03% Patrick Thomas "Pat" Quinn
FEC S6AZ00258; 28 Nov 16; Tot $10,709; Dsb $6,681
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 494 0.02% Sydney Dudikoff
FEC S6AZ00365
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 223 0.01% Joanne Selena Lopez
Independent Constitutional Conservative

FEC S6AZ00373
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 83 0.00% Leonard A. "Lennie" Clark
FEC S6AZ00134
  Candidate Write-in; (None) 45 0.00% Anthony Camboni
FEC S6AZ00399
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 34 0.00% Sheila Bilyeu
FEC S2AZ00273
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 7 0.00% Gene Edward Scott, II
FEC S6AZ00407
  Candidate Write-in; (None) 4 0.00% Santos Enrique Chavez
FEC S0AZ00327
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Sean Webster
FEC S6AZ00332
Total 2,530,730 100.00%  

Arkansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  Thomas B. "Tom" Cotton
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Thomas B. "Tom" Cotton
FEC S4AR00103

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  John Nichols Boozman
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 1 March 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 661,984 59.77% Senator  John Nichols Boozman
FEC S0AR00150; 28 Nov 16; Tot $4,174,420; Dsb $3,861,021
  Candidate Democratic 400,602 36.17% Conner Eldridge
FEC S6AR00132; 19 Dec 16; Tot $2,279,847; Dsb $2,279,847
  Candidate Libertarian 43,866 3.96% former Tull Mayor Frank Gilbert
FEC S6AR00140
  Candidate Scattering 1,070 0.10% Write-In
  Candidate Write-in     Jason Tate
FEC S6AR00157
Total 1,107,522 100.00%  

California  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator Dianne Feinstein
First elected to finish out the term in a Special Election: 1992 [held to fill vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Pete Wilson (Republican): 7 January 1991- which John Seymour (Republican) had been appointed by Governor Pete Wilson (Republican) to fill, 10 January 1991];
Elected to full term: 1994; re-elected 2000; 2006; 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator Dianne Feinstein
FEC S0CA00199

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Barbara Boxer
First elected: 1992; re-elected: 1998, 2004, 2010.
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Open Seat - Open Seat - 8 January 2015: Announced she will not run for re-election.
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Democratic 7,542,753 61.60% Attorney General  Kamala D. Harris
FEC S6CA00584; 28 Nov 16; Tot $15,221,436; Dsb $14,102,174
  Candidate Democratic 4,701,417 38.40% Congressman  Loretta L. Sanchez
CD 46.
12 May 2015: Running for the U.S. Senate Class 3 Seat in 2016.

FEC S6CA00691; 28 Nov 16; Tot $4,566,565; Dsb $4,478,727
Total 12,244,170 100.00%  

Colorado  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Republican, 1 Democratic

Class 2 Republican Senator  Cory Scott Gardner
First elected: 2014.
Also served in the U.S. House: 2011-2015.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Michael F. Bennet
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
Appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Ken Salazar on 21 January 2009 after entering upon his duties as Secretary of the Interior; appointed 21 January 2009 and sworn 22 January 2009. First elected: 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 28 June 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic 1,370,710 49.97% Senator  Michael F. Bennet
FEC S0CO00211; 28 Nov 16; Tot $15,539,412; Dsb $14,841,265
  Candidate Republican 1,215,318 44.31% El Paso County Commissioner Darryl Glenn
FEC S6CO00226; 28 Nov 16; Tot $4,135,311; Dsb $3,895,160
  Candidate Libertarian 99,277 3.62% Lily Tang Williams
FEC S6CO00317; 28 Nov 16; Tot $19,789; Dsb $19,788
  Candidate Green 36,805 1.34% Arnold Michael "Arn" Menconi
FEC S6CO00366; 08 Dec 16; Tot $19,420; Dsb $19,211
  Candidate Unity 9,336 0.34% Bill Hammons
FEC S4CO00411
  Candidate Unaffiliated 8,361 0.30% Dan Chapin
FEC S6CO00374
  Candidate Unaffiliated 3,216 0.12% Paul Noel Fiorino
FEC S6CO00382
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated) 6 0.00% Donald "Don" Willoughby
FEC S4CO00429
Total 2,743,029 100.00%  

Connecticut  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Christopher Scott "Chris" Murphy
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Christopher Scott "Chris" Murphy
FEC S2CT00132

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Richard Blumenthal
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 7 May 2016 Convention
  Elected Democratic; Working Families 1,008,714 63.19% Senator  Richard Blumenthal
FEC S0CT00177; 28 Nov 16; Tot $7,334,649; Dsb $4,989,225
  Candidate Republican 552,621 34.62% state Representative Dan Carter
FEC S6CT05108; 31 Dec 16; Tot $383,917; Dsb $375,795
  Candidate Libertarian 18,190 1.14% Richard Lion
FEC S6CT05124
  Candidate Green 16,713 1.05% Jeffery David "Jeff" Russell
FEC S0CT00250
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated) 26 0.00% Andrew Rule
FEC S6CT05132
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated) 12 0.00% John M. Traceski
FEC S0CT00268
Total 1,596,276 100.00%  

Delaware  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator Thomas R. "Tom" Carper
First elected: 2000; re-elected 2006, 2012
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990;
elected Governor: 1992; re-elected: 1996]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator Thomas R. "Tom" Carper
FEC S8DE00079

Class 2 Democratic Senator  Christopher A. "Chris" Coons
First elected in a special election: 2010 (to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Joe Biden [Democrat] in January 2009 in order to accede to the Vice-Presidency of the United States; he replaces Senator Edward E. "Ted" Kaufman [Democrat] who had been appointed by the Governor of DELAWARE to temporarily fill the vacancy.). Re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Christopher A. "Chris" Coons
FEC S0DE00092

Florida  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Bill Nelson
First elected: 2000; re-elected 2006, 2012
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1978, 1980, 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
9 July 2015: Announced he has prostate cancer and will undergo surgery on 13 July.
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Bill Nelson
FEC S8FL00166
  Candidate Republican     Marcia Thorne
FEC S8FL00232
    America's Party     Franklin "Ed" Shoemaker - apparently not a candidate
31 January 2015: Filed a Termination Report with the FEC.

FEC S8FL00224

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Marco Rubio
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 30 August 2016 Primary

  • 22 June 2016: Announced he will seek re-election to the United States Senate.
  • 13 April 2015: Announced he will run for President in 2016. He will not seek re-election to the U.S. Senate.

  Elected Republican 4,835,191 51.98% Senator  Marco Rubio
22 June 2016: Announced he will seek re-election.
13 April 2015: Announced he will run for President in 2016. He will not seek re-election to the U.S. Senate.

FEC S0FL00338; 28 Nov 16; Tot $16,552,797; Dsb $16,178,563
  Candidate Democratic 4,122,088 44.31% Congressman  Patrick Erin Murphy
CD 18.
23 March 2015: Announced run for the U.S. Senate in 2016.

FEC S6FL00319; 28 Nov 16; Tot $17,692,864; Dsb $18,071,657
  Candidate Libertarian 196,956 2.12% Paul Anthony Stanton
FEC S6FL00467; 20 Dec 16; Tot $25,164; Dsb $25,164
  Candidate No Party Affiliation 52,451 0.56% Bruce Nathan
FEC S6FL00327; 15 Nov 16; Tot $17,717; Dsb $17,714
  Candidate No Party Affiliation 45,820 0.49% Anton "Tony" Khoury
FEC S6FL00434; 28 Nov 16; Tot $214,555; Dsb $183,589
  Candidate No Party Affiliation 26,918 0.29% Steven Machat
FEC S6FL00517; 30 Jun 16; Tot $25,943; Dsb $23,899
  Candidate No Party Affiliation; (Republican) 22,236 0.24% Basil Edward Dalack
FEC S6FL00459; 19 Oct 16; Tot $7,420; Dsb $7,318
  Candidate Write-in 56 0.00% Charles Frederick Tolbert
FEC S6FL00533
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 50 0.00% Howard Knepper
FEC S0FL00544
  Candidate Write-in 37 0.00% Angela Marie Walls-Windhauser
FEC S6FL00442
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 10 0.00% Robert Samuel Kaplan
FEC S6FL00558
  Candidate Write-in 7 0.00% Bradley J. Patrick
FEC S6FL00541
Total 9,301,820 100.00%  

Georgia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  David Alfred Perdue
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  John Hardy "Johnny" Isakson
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2004; re-elected: 2010.
(also served in U.S. House- first elected in a special election [to fill the seat vacated by the resignation of Congressman Newt Gingrich]: 1999; re-elected: 2000, 2002.)
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 24 May 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 2,135,806 54.78% Senator  John Hardy "Johnny" Isakson
FEC S6GA00119; 28 Nov 16; Tot $8,444,906; Dsb $9,847,235
  Candidate Democratic 1,599,726 41.03% James Freeman "Jim" Barksdale
FEC S6GA00200; 28 Nov 16; Tot $4,912,063; Dsb $4,772,457
  Candidate Libertarian 162,260 4.16% Allen Buckley
FEC S4GA11103
  Candidate Write-in 813 0.02% Michelle Gates
FEC S6GA00259
Total 3,898,605 100.00%  

Hawaii  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Mazie K. Hirono
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Mazie K. Hirono
FEC S2HI00106

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Brian Emanuel Schatz
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
Appointed: 26 December 2012 (re 17 December 2012 death of Senator Daniel K. Inouye [Democratic]). First elected in a special election: 2014.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 13 August 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic 306,604 70.05% Senator  Brian Emanuel Schatz
FEC S4HI00136; 28 Nov 16; Tot $3,813,588; Dsb $2,511,657
  Candidate Republican 92,653 21.17% former state Senator John Stanley Carroll
FEC S0HI00126; 28 Nov 16; Tot $82,940; Dsb $54,417
  Candidate Scattering 20,763 4.74% Blank Votes
  Candidate Constitution 9,103 2.08% Joy Jennifer Allison
FEC S4HI00151
  Candidate Libertarian 6,809 1.56% Michael Kokoski
FEC S4HI00169
  Candidate American Shopping 1,393 0.32% John M. "Raghu" Giuffre
FEC S6HI00305
  Candidate Scattering 339 0.08% Over Votes
Total 437,664 100.00%  

Idaho  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  James E. "Jim" Risch
First elected: 2008; re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator  James E. "Jim" Risch
FEC S8ID00092

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Michael D. "Mike" Crapo
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 1998; re-elected: 2004, 2010.
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1992, 1994, 1996]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 17 May 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 449,017 66.13% Senator  Michael D. "Mike" Crapo
FEC S8ID00027; 28 Nov 16; Tot $4,285,391; Dsb $4,835,364
  Candidate Democratic 188,249 27.73% Stephen Jerry "Jerry" Sturgill
FEC S6ID00112; 31 Dec 16; Tot $818,485; Dsb $818,484
  Candidate Constitution 41,677 6.14% Raymond J. "Ray" Writz
FEC S6ID00104; 28 Nov 16; Tot $6,403; Dsb $6,398
Total 678,943 100.00%  

Illinois  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 2 Democratic Senator  Richard J. "Dick" Durbin
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008, 2014
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1994]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator Mark Steven Kirk
First elected in a special election to a partial term: 2 November 2010 (to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Barack Hussein Obama [Democrat] on 16 November 2008 in order to accede to the Presidency of the United States; he replaces Senator Roland W. Burris [Democrat] who had been appointed by the Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich [Democrat] to temporarily fill the vacancy). First elected to a full term: 2010.
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 15 March 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic 3,012,940 54.86% Congressman L. Tammy Duckworth
CD 8.
27 March 2015: Running for US Senate Class 3 Seat in 2016.

FEC S6IL00292; 28 Nov 16; Tot $16,309,304; Dsb $16,540,142
  Candidate Republican 2,184,692 39.78% Senator Mark Steven Kirk
FEC S0IL00261; 28 Nov 16; Tot $8,605,578; Dsb $10,295,111
  Candidate Libertarian 175,988 3.20% Kenton "Kent" McMillen
FEC S6IL00383
  Candidate Green 117,619 2.14% Scott K. Summers
FEC S4IL00388
  Candidate Write-in; (Constitution) 408 0.01% Kane County Regional Board of School Trustee  Chad Koppie
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 106 0.00% James P. "Jim" Brown
FEC S6IL00318
  Candidate Write-in; (Veterans Party of America) 77 0.00% Christopher M. "Chris" Aguayo
  Candidate Write-in 42 0.00% Susana A. Sandoval
  Candidate Write-in 5 0.00% Eric Kufi James Stewart
  Candidate Write-in 1 0.00% Patricia Elaine Beard
Total 5,491,878 100.00%  

Indiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Joseph Simon "Joe" Donnelly
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Joseph Simon "Joe" Donnelly
FEC S2IN00091

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Open
Republican Senator Daniel Ray "Dan" Coats
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Open Seat - 24 March 2015: Announced that he will not run for re-election.
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Republican 1,423,991 52.11% Congressman Todd Christopher Young
CD 9.
12 July 2015: Announced his candidacy for the Class 3 U.S. Senate seat.
12 February 2016: The Indiana Democratic Party announced that it would challenge Congressman Young's ballot petitions at the 19 February state Election Division hearing.
19 February 2016: The Indiana Election Commission votes 2-2 that Todd Young should be on the ballot.

FEC S6IN00191; 28 Nov 16; Tot $10,473,855; Dsb $11,116,773
  Candidate Democratic 1,158,947 42.41% former Senator  Evan Bayh
11 July 2016: Announced he is running for the U.S. Senate.
Prior service: 1986: Indiana Secretary of State. 1989-1997: Indiana Governor; 1999-2011: United States Senate; 2010: Did not run for re-election.

FEC S8IN00049; 28 Nov 16; Tot $4,496,682; Dsb $13,528,079
  Candidate Libertarian 149,481 5.47% Lucy Brenton
FEC S6IN00225; 28 Nov 16; Tot $1,098; Dsb $1,024
  Candidate Write-in 127 0.00% James L. Johnson, Jr.
Total 2,732,546 100.00%  

Iowa  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator Joni K. Ernst
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator Joni K. Ernst
FEC S4IA00129

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator Charles E. "Chuck" Grassley
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 1980; re-elected: 1986, 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010.
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1974, 1976, 1978]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 7 June 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 926,007 60.09% Senator Charles E. "Chuck" Grassley
FEC S0IA00028; 28 Nov 16; Tot $8,951,770; Dsb $9,687,623
  Candidate Democratic 549,460 35.66% former Lieutenant Governor Patty Jean Judge
FEC S6IA00140; 28 Nov 16; Tot $2,249,247; Dsb $2,183,278
  Candidate Libertarian 41,794 2.71% Charles Aldrich
FEC S6IA00165
  Candidate New Independent Party Iowa 17,649 1.15% Jim Hennager
FEC S6IA00173
  Candidate Nominated By Petition 4,441 0.29% Aliza Michael "Michael" Luick-Thrams
FEC S6IA00157; 28 Nov 16; Tot $5,196; Dsb $5,195
  Candidate Scattering 1,685 0.11% Write-in
  Candidate Write-in     Bob Jobgen
Total 1,541,036 100.00%  

Kansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  Pat Roberts
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008, 2014
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1980, 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1994]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Pat Roberts
FEC S6KS00080

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Jerry Moran
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 2 August 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 732,376 62.18% Senator  Jerry Moran
FEC S0KS00091; 28 Nov 16; Tot $4,486,700; Dsb $4,629,386
  Candidate Democratic 379,740 32.24% Patrick Wiesner
FEC S0KS00166; 08 Nov 16; Tot $36,252; Dsb $38,279
  Candidate Libertarian 65,760 5.58% Robert D. Garrard
FEC S6KS00221
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 46 0.00% Della Jean "DJ" Smith
FEC S4KS00150; 30 Sep 16; Tot $1,820; Dsb $1,865
Total 1,177,922 100.00%  

Kentucky  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  Mitch McConnell
First elected: 1984; re-elected: 1990, 1996, 2002, 2008, 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Rand Paul
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 17 May 2016 Primary
7 April 2015: "I am running for president to return our country to the principles of liberty and limited government."
  Elected Republican 1,090,177 57.27% Senator  Rand Paul
24 May 2013: Announced that he would seek re-election in 2016.
23 July 2013: Filed with the FEC to run the US Senate in 2016.
2 December 2014: Formally announced that he would seek re-election in 2016.
7 April 2015: "I am running for president to return our country to the principles of liberty and limited government."

FEC S0KY00156; 28 Nov 16; Tot $4,902,276; Dsb $7,250,052
  Candidate Democratic 813,246 42.72% Lexington Mayor  Jim P. Gray
FEC S6KY00120; 28 Nov 16; Tot $6,271,018; Dsb $6,235,234
  Candidate Write-in 36 0.00% Billy Ray Wilson
FEC S0KY00255
  Candidate Write-in 6 0.00% Angel Doss
Total 1,903,465 100.00%  

Louisiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  William M. "Bill" Cassidy
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator  William M. "Bill" Cassidy
FEC S4LA00107

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Open
Republican Senator David B. Vitter
First elected: 2004; re-elected: 2010.
(also served in U.S. House- first elected in a special election [to fill the seat vacated by Congressman Bob Livingston]: 1999; re-elected: 2000, 2002.)
Seat up for regular election: Saturday 10 December 2016
Open Seat - 21 January 2014: Announced he will run for Governor in 2015.
21 November 2015: Announced retirement after losing Governor's contest.
  Elected Republican 536,191 60.65% Treasurer  John Neely Kennedy
26 January 2016: Running for the Senate Class 3 seat in 2016.

FEC S4LA00065; 20 Nov 16; Tot $4,380,096; Dsb $3,026,587
  Candidate Democratic 347,816 39.35% Public Service Commissioner  Foster Lonnnie Campbell, II
FEC S6LA00359; 30 Dec 16; Tot $6,358,135; Dsb $6,325,147
Total 884,007 100.00%  

Maine  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Republican

Class 1 Independent Senator Angus Stanley King, Jr.
First elected: 2012 as an Independent (announced that he will caucus with the Democrats 14 November 2012 and again on 5 November 2014)
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
22 June 2015: Senator Angus King announced the he has been diagnosed prostate cancer and does not expect it to interfere with this duties. He plans to run for re-election in 2018.
  Candidate Independent     Senator Angus Stanley King, Jr.
FEC S2ME00109

Class 2 Republican Senator  Susan M. Collins
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008, 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020

Maryland  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Benjamin L. "Ben" Cardin
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Benjamin L. "Ben" Cardin
FEC S6MD03177

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator Barbara A. Mikulski
First elected: 1986; re-elected: 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Open Seat - 2 March 2015: Announced retirement
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Democratic 1,659,907 60.89% Congressman  Christopher "Chris" Van Hollen, Jr.
Congressman CD 8.
4 March 2015: Announced.

FEC S6MD03441; 28 Nov 16; Tot $11,914,048; Dsb $11,333,458
  Candidate Republican 972,557 35.67% state Delegate  Kathy Szeliga
FEC S6MD03508; 28 Nov 16; Tot $1,582,986; Dsb $1,518,529
  Candidate Green 89,970 3.30% Margaret Flowers
FEC S6MD03474; 23 Nov 16; Tot $79,993; Dsb $79,281
  Candidate Scattering 3,231 0.12% Other Write-Ins
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated) 242 0.01% Greg Dorsey
FEC S6MD03623
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 138 0.01% Ed Tinus
Lost his party's nomination for the Senate Class 3 seat.

FEC S2MD00446
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 77 0.00% Lih Young
Lost his party's nomination for the Senate Class 3 seat.

FEC S6MD03375
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 26 0.00% Charles Ulysses Smith
Lost his party's nomination for the Senate Class 3 seat.

FEC S6MD03359
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 15 0.00% Bob Robinson
FEC S6MD03326
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 7 0.00% Jeffrey Binkins
Total 2,726,170 100.00%  

Massachusetts  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Elizabeth A. Warren
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Elizabeth A. Warren
FEC S2MA00170

Class 2 Democratic Senator  Edward John "Ed" Markey
First elected in a Special Election: 25 June 2013 (re: resignation of Senator John Forbes Kerry (Democratic) to become Secretary of State); re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Edward John "Ed" Markey
FEC S4MA00028

Michigan  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Debbie Stabenow
First elected: 2000; re-elected 2006, 2012
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1996, 1998]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Debbie Stabenow
FEC S8MI00281

Class 2 Democratic Senator  Gary C. Peters
First elected: 2014.
Previously served in the U.S. House: 2009-2015.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Gary C. Peters
FEC S4MI00355

Minnesota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Amy J. Klobuchar
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic-Farmer Labor     Senator  Amy J. Klobuchar
FEC S6MN00267

Class 2 Democratic Senator  Al Franken
First elected: 2008 in a contested election resolved 30 June 2009 by the Minnesota Supreme Court. Sworn 7 July 2009. Re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Democratic-Farmer Labor     Senator  Al Franken
FEC S8MN00438

Mississippi  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1 Republican Senator  Roger F. Wicker
Appointed 31 December 2007 to fill the vacancy caused by the 18 December 2007 resignation of Senator Trent Lott. First elected in a special election: 4 November 2008. Re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Roger F. Wicker
FEC S8MS00196

Class 2 Republican Senator Thad Cochran
First elected: 1978; re-elected: 1984, 1990, 1996, 2002, 2008, 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020

Missouri  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Claire C. McCaskill
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Claire C. McCaskill
FEC S6MO00305
    Republican     former Congressman William Todd "Todd" Akin - apparently not a candidate
7 November 2012: Former Congressman Akins filed with the FEC to run for the Missouri U.S. Senate Seat in 2018. The Statement of Candidacy is most likely part of Mr. Akin's Debt Settlement Plan for debts incurred during his unsuccessful run for Senate in 2012.
27 February 2015: "I will not be running for the U.S. Senate in 2016."

FEC S2MO00429
 22 February 2016: Announced that she has been diagnosed with breast cancer and indicated her prognosis is good.

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Roy Blunt
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 2 August 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 1,378,458 49.18% Senator  Roy Blunt
FEC S0MO00183; 28 Nov 16; Tot $12,057,363; Dsb $13,981,620
  Candidate Democratic 1,300,200 46.39% Secretary of State Jason Kander
19 February 2015: Announced his candidacy.

FEC S6MO00362; 28 Nov 16; Tot $13,210,015; Dsb $8,633,214
  Candidate Libertarian 67,738 2.42% Jonathan Dine
FEC S0MO00340
  Candidate Green 30,743 1.10% Jonathan McFarland
FEC S6MO00479
  Candidate Constitution 25,407 0.91% Fred Ryman
FEC S6MO00453
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 53 0.00% Patrick Lee
FEC S6MO00461; 29 Dec 16; Tot $5,611; Dsb $5,763
  Candidate Write-in 21 0.00% Gina Bufe
  Candidate Write-in 12 0.00% Nathaniel "Nate" Malone
  Candidate Write-in 4 0.00% John Kelly
  Candidate Write-in 4 0.00% Thomas Morgan
  Candidate Write-in 1 0.00% Steven Wallace
Total 2,802,641 100.00%  

Montana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1 Democratic Senator  R. Jon "Jon" Tester
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  R. Jon "Jon" Tester
FEC S6MT00162

Class 2 Republican Senator  Steven "Steve" Daines
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Steven "Steve" Daines
FEC S2MT00096

Nebraska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1 Republican Senator  Debra S. "Deb" Fischer
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Debra S. "Deb" Fischer
FEC S2NE00094

Class 2 Republican Senator  Benjamin E. "Ben" Sasse
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Benjamin E. "Ben" Sasse
FEC S4NE00090

Nevada  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Republican, 1 Democratic

Class 1 Republican Senator  Dean Heller
First appointed: 3 May 2011 (re: resignation of Senator John Eric Ensign [Republican]); first elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Dean Heller
FEC S2NV00183

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Harry Mason Reid
First elected: 1986; re-elected: 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Open Seat - 27 March 2015: Will not seek re-election in 2016.
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Democratic 521,994 47.10% former Attorney General Catherine Marie Cortez-Masto
FEC S6NV00200; 28 Nov 16; Tot $19,878,015; Dsb $18,830,739
  Candidate Republican 495,079 44.67% Congressman Joseph John "Joe" Heck
Congressman CD 3.
6 July 2015: Running for Class 3 Senate Seat in 2016.

FEC S6NV00218; 28 Nov 16; Tot $12,356,469; Dsb $11,798,151
  Candidate None of these candidates 42,257 3.81% None of these candidates
  Candidate Independent American 17,128 1.55% Thomas Franklin "Tom" Jones
FEC S6NV00242; 31 Mar 16; Tot $2,215; Dsb $1,200
  Candidate No Poliitical Party 14,208 1.28% Thomas Lamont "Tom" Sawyer
FEC S6NV00317
  Candidate No Poliitical Party 10,740 0.97% Antonino "Tony" Gumina
FEC S6NV00259; 19 Oct 16; Tot $31,480; Dsb $28,047
  Candidate No Poliitical Party; (Socialist Party USA) 6,888 0.62% Jarrod Michael Williams
FEC S6NV00341; 28 Nov 16; Tot $2,277; Dsb $2,376
Total 1,108,294 100.00%  

New Hampshire  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 2 Democratic Senator  Jeanne Shaheen
First elected: 2008; re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Kelly A. Ayotte
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 13 September 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic 354,649 47.98% Governor Margaret Wood "Maggie" Hassan
FEC S6NH00091; 28 Nov 16; Tot $18,618,880; Dsb $18,311,444
  Candidate Republican 353,632 47.84% Senator  Kelly A. Ayotte
FEC S0NH00235; 28 Nov 16; Tot $15,438,420; Dsb $18,193,969
  Candidate Independent 17,742 2.40% Aaron Day
FEC S6NH00125
  Candidate Libertarian 12,597 1.70% Brian Chabot
FEC S6NH00117
  Candidate Scattering 520 0.07% Scatter
Total 739,140 100.00%  

New Jersey  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Robert "Bob" Menendez
Appointed by Governor Jon S. Corzine to fill the vacancy caused by Corzine having resigned this seat 17 January 2006 upon taking the Oath of Office as Governor of the State; first elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012.
[Previously served in the U.S. House to which he was first elected in 1992: subsequently re-elected in 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002 and 2004]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
6 March 2015: Facing potential Federal Corruption charges. 1 April 2015: Indicted by a Federal Grand Jury re: corruption charges.
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Robert "Bob" Menendez
FEC S6NJ00289
  Candidate Republican     Jeff Bell
FEC S8NJ00012

Class 2 Democratic Senator  Cory A. Booker
First elected: 16 October 2013 in a Special Election re: passing of Senator Frank R. Lautenberg (Democratic). Re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Cory A. Booker
FEC S4NJ00185

New Mexico  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Martin Trevor Heinrich
First elected: 2012.
Previously served in the U.S. House elected 2008, re-elected 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Martin Trevor Heinrich
FEC S2NM00088

Class 2 Democratic Senator  Tom Udall
First elected: 2008; re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Tom Udall
FEC S8NM00184

New York  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Kirsten Elizabeth Gillibrand
23 January 2009: Appointed by Governor David Paterson to fill the vacancy caused by the 21 January 2009 resignation of Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton in order to enter upon her duties as U.S. Secretary of State. Sworn 27 January 2009 to serve until a Special Election was held in November 2010 for the remainder of the term ending 3 January 2013. First elected in a special election: 2010; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Kirsten Elizabeth Gillibrand
FEC S0NY00410

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Charles E. "Chuck" Schumer
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 1998; re-elected: 2004, 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 28 June 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic; Independence; Women's Equality; Working Families 5,221,945 66.94% Senator  Charles E. "Chuck" Schumer
FEC S8NY00082; 28 Nov 16; Tot $17,379,696; Dsb $20,006,883
  Candidate Republican; Reform; Conservative 2,009,355 25.76% Wendy Long
FEC S2NY00259; 28 Nov 16; Tot $759,629; Dsb $652,380
  Candidate Scattering 400,847 5.14% Blank
  Candidate Green 113,413 1.45% Robin Laverne Wilson
FEC S6NY00425; 19 Oct 16; Tot $5,160; Dsb $4,523
  Candidate Libertarian 48,120 0.62% Alex Merced
FEC S6NY00433; 28 Nov 16; Tot $14,461; Dsb $14,187
  Candidate Scattering 3,472 0.04% Scattering
  Candidate Scattering 3,467 0.04% Void
Total 7,800,619 100.00%  

North Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  Thomas Roland "Thom" Tillis
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Richard Mauze Burr
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2004; re-elected: 2010.
(also served in U.S. House- first elected: 1994; re-elected: 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002.)
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 15 March 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 2,395,376 51.06% Senator  Richard Mauze Burr
FEC S4NC00089; 28 Nov 16; Tot $12,552,200; Dsb $12,844,539
  Candidate Democratic 2,128,165 45.37% former state Representative Deborah K. Ross
FEC S6NC00266; 28 Nov 16; Tot $14,409,436; Dsb $14,336,304
  Candidate Libertarian 167,592 3.57% Sean Newton Haugh
FEC S2NC00257; 28 Nov 16; Tot $6,801; Dsb $6,413
Total 4,691,133 100.00%  

North Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Heidi Heitkamp
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic-Nonpartisan League     Senator  Heidi Heitkamp
FEC S2ND00099

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  John Hoeven
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 14 June 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 268,788 78.48% Senator  John Hoeven
FEC S0ND00093; 28 Nov 16; Tot $2,935,393; Dsb $2,062,483
  Candidate Democratic-Nonpartisan League 58,116 16.97% state Representative Eliot Glassheim
FEC S6ND00108; 28 Nov 16; Tot $20,644; Dsb $29,656
  Candidate Libertarian 10,556 3.08% Robert N. Marquette
FEC S6ND00116
  Candidate Independent 4,675 1.36% James Germalic
FEC S6ND00082
  Candidate Scattering 366 0.11% write-in
Total 342,501 100.00%  

Ohio  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Sherrod Brown
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Sherrod Brown
FEC S6OH00163

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Robert Jones "Rob" Portman
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 15 March 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 3,118,567 58.03% Senator  Robert Jones "Rob" Portman
FEC S0OH00133; 28 Nov 16; Tot $19,824,166; Dsb $24,802,458
  Candidate Democratic 1,996,908 37.16% former Governor and Congressman  Ted Strickland
Ohio Governor: 2007 - 2011.
Congressman: January 1993 - January 1995, January 1997 - January 2007

FEC S6OH00254; 28 Nov 16; Tot $10,730,236; Dsb $10,501,903
  Candidate Nonparty 93,041 1.73% Thomas William "Tom" Connors
FEC S6OH00262; 28 Nov 16; Tot $72,812; Dsb $72,118
  Candidate Green 88,246 1.64% Joseph Rosario "Joe" DeMare
FEC S2OH00238; 12 Dec 16; Tot $11,011; Dsb $11,009
  Candidate Nonparty 77,291 1.44% Scott Allen Rupert
FEC S2OH00204
  Candidate Write-in 111 0.00% James Stahl
FEC S6OH00296
Total 5,374,164 100.00%  

Oklahoma  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  James M. "Jim" Inhofe
First elected to fill out the term in a Special Election: 1994 [held to fill the impending vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator David L. Boren (Democrat): effective, 15 November 1994 but announced before the 1994 Oklahoma state/local Primary in August 1994, allowing for this Special Election to take place; elected to a full term: 1996; re-elected 2002, 2008, 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator  James M. "Jim" Inhofe
FEC S4OK00083

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  James Paul Lankford
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected in a special election: 4 November 2014 re: resignation of Senator Tom Coburn (Republican).
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 28 June 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 980,892 67.74% Senator  James Paul Lankford
FEC S4OK00232; 28 Nov 16; Tot $3,041,503; Dsb $2,561,099
  Candidate Democratic 355,911 24.58% Mike Workman
FEC S6OK04114
  Candidate Libertarian 43,421 3.00% Robert T. Murphy
FEC S6OK04098
  Candidate Independent 40,405 2.79% Sean D. Braddy
FEC S6OK04130; 28 Nov 16; Tot $12,508; Dsb $13,241
  Candidate Independent 27,418 1.89% Mark T. Beard
FEC S4OK00372
Total 1,448,047 100.00%  

Oregon  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2 Democratic Senator  Jeffrey Alan "Jeff" Merkley
First elected: 2008; re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Jeffrey Alan "Jeff" Merkley
FEC S8OR00207

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Ronald Lee "Ron" Wyden
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected to finish out the term in a Special Election: 30 January 1996 [held to fill vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Robert Packwood (Republican): 1 October 1995 (Oregon state law does not permit the state's Governor to make temporary appointments to fill vacancies in the United States Senate)]; elected to a full term: 1998; re-elected: 2004, 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 17 May 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic 1,105,119 56.60% Senator  Ronald Lee "Ron" Wyden
FEC S6OR00110; 28 Nov 16; Tot $8,616,115; Dsb $7,393,277
  Candidate Republican 651,106 33.35% Mark Allen Callahan
FEC S4OR00172; 28 Nov 16; Tot $35,817; Dsb $33,126
  Candidate Working Families 61,915 3.17% Shanti S. Lewallen
FEC S6OR05168; 28 Nov 16; Tot $8,584; Dsb $7,104
  Candidate Independent Party of Oregon 59,516 3.05% Steven Cody Reynolds
FEC S6OR05127
  Candidate Pacific Green; Progressive 48,823 2.50% Eric C. Navickas
FEC S6OR05150
  Candidate Libertarian 23,941 1.23% Jim Lindsay
FEC S6OR05176
  Candidate Scattering 2,058 0.11% Misc.
Total 1,952,478 100.00%  

Pennsylvania  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Robert P. "Bob" Casey, Jr.
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Robert P. "Bob" Casey, Jr.
FEC S6PA00217

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Patrick Joseph "Pat" Toomey
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 26 April 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 2,951,702 48.77% Senator  Patrick Joseph "Pat" Toomey
FEC S4PA00121; 28 Nov 16; Tot $21,925,370; Dsb $27,559,285
  Candidate Democratic 2,865,012 47.34% Kathleen Alana "Katie" McGinty
FEC S6PA00266; 28 Nov 16; Tot $16,553,973; Dsb $16,354,716
  Candidate Libertarian 235,142 3.89% Edward T. "Ed" Clifford, III
FEC S6PA00316
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Solange Chadda
FEC S6PA00308
Total 6,051,856 100.00%  

Rhode Island  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Sheldon Whitehouse, II
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Sheldon Whitehouse, II
FEC S6RI00221

Class 2 Democratic Senator  John F. "Jack" Reed
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008, 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  John F. "Jack" Reed
FEC S6RI00163

South Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  Lindsey Olin Graham
First elected: 2002; re-elected: 2008, 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Lindsey Olin Graham
FEC S0SC00149

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Timothy E. "Tim" Scott
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
Appointed: 2 January 2013 (re: resignation of Senator James W. "Jim" DeMint [Republican]). First elected in a special election: 4 November 2014.
(also served in U.S. House- first elected: 2010; re-elected: 2012)
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 14 June 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 1,241,609 60.57% Senator  Timothy E. "Tim" Scott
FEC S4SC00240; 28 Nov 16; Tot $6,158,529; Dsb $4,597,452
  Candidate Democratic; Green; Working Families 757,022 36.93% Thomas Alan Dixon
FEC S6SC04148; 28 Nov 16; Tot $40,236; Dsb $39,435
  Candidate Constitution; Libertarian 37,482 1.83% William David "Bill" Bledsoe
FEC S6SC04155; 08 Nov 16; Tot $2,180; Dsb $2,105
  Candidate American 11,923 0.58% Michael "Rebel" "Mike" Scarborough
FEC S6SC04171
  Candidate Scattering 1,857 0.09% Write-In
  Candidate Write-in     Thomas Baxter "Tom" Wells
The God Party

FEC S6SC04130
Total 2,049,893 100.00%  

South Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  Marion Michael "Mike" Rounds
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Marion Michael "Mike" Rounds
FEC S4SD00049

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  John R. Thune
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2004; re-elected: 2010.
(also served in U.S. House- first elected: 1996; re-elected: 1998, 2000. Unsuccessful candidate for Senate 2002.)
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 7 June 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 265,516 71.83% Senator  John R. Thune
FEC S2SD00068; 28 Nov 16; Tot $5,196,776; Dsb $4,192,616
  Candidate Democratic 104,140 28.17% Jay Henley Williams
FEC S6SD01091; 13 Dec 16; Tot $70,500; Dsb $66,555
Total 369,656 100.00%  

Tennessee  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1 Republican Senator  Robert P. "Bob" Corker, Jr.
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Larry Crim
FEC S2TN00223
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Robert P. "Bob" Corker, Jr.
FEC S6TN00216

Class 2 Republican Senator  Lamar Alexander
First elected: 2002; re-elected: 2008, 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Lamar Alexander
FEC S2TN00058

Texas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1 Republican Senator  Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
23 March 2015: Announced he is running for President.
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz
23 March 2015: Announced he is running for President.

FEC S2TX00312

Class 2 Republican Senator  John Cornyn
First elected: 2002; re-elected: 2008, 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020

Utah  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1 Republican Senator Orrin G. Hatch
First elected: 1976; re-elected: 1982, 1988, 1994, 2000, 2006, 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Republican     Senator Orrin G. Hatch
FEC S6UT00063

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Mike Lee
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 28 June 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 760,241 68.15% Senator  Mike Lee
FEC S0UT00165; 28 Nov 16; Tot $3,970,606; Dsb $3,947,031
  Candidate Democratic 301,860 27.06% Misty K. Snow
FEC S6UT00246; 28 Nov 16; Tot $75,547; Dsb $71,547
  Candidate Independent American 27,340 2.45% Stoney Fonua
FEC S6UT00261
  Candidate Unaffiliated 26,167 2.35% William Currie "Bill" Barron
FEC S2UT00187; 28 Nov 16; Tot $12,935; Dsb $14,746
Total 1,115,608 100.00%  

Vermont  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Democratic

Class 1 Independent Senator  Bernard "Bernie" Sanders
First elected: 2006 (ran as a Democrat in the primary and as an Independent in the General Election); re-elected as an Independent: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Patrick J. Leahy
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 1974; re-elected: 1980, 1986, 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 9 August 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic 192,243 59.99% Senator  Patrick J. Leahy
FEC S4VT00017; 28 Nov 16; Tot $3,927,834; Dsb $3,141,457
  Candidate Republican 103,637 32.34% Scott Milne
FEC S6VT00160; 08 Dec 16; Tot $127,633; Dsb $106,458
  Candidate Marijuana; (Democratic) 9,156 2.86% Cris Ericson
Ran for but lost the 9 August 2016 Democratic Primary for Senator.

FEC S4VT00132
  Candidate Scattering 6,192 1.93% Blank Votes
  Candidate Independent 5,223 1.63% Jerry Trudell
FEC S6VT00178
  Candidate Liberty Union 3,241 1.01% Pete Diamondstone
FEC S6VT00152
  Candidate Scattering 466 0.15% Spoiled Votes
  Candidate Scattering 309 0.10% Write-in
BERNIE SANDERS 86 (0.03%), NO NAME 25 (0.01%), ROSANNE GRECO 14 (0.00%), JIM DOUGLAS 9 (0.00%), PETER WELCH 7 (0.00%), BILL LEE 4 (0.00%), HOWARD DEAN 3 (0.00%), PETER GALBRAITH 2 (0.00%), KESHA RAM 2 (0.00%), HAL BILL 1 (0.00%), LORI MORO 1 (0.00%), DAVID SCHERR 1 (0.00%), RICHARD LENCHUS 1 (0.00%), EDWARD B. PELTIER 1 (0.00%), MICHELLE HICKEY 1 (0.00%), MICHAEL STEIN 1 (0.00%), JOHN MCCLAUGHRY 1 (0.00%), FELECIA MOSEA 1 (0.00%), CHARLES WINNLEMAN 1 (0.00%), MARY BEERWORTH 1 (0.00%), DENNIS CUTLER 1 (0.00%), PENGE 1 (0.00%), TOISI GABBARD 1 (0.00%), DENNIS TATRO 1 (0.00%), PETER GALBRAITH 1 (0.00%), BRIAN DUBIE 1 (0.00%), DANIEL DENNETT 1 (0.00%), VARPILAH CHASE 1 (0.00%), PETER IRVING 1 (0.00%), KADING SALVADOR 1 (0.00%), IVY LIEBMAN 1 (0.00%), RUSTY DEWEES 1 (0.00%), ERICH ZEICHNER 1 (0.00%), JOANNE HUNT 1 (0.00%), GLENN SOUSA 1 (0.00%), BOB MACH 1 (0.00%), DANIELLE FOURNIER 1 (0.00%), JOELLE BECK 1 (0.00%), LAWRENCE KNOUSS 1 (0.00%), WILLIE MCALLISTER 1 (0.00%), MATT MUROWSKI 1 (0.00%), SARAH SMITH CONREY 1 (0.00%), ROBERTA WELCH 1 (0.00%), DON JOHNSON 1 (0.00%), TOM BRADY 1 (0.00%), JENNY ROSSI 1 (0.00%), PATRICK STAR 1 (0.00%), GEORGE BENNIS SR 1 (0.00%), GEN TSO 1 (0.00%), AVERY PITTMAN 1 (0.00%), PETE MILLER 1 (0.00%), CLANCY DESMET 1 (0.00%), CHRIS NOLAN 1 (0.00%), KATHERINE LAPP 1 (0.00%), JOHN MACGOVERN 1 (0.00%), TOMMY BRALEMKANE 1 (0.00%), SUSAN HATCH-DAVIS 1 (0.00%), SCOTT GRAY 1 (0.00%), JON FARBER 1 (0.00%), CRAIG GABLE 1 (0.00%), WALTER WEEKS 1 (0.00%), ANTHONY FETICELLI 1 (0.00%), ROB ASHTON 1 (0.00%), RANDY QUAID 1 (0.00%), HERMAN SPENCER III 1 (0.00%), TRACY LAMPHERE 1 (0.00%), RICHARD JOSEPH 1 (0.00%), PAULA TRAYNOR 1 (0.00%), JAMES BAKER 1 (0.00%), EMILY TROSTEL 1 (0.00%), BENJAMIN WALSH 1 (0.00%), LINDA PARENT 1 (0.00%), NANCY MUIR 1 (0.00%), TOM HALEY 1 (0.00%), WARREN ROAF 1 (0.00%), MARY MORRISSEY 1 (0.00%), GIFFORD 1 (0.00%), JOHN MANAHAN SR 1 (0.00%), MARKED NO NAME ENTERED 1 (0.00%), TAMMY LYROTT 1 (0.00%), RICK WYMAN 1 (0.00%), WRATH KISSELL 1 (0.00%), JERRY TRUDELL 1 (0.00%), ANDRE SINCLAIR 1 (0.00%), MIKE THORPE 1 (0.00%), CODY SHAW 1 (0.00%), RILEY GOODEMOTE 1 (0.00%), STEPHEN WEBSTER 1 (0.00%), HILARY CLINTON 1 (0.00%), KEVIN DONAHUE 1 (0.00%), BRUCE LISMAN 1 (0.00%), DONALD TURNER J 1 (0.00%), ART MENUT 1 (0.00%), KARI REEN 1 (0.00%), JOE BENNET 1 (0.00%), ANDREW GLOVER 1 (0.00%), KEVIN CHRISTIE 1 (0.00%), SHAP SMITH 1 (0.00%), MATT DUNNE 1 (0.00%), MAIDA TOWNSEND 1 (0.00%), SUE MINTER 1 (0.00%), PETER CLARK 1 (0.00%), JANE SANDERS 1 (0.00%), TYLER CARMACK 1 (0.00%), RETTA DUNLAP 1 (0.00%), CHAPIN SPENCER 1 (0.00%), LAMBETH CLARK 1 (0.00%), LUIS CARDOFREN 1 (0.00%), SU GONYEA 1 (0.00%), DAVID LINES 1 (0.00%), RACHEL WINER 1 (0.00%), MICHAEL ROGERS 1 (0.00%), ANDREW HASLEM 1 (0.00%), KARL STEEN 1 (0.00%), LYNN DYKE 1 (0.00%), DON TURNER 1 (0.00%), JAHALA DEDLEY 1 (0.00%), JIM SAUNDERS 1 (0.00%), THEO EPSTEIN 1 (0.00%), CHRISTOPHER PEARSON 1 (0.00%), ASHLEY HILL 1 (0.00%), CORAL LEE MORANDE 1 (0.00%), GEROME WASHBURN 1 (0.00%), TED NUGENT 1 (0.00%), DAN FRAZER 1 (0.00%), HARRISON UNGER 1 (0.00%), DREW JACOBSON 1 (0.00%), Other Write-Ins 39 (0.01%).
Total 320,467 100.00%  

Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Timothy Michael "Tim" Kaine
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
former DNC Chair.
22 July 2016: Selected as Vice President by Hillary Clinton.
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Timothy Michael "Tim" Kaine
FEC S2VA00142

Class 2 Democratic Senator  Mark Robert Warner
First elected: 2008; re-elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Mark Robert Warner
FEC S6VA00093

Washington  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Maria E. Cantwell
First elected: 2000; re-elected: 2006, 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Maria E. Cantwell
FEC S8WA00194

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Patricia L. "Patty" Murray
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 1992; re-elected: 1998, 2004, 2010.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
on General Election ballot - 2 August 2016 Primary
  Elected Democratic 1,913,979 59.01% Senator  Patricia L. "Patty" Murray
FEC S2WA00189; 28 Nov 16; Tot $10,157,983; Dsb $8,243,363
  Candidate Republican 1,329,338 40.99% former state Representative Chris Vance
FEC S6WA00321; 28 Nov 16; Tot $445,294; Dsb $448,266
Total 3,243,317 100.00%  

West Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Joe Manchin, III
First elected in a special election to a partial term to fill the vacancy caused by the 28 June 2010 death of Senator Robert C. Byrd (Democratic): 2 November 2010. He replaces Senator Carte P. Goodwin (Democrat) who had been appointed by Governor Joe Manchin (Democratic) to temporarily fill the vacancy. Won the special election for the term ending in Jaunary 2013 and the the concurrent regular election for the term ending January 2019: 6 November 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Joe Manchin, III
FEC S0WV00090

Class 2 Republican Senator  Shelley Moore Capito
First elected: 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Shelley Moore Capito
FEC S4WV00159

Wisconsin  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1 Democratic Senator  Tammy Baldwin
First elected: 2012.
[Previously served in the U.S. House: First elected: 1998; re-elected: 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Ronald Harold "Ron" Johnson
• Re-elected Tuesday 8 November 2016
First elected: 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2016
Renominated - 9 August 2016 Primary
  Elected Republican 1,479,471 50.17% Senator  Ronald Harold "Ron" Johnson
FEC S0WI00197; 28 Nov 16; Tot $17,634,271; Dsb $18,090,962
  Candidate Democratic 1,380,335 46.81% former Senator  Russell Dana "Russ" Feingold
First elected to the US Senate in 1992; re-elected: 1998, 2004. Unsuccessful candidate for re-election in 2010.

FEC S8WI00026; 28 Nov 16; Tot $24,849,269; Dsb $24,650,723
  Candidate Libertarian 87,531 2.97% Phillip Norman "Phil" Anderson
FEC S6WI00152; 01 Oct 16; Tot $10,948; Dsb $5,181
  Candidate Scattering 1,396 0.05% SCATTERING
  Candidate Write-in 8 0.00% John Schiess
Total 2,948,741 100.00%  

Wyoming  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1 Republican Senator  John A. Barrasso
Appointed: 22 June 2007 by Governor Dave Freudenthal; first elected in a special election: 4 November 2008; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
  Candidate Republican     Senator  John A. Barrasso
FEC S6WY00068

Class 2 Republican Senator  Michael B. "Mike" Enzi
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008, 2014
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Democratic-Nonpartisan League
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Libertarian
  Pacific Green
  Reform
Other Third Parties
  America's Party
  American
  American Shopping
  Conservative
  Independence
  Independent American
  Independent Party of Oregon
  Liberty Union
  Marijuana
  New Independent Party Iowa
  Progressive
  Socialist Party USA
  Unity
  Veterans Party of America
  Women's Equality
  Working Families
Independents
  Independent
  No Affiliation
  No Party Affiliation
  No Poliitical Party
  Nominated By Petition
  Non Affiliated
  None
  Nonparty
  Unaffiliated
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  None of these candidates
  Scattering
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2013 and end their terms on 3 January 2019. The next regular election for these seats is in 6 November 2018.
Class 2 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2015 and end their terms on 3 January 2021. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2020.
Class 3 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2011 and end their terms on 3 January 2017. The next regular election for these seats is 8 November 2016.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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