The Green Papers
2012 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions
Copyright Ohio Democrat
Presidential Nominating Process
Primary: Tuesday 6 March 20121
Post Primary Caucus: Thursday 12 April 2012
State Executive Committee: Saturday 28 April 2012
Delegate Votes
Hard TotalFloor Vote
Obama, Barack Hussein547,588 100.00%174.0  91.10%188.0  98.43%
Uncommitted 17.0   8.90% 
Not Announced  3.0   1.57%
Total547,588 100.00%191.0 100.00%191.0 100.00%

States Chronologically   States Alphabetically     Democratic Convention     Ohio Republican    
Ohio Primaries for Statewide offices and Congress
Ohio State and Local Government


The delegate selection processes herein was updated on 5 March 2012 per the 2012 DNC Convention Delegate Selection Process.

President Obama, the only candidate appearing on the ballot, will receive all of Ohio's pledged delegates.


Tuesday 6 March 2012: 174 of 191 delegates to the Democratic National Convention are pledged to presidential contenders based on the results of the voting in today's Ohio Presidential Primary. A mandatory 15 percent threshold is required in order for a presidential contender to be pledged National Convention delegates at either the congressional district or statewide level.

  • 113 district delegates are to be pledged proportionally to presidential contenders based on the primary results in each of the State's 18 congressional districts (apportioned per the 2000 redistricting).
    • CD 1: 6
    • CD 2: 4
    • CD 3: 4
    • CD 4: 4
    • CD 5: 4
    • CD 6: 6
    • CD 7: 4
    • CD 8: 4
    • CD 9: 11
    • CD 10: 9
    • CD 11: 13
    • CD 12: 6
    • CD 13: 9
    • CD 14: 4
    • CD 15: 6
    • CD 16: 4
    • CD 17: 11
    • CD 18: 4
  • In addition, 61 delegates are to be pledged to presidential contenders based on the primary vote statewide.
    • 38 at-large National Convention delegates
    • 23 Pledged PLEOs

District-level delegates are slated to each Presidential Preference in pre-primary caucuses held in each Congressional District on 5 January 2012.

Here's how we compute the delegate count:

  1. A candidate must receive 15% or more of the total popular vote to qualify for delegates. Discard votes cast for those candidates who do not meet the threshold.
  2. Allocate Congressional District delegates from the qualified vote in each district. Allocate Pledged PLEO and At-Large delegates using the state-wide qualified vote.
  3. In each jurisdiction (CD and statewide):
    1. Total qualified vote = total votes cast for the qualifying candidates in the jurisdiction.
    2. Allocation = (delegates for the jurisdiction) × (candidate's popular vote) ÷ (total qualified vote).
    3. Assign each candidate the WHOLE NUMBER of delegates.
    4. If delegates remain, allocate each of the remaining delegates to those candidates with the LARGEST REMAINDERS.

Tuesday 6 March 2012 Primary
CD1  6
CD2  4
CD3  4
CD4  4
CD5  4
CD6  6
CD7  4
CD8  4
CD9  11
CD10  9
CD11  13
CD12  6
CD13  9
CD14  4
CD15  6
CD16  4
CD17  11
CD18  4
PLEO  23
At-Large  38
Delegates  174

President Obama, the only candidate appearing on the ballot, will receive all of Ohio's pledged delegates.


Thursday 12 April 2012: Post Primary Caucus. Delegates are elected according to the results of the primary. There is one caucus location per congressional district.

If a presidential candidate has qualified to receive delegates but has failed to slate a sufficient number of delegates, then additional delegates for that candidate will be selected during the post-primary caucus.


Saturday 28 April 2012: State Executive Committee

National Convention Pledged PLEO and At-Large Delegates are selected by the State Democratic Executive Committee according to the results of the primary.

The remaining 17 National Convention delegates consist of

  • 17 Unpledged PLEO delegates:
    • 10 Democratic National Committee members.
    • 6 Members of Congress (1 Senator and 5 Representatives).
    • 0 Governors.
    • 1 Distinguished Party Leader (former DNC Chairman David Wilhelm)

These 17 delegates and will go to the Democratic National Convention officially "Unpledged".


Starting on Tuesday 20 March 2012, a 15% pledged delegate bonus is awarded when clusters of 3 or more neighboring states (Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia) begin on the same date (8 May 2012).

The state should receive a 20% pledged delegate bonus for starting in Stage III (May and June).

HB 194, introduced on 18 May 2011 by Representatives Robert P. Mecklenborg (Republican) and Louis W. Blessing, Jr. (Republican), was signed into law by Governor John Richard Kasich (Republican) on 1 July 2011. The bill moves the partisan and Presidential primaries from the 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in March (in Presidential election years) to the 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in May.

A 19 August 2011 report in The Columbus Dispatch, Election-law opponents get small window to gather signatures, states that opponents of HB 194 are gathering signatures to overturn the bill. If they are successful, the Presidential Primary would be moved back to 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in March.

On 12 September 2011, state Senator Keith Faber (Republican) introduced SB 217. In the event HB 194 is overturned, this bill, like HB 194, moves the partisan and Presidential primaries from the 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in March (in Presidential election years) to the 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in May.

On 13 September 2011, state Representatives Louis W. Blessing, Jr. (Republican) and Sean O'Brien (Democratic) introduced HB 318. The bill eliminates the March primary elections in presidential election years by requiring all primary elections to be conducted on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in May.

22 September 2011: Ohio's primary will be in March - The Daily Record.

22 September 2011: Section 3 of HB 319 (Congressional district boundaries) sets the date of the 2012 statewide and Presidential primaries to 6 March 2012.

20 October 2011: The state Senate passed an updated version of HB 319. The bill calls for a 12 June 2012 Presidential and U.S. House primary and a 6 March 2012 primary for the U.S. Senate and state legislature.

On 21 October 2011, the Ohio House of Representatives passed HB 319 and Governor John Kasich signed the bill into law. Ohio will hold a 6 March 2012 primary for the U.S. Senate, state Legislature, and County offices and a 12 June 2012 primary for President and the U.S. House.

14 December 2011: The Ohio Legislature passed HB 369. This bill moves the statewide and Presidential primaries to 6 March 2012.

On 15 December 2011, Ohio Governor John Richard Kasich (Republican) signed HB 369. The law moves the statewide and Presidential primaries from Tuesday 12 June 2012 to Tuesday 6 March 2012.

Delegation to the National Convention

Ohio Delegation (as posted at, 20 August 2012)

Charlene W AllenWarren
Nickie J AntonioLakewood
Karen Arnoff-HoltmeierCincinnati
Jaladah AslamAustintown
Mark BallardLorain
Alan G BarlowPortsmouth
John E Barnes Jr.Cleveland
Lourdes Barroso de PadillaColumbus
W. Craig BasheinHunting Valley
Geneva M BatesCincinnati
Michael BauerLorain
Kevin J BaxterSandusky
Allyson BeardThe Plains
Alta M BeasleyGeorgetown
Joyce BeattyColumbus
Taylor BeelerWaverly
Matt BesserSouth Euclid
David J BetrasCanfield
Deborha BindasNiles
Jim BirdWooster
Kevin BloomfieldColumbus
John A BoccieriAlliance
Katharine B BowmanColumbus
Barbara BoydCleveland Hts
Dona BradyCleveland
Susan B BrannanPainesville
Sherrod Brown 
Elizabeth BrownColumbus
Edna R BrownToledo
Marilyn BrownColumbus
Jocelyn BucaroLiberty Township
Louise BuchananCleveland Hts
Armond BudishBeachwood
Tim BurgaColumbus
Capri S CafaroHubbard
Timothy CallionWarren
Susie M CamperCanton
Nellie CarabelloLorain
Janet A CarlisleGates Mills
John P CarneyColumbus
Lilleana CavanaughColumbus
Daniella M ChambersFremont
Phyllis ClevelandCleveland
Kathleen ClydeKent
Michael B ColemanColumbus
Regina A CollinsCincinnati
Jawanza ColvinCleveland
Diane L ConroyJacobsburg
Yvonne M ConwellCleveland
Melissa CropperGeorgetown
Robert A DavisPowell
Paul De MarcoCincinnati
William "Bill" P DeMoraColumbus
Dean DePieroParma
Mary L DevringCleveland
Dan DoddHebron
Sara DrewStow
Jeremy EikenberryMt. Pleasant
Julie A FarrarSandusky
John FilakPoland
Edward FitzgeraldLakewood
Gabriel FletcherCincinnati
Isabel FramerCopley
George FreemanYoungstown
Michael Lewis FriedmanToledo
John L Frola Jr.Uniontown
Patricia Frost-BrooksCleveland Hts
Marcia L FudgeBeachwood
Ruby C GilliamMinerva
Johnny GivandMansfield
Edward GoodShadyside
Enid GoubeauxGreenville
Jay GoyalMansfield
R. Sean GraysonPowell
Blaine A GriffinCleveland
Lauren Groh-WargoColumbus
Thomas J GroteColumbus
Robert "Bob" F HaganYoungstown
Anthony HairstonCleveland
Nick HanekBrunswick
Edna Jean HarperSpringfield
Yvonne HarperToledo
William J Healy IICanton
Tracy HeardColumbus
Melissa HeddenColumbus
Emerald HernandezColumbus
Steven HightowerMiddletown
Steven L Hightower IIMiddletown
Steven HoleckoMiddleburg Hts
Gayle I HorwitzSouth Euclid
Cathina M HouraniLiberty Township
Mary Ann HowellColumbus
Stephanie HowseCleveland
Deloris HudsonEaton
Pamela Elaine Hughes O'GradyHilliard
Alex HugueletToledo
Drusilla IceBellaire
Amber JacottColumbus
Gretchen D JamesColumbus
Gary JohnsonSylvania
Jeffrey D JohnsonCleveland
Andrea L JonesSandusky
Pernel Jones Jr.Cleveland
Wayne M JonesAkron
Russ M JosephDayton
Wade KapszukiewiczToledo
Marcy KapturToledo
Eric H KearneyCincinnati
Brigid KellyNorwood
Richard C KernsUrbana
Steven KeyWilberforce
Therese Kilbane MyersCleveland
Lauren Michelle KinseyColumbus
Marcia R KnoxDayton
Dave KolbeHoward
Dennis J KucinichCleveland
Jack LandskronerMoveland Hills
Teresa Ann LawSpringfield
Francine LawrenceSylvania
C. Denise LeachBarnesville
Tamela LeeAkron
Bill LeibenspergerColumbus
Tom LetsonWarren
Albert LinWorthington
Clayton LuckieDayton
Richard LumColumbus
John A LyallPowell
Christopher MabeColumbia Station
Kevin P MalecekWilloughby Hills
Mark MalloryClincinnati
Larry C MaloneMarion
Ronald MaloneColumbus
Mary MaloneMarion
Larry L MaloneHilliard
Kathryn MaloneColumbus
Linda MansouvToledo
Gary MartinPataskala
William MasonSeven Hills
Valarie J McCallCleveland
Sean T McKinneyYoungstown
Rhine McLinDayton
Alan MelamedBeachwood
Dale MillerCleveland
Michelle M MillsColumbus
Teresa Lee MontgomeryRussellville
Lana MoreskyShaker Hts
Karen MorrisonColumbus
Gen MurphyDayton
Nick "Sonny" NardiBroadview Hts
Diana A NazelliChagrin Falls
Donald H NguyenBeavercreek
Andrea NorrisAkron
Michael O'SheaRocky River
Neil PatelWesterville
Terry PenrodColumbus
Debbie PhillipsAlbany
Karen PooreToledo
Lynnie G PowellCleveland
CJ PrentissNorth Kingsville
Judith E PuskarMasury
Daniel RamosLorain
Chris RedfernPort Clinton
Alicia ReeceCincinnati
Todd RensiColumbus
Thomas Ritchie Sr.Dayton
Chase M RitenauerLorain
Shawn A RobaszkiewiczToledo
Julian A RogersCleveland Hts
Kathy RollisonToledo
Richard RomeroLorain
Jennie Rosenthal BerliantCincinnati
Ron R RothenbuhlerOregon
Joseph P RugolaWesterville
Veda M RugolaWesterville
Mary C Rugola-DyeMt Vernon
Tim RyanNiles
Tara L SamplesAkron
Lourdes SantiagoToledo
Lakshmi SatyanarayanaColumbus
Mark SchneiderMentor
Suzanne J ScruttonColumbus
Chris SeelbachCincinnati
Marcus SherrellBowling Green
Elizabeth ShireyColumbus
Sandra S ShonbornJacksonville
Angela Paige ShuckahoseeCleveland
Yvette SimpsonCincinnati
P.G. SittenfeldCincinnati
Michael SkindellLakewood
Roberta SkokPerrysville
Shirley A SmithCleveland
Mary H SobahAkron
Marco SommervilleAkron
Edithia SpearsColumbus
Beverly SpetzDelta
Margaret StambaughAkron
Sally B SteagallCincinnati
Michael StinzianoColumbus
Thomas StoneChagrin Falls
Fred StrahornDayton
Tei StreetColumbus
Frances StricklandColumbus
Ted StricklandColumbus
Betty Sutton 
Vernon SykesAkron
Ann TannerElyria
Charleta B TavaresColumbus
Robert L Thompson Sr.Canton
Penny TippsWesterville
Roberto TorresCleveland
Dan TraicoffCincinnati
Gigi TraoreCleveland
George TuckerBerkey
Nina TurnerCleveland
Meredith TurnerShaker Hts
Baldemar VelasquezToledo
Michael WagerCleveland
Edward WagnerCincinnati
Tom WarrenRussell
Bernadette WatsonCincinnati
Randy WestonMorral
Nan WhaleyDayton
Dennis R WilcoxCleveland Hts
David WilhelmBexley
Lupe WilliamsWooster
Rebecca WilliamsMassillon
Sandra WilliamsCleveland
Roland WinburnDayton
Sandra WiseFremont
Jake YoungRocky River
Spencer C YoungAshville
Leslie "Sonny" YoungSpringfield
Kurt M YoungToledo
Michael ZickarPerrysburg
Matt ZoneCleveland

Links Links to other web sites

Legislature   Links to State Legislatures
  Ohio House of Representatives
  Ohio Senate
  Ohio Democratic Party
Media & others
  Akron Beacon Journal
  Chagrin Valley Times
  Chillicothe Gazette
  Cincinnati Enquirer - Everything Cleveland
  Columbus Dispatch
  Courier - Findlay
  Dayton Daily News
  Gongwer News Service
  JournalNews - Hamilton
  Lisbon Morning Journal
  Medina Gazette
  Merco Hispano - Westlake
  News-Herald - Willoughby - Ohio Newspapers - Ohio
  Star Beacon - Ashtabula
  The Advertiser-Tribune - Tiffin
  The Enquirer - Cincinnati
  The Free Press - Columbus
  The Independent - Massillon
  The Lima News - Lima
  The Plain Dealer -
  The Repository - Canton
  The Times-Reporter - New Philadelphia
  The Vindicator - Youngstown
  Today's Pulse - Liberty Township / Butler and Warren Counties
  Toledo Blade
  Tribune Chronicle - - Warren
  Wapakoneta Daily News
  WBNS TV - CBS - Central Ohio
  WeST LIFE - Westshore
  WEWS TV - ABC - Cleveland - Akron
  WFMJ TV - NBC - Youngstown
  WHIO TV - CBS - Dayton
  WKYC TV - NBC - Cleveland
  WNWO TV - NBC - Toledo
  WTOL TV - CBS - Toledo

1 Democratic Party's "First Determining Step" of the delegate selection process.


  Election 2012 - Presidential Primary, Caucus, and Convention Home  
  Presidential Candidates  
Rule Making and Process
  30 December 2009 - Democratic Change Commission's Recommendations for the 2012 Presidential Nominating Process  
  20 August 2010 - Democratic National Committee approves 2012 Call To Convention and Delegate Selection Rules  
  6 August 2010 - Republican Temporary Delegate Selection Committee's Recommendations for the 2012 Presidential Nominating Process  
  States Alphabetically  
  Events Chronologically  
  Major Events Chronologically  
  Democratic "First Determining Step" Chronologically  
  Chronological Cumulative Allocation of Delegates  
  Weekly Delegate Distribution and Availability  
  Democratic Pledged and Unpledged Summary   --   Republican Pledged and Unpledged Summary  
  Democratic Hard and Floor Summary   --   Republican Hard and Floor Summary  
Delegate Allocation
  Democratic Quick Reference   --   Republican Quick Reference  
  Democratic Detailed Delegate Allocation   --   Republican Detailed Delegate Allocation  
  Democratic Delegate Selection and Voter Eligibility   --   Republican Delegate Selection and Voter Eligibility  
  Primaries at a Glance  
  Historical Analysis of the Presidential Nominating Process  
  Historical Analysis of the apportionment of delegate votes at the National Conventions of the two major parties  
  Primary/Caucus/Convention Glossary  
  Statutory Election Information of the Several states / Presidential Primary  
  Dates of PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES re: selection and/or allocation/distribution of Delegates to Major Party National Conventions  
  Major Third Party (Constitution, Green, Libertarian) Presidential Nomination Process  
  Straw Polls