The Green Papers
2012 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions
Copyright Democratic Convention
Presidential Nominating Process
Automatic selection of unpledged delegates: Thursday 1 March 2012
46th Democratic National Convention: Tuesday 4 September - Thursday 6 September 2012
Delegate Votes
Hard TotalFloor Vote
Obama, Barack Hussein8,044,659  90.95%3,514.0  63.29%5,424.5  97.70%
No Preference225,191   2.55%  
Uncommitted209,013   2.36%789.0  14.21% 
Wolfe, John, Jr.116,639   1.32%23.0   0.41% 
Judd, Keith Russell73,138   0.83%  
Richardson, Darcy G.41,730   0.47%  
Moulton-Ely, Robert "Bob"29,947   0.34%  
(others)25,949   0.29%  
Terry, Randall A.22,868   0.26%7.0   0.13% 
Scatter19,854   0.22%  
Rogers, Jim15,535   0.18%3.0   0.05% 
Uninstructed5,385   0.06%  
Others3,970   0.04%  
Paul, Ronald E. "Ron"2,289   0.03%  
Romney, Willard "Mitt"1,814   0.02%  
Huntsman, Jon M., Jr.1,238   0.01%  
Cowan, Ed945   0.01%  
Supreme, Vermin833   0.01%  
Under votes725   0.01%  
Haywood, John Davis423   0.00%  
Not Announced405   0.00% 127.5   2.30%
Freis, Craig "Tax Freeze"400   0.00%  
Santorum, Richard J. "Rick"302   0.00%  
Gingrich, Newton Leroy "Newt"276   0.00%  
O'Connor, Cornelius Edward266   0.00%  
O'Donnell, Edward T.222   0.00%  
Greene, Robert Allan "Bob"213   0.00%  
Jordan, Robert B.155   0.00%  
Meyer, Michael W.R., Jr.129   0.00%  
Tyler, Aldous C.106   0.00%  
Ramos, Luis Alberto, Jr.54   0.00%  
Roemer, Charles E. "Buddy", III29   0.00%  
Karger, Fred26   0.00%  
Perry, James Richard "Rick"17   0.00%  
Greenleaf, Stewart J.4   0.00%  
Johnson, Gary Earl4   0.00%  
Meehan, Michael J.4   0.00%  
Bachmann, Michele M.2   0.00%  
Cain, Herman1   0.00%  
(available) 1,216.0  21.90% 
Total8,844,760 100.00%5,552.0 100.00%5,552.0 100.00%

States Chronologically   States Alphabetically     Republican Convention    


Official Convention website

The President and his Party will now have to
well demonstrate why he should be re-elected

by Richard E. Berg-Andersson Staff, 3 September 2012.

by Richard E. Berg-Andersson Staff, 5 September 2012.

by Richard E. Berg-Andersson Staff, 6 September 2012.

Roll Call Vote - 5 September 2012
JurisdictionVotesObamaNot Announced
American Samoa11212
Democrats Abroad1918.50.5
District of Columbia34545
Mississippipasses to Ohio
Ohio puts Barack Obama "over the top" with 2929.5 votes. 2777 votes are necessary to nominate.
New Hampshire3535
New Jersey172172
New Mexico50482
New York9384384
North Carolina1571525
North Dakota27252
Puerto Rico67661
Rhode Island40355
South Carolina6262
South Dakota2929
Virgin Islands13121
West Virginia47443
JurisdictionVotesObamaNot Announced


"Not Announced" indicates that the total votes announced by the delegation does not add up to the total number of delegate votes allocated to the State as announced by the Chair. There were no "Abstentions" announced..

1. American Samoa: Delegation cast 10 for Obama, but Chair announced all 12 for Obama.

2. Colorado: Delegation cast 86 for Obama, but Chair announced 82 for Obama.

3. District of Columbia: Delegation cast 43 for Obama, but Chair announced 45 for Obama.

4. Hawaii: Delegation cast 31 for Obama, but Chair announced 35 for Obama.

5. Louisiana: Delegation cast 65 for Obama, but Chair announced 55 for Obama.

6. Minnesota: Delegation cast 99 for Obama, but Chair announced 107 for Obama.

7. Mississippi: Delegation cast 42 for Obama, but Chair announced 45 for Obama.

8. Nebraska: Delegation cast 43 for Obama, the Chair announced 44 for Obama then 43 for Obama.

9. New York: Delegation cast "all of our votes for Obama", Chair responded 384 for Obama.

10. Washington: Delegation cast 114 for Obama, Chair responded "114 states" then "114 for Obama"

11. Wisconsin: Delegation cast 103 for Obama, but Chair announced 111 for Obama.

12. Wyoming: The delegate on the floor was about to say "thirty-two" and then caught himself in time to make it the correct "twenty-two" for Obama... but, only the "thirty-" was actually uttered. The Chair announced 22 for Obama.

The final result was never formally announced from the Chair after the Roll Call was completed..

Vice-President Joe Biden was nominated on Thursday 6 September 2012 (the day after the Roll Call on which President Obama was re-nominated) by acclamation by the Democratic Convention.

by Richard E. Berg-Andersson Staff, 7 September 2012.


Thursday 1 March 2012: Automatic Assignment of 726 Unpledged Delegates.

The unpledged party leader and elected official delegates are assigned automatically by virtue of respective public or Party office as provided in Rule 9.A. of the 2012 Delegate Selection Rules.


Tuesday 4 September - Thursday 6 September 2012: 46th Democratic National Convention, Charlotte, North Carolina. On 16 January 2012, the DNC announced that the convention would be 3 days long rather than 4. The Convention will begin on Tuesday 4 September rather than Monday 3 September.

The 46th DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION will have a total of 5,552 delegate votes, with 2,777 (a majority) necessary in order for a Presidential or Vice-Presidential candidate to be nominated.

"The rules for the 2012 Democratic National Convention call for the following formula to be used in determining the allocation of delegate votes to each state and jurisdiction sending a delegation to the Convention:

Each state plus the District of Columbia is to be assigned a number of Base delegate votes based on an "Allocation Factor" multiplied by 3,700 (the optimum minimum size of a Democratic National Convention as determined by the Democratic National Committee): a state's (or D.C.'s) "Allocation Factor" being a decimal fraction arrived at through a calculation involving the following factors-

  1. the state's (or D.C.'s) popular vote for the Democratic candidate for President in the three Presidential Elections just previous to the Convention (in this case: 2000, 2004, and 2008). This is the "State's Democratic Vote" [SDV].
  2. the total popular vote for the Democratic candidate for President in the three Presidential Elections just previous to the Convention. This is the "Total Democratic Vote" [TDV].
  3. the state's Electoral Vote [SEV] and
  4. the total Electoral Vote [TEV] (538)

The formula for determining a given state's (or D.C.'s) "Allocation Factor" [AF] is:

AF = ½ ( ( SDV ÷ TDV ) + ( SEV ÷ 538 ) )

[2012 Call for the Democratic Convention I.B.]

The number of Base delegate votes assigned to a state is AF × 3,700. Of these Base delegate votes, 75% are assigned to be district delegate votes and the remaining 25% are to be at-large delegate votes. In addition to these Base delegate votes, the state (and D.C.) are awarded a number of Pledged "Party Leaders and Elected Officials" [PLEOs] equal to 15% of the number of Base delegate votes as determined by the "Allocation Factor" × 3,700 formula described above. [Reference: 2012 Delegate Selection Rules for the Democratic National Convention: Rule 8. C.]

There are also delegate votes from U.S. dependencies which do not cast Electoral Votes for President in a General Election. PUERTO RICO is considered, for purposes of the Convention, to have a Base delegate vote of 44; the special case of the other dependencies sending delegations to the Democratic National Convention will be considered below. These delegate votes described so far (making up a number equal to 115% of the total Base delegate votes as determined by the "Allocation Factor" × 3,700) are pledged, prior to the first meeting of the Convention, to the support of a presidential contender who earns the support of such delegate votes by virtue of his performance as measured by the votes cast by Democratic voters in primaries and caucuses and/or by Democratic delegates to state and/or sub-state conventions held in each state prior to the Convention.

The states (and D.C.) are also assigned a number of "Unpledged" delegates:

"Unpledged PLEOs" consisting of the following:

  • Democratic National Committee members.
  • Democratic Members of Congress (U.S. Senators, Representatives, and Delegates).
  • Democratic Governors, except those who are already members of the Democratic National Committee and, therefore, are delegates re: a.) above.
  • Distinguished Party Leaders (current and former U.S. Presidents and Vice-Presidents, former Democratic Leaders of the U.S. Senate and U.S, House- including former Democratic Speakers of the House and former chairmen of the Democratic National Committee.

These "Unpledged" delegates go to the Convention officially "Unpledged" (that is, not committed- ahead of time- to vote for any particular presidential contender), though it is well known that many- if not most- of these may very well be privately supporting a presidential contender. The number of these "Unpledged" delegates to the Democratic National Convention is subject to change up to the first meeting of the Convention due to deaths, resignations from office (for those PLEOs who hold an elective office) or accession- by a Democrat- to an elective office through an intervening election or special election. In addition, any Unpledged PLEO who shall subsequently become a Pledged PLEO may further alter the number of Unpledged National Convention delegates within a given delegation."

The breakdown of the delegate votes is as follows:

  • 4,262 Base delegate votes (3,169 district delegate votes and 1093 at-large delegate votes)
  • 564 Pledged PLEOs (meaning a total of 4,826 delegate votes to be determined by either a primary or a caucus/convention system in each state or other jurisdiction)
  • 726 Unpledged delegate votes.
  • TOTAL: 5,552 delegate votes.

There will actually be more delegates on the floor of the Democratic National Convention than there are delegate votes [which is why I use the term "delegate votes" in the first place]. Some jursidictions will have more delegate seats than actual delegate votes at that Convention [as a result of which, some delegates from some states will have to cast fractional votes during roll calls on the Convention floor]. There will be 5,552 delegate votes at the 46th Democratic National Convention, but there will be 5,556 actual delegates on the floor of the Convention (in other words, 4 more delegates than votes)... here's why:

  • DEMOCRATS ABROAD, with 19 delegate votes, will have 23 delegates.
    • 8 unpledged Democratic National Committee members each casts ½ vote for a total of 4 votes.

"In a relative handful of cases, a Member of Congress or a Governor is also a member of the Democratic National Committee (in some of these cases, such as that of the Democrats' Congressional Leaders- House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi - Members of Congress are DNC members ex-officio; in other cases, however, they represent various associated committees or organizations affiliated with the DNC: for example, U.S. Senators sit on the DNC as representatives of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee- likewise, Congressmen and Governors sit on the DNC as representatives of, respectively, the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee and the Democratic Governors' Association); the Democratic Party lists these Unpledged PLEOs who are DNC members as well as holders of elective office solely as DNC members (in other words, as far as the Party is concerned, these people are "Party Leaders" more than "Elected Officials"). However, it is the considered opinion of "The Green Papers" that the average user of this web site is going to think of these few Unpledged PLEOs who are in the unique position of being both PLs AND EOs more in terms of their elected office than their DNC membership: as a result, "The Green Papers" has "converted" DNC members who happen also to be Governors, Senators and Representatives to their political office from their DNC membership. Therefore, the breakdown in each state or other jurisdiction of Unpledged PLEOs as posted on "The Green Papers" may differ somewhat from that put out by the Democratic Party itself: where this is the case, it is so indicated on the appropriate DEMOCRAT page for the affected state or other jurisdiction."

Replacing Unpledged Delegates

Unpledged delegates shall not be entitled to a replacement, nor shall the state be entitled to a replacement, except under the following conditions:

  1. Members of Congress and Democratic Governors shall not be entitled to name a replacement. In the event of changes or vacancies in the state's Congressional Delegation, following the official confirmation and prior to the commencement of the national convention, the DNC Secretary shall recognize only such changes as have been officially recognized by the Democratic Caucus of the U. S. House of Representatives or the Democratic Conference of the U. S. Senate. In the event of a change or vacancy in he state's office of Governor, the DNC shall recognize only such changes as have been officially recognized by the Democratic Governors' Association.
  2. Members of the DNC shall not be entitled to a replacement, nor shall the state be entitled to a replacement, except in the case of death of such delegates. In the case where the state's DNC membership changes following the DNC Secretary's official confirmation, but prior to the commencement of the 2012 Democratic National Convention, acknowledgment by the Secretary of the new DNC member certification shall constitute verification of the corresponding change of unpledged delegates.
  3. Distinguished Party Leader delegates allocated to the state pursuant to Rule 9.A.(5) shall not be entitled to name a replacement, nor shall the state be entitled to name a replacement.
  4. In no case may an alternate cast a vote for an unpledged delegate.


  • PLEOs = Party Leaders and Elected Officials.
  • Unpledged PLEOs = Superdelegates.
  • District + at-large delegates = Base delegates.
  • Base delegates + Pledged PLEOs are the only delegates chosen through a Democratic presidential Primary or Caucus/Convention procedure and, thus, allocated to presidential contenders.
  • All Unpledged delegates (Unpledged PLEOs) are automatically uncommitted and are held aside rather than allocated to presidential contenders through a Primary or Caucus/Convention.

1 Democratic Party's "First Determining Step" of the delegate selection process.


  Election 2012 - Presidential Primary, Caucus, and Convention Home  
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Rule Making and Process
  30 December 2009 - Democratic Change Commission's Recommendations for the 2012 Presidential Nominating Process  
  20 August 2010 - Democratic National Committee approves 2012 Call To Convention and Delegate Selection Rules  
  6 August 2010 - Republican Temporary Delegate Selection Committee's Recommendations for the 2012 Presidential Nominating Process  
  States Alphabetically  
  Events Chronologically  
  Major Events Chronologically  
  Democratic "First Determining Step" Chronologically  
  Chronological Cumulative Allocation of Delegates  
  Weekly Delegate Distribution and Availability  
  Democratic Pledged and Unpledged Summary   --   Republican Pledged and Unpledged Summary  
  Democratic Hard and Floor Summary   --   Republican Hard and Floor Summary  
Delegate Allocation
  Democratic Quick Reference   --   Republican Quick Reference  
  Democratic Detailed Delegate Allocation   --   Republican Detailed Delegate Allocation  
  Democratic Delegate Selection and Voter Eligibility   --   Republican Delegate Selection and Voter Eligibility  
  Primaries at a Glance  
  Historical Analysis of the Presidential Nominating Process  
  Historical Analysis of the apportionment of delegate votes at the National Conventions of the two major parties  
  Primary/Caucus/Convention Glossary  
  Statutory Election Information of the Several states / Presidential Primary  
  Dates of PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES re: selection and/or allocation/distribution of Delegates to Major Party National Conventions  
  Major Third Party (Constitution, Green, Libertarian) Presidential Nomination Process  
  Straw Polls