The Green Papers: 2024 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 118th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 33 Senate Seats are up for election on 5 November 2024.

There have been 0 deaths, 0 resignations, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 118th Senate.

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Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Arizona  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Independent Senator  Kyrsten Sinema
First elected: 2018 (as a Democrat); 3 January 2023: Switched party affiliation to Independent.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 9 December 2022: Senator Sinema announced she is changing her party affiliation from Democratic to Independent but will continue to caucus with the Democrats. "I registered as an Arizona independent."
5 March 2024: "I will leave the Senate at the end of this year...."
    Democratic     Andrew Becerra - apparently not a candidate
    Democratic     Colin Brady - apparently not a candidate
    Democratic     Hart "Sebastian" Cunningham - apparently not a candidate
    Democratic     Trista di Genova - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Democratic     Member of Congress  Ruben Gallego
23 January 2023: Member of Congress Ruben Gallego, CD 3, announced he will run for the Senate Class 1 seat in 2024.

FEC S4AZ00139; 31 Mar 24; Tot $20,818,369; Dsb $12,446,226
    Democratic     Peter Hessing - apparently not a candidate
    Democratic     Alexander "Alex" Keller - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4AZ00154
    Democratic     Rudolph "Woody" Maduena, Jr. - apparently not a candidate
    Democratic     Robert May - apparently not a candidate
    Democratic     Walter Ringfield, Jr. - apparently not a candidate
    Democratic     William Taylor - apparently not a candidate
Independent?
    Republican     Wendy Acuna - apparently not a candidate
    Republican     Christopher D. "Chris" Berschauer - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4AZ00147 or S4AZ00162

FEC S4AZ00147
    Republican     John Elleray - apparently not a candidate
    Republican     Leonard S. Fulcher, Jr. - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4AZ00238
    Republican     Edward James Hampton - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4AZ00295 or S4AZ00303

FEC S4AZ00295
    Republican     Carl "CJ" Jules, Jr. - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Republican     Kari Lake
FEC S4AZ00220; 31 Mar 24; Tot $5,704,974; Dsb $3,185,568
  Candidate Republican     Pinal County Sheriff  Mark Lamb
FEC S4AZ00188; 31 Mar 24; Tot $1,589,091; Dsb $1,335,475
    Republican     Nick Lewis - apparently not a candidate
    Republican     Erik Merkow - apparently not a candidate
    Republican     Connie Marie Moreno - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4AZ00253
    Republican     George Nicholson - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Republican     Elizabeth Moore Reye
FEC S4AZ00246
    Republican     John Schiess - apparently not a candidate
Running for the US Senate in Wisconsin and Arizona.
    Republican     Robert James Walker - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4AZ00204
    Republican     Alan White - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4AZ00212
    Republican     Fred White - apparently not a candidate
    Republican     Brian Wright - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4AZ00170
  Candidate Green     Arturo Hernandez
FEC S4AZ00279; 31 Mar 24; Tot $0; Dsb $0
  Candidate Green     Mike Norton
FEC S4AZ00287; 31 Mar 24; Tot $37,501; Dsb $510
    Green     Eduardo Quintana - apparently not a candidate
    Libertarian     Seth Johnson - apparently not a candidate
    No Labels     Tyson Draper - apparently not a candidate
    No Labels     Richard Grayson - apparently not a candidate
Resident of Arizona. Running for Alaska House At-Large (No Labels), Arizona US Senate (Death to No Labels), Arizona House CD 9 (Democratic), Idaho CD 2 (Democratic), North Dakota House At-Large (No Labels).

FEC S4AZ00196
    Independent     Senator  Kyrsten Sinema - apparently not a candidate
9 December 2022: Senator Sinema announced she is changing her party affiliation from Democratic to Independent but will continue to caucus with the Democrats. "I registered as an Arizona independent."
5 March 2024: "I will leave the Senate at the end of this year...."

FEC S8AZ00197; 31 Mar 24; Tot $5,308,212; Dsb $3,392,085
  Candidate Write-in; (Libertarian)     Sarah Williams
FEC S4AZ00261; 31 Mar 24; Tot $8,930; Dsb $161

California  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator Laphonza Romanique Butler
Appointed to the U.S. Senate 1 October 2023 [re: 28 September 2023 passing of Senator Dianne Feinstein (Democratic)] by Governor Gavin Newsom (Democratic)
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 19 October 2023: "... I've decided not to run for Senate in the upcoming election."
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
    Republican     Sharleta Bassett - lost primary
FEC S4CA00902; 19 Apr 24; Tot $23,079; Dsb $23,079
    Republican     James P. Bradley - lost primary
FEC S8CA00515; 31 Mar 24; Tot $182,627; Dsb $152,659
    Write-in; (No Party Preference)     Michael Joseph Dilger - lost primary
FEC S4CA01041
    Write-in; (No Party Preference)     John Dowell - lost primary
FEC S4CA01058
    Republican     Eric Early - lost primary
FEC S4CA00639; 31 Mar 24; Tot $898,233; Dsb $893,719
    Write-in; (Republican)     Danny Fabricant - lost primary
FEC S0CA00504
  Candidate Republican     Steve Garvey
FEC S4CA00803; 31 Mar 24; Tot $5,528,360; Dsb $3,921,777
    Republican     Denice Lyn Gary-Pandol - lost primary
FEC S4CA00407; 31 Mar 24; Tot $101,900; Dsb $110,574
    No Party Preference; (Socialist Workers Party)     Laura Garza - lost primary
FEC S4CA01033
    Democratic     Sepi Gilani - lost primary
FEC S4CA00845; 31 Mar 24; Tot $13,764; Dsb $11,091
    No Party Preference; (Constitution)     Don J. Grundmann - lost primary
FEC S4CA00332
    Write-in; (Republican)     Carlos Guillermo Tapia - lost primary
FEC S2CA01318
    American Independent     Forrest Jones - lost primary
FEC S4CA01025
    Democratic     Harmesh Kumar - lost primary
FEC S4CA00993; 30 Sep 23; Tot $16,528; Dsb $12,845
    Democratic     Member of Congress  Barbara Lee - lost primary
US House District 12.

FEC S4CA00589; 31 Mar 24; Tot $5,423,501; Dsb $5,093,171
    Republican     Sarah Sun Liew - lost primary
5 December 2023: Filed for the U.S. Senate Class 1 with the FEC S2CA00872.
11 June 2022: Filed for U.S. House CD 33 with the FEC H0CA33216.

FEC S2CA00872; 31 Mar 24; Tot $48,420; Dsb $24,978
    Libertarian     Gail K. Lightfoot - lost primary
FEC S8CA00283
    Republican     James Joseph "Jim" Macauley - lost primary
FEC S4CA01009
    Democratic     Christina Pascucci - lost primary
FEC S4CA00837; 28 Mar 24; Tot $456,535; Dsb $456,535
    Democratic     David Peterson - lost primary
FEC S4CA00910
    Democratic     Douglas Howard Pierce - lost primary
FEC S6CA00790
    Democratic     Member of Congress  Katherine "Katie" Porter - lost primary
10 January 2023: Member of Congress CD 47. Candidate for the U.S. Senate Class 1 seat in 2024.

FEC S4CA00522; 31 Mar 24; Tot $31,536,916; Dsb $30,960,242
    Democratic     Perry Pound - lost primary
FEC S4CA00746; 31 Mar 24; Tot $34,129; Dsb $29,351
    Democratic     Aejaz "Raji" Rab - lost primary
Filed for US Senate Class 1 (FEC S4CA00613) and US House CD 32 (FEC H4CA30123).

FEC S4CA00613; 31 Mar 24; Tot $20,900; Dsb $16,895
    Republican     Jonathan Reiss - lost primary
FEC S4CA00670; 31 Mar 24; Tot $14,079; Dsb $14,767
    Democratic     John David Rose - lost primary
FEC S4CA00704 or S4CA00712

FEC S4CA00712; 31 Mar 24; Tot $6,318; Dsb $6,193
    No Party Preference; (American Solidarity)     Mark Ruzon - lost primary
FEC S4CA00720; 31 Mar 24; Tot $25,489; Dsb $25,489
  Candidate Democratic     Member of Congress  Adam B. Schiff
26 January 2023: Member of Congress CD 30. Candidate for US Senate Class 1 in 2024.

FEC S4CA00555; 31 Mar 24; Tot $35,146,126; Dsb $51,348,262
    Republican     Stefan Simchowitz - lost primary
FEC S4CA00852; 12 Mar 24; Tot $8,524; Dsb $8,524
    No Party Preference     Major Singh - lost primary
FEC S4CA00761; 31 Mar 24; Tot $4,201; Dsb $4,853
    Republican     Martin Veprauskas - lost primary
FEC S4CA01017
 Senator Dianne Feinstein (Democratic); who was first elected to finish out the term in a Special Election in 1992 and elected to full terms in 1994, 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018; died on 28 September 2023. She was 90.
The Special Election in 1992 was held to fill vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Pete Wilson (Republican) on 7 January 1991- which John Seymour (Republican) had been appointed by Governor Pete Wilson (Republican) to fill on 10 January 1991.
14 February 2023: "I am announcing today I will not run for reelection in 2024 ...."
circa March 2023: "I was diagnosed over the February recess with a case of shingles [herpes varicella zoster virus-- Ed]. I have been hospitalized ...."
12 April 2023: Do to ongoing health issues, she announced that her return to the Senate has been delayed and asked for a temporary replacement on the Judiciary Committee.
14 April 2023: Filed a termination report with the FEC.
10 May 2023: Returned to the U.S. Senate.
28 September 2023: Senator Dianne Feinstein, 90, has died. Governor Gavin Newsom (Democratic) will appoint a successor who will fill the seat until the Special Election in November 2024.
1 October 2023: Governor Gavin Newsom (Democratic) appoints Laphonza Butler to fill the vacant seat. She was sworn on 2 October 2023.

Class 1
Seat up for special election
Special Election
 
Seat up for special election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Special Election - To fill the seat of Senator Dianne Feinstein (Democratic), who died on 28 September 2023, for the remainder of the term (November 2024 through 3 January 2025).
    Write-in; (No Party Preference)     Michael Joseph Dilger - lost primary
FEC S4CA01041
    Republican     Eric Early - lost primary
FEC S4CA00639; 31 Mar 24; Tot $898,233; Dsb $893,719
  Candidate Republican     Steve Garvey
FEC S4CA00803; 31 Mar 24; Tot $5,528,360; Dsb $3,921,777
    Democratic     Sepi Gilani - lost primary
FEC S4CA00845; 31 Mar 24; Tot $13,764; Dsb $11,091
    Democratic     Member of Congress  Barbara Lee - lost primary
US House District 12.
FEC S4CA00589 or S4CA00829

FEC S4CA00589; 31 Mar 24; Tot $5,423,501; Dsb $5,093,171
    Democratic     Christina Pascucci - lost primary
FEC S4CA00837; 28 Mar 24; Tot $456,535; Dsb $456,535
    Democratic     Member of Congress  Katherine "Katie" Porter - lost primary
10 January 2023: Member of Congress CD 47. Candidate for the U.S. Senate Class 1 seat in 2024.

FEC S4CA00522; 31 Mar 24; Tot $31,536,916; Dsb $30,960,242
  Candidate Democratic     Member of Congress  Adam B. Schiff
26 January 2023: Member of Congress CD 30. Candidate for US Senate Class 1 in 2024.

FEC S4CA00555; 31 Mar 24; Tot $35,146,126; Dsb $51,348,262

Connecticut  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Christopher Scott "Chris" Murphy
First elected: 2012; re-elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Christopher Scott "Chris" Murphy
FEC S2CT00132; 21 Apr 24; Tot $9,645,587; Dsb $4,500,463
  Candidate Republican     Matthew McKinnon "Matt" Corey
FEC S8CT00121
    Republican     John J. Flynn - apparently not a candidate
FEC S2CT00264
  Candidate Republican     Robert Finley Hyde
FEC S2CT00256; 31 Mar 24; Tot $527; Dsb $498
  Candidate Republican     Robert J. Krawiecki
?

FEC S4CT00187
  Candidate Republican     Beacon Falls First Selectman  Gerard "Gerry" Smith
FEC S4CT00179; 23 Apr 24; Tot $43,484; Dsb $19,817
  Candidate Green     Justin Paglino

Delaware  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Thomas R. "Tom" Carper
First elected: 2000; re-elected 2006, 2012, 2018;
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990;
elected Governor: 1992; re-elected: 1996]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 22 May 2023: Announced retirement. "As last year came to a close ... Martha and I began to focus on what I should do next. If I ran for a 5th term in the Senate and won, it would be a record 15 statewide elections. After a good deal of prayer and introspection, and more than a few heart-to-heart conversations, we’ve decided we should run through the tape over the next 20 months and finish the important work that my staff and I have begun ..."
  Candidate Democratic     Pamela Brown
FEC S4DE00102 or S4DE00110

FEC S4DE00102
    Democratic     Senator  Thomas R. "Tom" Carper - apparently not a candidate
22 May 2023: Announced retirement. "As last year came to a close ... Martha and I began to focus on what I should do next. If I ran for a 5th term in the Senate and won, it would be a record 15 statewide elections. After a good deal of prayer and introspection, and more than a few heart-to-heart conversations, we’ve decided we should run through the tape over the next 20 months and finish the important work that my staff and I have begun ..."

FEC S8DE00079; 31 Mar 24; Tot $231,943; Dsb $602,160
  Candidate Democratic     Member of Congress  Lisa Blunt Rochester
21 June 2023: "I'm running to represent Delaware in the United States Senate."

FEC S4DE00060; 31 Mar 24; Tot $5,216,270; Dsb $2,533,914
  Candidate Republican     Eric Hansen
FEC S4DE00094; 31 Mar 24; Tot $804,891; Dsb $440,370
  Candidate Republican     William Joseph "Bill" Taylor
FEC S4DE00086
  Candidate Independent Party Of Delaware     former state Senator Michael "Mike" Katz
FEC S4DE00128; 31 Mar 24; Tot $1,000; Dsb $329

Florida  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Richard L. "Rick" Scott
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
    Democratic     Matt Boswell - apparently not a candidate
26 April 2024: Did Not Qualify

FEC S4FL00454
  Candidate Democratic     Stanley Campbell
FEC S4FL00637; 31 Mar 24; Tot $1,050,010; Dsb $278,754
    Democratic     former Member of Congress  Alan Mark Grayson - apparently not a candidate
7 June 2024: Withdrew. Candidate for state Senate.
Unsuccessful candidate: 2006; first elected: 2008; unsuccessful candidate for re-election: 2010; re-elected: 2012, 2014; unsuccessful candidate for nomination to the US Senate: 2016; unsuccessful candidate for nomination to the US House: 2018; unsuccessful candidate for re-election: 2020; unsuccessful candidate for nomination: 2022.

FEC S2FL00581; 31 Mar 24; Tot $518,991; Dsb $425,135
    Democratic     Donald "Don" Horan - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4FL00538; 29 Sep 23; Tot $73,455; Dsb $73,455
  Candidate Democratic     Rodenay "Rod" Joseph
FEC S4FL00512; 31 Mar 24; Tot $28,596; Dsb $20,855
    Democratic     Bernard Korn - apparently not a candidate
FEC S0FL00635
    Democratic     Josue Larose - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4FL00462; 31 Mar 24; Tot $0; Dsb $0
  Candidate Democratic     former Member of Congress  Debbie Mucarsel-Powell
First elected: 2018; unsuccessful candidate for reelection: 2020.

FEC S4FL00611; 31 Mar 24; Tot $7,291,927; Dsb $4,541,327
    Democratic     Marcos Antonio Reyes - apparently not a candidate
6 October 2023: Filed with the FEC H4FL28034 for US House CD 28.
21 October 2023: Filed with the FEC S4FL00652 and S4FL00660 for US Senate Class 1.

FEC S4FL00652
  Candidate Democratic     former state Representative Brian Rush
FEC S4FL00595; 31 Mar 24; Tot $76,787; Dsb $41,580
    Democratic     Matthew Alexander Sanscrainte - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4FL00488
    Democratic     Everett Stern - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4FL00579; 30 Sep 23; Tot $325; Dsb $325
    Democratic     Jason Williams - apparently not a candidate
26 April 2024: Did Not Qualify
  Candidate Republican     John S. Columbus
FEC S4FL00785; 31 Mar 24; Tot $12,223; Dsb $1,214
  Candidate Republican     Keith Gross
FEC S4FL00553; 31 Mar 24; Tot $1,927,635; Dsb $1,897,936
    Republican     Farid A. Khavari - apparently not a candidate
26 April 2024: Did Not Qualify
    Republican     Patricia Marie Krentcil - apparently not a candidate
aka Tan Mom

FEC S4FL00603
    Republican     Shannon May O'Dell - apparently not a candidate
26 April 2024: Did Not Qualify

FEC S4FL00678
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Richard L. "Rick" Scott
FEC S8FL00273; 31 Mar 24; Tot $11,092,552; Dsb $11,354,220
    Republican     Joe Smith - apparently not a candidate
26 April 2024: Did Not Qualify

FEC S4FL00629
    Republican     Katy Sun - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4FL00686
    Republican     Alix Christopher Toulme, Jr. - apparently not a candidate
26 April 2024: Did Not Qualify.
FEC S4FL00520 or S4FL00769

FEC S4FL00520
    Republican     Angela Marie Windhauser - apparently not a candidate
aka Angela Marie Walls-Windhauser

FEC S4FL00645
    Green     Randy Toler - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4FL00447
  Candidate Libertarian     Feena Bonoan
FEC S4FL00736
    Libertarian     Wilson Instervil - apparently not a candidate
FEC H4FL01163
    Socialist Workers Party     Rachele Fruit - apparently not a candidate
    No Party Affiliation     Shantele Renee Bennett - apparently not a candidate
15 May 2024: Did Not Qualify

FEC S4FL00751
    No Party Affiliation     Stephen Canton - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate No Party Affiliation     Ben Everidge
    No Party Affiliation     Grace Granda - apparently not a candidate
FEC S2FL00425
    No Party Affiliation     Samir Ramzi Hazza - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4FL00777
  Candidate No Party Affiliation     Quoc Tuan "Tuan" "TQ" Nguyen
FEC S2FL00656
    Write-in     James "Jim" Davis - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4FL00439
    Write-in     Salomon Hernandez, Sr. - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4FL00546
  Candidate Write-in; (No Party Affiliation)     Howard Knepper

Hawaii  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Mazie K. Hirono
First elected: 2012; re-elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
  Candidate Democratic     Ronald C. "Ron" Curtis
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Mazie K. Hirono
FEC S2HI00106; 31 Mar 24; Tot $2,023,651; Dsb $928,895
  Candidate Democratic     Clyde McClain "Mac" Lewman
  Candidate Republican     Melba S. S. Amaral
  Candidate Republican     Paul R. Dolan
    Republican     Harry Joseph Friel, Jr. - apparently not a candidate
    Republican     Lester Lawrence Fung - apparently not a candidate
    Republican     Shaena Dela Cruz Hoohuli - apparently not a candidate
    Republican     Walter H. Kupau, Jr. - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Republican     Adriel C. Lam
FEC S4HI00177; 31 Mar 24; Tot $5,518; Dsb $264
    Republican     Keith Drummond Lambert - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Republican     former state Representative Robert C. "Bob" McDermott
    Republican     Edward "Eddie" Pirkowski - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Republican     Arturo P. "Art" Reyes
FEC S4HI00193
  Candidate Republican     Emmanuel S. Tipon
    Green     Jennifer M. Booker - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Green     Emma Jane Pohlman
    Aloha 'Āina     Daniel B. "Aloha Aina" Decker, IV - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate We The People     Shelby Pikacu Billionaire
  Candidate Nonpartisan     John "Raghu" Giuffre
    Nonpartisan     Eric Westley Link - apparently not a candidate

Indiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Republican Senator  Michael K. "Mike" Braun
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 29 November 2022: Candidate for Governor in 2024.
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
    Democratic     former state Representative Robert Marc "Marc" Carmichael - lost primary
FEC S4IN00279; 17 Apr 24; Tot $111,919; Dsb $62,867
  Candidate Democratic     Valerie L. McCray
FEC S2IN00166; 17 Apr 24; Tot $14,789; Dsb $15,701
  Candidate Republican     Member of Congress  James E. "Jim" Banks
District 3

FEC S4IN00196; 17 Apr 24; Tot $4,732,125; Dsb $3,188,816
  Candidate Libertarian     Andrew Michael "Andy" Horning
FEC S2IN00109
  Candidate Progressive     Aleem Young, Sr.
FEC S4IN00329
  Candidate Independent     Sean Adam Dada
FEC S4IN00220
  Candidate Independent     Richard Allen Kent
FEC S4IN00246
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Phillip D. "Phil" Beachy

Maine  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Independent Senator  Angus Stanley King, Jr.
First elected: 2012 as an Independent (announced that he will caucus with the Democrats 14 November 2012 and again on 5 November 2014); re-elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
    Democratic     Natasha Alcala - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4ME00139
  Candidate Democratic     David Allen Costello
FEC S4ME00113; 22 May 24; Tot $72,408; Dsb $13,303
  Candidate Republican     Demi Kouzounas
FEC S4ME00121; 22 May 24; Tot $300,712; Dsb $55,731
  Candidate Independent     Jason Seth Cherry
FEC S4ME00147; 31 Mar 24; Tot $0; Dsb $45,239
  Candidate Independent     Senator  Angus Stanley King, Jr.
FEC S2ME00109; 22 May 24; Tot $3,860,845; Dsb $1,366,170

Maryland  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Benjamin L. "Ben" Cardin
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012, 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 1 May 2023: Senator Cardin will not seek re-election in 2024: "I have run my last election and will not be on the ballot in 2024, ..."
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Democratic     Prince George's County Executive  Angela D. Alsobrooks
FEC S4MD00327; 24 Apr 24; Tot $7,784,332; Dsb $5,875,228
    Democratic     Michael W. "Mike" Cobb, Sr. - lost primary
    Democratic     Marcellus Crews - lost primary
FEC S4MD00392
    Democratic     Brian Edward Frydenborg - lost primary
FEC S4MD00368
    Democratic     former Charlottesville Virginia School Superintendant Scottie Jo Griffin - lost primary
FEC S4MD00491 or S4MD00509 or S2MD00628

FEC S4MD00491
    Democratic     Robert K. "Rob" Houton - lost primary
FEC S4MD00574
    Democratic     Joseph "Joe" Perez - lost primary
FEC S2MD00594
    Democratic     Steven Henry "Steve" Seuferer - lost primary
FEC S4MD00277; 31 Dec 23; Tot $0; Dsb $0
    Democratic     Member of Congress  David J. Trone - lost primary
4 May 2023: Candidate for U.S. Senate in 2024.
Member of Congress CD 6

FEC S4MD00319; 24 Apr 24; Tot $54,937,505; Dsb $51,413,130
    Democratic     Andrew Jaye "A. J." Wildman - lost primary
FEC S4MD00459 or S4MD00475 or S2MD00651 or S4MD00558

FEC S4MD00459
    Republican     Mohammed H. "Moe" Barakat - lost primary
FEC S4MD00533; 24 Apr 24; Tot $1,117; Dsb $80
    Republican     Christopher "Chris" Chaffee - lost primary
FEC S4MD00525 or S6MD03557

FEC S4MD00525
    Republican     Robin Ficker - lost primary
FEC S4MD00293; 24 Apr 24; Tot $4,408,449; Dsb $4,353,915
    Republican     Lorie R. Friend - lost primary
FEC S2MD00602; 24 Apr 24; Tot $1,227; Dsb $3,699
  Candidate Republican     former Govenor Lawrence J. "Larry" Hogan, Jr.
First elected: 2014; re-elected: 2018; at term limit: 2022.

FEC S4MD00483; 24 Apr 24; Tot $3,074,712; Dsb $1,289,905
    Republican     John A. Myrick - lost primary
FEC S4MD00517; 13 May 24; Tot $8,019; Dsb $7,359
    Republican     Laban Y. Seyoum - lost primary
FEC S4MD00582
  Candidate Libertarian     Mike Scott
FEC S4MD00590
  Candidate Independent     Shaunesi Yvette DeBerry
FEC S4MD00335 or S4MD00343 or H4MD02273

FEC S4MD00335
  Candidate Independent     Michael Ray "Mike" Sigmon
Resident of West Virginia.
15 December 2023: Filed as an Independent with the FEC H4MD07090 for US House CD 8.
23 December 2023: Filed as an Independent with the FEC S4MD00418 for US Senate Class 1.
24 March 2024: Filed as Green with the FEC S4MD00541 for US Senate Class 1

FEC S4MD00541
  Candidate Other Candidates; (Green)     Nancy Wallace
FEC S4MD00467
  Candidate Unaffiliated     Emmanuel Onyekachi "Emmanuel" Osuchukwu
FEC S4MD00376

Massachusetts  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Elizabeth A. Warren
First elected: 2012; re-elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Elizabeth A. Warren
FEC S2MA00170; 31 Mar 24; Tot $5,067,996; Dsb $2,992,094
    Republican     Zakhai Akiba - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4MA00317
  Candidate Republican     Robert Joseph "Bob" Antonellis
FEC S4MA00291; 31 Mar 24; Tot $32,661; Dsb $30,912
    Republican     John Berman - apparently not a candidate
Resident of Washington state

FEC S4MA00267
  Candidate Republican     Ian Cain
FEC S4MA00374
  Candidate Republican     John Deaton
FEC S4MA00358; 31 Mar 24; Tot $1,364,965; Dsb $168,073
    Republican     Rebekah Etique - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4MA00309
    Republican     Aaron L. Packard - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4MA00341; 31 Dec 23; Tot $630; Dsb $293
    Libertarian     Louis Gregory "Lou" Marino - apparently not a candidate
11 September 2023: Passed away at age 48.

FEC S4MA00283
  Candidate Workers Party     Brandon James Griffin
FEC S4MA00325 or S4MA00333

FEC S4MA00325
    Independent     Shiva Ayyadurai - apparently not a candidate
26 April 2022: Filed a termination report with the FEC.
FEC S8MA00268 or S4MA00275

FEC S8MA00268
  Candidate Independent     Joseph "Joe" Schena
FEC S4MA00366

Michigan  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Debbie Stabenow
First elected: 2000; re-elected 2006, 2012, 2018.
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1996, 1998]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 5 January 2023: "... I am announcing ... that I will not seek re-election and will leave ... at the end of my term on January 3, 2025 ... "
    Democratic     Nasser Beydoun - apparently not a candidate
10 June 2024: Appeals Court rejected lawsuit.
5 June 2024: Filed a lawsuit to reverse his disqualification.
3 June 2024: Disqualified

FEC S4MI00496; 31 Mar 24; Tot $855,335; Dsb $678,582
    Democratic     Zack Burns - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4MI00488; 13 Jan 24; Tot $29,073; Dsb $24,783
  Candidate Democratic     Frank Eugene "Hill" Harper
FEC S4MI00553; 31 Mar 24; Tot $2,037,767; Dsb $1,596,454
    Democratic     former state Representative Leslie N. Love - apparently not a candidate
18 January 2024: "... we have make the tough decision to suspend our campaign ... We simply could no longer compete financially."

FEC S4MI00504; 31 Mar 24; Tot $23,395; Dsb $17,018
    Democratic     Jacquise A. Purifoy - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Democratic     Member of Congress  Elissa Slotkin
27 February 2023: "... I'm announcing my run to be Michigan’s next U.S. Senator."

FEC S4MI00470; 31 Mar 24; Tot $16,094,088; Dsb $7,473,268
    Democratic     Senator  Debbie Stabenow - apparently not a candidate
5 January 2023: "... I am announcing ... that I will not seek re-election and will leave ... at the end of my term on January 3, 2025 ... "

FEC S8MI00281; 31 Mar 24; Tot $156,144; Dsb $1,255,386
  Candidate Republican     former Member of Congress  Justin Amash
First elected as a Republican: 2010; changed party affiliation from Republican to Independent: 4 July 2019; changed party affiliation from Independent to Libertarian: 1 May 2020; not a candidate for reelection: 2020

FEC S4MI00694; 31 Mar 24; Tot $478,462; Dsb $109,747
    Republican     former Detroit Police Chief James Craig - apparently not a candidate
13 February 2024: Suspended campaign.

FEC S4MI00603; 31 May 24; Tot $136,670; Dsb $136,670
    Republican     Ottawah County Commissioner  Rebekah A. Curran - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4MI00686; 31 Mar 24; Tot $2,722; Dsb $1,913
    Republican     Michael Hoover - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4MI00454; 31 Mar 24; Tot $234,342; Dsb $163,820
    Republican     former Member of Congress  Peter Meijer - apparently not a candidate
26 April 2024: Disqualified
First elected: 2020; unsuccessful candidate for renomination: 2022.

FEC S4MI00637; 31 Mar 24; Tot $822,897; Dsb $578,928
  Candidate Republican     Sherrell Anne "Sherry" O'Donnell
FEC S4MI00561; 31 Mar 24; Tot $279,722; Dsb $242,919
  Candidate Republican     Sandy Pensler
FEC S8MI00414; 31 Mar 24; Tot $3,052,515; Dsb $933,791
  Candidate Republican     former Member of Congress  Michael J. "Mike" Rogers
First elected: 2000; reelected: 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012; not a candidate for reelection: 2014.

FEC S4MI00595; 31 Mar 24; Tot $2,923,018; Dsb $1,542,456
    Republican     Bensson V. "Samuelson" Samuel - apparently not a candidate
30 October 2023: Filed with the FEC for US Senate S4MI00611 and US House CD 1 H4MI01163.

FEC H4MI01163
    Republican     Oscoda Board of Education Trustee  Sharon Maureen Savage - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4MI00579; 31 Dec 23; Tot $100,131; Dsb $48,758
    Republican     former Berrien County Commissioner Ezra Scott - apparently not a candidate
    Republican     Alexandria J. Taylor - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4MI00546; 29 Apr 24; Tot $26,120; Dsb $26,120
    Republican     Glenn Allen Wilson - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4MI00678; 31 Mar 24; Tot $294,534; Dsb $150,614
  Candidate Green     Eric J. Borregard
FEC S4MI00660
  Candidate Green     Douglas Philip "Doug" Marsh
FEC S4MI00512
  Candidate Libertarian     Valerie Lee Willis
FEC S8MI00422
  Candidate Independent     James Kieth Frizzell, Sr.
FEC S4MI00645

Minnesota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Amy J. Klobuchar
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012, 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
  Candidate Democratic-Farmer Labor     Steve Carlson
  Candidate Democratic-Farmer Labor     Ahmad R. Hassan
  Candidate Democratic-Farmer Labor     George H. Kalberer
  Candidate Democratic-Farmer Labor     Senator  Amy J. Klobuchar
FEC S6MN00267; 31 Mar 24; Tot $9,117,377; Dsb $4,493,092
  Candidate Democratic-Farmer Labor     Ole Savior
    Democratic     Derek Austin Logan - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4MN00528
  Candidate Republican     John Berman
Resident of Washington state.

FEC S4MN00478
  Candidate Republican     Loner Blue
    Republican     Gary Lynn Coson - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4MN00544
  Candidate Republican     Joseph "Joe" Fraser
FEC S4MN00510; 31 Mar 24; Tot $45,057; Dsb $1,156
  Candidate Republican     Alycia R. Gruenhagen
    Republican     David A. Hilbrich - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4MN00460
  Candidate Republican     Patrick D. Munro
FEC S4MN00494
  Candidate Republican     Raymond David "Ray" Petersen
FEC S4MN00551
    Republican     Mike Ruoho - apparently not a candidate
Filed for election in 2023

FEC S4MN00486
  Candidate Republican     Christopher "Chris" Seymore
  Candidate Republican     Royce White
18 May 2024: Won the state Convention.

FEC S4MN00502; 31 Mar 24; Tot $10,754; Dsb $487
  Candidate Independence-Alliance     Joyce L. Lacey
FEC S4MN00569
  Candidate Independent     Benson Gallen Jones Benson

Mississippi  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Roger F. Wicker
Appointed 31 December 2007 to fill the vacancy caused by the 18 December 2007 resignation of Senator Trent Lott. First elected in a special election: 4 November 2008. Re-elected: 2012, 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Ty Pinkins
Candidate for Secretary of State in 2023.

FEC S4MS00187; 31 Mar 24; Tot $324,830; Dsb $189,790
    Republican     Timothy Ghannon "Ghannon" "The Colonel" Burton - lost primary
FEC S4MS00203; 31 Mar 24; Tot $212,429; Dsb $207,928
    Republican     state Representative  Dan Eubanks - lost primary
FEC S4MS00195; 31 Mar 24; Tot $52,718; Dsb $52,718
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Roger F. Wicker
FEC S8MS00196; 31 Mar 24; Tot $5,709,078; Dsb $4,668,805

Missouri  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Joshua David "Josh" Hawley
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Mita Biswas
  Candidate Democratic     December L. Harmon
FEC S4MO00268; 31 Mar 24; Tot $14,728; Dsb $12,759
    Democratic     David Curtis Jefferson - apparently not a candidate
FEC S0MO00175
  Candidate Democratic     Lucas Kunce
FEC S2MO00528; 31 Mar 24; Tot $7,691,422; Dsb $4,395,006
  Candidate Democratic     state Senator  Karla May
FEC S4MO00276; 31 Mar 24; Tot $37,059; Dsb $30,755
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Joshua David "Josh" Hawley
FEC S8MO00160; 31 Mar 24; Tot $6,865,685; Dsb $5,363,217
  Candidate The Better Party     Jared Young
FEC S4MO00284; 31 Mar 24; Tot $364,377; Dsb $253,727
  Candidate Socialist Equality     Doris Ann Canaday
FEC S4MO00227
  Candidate Independent     W.C. Young
Better Party
  Candidate No Party Affiliation     Zack Exley
FEC S4MO00219

Montana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  R. Jon "Jon" Tester
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012, 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Renominated
    Democratic     Michael "Mike" Hummert - lost primary
FEC S4MT00217; 15 May 24; Tot $7,230; Dsb $6,296
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  R. Jon "Jon" Tester
FEC S6MT00162; 15 May 24; Tot $32,834,214; Dsb $23,925,592
    Republican     former Public Service Commissioner Bradley S. "Brad" Johnson - lost primary
FEC S2MT00062; 15 May 24; Tot $42,968; Dsb $39,697
  Candidate Republican     Tim Sheehy
FEC S4MT00183; 15 May 24; Tot $10,775,515; Dsb $8,347,783
    Republican     Charles WalkingChild, Sr. - lost primary
FEC S4MT00209
  Candidate Green     Robert Barb
FEC S4MT00225
  Candidate Green     Michael Downey
FEC S4MT00233
  Candidate Libertarian     Kalispell City Council Member  Sid Daoud
FEC S4MT00241

Nebraska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Debra S. "Deb" Fischer
First elected: 2012; re-elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Renominated
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Debra S. "Deb" Fischer
FEC S2NE00094; 24 Apr 24; Tot $3,562,163; Dsb $2,268,200
    Republican     Arron M. Kowalski - lost primary
FEC S4NE00249
  Candidate Legal Marijuana Now     Kerry Eddy
FEC S4NE00231; 24 Apr 24; Tot $16,384; Dsb $922
    Legal Marijuana Now     Kenneth "Ken" Peterson - lost primary
FEC S4NE00256
  Candidate Independent     Dan Osborn
FEC S4NE00207; 24 Apr 24; Tot $812,114; Dsb $427,220

Class 2
Seat up for special election
Special Election
 
Seat up for special election: Tuesday 5 November 2024 (presumably)
Special Election
  Candidate Democratic     Preston Love, Jr.
FEC S4NE00223; 24 Apr 24; Tot $127,850; Dsb $119,254
  Candidate Republican     Senator Pete Ricketts
FEC S4NE00173
    Republican     Mac E. Stevens - lost primary
FEC S4NE00264
    Republican     John Glen Weaver - lost primary
FEC S4NE00215; 30 Jun 24; Tot $56,974; Dsb $56,974
 

 
6 October 2022: Senator Benjamin E. "Ben" Sasse (Republican) resigned.
12 January 2023: Governor J. Peter "Pete" Ricketts (Republican) appointed Pete Ricketts (Republican) to fill the seat through January 2025. A special election will be called in 2024 to fill the final 2 years of the term which ends in January 2027.


Nevada  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Jacklyn Sheryl "Jacky" Rosen
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Jacklyn Sheryl "Jacky" Rosen
FEC S8NV00156; 22 May 24; Tot $19,110,872; Dsb $13,286,673
    Democratic     California Board of Equalization Member Mike Schaefer - lost primary
FEC S4NV00387
    Democratic     Troy Zakari "Zakari" Walker - lost primary
FEC S4NV00320; 22 May 24; Tot $705; Dsb $676
  Candidate Republican     Sam Brown
FEC S2NV00308; 22 May 24; Tot $7,132,605; Dsb $4,607,322
    Republican     former Modesto, California City Council Member William Bryan "Bill" Conrad - lost primary
FEC S4NV00296; 22 May 24; Tot $12,476; Dsb $7,098
    Republican     Walter A. "Tony" Grady, Jr. - lost primary
FEC S4NV00312; 22 May 24; Tot $278,061; Dsb $255,594
    Republican     Jeffrey Ross "Jeff" Gunter - lost primary
FEC S4NV00304; 22 May 24; Tot $3,317,547; Dsb $2,980,287
    Republican     Edward T. Hamilton - lost primary
FEC S6NV00168
    Republican     Ronda Kennedy - lost primary
FEC S4NV00247; 22 May 24; Tot $27,686; Dsb $18,621
    Republican     Barry Cameron Lindemann - lost primary
FEC S2NV00415; 22 May 24; Tot $64,106; Dsb $63,948
    Republican     Rex Garn "Garn" Mabey, Jr. - lost primary
FEC S0NV00294
    Republican     former state Assembly Member Jim Marchant - lost primary
FEC S4NV00270; 22 May 24; Tot $434,323; Dsb $374,666
    Republican     Gary A. Marinch - lost primary
FEC S4NV00205
    Republican     Stephanie Phillips - lost primary
FEC S4NV00262; 22 May 24; Tot $82,761; Dsb $81,428
    Republican     Vincent Geronimo Rego - lost primary
FEC S4NV00411
  Candidate Libertarian     Christopher "Chris" Cunningham
FEC S4NV00379; 31 Mar 24; Tot $800; Dsb $16
  Candidate Independent American     Janine Hansen
FEC S4NV00437
  Candidate No Political Party     Joseph James "J.J." Destin
FEC S2NV00340
  Candidate No Political Party     Christopher Craig "Chris" Mazlo
FEC S4NV00403
  Candidate No Political Party; (Democratic)     Allen Rheinhart
  Candidate No Political Party     Edmund Victor "Ed" Uehling
FEC S4NV00445

New Jersey  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Robert "Bob" Menendez
Appointed by Governor Jon S. Corzine to fill the vacancy caused by Corzine having resigned this seat 17 January 2006 upon taking the Oath of Office as Governor of the State; first elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012, 2018
[Previously served in the U.S. House to which he was first elected in 1992: subsequently re-elected in 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002 and 2004]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 7 March 2024: Media reports indicate Senator Menendez will not run for re-election.
21 March 2024: "I will not file for the Democratic primary this June."
3 June 2024: Senator Menendez is petitioning to run for re-election as an Independent.
    Democratic     Patricia Campos-Medina - lost primary
FEC S4NJ00508; 15 May 24; Tot $430,675; Dsb $405,012
    Democratic     Lawrence "Larry Lee" Hamm - lost primary
FEC S4NJ00458; 31 Mar 24; Tot $25,362; Dsb $11,424
  Candidate Democratic     Member of Congress  Andrew "Andy" Kim
23 September 2023: "After calls to resign, Senator Menendez said 'I am not going anywhere.' As a result, I feel compelled to run against him. Not something I expected to do, but NJ deserves better. We cannot jeopardize the Senate or compromise our integrity."

FEC S4NJ00466; 15 May 24; Tot $7,868,354; Dsb $3,941,233
  Candidate Republican     Curtis Bashaw
FEC S4NJ00540; 15 May 24; Tot $1,417,913; Dsb $893,231
    Republican     Albert Harshaw - lost primary
FEC S4NJ00490
    Republican     former Tabernacle Mayor Justin Michael Murphy - lost primary
FEC S4NJ00532; 15 May 24; Tot $9,938; Dsb $10,301
    Republican     Mendham Borough Major  Christine "Chris" Serrano Glassner - lost primary
FEC S4NJ00441; 15 May 24; Tot $474,906; Dsb $212,487
  Candidate Green     Christina Amira Khalil
FEC S4NJ00367
  Candidate Libertarian     Kenneth R. "Ken" Kaplan
  Candidate Socialist Workers Party     Joanne Kuniansky
    Independent     Nicholas Matthew "Nick" Carducci - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4NJ00342
    Independent     Michael Estrada - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4NJ00524; 31 Mar 24; Tot $5,218; Dsb $481
  Candidate Independent; (Democratic)     Senator  Robert "Bob" Menendez
Democratic Senator.
Slogan: Menendez for Senate.

FEC S6NJ00289; 15 May 24; Tot $3,825,082; Dsb $6,119,495
    Independent     Victor Joseph Scazzola - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4NJ00474
  Candidate Unaffiliated     Patricia G. Mooneyham
Vote Better

FEC S4NJ00565
 22 September 2023: Senator Robert "Bob" Menendez (Democratic) is indicted on counts of Conspiracy to Commit Bribery, Conspiracy to Commit Honest Services Fraud, and Conspiracy to Commit Extortion Under Color of Official Right. Reference 23 CRIM 490.
12 October 2023: Superseding indictment Reference S1 23 Cr. 490 (SHS). Superseding Indictment charges Senator Menendez with Conspiracy to Act as Foreign Agent.
7 March 2024: Media reports indicate Senator Menendez will not run for re-election.
21 March 2024: "I will not file for the Democratic primary this June."

New Mexico  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Martin Trevor Heinrich
First elected: 2012; re-elected: 2018.
Previously served in the U.S. House elected 2008, re-elected 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Martin Trevor Heinrich
FEC S2NM00088; 15 May 24; Tot $6,603,621; Dsb $3,360,856
  Candidate Republican     Nella Louise Domenici
FEC S4NM00183; 15 May 24; Tot $1,525,767; Dsb $464,576
  Candidate Green     Thomas John Wakely
FEC S4NM00225
  Candidate Independent     Cameron Alton Chick, Sr.
FEC S4NM00134 or S4NM00233

FEC S4NM00134
  Candidate Independent     Benjamin Ralph Luna
Filed with the FEC for the Independence Party

FEC S4NM00159; 26 Feb 24; Tot $8,603; Dsb $8,603
  Candidate Unaffiliated     Jerry Rose
FEC S4NM00118

New York  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Kirsten Elizabeth Gillibrand
23 January 2009: Appointed by Governor David Paterson to fill the vacancy caused by the 21 January 2009 resignation of Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton in order to enter upon her duties as U.S. Secretary of State. Sworn 27 January 2009 to serve until a Special Election was held in November 2010 for the remainder of the term ending 3 January 2013. First elected in a special election: 2010; re-elected: 2012, 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic; Working Families     Senator  Kirsten Elizabeth Gillibrand
FEC S0NY00410; 05 Jun 24; Tot $7,258,341; Dsb $1,919,420
  Candidate Republican; Conservative     Michael D. "Mike" Sapraicone
FEC S4NY00404; 05 Jun 24; Tot $738,958; Dsb $494,681
  Candidate Independent     Diane Wilson Sare
FEC S2NY00325; 05 Jun 24; Tot $331,308; Dsb $331,026
  Candidate Not readily classifiable     Muhammad Ali Hh Temuri
UNITED PEOPLE'S PARTY.
FEC S4NY00222, S4NY00230, S4NY00248, S4NY00255, S4NY00263, S4NY00339, S4NY00354, S8NY00231, S4NY00438

FEC S4NY00222

North Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Kevin Cramer
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic-Nonpartisan League     Katrina Christiansen
FEC S2ND00123; 22 May 24; Tot $815,393; Dsb $708,986
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Kevin Cramer
FEC S8ND00120; 22 May 24; Tot $3,951,529; Dsb $1,463,616
  Candidate No Party Affiliation     Kristin Ruth Hedger
FEC S4ND00061

Ohio  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Sherrod Brown
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012, 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Sherrod Brown
FEC S6OH00163; 31 Mar 24; Tot $33,146,356; Dsb $20,590,612
    Republican     state Senator  Matt Dolan - lost primary
FEC S2OH00477; 18 Jun 24; Tot $12,714,733; Dsb $11,753,112
    Republican     Secretary of State  Frank LaRose - lost primary
17 July 2023: Candidate for United States Senate.

FEC S4OH00200; 31 Mar 24; Tot $2,408,015; Dsb $1,775,853
  Candidate Republican     Bernie Moreno
FEC S4OH00192; 31 Mar 24; Tot $11,257,818; Dsb $9,149,743
    Communist     Jessie Chen - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4OH00184
  Candidate Nonparty     Tariq K. Shabazz
FEC S4OH00218
  Candidate Write-in     Stephen I. Faris
FEC S8OH00144; 31 Mar 24; Tot $1,258; Dsb $1,248
  Candidate Write-in; (Socialist Workers Party)     John Hawkins

Pennsylvania  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Robert P. "Bob" Casey, Jr.
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012, 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Renominated -
5 January 2023: "Last month, I was diagnosed with prostate cancer. ... I can report that I have an excellent prognosis..."
15 February 2023: Reports state that his surgery for prostate cancer was successful and that he "should not require further treatment".
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Robert P. "Bob" Casey, Jr.
FEC S6PA00217; 03 Apr 24; Tot $17,051,108; Dsb $8,246,511
  Candidate Republican     Dave McCormick
FEC S2PA00661; 03 Apr 24; Tot $11,069,182; Dsb $4,662,239
  Candidate Constitution     Marty Selker
FEC S4PA00329
  Candidate Libertarian     John Thomas
    Independent     Hussein Tartour-Aguirre - apparently not a candidate
FEC S6PA00324
    Independent     Reece Master Wright-McDonald - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4PA00253
  Candidate Write-in; (Socialist Workers Party)     Ved Dookhun

Rhode Island  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Sheldon Whitehouse, II
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012, 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Sheldon Whitehouse, II
FEC S6RI00221; 31 Mar 24; Tot $3,283,405; Dsb $997,465
    Republican     Peter Lowenbrau Griffin - apparently not a candidate
Address: LOS ANGELES, CA 90013
  Candidate Republican     Raymond Tyler "Ray" McKay
FEC S4RI00051; 31 Mar 24; Tot $78,712; Dsb $68,509
  Candidate Republican     Patricia L. Morgan
FEC S4RI00085; 31 Mar 24; Tot $151,069; Dsb $15,164
  Candidate Write-in     Armando Anzoli

Tennessee  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Marsha Blackburn
Previously served in the U.S. House, 2003-2019; first elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
  Candidate Democratic     Marquita Bradshaw
FEC S4TN00542; 31 Mar 24; Tot $23,575; Dsb $16,438
  Candidate Democratic     Lola Denise "Lodie" Brown
    Democratic     Dylan Lee Fain - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4TN00500
  Candidate Democratic     state Representative  Gloria Johnson
FEC S4TN00526; 31 Mar 24; Tot $3,654,511; Dsb $1,605,525
  Candidate Democratic     Kevin Lee McCants
  Candidate Democratic     Civil Marsha Miller-Watkins
FEC S4TN00534; 31 Mar 24; Tot $12,739; Dsb $9,815
    Democratic     Joanne Sowell - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Marsha Blackburn
FEC S8TN00337; 31 Mar 24; Tot $7,290,841; Dsb $2,412,468
    Republican     Pamela J. Moses - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Republican     Tres Wittum
  Candidate Independent     Tharon Chandler
    Independent     Adam Lee Heimerman - apparently not a candidate
    Independent     Steven J. Hooper - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Independent     Pamela Jeanine "P." Moses
  Candidate Independent     Hastina Robinson
    Independent     Dallas Shane Templeton - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Independent     Marshal Weaver
    Other     Wisdom Zerit Teklay - apparently not a candidate
Filed for US Senate FEC S4TN00518, filed for US House CD 1 FEC H4TN01169

FEC S4TN00518

Texas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz
First elected: 2012; re-elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Member of Congress  Colin Allred
3 May 2023: Candidate for the U.S. Senate seat in 2024.
Congressman CD 32

FEC S4TX00722; 31 Mar 24; Tot $27,910,143; Dsb $17,436,707
    Democratic     Meri Lizet Gomez - lost primary
FEC S4TX00771; 14 Feb 24; Tot $16,684; Dsb $16,984
    Democratic     former Nueces County District Attorney Mark A. Gonzalez - lost primary
FEC S4TX00789; 14 Feb 24; Tot $14,967; Dsb $11,660
    Democratic     state Senator  Roland Gutierrez - lost primary
FEC S4TX00755; 31 Mar 24; Tot $1,446,540; Dsb $1,392,130
    Democratic     Ahmad "Robert" Hassan - lost primary
FEC S4TX00821; 27 Mar 24; Tot $2,440; Dsb $9,655
    Democratic     Steve J. Keough - lost primary
FEC S4TX00748; 14 Feb 24; Tot $28,693; Dsb $29,040
    Democratic     Heli Rodriguez-Prilliman - lost primary
FEC S4TX00607; 31 Mar 24; Tot $10,122; Dsb $10,418
    Democratic     state Representative  Carl Oscar Sherman, Sr. - lost primary
FEC S4TX00805; 31 Mar 24; Tot $175,497; Dsb $159,299
    Democratic     Thierry Tchenko - lost primary
FEC S4TX00706; 31 Mar 24; Tot $142,864; Dsb $142,864
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz
14 February 2023: "I'm on the ballot in 2024. I'm running for re-election."

FEC S2TX00312; 31 Mar 24; Tot $18,155,115; Dsb $12,174,589
    Republican     Holland "Redd" Gibson - lost primary
FEC S4TX00862
    Republican     Rufus "R.E." Lopez - lost primary
FEC S4TX00870
  Candidate Libertarian     Theodore E. "Ted" Brown, Jr.
FEC S4TX00888; 31 Mar 24; Tot $5,760; Dsb $5,226
  Candidate Independent     former Corpus Christi Mayor Eldon Daniel "Dan" McQueen
FEC S4TX00698 (Senate), FEC H0TX20124 (U.S. House)

FEC H0TX20124
  Candidate Write-in; (Socialist Workers Party)     Alyson Kennedy

Utah  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Republican Senator  Willard "Mitt" Romney
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 13 September 2023: " ".... it's time for a new generation of leaders."
  Candidate Democratic     Caroline Gleich
FEC S4UT00308; 07 Apr 24; Tot $389,535; Dsb $303,924
  Candidate Republican     Member of Congress  John Curtis
3 January 2024: Member of Congress CD 3.
Candidate for the Class 1 Senate Seat in 2024.

FEC S4UT00282; 05 Jun 24; Tot $3,796,591; Dsb $3,607,566
  Candidate Republican     Riverton Mayo  Trent Staggs
FEC S4UT00217; 05 Jun 24; Tot $1,247,184; Dsb $871,935
  Candidate Republican     Jason J. Walton
FEC S4UT00316; 05 Jun 24; Tot $2,882,658; Dsb $2,620,544
  Candidate Republican     state Representative  Brad R. Wilson
FEC S4UT00209; 05 Jun 24; Tot $5,019,090; Dsb $4,465,090
  Candidate Independent American     former American Fork City Council Member Carlton E. Bowen
FEC S4UT00324; 07 Apr 24; Tot $8,569; Dsb $6,018
  Candidate Independent     Robert Newcomb
FEC S4UT00274
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Laird Fetzer "Larry" Hamblin
FEC S2UT00377; 30 Sep 24; Tot $145; Dsb $34

Vermont  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Independent Senator  Bernard "Bernie" Sanders
First elected: 2006 (ran as a Democrat in the primary and as an Independent in the General Election); re-elected as an Independent: 2012, 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Nominated by different party
  Candidate Democratic; (Independent)     Senator  Bernard "Bernie" Sanders
FEC S4VT00033; 31 Mar 24; Tot $4,054,190; Dsb $3,977,988
    Democratic     Jon Svitavsky - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Republican     Gerald Malloy
FEC S2VT00292; 31 Mar 24; Tot $48,469; Dsb $4,871
  Candidate Independent     Cris Ericson

Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Timothy Michael "Tim" Kaine
First elected: 2012; re-elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024

Nominations-- Democrats will nominate by Convention. Republicans will nominate by Primary.
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Timothy Michael "Tim" Kaine
FEC S2VA00142; 29 May 24; Tot $10,941,864; Dsb $6,155,836
    Democratic     Zoey Maria King - apparently not a candidate
FEC S2VA00217
  Candidate Republican     Hung Cao
FEC S4VA00353; 30 Jun 24; Tot $2,508,562; Dsb $2,398,405
    Republican     Jonathan Walker Emord - lost primary
FEC S4VA00247; 29 May 24; Tot $932,829; Dsb $897,924
    Republican     Edward C. "Eddie" Garcia, Jr. - lost primary
FEC S4VA00239; 29 May 24; Tot $307,834; Dsb $307,077
    Republican     Scott Thomas Parkinson - lost primary
FEC S4VA00312; 29 May 24; Tot $930,240; Dsb $601,089
    Republican     C.L. "Chuck" Smith, Jr. - lost primary
FEC S4VA00197; 29 May 24; Tot $541,724; Dsb $529,346
  Candidate Independent Greens     Aaron Lyles
  Candidate Independent     Jonathan T. "JT" Hardin
FEC S4VA00262
  Candidate Independent     Csaba Menezes Rusznak, Jr.
FEC S4VA00346
  Candidate Independent     Tiger Xiong
FEC S4VA00270

Washington  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Maria E. Cantwell
First elected: 2000; re-elected: 2006, 2012, 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
  Candidate Independent     Thor Amundson
    Republican     Destiny Archer - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4WA00565
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Maria E. Cantwell
FEC S8WA00194; 31 Mar 24; Tot $8,652,174; Dsb $2,341,005
  Candidate Socialist Workers Party     Henry Clay Dennison
  Candidate Republican     Raul Garcia
GOP

FEC S4WA00581; 31 Mar 24; Tot $406,445; Dsb $254,663
  Candidate Democratic     Paul Lawrence Giesick
FEC S4WA00599
  Candidate Republican     Goodspaceguy
  Candidate Republican     Isaac A. Holyk
FEC S2WA00460; 31 Mar 24; Tot $2,004; Dsb $1,642
  Candidate Independent     Chuck Jackson
  Candidate Republican     Scott Louis Nazarino
FEC S4WA00631
    Democratic     John Peterson - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4WA00532
  Candidate Republican     Melanie "Mel" Ram
FEC S4WA00649
    Republican     Gregory Saunders - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4WA00573
    Republican     Ryan Scott Searcy - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4WA00615
  Candidate Nonpartisan     David M. Tilton
NON-PARTISAN

FEC S4WA00656
    Democratic     Aria Rey Ursa - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4WA00623

West Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Joseph "Joe" Manchin, III
First elected in a special election to a partial term to fill the vacancy caused by the 28 June 2010 death of Senator Robert C. Byrd (Democratic): 2 November 2010. He replaces Senator Carte P. Goodwin (Democrat) who had been appointed by Governor Joe Manchin (Democratic) to temporarily fill the vacancy. Won the special election for the term ending in Jaunary 2013 and the the concurrent regular election for the term ending January 2019: 6 November 2012, re-elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 9 November 2023: "I have made one of the toughest decisions of my life and decided that I will not be running for re-election to the United States Senate...."
31 May 2024: "My commitment to do everything I can to bring out country together has led me to register as an independent with no party affiliation."
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
    Democratic     Donald Leon "Don" Blankenship - lost primary
FEC S8WV00150; 31 Mar 24; Tot $1,000; Dsb $0
  Candidate Democratic     Wheeling Mayor  Glenn Frederick Elliott, Jr.
FEC S4WV00399; 24 Apr 24; Tot $125,408; Dsb $60,072
    Democratic     Zachary Chase "Zach" Shrewsbury - lost primary
FEC S4WV00357; 24 Apr 24; Tot $295,679; Dsb $238,896
    Republican     Bryan Lee Bird - lost primary
FEC S4WV00431
  Candidate Republican     Governor  James Conley "Jim" Justice, II
27 April 2023: Candidate for the U.S. Senate Class 1 Seat in 2024.

FEC S4WV00332; 24 Apr 24; Tot $2,956,027; Dsb $2,024,750
    Republican     Zane Rene Lawhorn - lost primary
FEC S6WV00063; 14 May 24; Tot $50,453; Dsb $50,453
    Republican     Donald Keith "Don" Lindsay - lost primary
FEC S4WV00423; 24 Apr 24; Tot $0; Dsb $0
    Republican     Bryan Michael McKinney - lost primary
FEC S4WV00365; 31 Dec 23; Tot $7,225; Dsb $6,781
    Republican     Janet Maria McNulty - lost primary
FEC S4WV00407; 30 Apr 24; Tot $226; Dsb $3,149
    Republican     Member of Congress  Alexander Xavier "Alex" Mooney - lost primary
Member of Congress CD 2

FEC S4WV00324; 24 Apr 24; Tot $2,172,598; Dsb $2,614,653

Wisconsin  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Tammy Baldwin
First elected: 2012; re-elected: 2018.
[Previously served in the U.S. House: First elected: 1998; re-elected: 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Tammy Baldwin
FEC S2WI00219; 31 Mar 24; Tot $17,009,361; Dsb $9,790,094
  Candidate Republican     Douglas W. Alexander
FEC S4WI00298
  Candidate Republican     Charles E. Barman
    Republican     Kyle Corrigan - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4WI00249
    Republican     Matthew Robert "Matt" Harvey - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4WI00272
    Republican     Daniel "Dan" Helm - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4WI00264
  Candidate Republican     Eric Hovde
FEC S4WI00256; 31 Mar 24; Tot $9,069,811; Dsb $3,720,300
    Republican     Trempealeau County Board Supervisor  Stacey Klein - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4WI00215; 17 Apr 24; Tot $33,713; Dsb $33,713
    Republican     George C. Lucia - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Republican     Rejani Raveendran
FEC S4WI00231; 31 Mar 24; Tot $11,064; Dsb $10,949
    Republican     Patrick Carl Schaefer-Wicke - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4WI00207
    Republican     John Schiess - apparently not a candidate
Running for the US Senate in Wisconsin and Arizona.
    Republican     former Merrill Mayor Derek Woellner - apparently not a candidate
    Wisconsin Green     Jo' EcoArchy Nathan ZeeBeSun Kingfisher - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate America First     Thomas Charles Leager
FEC S4WI00280
    American Independent     Scott A. Aubart - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4WI00181
  Candidate Independent; (Libertarian)     Phillip Norman "Phil" Anderson
Disrupt The Corruption

FEC S4WI00173; 31 Mar 24; Tot $21,448; Dsb $16,856
    Not readily classifiable     Joshua John Herman Harrington - apparently not a candidate
FEC S4WI00223

Wyoming  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  John A. Barrasso
Appointed: 22 June 2007 by Governor Dave Freudenthal; first elected in a special election: 4 November 2008; re-elected: 2012, 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
  Candidate Democratic     Scott D. Morrow
FEC S4WY00188
  Candidate Republican     Senator  John A. Barrasso
FEC S6WY00068; 31 Mar 24; Tot $4,281,899; Dsb $1,376,717
  Candidate Republican     former County Judge John Holtz
  Candidate Republican     Reid Rasner
FEC S4WY00162; 31 Mar 24; Tot $262,251; Dsb $180,915
  Candidate Write-in     Tony Davis
FEC S4WY00170

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Democratic-Nonpartisan League
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Libertarian
  Wisconsin Green
Other Third Parties
  Aloha 'Āina
  America First
  American Independent
  American Solidarity
  The Better Party
  Communist
  Conservative
  Independence-Alliance
  Independent American
  Independent Greens
  Independent Party Of Delaware
  Legal Marijuana Now
  No Labels
  Progressive
  Socialist Equality
  Socialist Workers Party
  We The People
  Workers Party
  Working Families
Independents
 
  Independent
  No Party Affiliation
  No Party Preference
  No Political Party
  Nonpartisan
  Nonparty
  Other
  Other Candidates
  Unaffiliated
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  Not readily classifiable
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2019 and end their terms on 3 January 2025. The next regular election for these seats is in 5 November 2024.
Class 2 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2021 and end their terms on 3 January 2027. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2026.
Class 3 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2023 and end their terms on 3 January 2029. The next regular election for these seats is 7 November 2028.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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