The Green Papers: 2024 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 118th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 33 Senate Seats are up for election on 5 November 2024.

There have been 0 deaths, 0 resignations, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 118th Senate.

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Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Arizona  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Independent Senator  Kyrsten Sinema
First elected: 2018 (as a Democrat); 3 January 2023: Switched party affiliation to Independent.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 9 December 2022: Senator Sinema announced she is changing her party affiliation from Democratic to Independent but will continue to caucus with the Democrats. "I registered as an Arizona independent."
5 March 2024: "I will leave the Senate at the end of this year...."

California  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator Laphonza Romanique Butler
Appointed to the U.S. Senate 1 October 2023 [re: 28 September 2023 passing of Senator Dianne Feinstein (Democratic)] by Governor Gavin Newsom (Democratic)
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 19 October 2023: "... I've decided not to run for Senate in the upcoming election."
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
 Senator Dianne Feinstein (Democratic); who was first elected to finish out the term in a Special Election in 1992 and elected to full terms in 1994, 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018; died on 28 September 2023. She was 90.
The Special Election in 1992 was held to fill vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Pete Wilson (Republican) on 7 January 1991- which John Seymour (Republican) had been appointed by Governor Pete Wilson (Republican) to fill on 10 January 1991.
14 February 2023: "I am announcing today I will not run for reelection in 2024 ...."
circa March 2023: "I was diagnosed over the February recess with a case of shingles [herpes varicella zoster virus-- Ed]. I have been hospitalized ...."
12 April 2023: Do to ongoing health issues, she announced that her return to the Senate has been delayed and asked for a temporary replacement on the Judiciary Committee.
14 April 2023: Filed a termination report with the FEC.
10 May 2023: Returned to the U.S. Senate.
28 September 2023: Senator Dianne Feinstein, 90, has died. Governor Gavin Newsom (Democratic) will appoint a successor who will fill the seat until the Special Election in November 2024.
1 October 2023: Governor Gavin Newsom (Democratic) appoints Laphonza Butler to fill the vacant seat. She was sworn on 2 October 2023.

Delaware  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Thomas R. "Tom" Carper
First elected: 2000; re-elected 2006, 2012, 2018;
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990;
elected Governor: 1992; re-elected: 1996]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 22 May 2023: Announced retirement. "As last year came to a close ... Martha and I began to focus on what I should do next. If I ran for a 5th term in the Senate and won, it would be a record 15 statewide elections. After a good deal of prayer and introspection, and more than a few heart-to-heart conversations, we’ve decided we should run through the tape over the next 20 months and finish the important work that my staff and I have begun ..."

Indiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Republican Senator  Michael K. "Mike" Braun
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 29 November 2022: Candidate for Governor in 2024.
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **

Kentucky  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2 Republican Senator  Mitch McConnell
First elected: 1984; re-elected: 1990, 1996, 2002, 2008, 2014, 2020.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2026
Open Seat - 28 February 2024: "I turned 82 last week. The end of my contributions are closer than I prefer ... this will be my last term as Republican leader of the Senate ... "

Maryland  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Benjamin L. "Ben" Cardin
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012, 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 1 May 2023: Senator Cardin will not seek re-election in 2024: "I have run my last election and will not be on the ballot in 2024, ..."
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **

Michigan  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Debbie Stabenow
First elected: 2000; re-elected 2006, 2012, 2018.
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1996, 1998]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 5 January 2023: "... I am announcing ... that I will not seek re-election and will leave ... at the end of my term on January 3, 2025 ... "

New Jersey  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Robert "Bob" Menendez
Appointed by Governor Jon S. Corzine to fill the vacancy caused by Corzine having resigned this seat 17 January 2006 upon taking the Oath of Office as Governor of the State; first elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012, 2018
[Previously served in the U.S. House to which he was first elected in 1992: subsequently re-elected in 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002 and 2004]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 7 March 2024: Media reports indicate Senator Menendez will not run for re-election.
21 March 2024: "I will not file for the Democratic primary this June."
3 June 2024: Senator Menendez is petitioning to run for re-election as an Independent.
 22 September 2023: Senator Robert "Bob" Menendez (Democratic) is indicted on counts of Conspiracy to Commit Bribery, Conspiracy to Commit Honest Services Fraud, and Conspiracy to Commit Extortion Under Color of Official Right. Reference 23 CRIM 490.
12 October 2023: Superseding indictment Reference S1 23 Cr. 490 (SHS). Superseding Indictment charges Senator Menendez with Conspiracy to Act as Foreign Agent.
7 March 2024: Media reports indicate Senator Menendez will not run for re-election.
21 March 2024: "I will not file for the Democratic primary this June."

Utah  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Republican Senator  Willard "Mitt" Romney
First elected: 2018
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 13 September 2023: " ".... it's time for a new generation of leaders."

West Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Joseph "Joe" Manchin, III
First elected in a special election to a partial term to fill the vacancy caused by the 28 June 2010 death of Senator Robert C. Byrd (Democratic): 2 November 2010. He replaces Senator Carte P. Goodwin (Democrat) who had been appointed by Governor Joe Manchin (Democratic) to temporarily fill the vacancy. Won the special election for the term ending in Jaunary 2013 and the the concurrent regular election for the term ending January 2019: 6 November 2012, re-elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
Open Seat - 9 November 2023: "I have made one of the toughest decisions of my life and decided that I will not be running for re-election to the United States Senate...."
31 May 2024: "My commitment to do everything I can to bring out country together has led me to register as an independent with no party affiliation."
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Democratic-Nonpartisan League
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Libertarian
  Wisconsin Green
Other Third Parties
  Aloha 'Āina
  America First
  American Independent
  American Solidarity
  The Better Party
  Communist
  Conservative
  Independence-Alliance
  Independent American
  Independent Greens
  Independent Party Of Delaware
  Legal Marijuana Now
  No Labels
  Progressive
  Socialist Equality
  Socialist Workers Party
  We The People
  Workers Party
  Working Families
Independents
 
  Independent
  No Party Affiliation
  No Party Preference
  No Political Party
  Nonpartisan
  Nonparty
  Other
  Other Candidates
  Unaffiliated
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  Not readily classifiable
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2019 and end their terms on 3 January 2025. The next regular election for these seats is in 5 November 2024.
Class 2 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2021 and end their terms on 3 January 2027. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2026.
Class 3 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2023 and end their terms on 3 January 2029. The next regular election for these seats is 7 November 2028.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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