The Green Papers: 2018 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 115th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 33 Senate Seats are up for election on 6 November 2018.

There have been 1 death, 2 resignations, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 115th Senate.

  • Senator Jefferson Beauregard "Jeff" Sessions, III (Republican, Alabama Class 2) resigned on 8 February 2017 after being confirmed as Attorney General in the Trump administration by the U.S. Senate.
  • Senator Luther J. Strange, III (Republican, Alabama Class 2) was appointed on 9 February 2017 by Governor Robert J. Bentley (Republican).
  • Doug Jones (Democratic, Alabama Class 2) was elected in a Special Election on Tuesday 12 December 2017 and sworn on 3 January 2018.
  • Senator Al Franken (Democratic, Minnesota Class 2) resigned on 2 January 2018.
  • Senator Tina Smith (Democratic, Minnesota Class 2) was appointed by Governor Mark Dayton (Democratic) and sworn on 3 January 2018.
  • Senator Thad Cochran (Republican, Mississippi Class 2) resigned on 1 April 2018.
  • Senator Cindy Hyde-Smith (Republican, Mississippi Class 2) was appointed by Governor Governor Phil Bryant (Republican) and sworn on 9 April 2018.
  • Senator John Sidney McCain (Republican, Arizona Class 3) passed away on 25 August 2018 after a year-long battle with brain cancer.
  • Senator Jon Llewellyn Kyl (Republican, Arizona Class 3) was appointed on 4 September 2018 by Governor Doug Ducey (Republican) and sworn on 5 September 2018.

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Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Arizona  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Republican Senator Jeff Flake
First elected: 2012.
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Open Seat - 24 October 2017: Will not seek re-election in 2018.
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Democratic 1,191,099 49.97% Congressman  Kyrsten Sinema
Congressman CD 9.
28 September 2017: Running for the Senate Class 1 Seat in 2018.

FEC S8AZ00197; 17 Oct 18; Tot $19,287,250; Dsb $20,249,342
  Candidate Republican 1,135,200 47.62% Congressman  Martha E. McSally
Congressional District 2

FEC S8AZ00221; 17 Oct 18; Tot $16,211,836; Dsb $13,688,179
  Candidate Green 57,442 2.41% Angela Green
2 November 2018: Media reports indicate Angela Green dropped out and endorsed Kyrsten Sinema (Democratic). Angela Green remains on the ballot.
5 November 2018: Removed from the list of candidates by the Secretary of State.
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Sheila May Bilyeu
FEC S2AZ00273
  Candidate Write-in     Edward Davida
ANTI-TERROR Party
  Candidate Write-in; (None)     Michael DeCarlo
  Candidate Write-in; (Libertarian)     Barry Hess
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Robert Kay
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Jeff Pearce
  Candidate Write-in; (The Old Republic)     Jonathan Ringham B
Total 2,383,741 100.00%  

California  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Dianne Feinstein
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected to finish out the term in a Special Election: 1992 [held to fill vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Pete Wilson (Republican): 7 January 1991- which John Seymour (Republican) had been appointed by Governor Pete Wilson (Republican) to fill, 10 January 1991];
Elected to full term: 1994; re-elected 2000; 2006; 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
on General Election ballot
  Elected Democratic 5,318,665 54.42% Senator  Dianne Feinstein
On General Election ballot
9 October 2017: Will run for re-election in 2018.

FEC S0CA00199; 17 Oct 18; Tot $16,337,925; Dsb $14,543,906
  Candidate Democratic 4,454,640 45.58% state Senator  Kevin de León
On General Election ballot

FEC S8CA00408; 17 Oct 18; Tot $1,666,559; Dsb $1,372,197
Total 9,773,305 100.00%  

Connecticut  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Christopher Scott "Chris" Murphy
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic; Working Families 825,478 59.53% Senator  Christopher Scott "Chris" Murphy
FEC S2CT00132; 17 Oct 18; Tot $12,077,556; Dsb $7,789,014
  Candidate Republican 545,714 39.35% Matthew McKinnon Corey
FEC S8CT00121; 17 Oct 18; Tot $129,358; Dsb $64,322
  Candidate Libertarian 8,838 0.64% Richard Lion
  Candidate Green 6,618 0.48% Jeff Russell
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 70 0.01% Fred M. Linck
Socialist

FEC S8CT00147
  Candidate Write-in 18 0.00% Kristi L. Talmadge
Total 1,386,736 100.00%  

Delaware  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Thomas R. "Tom" Carper
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2000; re-elected 2006, 2012
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990;
elected Governor: 1992; re-elected: 1996]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 217,385 59.95% Senator  Thomas R. "Tom" Carper
FEC S8DE00079; 17 Oct 18; Tot $3,037,554; Dsb $2,529,606
  Candidate Republican 137,127 37.82% Sussex County Councilman  Robert B. "Rob" Arlett
FEC S8DE00145; 17 Oct 18; Tot $173,810; Dsb $159,815
  Candidate Green 4,170 1.15% Demitri George Theodoropoulos
FEC S8DE00152
  Candidate Libertarian 3,910 1.08% Nadine M. Frost
FEC S8DE00160
  Candidate Write-in     Barry Eveland
  Candidate Write-in     Peter Todd Farina
  Candidate Write-in     Matthew Water Stout
Total 362,592 100.00%  

Florida  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Bill Nelson
Served in U.S. House- elected: 1978, 1980, 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988. First elected to the U.S. Senate: 2000; re-elected 2006, 2012, 2016.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated -
9 July 2015: Announced he has prostate cancer and will undergo surgery on 13 July.
  Elected Republican 4,099,505 50.05% Governor  Richard L. "Rick" Scott
FEC S8FL00273; 17 Oct 18; Tot $68,801,012; Dsb $66,496,249
  Candidate Democratic 4,089,472 49.93% Senator  Bill Nelson
FEC S8FL00166; 17 Oct 18; Tot $26,594,281; Dsb $24,533,118
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 467 0.01% Lateresa Ann "L.A." Jones
FEC S6FL00277; 30 Sep 18; Tot $200; Dsb $129
  Candidate Write-in; (No Party Affiliation) 220 0.00% David Kenneth Weeks
FEC S0FL00247
  Candidate Write-in 121 0.00% Charles Frederick Tolbert
FEC S6FL00533
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 113 0.00% Howard Knepper
FEC S0FL00544
  Candidate Write-in; (No Party Affiliation) 107 0.00% Michael Stephen "Lev" Levinson
Total 8,190,005 100.00%  

Hawaii  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Mazie K. Hirono
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 276,316 69.31% Senator  Mazie K. Hirono
FEC S2HI00106; 17 Oct 18; Tot $3,082,775; Dsb $2,396,696
  Candidate Republican 112,035 28.10% Ronald C. "Ron" Curtis
FEC S8HI00210; 17 Oct 18; Tot $10,123; Dsb $7,703
  Candidate Scattering 10,180 2.55% Blank Votes
  Candidate Scattering 126 0.03% Over Votes
 16 May 2017: Senator Mazie K. Hirono announced she has kidney cancer and her doctors expect a full recovery.
Total 398,657 100.00%  

Indiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Joseph Simon "Joe" Donnelly
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Republican 1,156,914 51.01% former state Representative Mike Braun
FEC S8IN00171; 17 Oct 18; Tot $16,964,706; Dsb $15,576,843
  Candidate Democratic 1,022,635 45.09% Senator  Joseph Simon "Joe" Donnelly
FEC S2IN00091; 17 Oct 18; Tot $13,433,431; Dsb $12,500,820
  Candidate Libertarian 88,490 3.90% Lucy M. Brenton
FEC S6IN00225
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 24 0.00% Nathan J. Altman
FEC S8IN00213; 26 Nov 18; Tot $50,055; Dsb $49,705
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent) 7 0.00% Christopher Fischer
FEC S8IN00221
  Candidate Write-in; (Other) 3 0.00% James L. Johnson, Jr.
Total 2,268,073 100.00%  

Maine  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Independent Senator  Angus Stanley King, Jr.
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2012 as an Independent (announced that he will caucus with the Democrats 14 November 2012 and again on 5 November 2014)
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
22 June 2015: Senator Angus King announced the he has been diagnosed prostate cancer and does not expect it to interfere with this duties. He plans to run for re-election in 2018.
  Elected Independent 320,549 54.55% Senator  Angus Stanley King, Jr.
FEC S2ME00109; 17 Oct 18; Tot $4,726,140; Dsb $3,888,254
  Candidate Republican 205,553 34.98% state Senator  Eric L. Brakey
FEC S8ME00130; 17 Oct 18; Tot $806,000; Dsb $720,047
  Candidate Democratic 61,515 10.47% Zackary E. "Zak" Ringelstein
Democratic Socialists of America

FEC S8ME00155; 17 Oct 18; Tot $359,370; Dsb $327,341
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     James N. Riley, Jr.
FEC S8ME00171
Total 587,617 100.00%  

Maryland  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Benjamin L. "Ben" Cardin
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 1,491,704 64.85% Senator  Benjamin L. "Ben" Cardin
FEC S6MD03177; 17 Oct 18; Tot $3,912,651; Dsb $3,030,226
  Candidate Republican 697,107 30.31% Antono Wade "Tony" Campbell
FEC S8MD00328; 17 Oct 18; Tot $193,340; Dsb $157,670
  Candidate Unaffiliated 86,054 3.74% Neal Simon
FEC S8MD00302; 17 Oct 18; Tot $1,822,212; Dsb $1,766,975
  Candidate Libertarian 22,988 1.00% Arvin Vohra
FEC S6MD03664
  Candidate Scattering 1,882 0.08% Other Write-Ins
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic) 268 0.01% Lih Young
FEC S6MD03375
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated) 188 0.01% Michael B. Puskar
FEC S8MD00393; 17 Oct 18; Tot $4,263; Dsb $4,053
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated) 58 0.00% Edward Shlikas
Total 2,300,249 100.00%  

Massachusetts  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Elizabeth A. Warren
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 1,617,440 60.29% Senator  Elizabeth A. Warren
FEC S2MA00170; 17 Oct 18; Tot $25,029,345; Dsb $15,940,320
  Candidate Republican 974,310 36.32% Geoff Diehl
FEC S8MA00276; 17 Oct 18; Tot $2,738,736; Dsb $2,418,107
  Candidate Independent 91,090 3.40% Shiva Ayyadurai
FEC S8MA00268; 17 Oct 18; Tot $5,002,179; Dsb $4,910,540
Total 2,682,840 100.00%  

Michigan  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Debbie Stabenow
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2000; re-elected 2006, 2012
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1996, 1998]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 2,204,704 52.23% Senator  Debbie Stabenow
FEC S8MI00281; 17 Oct 18; Tot $13,022,616; Dsb $13,383,220
  Candidate Republican 1,932,004 45.77% John E. James
FEC S8MI00372; 17 Oct 18; Tot $9,838,138; Dsb $7,953,403
  Candidate Green 40,215 0.95% Marcia Squier
  Candidate U.S. Taxpayers 27,368 0.65% George E. Huffman, III
  Candidate Natural Law 16,533 0.39% John Howard Wilhelm
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican; Independent)     Valerie Lee Willis
FEC S8MI00422; 30 Sep 18; Tot $2,337; Dsb $16,944
Total 4,220,824 100.00%  

Minnesota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Amy J. Klobuchar
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic-Farmer Labor 1,566,158 60.31% Senator  Amy J. Klobuchar
FEC S6MN00267; 17 Oct 18; Tot $7,412,107; Dsb $5,069,651
  Candidate Republican 940,427 36.21% state Representative  James Wallace "Jim" Newberger
FEC S8MN00552; 17 Oct 18; Tot $210,846; Dsb $191,815
  Candidate Legal Marijuana Now 66,229 2.55% Dennis Schuller
FEC S8MN00727
  Candidate Minnesota Green Party 23,101 0.89% Paula M. Overby
FEC S6MN00416
  Candidate Scattering 934 0.04% WRITE-IN
  Candidate Write-in; (Socialist Workers Party)     Helen Meyers
Total 2,596,849 100.00%  

Class 2
Seat up for special election
Special Election
Democratic
Seat up for special election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Special Election - 2018.
Next regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2020
  Elected Democratic-Farmer Labor 1,370,524 52.97% Senator  Tina Flint Smith
FEC S8MN00578; 17 Oct 18; Tot $8,237,522; Dsb $7,308,791
  Candidate Republican 1,095,772 42.35% state Senator  Karin Housley
FEC S8MN00586; 17 Oct 18; Tot $4,049,033; Dsb $3,689,562
  Candidate Legal Marijuana Now 95,603 3.70% Sarah Wellington
FEC S8MN00735
  Candidate Unaffiliated 24,325 0.94% Jerry Trooien
FEC S8MN00636; 17 Oct 18; Tot $1,597,379; Dsb $1,593,870
  Candidate Scattering 1,103 0.04% WRITE-IN
Total 2,587,327 100.00%  

Mississippi  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Roger F. Wicker
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
Appointed 31 December 2007 to fill the vacancy caused by the 18 December 2007 resignation of Senator Trent Lott. First elected in a special election: 4 November 2008. Re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Republican 514,737   Senator  Roger F. Wicker
FEC S8MS00196; 17 Oct 18; Tot $5,928,579; Dsb $4,988,256
  Candidate Democratic 342,323   state Representative  David Wayne Baria
Proceeds to Runoff, 26 June 2018

FEC S8MS00253; 17 Oct 18; Tot $781,291; Dsb $702,697
  Candidate Libertarian     Danny Bedwell
FEC S8MS00337
  Candidate Reform     Shawn O'Hara
FEC S4MS00062
Total 857,060 100.00%  

Class 2
Seat up for special election
Special Election
Republican
Seat up for special election: Tuesday 27 November 2018
Special Election - Caused by the 1 April 2018 resignation of Senator Thad Cochran (Republican).
Since no candidate received a majority of the vote in the 6 November 2018 election, there will be a Tuesday 27 November 2018 non-partisan runoff between Senator Cindy Hyde-Smith (Republican) and former Congressman Alphonso Michael "Mike" Espy (Democratic).
  Candidate Nonpartisan; (Republican) 367,382   Senator  Cindy Hyde-Smith
6 November 2018: Processed to 27 November runoff.

FEC S8MS00261; 07 Nov 18; Tot $3,908,771; Dsb $3,704,311
  Candidate Nonpartisan; (Democratic) 358,266   former Congressman  Alphonso Michael "Mike" Espy
First elected to the U.S. House: 1986. Re-elected 1988, 1990, 1992. Resigned: 22 January 1993 after having been appointed Secretary of Agriculture by President William J. "Bill" Clinton. Served as Secretary of Agriculture: 1993-1994.
6 November 2018: Processed to 27 November runoff.

FEC S8MS00287; 07 Nov 18; Tot $2,459,673; Dsb $2,211,463
  Candidate Nonpartisan; (Republican) 145,023   state Senator  Christopher Brian "Chris" McDaniel
FEC S4MS00120; 17 Oct 18; Tot $583,103; Dsb $512,517
  Candidate Nonpartisan; (Democratic) 12,688   Tobey Bernard Bartee
FEC S8MS00295; 17 Oct 18; Tot $4,058; Dsb $17,091
 

3 April 2018: Governor Phil Bryant (Republican) set 6 November 2018 as the date for the Special U.S. Senate election. If no one receives a majority in the primary, the top 2 vote getters proceed to a 27 November non-partisan runoff. For special elections, all candidates run in a non-partisan primary. Party labels do not appear on the ballot. The filing deadline is 24 April.

Since no candidate received a majority of the vote in the 6 November 2018 election, there will be a Tuesday 27 November 2018 non-partisan runoff between Senator Cindy Hyde-Smith (Republican) and former Congressman Alphonso Michael "Mike" Espy (Democratic).

Total 883,359 100.00%  

Missouri  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Claire C. McCaskill
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Republican 1,249,854 51.46% state Attorney General  Joshua David "Josh" Hawley
FEC S8MO00160; 17 Oct 18; Tot $10,221,143; Dsb $7,376,210
  Candidate Democratic 1,103,461 45.43% Senator  Claire C. McCaskill
FEC S6MO00305; 17 Oct 18; Tot $33,385,760; Dsb $32,377,899
  Candidate Independent 33,303 1.37% Craig O'Dear
FEC S8MO00202; 17 Oct 18; Tot $623,002; Dsb $570,880
  Candidate Libertarian 27,508 1.13% Japheth Ray Campbell
FEC S8MO00152; 17 Oct 18; Tot $1,685; Dsb $1,541
  Candidate Green 13,195 0.54% Jo Crain
FEC S8MO00327; 17 Oct 18; Tot $5,840; Dsb $5,740
  Candidate Scattering 1,605 0.07% WRITE-INS:
  Candidate Write-in 0 0.00% Gina Bufe
  Candidate Write-in 0 0.00% Cassie Ganier
  Candidate Write-in 0 0.00% Martin Lindstedt
  Candidate Write-in 0 0.00% Rodney Stock
  Candidate Write-in 0 0.00% Steven Wallace
 22 February 2016: Senator Claire C. McCaskill announced that she has been diagnosed with breast cancer and indicated her prognosis is good.
Total 2,428,926 100.00%  

Montana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  R. Jon "Jon" Tester
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 253,871 50.33% Senator  R. Jon "Jon" Tester
FEC S6MT00162; 17 Oct 18; Tot $16,942,925; Dsb $16,881,374
  Candidate Republican 235,960 46.78% Auditor  Matt Rosendale
31 July 2017: Running for the U.S. Senate Class 1 seat in 2018.

FEC S8MT00234; 17 Oct 18; Tot $5,034,075; Dsb $4,515,910
  Candidate Libertarian 14,545 2.88% Rick Breckenridge
31 October 2018: There are reports that Rick Breckenridge dropped out and endorsed Matt Rosendale (Republican). The candidate wrote on his Facebook page on 31 October: "... I have not dropped out of the US Senate race. I will finish this race to the very end. I do not quit a job before it is finished."
1 November 2018: "Just got off conference call where Libertarian candidate Rick Breckenridge throws support to Republican Matt Rosendale ..." -- Phil Drake.
Rick Breckenridge remains on the ballot.

FEC S8MT00309
  Candidate Write-in; (Green)     Steve Kelly
9 July 2018: Montana court removed the Green Party from the ballot. Larson v State of Montana, DDV-2018-2945.

FEC S8MT00283
Total 504,376 100.00%  

Nebraska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Debra S. "Deb" Fischer
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Republican 398,916 57.96% Senator  Debra S. "Deb" Fischer
FEC S2NE00094; 17 Oct 18; Tot $4,312,940; Dsb $4,031,720
  Candidate Democratic 264,488 38.43% Lincoln City Councilmember  Jane Michele Raybould
FEC S8NE00182; 17 Oct 18; Tot $2,003,295; Dsb $1,839,410
  Candidate Libertarian 24,882 3.62% Jim Schultz
FEC S8NE00240
Total 688,286 100.00%  

Nevada  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Republican, 1 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Dean Heller
First appointed: 3 May 2011 (re: resignation of Senator John Eric Ensign [Republican]); first elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 489,982 50.41% Congressman  Jacklyn S. "Jacky" Rosen
Congressman Congressional District 3

FEC S8NV00156; 17 Oct 18; Tot $21,571,222; Dsb $20,817,629
  Candidate Republican 441,166 45.39% Senator  Dean Heller
FEC S2NV00183; 17 Oct 18; Tot $11,896,633; Dsb $11,051,458
  Candidate None of these candidates 15,301 1.57% None of these candidates
  Candidate No Political Party 9,266 0.95% Barry Michaels
FEC S8NV00214
  Candidate Libertarian 9,194 0.95% Timothy "Tim" Hagan
FEC S8NV00206
  Candidate Independent American 7,089 0.73% Kamau A. Bakari
FEC S8NV00230
Total 971,998 100.00%  

New Jersey  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Robert "Bob" Menendez
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
Appointed by Governor Jon S. Corzine to fill the vacancy caused by Corzine having resigned this seat 17 January 2006 upon taking the Oath of Office as Governor of the State; first elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012.
[Previously served in the U.S. House to which he was first elected in 1992: subsequently re-elected in 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002 and 2004]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated -
6 March 2015: Facing potential Federal Corruption charges.
1 April 2015: Indicted by a Federal Grand Jury re: corruption charges.
16 November 2017: Mistrial declared after the jury deadlocks.
  Elected Democratic 1,480,011 53.09% Senator  Robert "Bob" Menendez
FEC S6NJ00289; 17 Oct 18; Tot $8,753,360; Dsb $8,565,099
  Candidate Republican 1,220,163 43.77% Robert "Bob" Hugin
FEC S8NJ00509; 17 Oct 18; Tot $30,289,561; Dsb $27,714,323
  Candidate Green 21,364 0.77% Madelyn R. Hoffman
FEC S8NJ00558
  Candidate Libertarian 18,904 0.68% Murray Sabrin
FEC S8NJ00285; 17 Oct 18; Tot $39,673; Dsb $34,370
  Candidate For The People 17,089 0.61% Natalie Lynn Rivera
FEC S8NJ00533
  Candidate New Day NJ 14,108 0.51% Patricia "Tricia" Flanagan
FEC S8NJ00541; 30 Jun 18; Tot $8,529; Dsb $7,967
  Candidate Make It Simple 8,003 0.29% Kevin Kimple
  Candidate Economic Growth 7,897 0.28% Hank Schroeder
Total 2,787,539 100.00%  

New Mexico  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Martin Trevor Heinrich
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2012.
Previously served in the U.S. House elected 2008, re-elected 2010
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 375,323 54.05% Senator  Martin Trevor Heinrich
FEC S2NM00088; 17 Oct 18; Tot $6,139,209; Dsb $6,358,669
  Candidate Republican 212,218 30.56% Mick Rich
FEC S8NM00200; 17 Oct 18; Tot $903,856; Dsb $788,281
  Candidate Libertarian 106,805 15.38% former Governor Gary Earl Johnson
4 August 2018: After state Land Commissioner Aubrey Dunn withdrew from the contest, the Libertarian Party nominated former Governor Gary Johnson. Mr. Johnson has until 18 August to decide whether to accept.
13 August 2018: Accepted.

FEC S8NM00226; 17 Oct 18; Tot $346,757; Dsb $290,020
Total 694,346 100.00%  

New York  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Kirsten Elizabeth Gillibrand
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
23 January 2009: Appointed by Governor David Paterson to fill the vacancy caused by the 21 January 2009 resignation of Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton in order to enter upon her duties as U.S. Secretary of State. Sworn 27 January 2009 to serve until a Special Election was held in November 2010 for the remainder of the term ending 3 January 2013. First elected in a special election: 2010; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic; Independence; Women's Equality; Working Families 3,733,194 64.45% Senator  Kirsten Elizabeth Gillibrand
FEC S0NY00410; 17 Oct 18; Tot $17,518,097; Dsb $9,140,150
  Candidate Republican; Reform; Conservative 1,882,984 32.51% Chele Chiavacci Farley
5 April 2018: Reform Petitions invalid.

FEC S8NY00215; 17 Oct 18; Tot $1,304,041; Dsb $1,108,622
  Candidate Scattering 169,783 2.93% Blank
  Candidate Scattering 3,747 0.06% Write-in
  Candidate Scattering 2,677 0.05% Void
  Candidate Write-in; (Socialist Workers Party)     Margaret Trowe
Total 5,792,385 100.00%  

North Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Heidi Heitkamp
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Republican 179,720 55.11% Congressman  Kevin Cramer
15 February 2018: Sent a Facebook invite for a "Cramer for Senate Announcement & Rally".
7 April 2018: Received his party's endorsement.

FEC S8ND00120; 17 Oct 18; Tot $5,584,358; Dsb $5,003,820
  Candidate Democratic-Nonpartisan League 144,376 44.27% Senator  Heidi Heitkamp
FEC S2ND00099; 17 Oct 18; Tot $25,353,647; Dsb $14,829,847
  Candidate Scattering 2,042 0.63% write-in
Total 326,138 100.00%  

Ohio  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Sherrod Brown
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 2,286,730 53.19% Senator  Sherrod Brown
FEC S6OH00163; 17 Oct 18; Tot $21,831,967; Dsb $19,173,490
  Candidate Republican 2,011,832 46.79% Congressman  James B. "Jim" Renacci
House CD 16

FEC S8OH00102; 17 Oct 18; Tot $7,824,910; Dsb $3,985,057
  Candidate Write-in 981 0.02% Stephen I. Faris
FEC S8OH00144
Total 4,299,543 100.00%  

Pennsylvania  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Robert P. "Bob" Casey, Jr.
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 2,745,018 55.62% Senator  Robert P. "Bob" Casey, Jr.
FEC S6PA00217; 17 Oct 18; Tot $17,294,130; Dsb $14,403,086
  Candidate Republican 2,109,023 42.73% Congressman  Louis J. "Lou" Barletta
Congressman CD 11.
28 August 2017: Running for the Class 1 Senate Seat in 2018.

FEC S8PA00320; 17 Oct 18; Tot $6,811,657; Dsb $6,184,893
  Candidate Libertarian 50,368 1.02% Dale Ronald Kerns, Jr.
FEC S8PA00254; 17 Oct 18; Tot $208,026; Dsb $195,486
  Candidate Green 30,710 0.62% Neal Gale
FEC S8PA00346; 17 Oct 18; Tot $764; Dsb $20
  Candidate Write-in; (Socialist Workers Party)     Osborne Hart
Total 4,935,119 100.00%  

Rhode Island  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Sheldon Whitehouse, II
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 231,477 61.44% Senator  Sheldon Whitehouse, II
FEC S6RI00221; 17 Oct 18; Tot $4,998,425; Dsb $4,055,346
  Candidate Republican 144,421 38.33% former Rhode Island Supreme Court Justice Robert G. "Bob" Flanders, Jr.
FEC S8RI00128; 17 Oct 18; Tot $1,131,605; Dsb $1,071,328
  Candidate Scattering 840 0.22% WRITE-IN
Total 376,738 100.00%  

Tennessee  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Republican Senator  Robert P. "Bob" Corker, Jr.
First elected: 2006; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Open Seat - 26 September 2017: "After much thought, consideration and family discussion ... I have decided that I will leave the United States Senate when my term expires ...."
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Republican 1,225,568 54.74% Congressman  Marsha Blackburn
CD 7.
4 October 2017: Running for the Class 1 Senate Seat in 2018.

FEC S8TN00337; 17 Oct 18; Tot $12,918,037; Dsb $12,024,542
  Candidate Democratic 982,685 43.89% former Governor Philip N. "Phil" Bredesen
FEC S8TN00386; 17 Oct 18; Tot $16,406,598; Dsb $15,376,636
  Candidate Independent 9,438 0.42% former Morgan County Commissioner Trudy A. Austin
FEC S8TN00428
  Candidate Independent 8,699 0.39% former Nashville Mayor Dean Hill
FEC S8TN00444
  Candidate Independent 5,078 0.23% Kris L. Todd
FEC S8TN00469
  Candidate Independent 3,384 0.15% John "Jae" Carico
FEC S8TN00436
  Candidate Independent; (Republican) 2,208 0.10% Robert Breton "Breton" Phillips
FEC S8TN00477; 19 Nov 18; Tot $5,549; Dsb $5,549
  Candidate Independent 1,916 0.09% Kevin Lee McCants
FEC S8TN00451
  Candidate Write-in     Nicholas Brent Mantanona
Also filed with the FEC for House CD 9.

FEC S8TN00402
Total 2,238,976 100.00%  

Texas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Republican 4,244,204 50.93% Senator  Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz
FEC S2TX00312; 17 Oct 18; Tot $29,972,337; Dsb $27,477,939
  Candidate Democratic 4,024,777 48.29% Congressman  Robert "Beto" O'Rourke
31 March 2017: Announced that he is running for the U.S. Senate Class I seat in 2018.

FEC S8TX00285; 17 Oct 18; Tot $70,243,104; Dsb $60,305,589
  Candidate Libertarian 65,240 0.78% Neal Monroe Dikeman
FEC S8TX00418; 17 Oct 18; Tot $29,308; Dsb $25,298
Total 8,334,221 100.00%  

Utah  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Open
Republican Senator Orrin G. Hatch
First elected: 1976; re-elected: 1982, 1988, 1994, 2000, 2006, 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Open Seat - 02 January 2018: "I've decided to retire at the end of this term...."
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Republican 660,502 62.63% former Massachusetts Governor Willard "Mitt" Romney
FEC S8UT00176; 17 Oct 18; Tot $5,186,308; Dsb $4,692,704
  Candidate Democratic 325,806 30.89% Salt Lake County Councilwoman  Jenny Wilson
FEC S8UT00143; 17 Oct 18; Tot $919,193; Dsb $829,461
  Candidate Constitution 28,520 2.70% Timothy Noel "Tim" Aalders
FEC S2UT00229; 17 Oct 18; Tot $104,495; Dsb $103,489
  Candidate Libertarian 27,268 2.59% Craig R. Bowden
FEC S8UT00127; 31 Mar 18; Tot $44,654; Dsb $43,055
  Candidate Independent American 12,464 1.18% Reed C. McCandless
FEC S8UT00275
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Glade G. Fitzgerald
    Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     DG Daniel Geery - apparently not a candidate
27 September 2018: Withdrew.
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Ryan Daniel Jackson
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Tyrone Jensen
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Cody Robert Judy
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Abe Korb
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Caleb Dan Reeve
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Hektor Madison Köppre Reiksthegn
Total 1,054,560 100.00%  

Vermont  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Independent Senator  Bernard "Bernie" Sanders
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2006 (ran as a Democrat in the primary and as an Independent in the General Election); re-elected as an Independent: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Independent 183,529 65.96% Senator  Bernard "Bernie" Sanders
Did not accept the Democratic or Progressive Party nominations.

FEC S4VT00033; 17 Oct 18; Tot $9,247,353; Dsb $4,463,613
  Candidate Republican 74,663 26.83% Lawrence Zupan
FEC S8VT00141; 17 Oct 18; Tot $130,676; Dsb $65,821
  Candidate Scattering 5,389 1.94% Blank Votes
  Candidate Independent 3,787 1.36% Brad Joseph Peacock
FEC S8VT00158; 17 Oct 18; Tot $8,309; Dsb $5,581
  Candidate Independent 2,763 0.99% Russell Beste
  Candidate Independent 2,244 0.81% Edward S. Gilbert, Jr.
  Candidate Independent; (Democratic) 1,979 0.71% Folasade Adeluola
14 August 2018: Lost the Democratic nomination.

FEC S8VT00117
  Candidate Independent; (Democratic) 1,280 0.46% Jon Svitavsky
FEC S8VT00133
  Candidate Liberty Union 1,171 0.42% Reid Kane
  Candidate Independent 914 0.33% Bruce Busa
  Candidate Scattering 294 0.11% Total Write-ins
  Candidate Scattering 217 0.08% Overvotes
Total 278,230 100.00%  

Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Timothy Michael "Tim" Kaine
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated -
former DNC Chair.
Nominations-- Democrats will nominate by Primary. Republicans will nominate by Primary.
  Elected Democratic 1,910,370 57.00% Senator  Timothy Michael "Tim" Kaine
FEC S2VA00142; 17 Oct 18; Tot $16,214,775; Dsb $14,503,914
  Candidate Republican 1,374,313 41.01% Prince William Board of County Supervisors Chairman  Corey Alan Stewart
FEC S8VA00297; 17 Oct 18; Tot $2,395,399; Dsb $1,681,496
  Candidate Libertarian 61,565 1.84% Matt J. Waters
FEC S8VA00354; 17 Oct 18; Tot $56,328; Dsb $48,131
  Candidate Scattering 5,125 0.15% Write In
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     former state Delagate Winsome Sears
Total 3,351,373 100.00%  

Washington  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Maria E. Cantwell
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2000; re-elected: 2006, 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
on General Election ballot
  Elected Democratic 1,792,683 58.44% Senator  Maria E. Cantwell
on General Election ballot

FEC S8WA00194; 17 Oct 18; Tot $9,188,096; Dsb $5,998,251
  Candidate Republican 1,274,777 41.56% Susan Hutchison
on General Election ballot

FEC S8WA00319; 17 Oct 18; Tot $1,548,268; Dsb $1,281,554
Total 3,067,460 100.00%  

West Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Joseph "Joe" Manchin, III
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected in a special election to a partial term to fill the vacancy caused by the 28 June 2010 death of Senator Robert C. Byrd (Democratic): 2 November 2010. He replaces Senator Carte P. Goodwin (Democrat) who had been appointed by Governor Joe Manchin (Democratic) to temporarily fill the vacancy. Won the special election for the term ending in Jaunary 2013 and the the concurrent regular election for the term ending January 2019: 6 November 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 290,505 49.57% Senator  Joseph "Joe" Manchin, III
FEC S0WV00090; 17 Oct 18; Tot $8,105,200; Dsb $6,584,585
  Candidate Republican 271,112 46.26% Attorney General  Patrick James Morrisey
10 July 2017: Candidate for the U.S. Senate Class 1 Seat in 2018.

FEC S8WV00143; 17 Oct 18; Tot $5,401,020; Dsb $4,274,191
  Candidate Libertarian 24,411 4.17% Rusty Lee Hollen
  Candidate Write-in     Morgantown City Deputy Mayor and Councilor  Mark Brazaitis
  Candidate Write-in     Larry Butcher
  Candidate Write-in     Christopher M. Cross
  Candidate Write-in     Ry Hutcherson
Total 586,028 100.00%  

Wisconsin  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Tammy Baldwin
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
First elected: 2012.
[Previously served in the U.S. House: First elected: 1998; re-elected: 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Democratic 1,473,321 55.44% Senator  Tammy Baldwin
FEC S2WI00219; 17 Oct 18; Tot $25,844,220; Dsb $24,460,560
  Candidate Republican 1,184,110 44.56% state Senator  Leah Vukmir
FEC S8WI00224; 17 Oct 18; Tot $5,327,268; Dsb $4,227,177
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     John T. Schiess
FEC S2WI00193
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Mary Jo Walters
FEC S8WI00208
Total 2,657,431 100.00%  

Wyoming  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for regular election
Republican Senator  John A. Barrasso
• Re-elected Tuesday 6 November 2018
Appointed: 22 June 2007 by Governor Dave Freudenthal; first elected in a special election: 4 November 2008; re-elected: 2012
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2018
Renominated
  Elected Republican 136,210 66.35% Senator  John A. Barrasso
FEC S6WY00068; 17 Oct 18; Tot $5,491,203; Dsb $4,013,555
  Candidate Democratic 61,227 29.83% former Teton County School Trustee Gary Trauner
FEC S8WY00189; 17 Oct 18; Tot $844,227; Dsb $657,252
  Candidate Libertarian 5,658 2.76% Joseph "Joe" Porambo
  Candidate Scattering 1,801 0.88% Under Votes
  Candidate Scattering 325 0.16% Write-Ins
  Candidate Scattering 54 0.03% Over Votes
Total 205,275 100.00%  

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Democratic-Nonpartisan League
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Libertarian
  Minnesota Green Party
  Reform
Other Third Parties
  Conservative
  Economic Growth
  For The People
  Independence
  Independent American
  Legal Marijuana Now
  Liberty Union
  Make It Simple
  Natural Law
  New Day NJ
  Socialist Workers Party
  The Old Republic
  U.S. Taxpayers
  Women's Equality
  Working Families
Independents
  Independent
  No Party Affiliation
  No Political Party
  None
  Nonpartisan
  Other
  Unaffiliated
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  None of these candidates
  Not readily classifiable
  Scattering
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2013 and end their terms on 3 January 2019. The next regular election for these seats is in 6 November 2018.
Class 2 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2015 and end their terms on 3 January 2021. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2020.
Class 3 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2017 and end their terms on 3 January 2023. The next regular election for these seats is 8 November 2022.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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