The Green Papers: 2018 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 115th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 33 Senate Seats are up for election on 6 November 2018.

There have been 1 death, 2 resignations, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 115th Senate.

  • Senator Jefferson Beauregard "Jeff" Sessions, III (Republican, Alabama Class 2) resigned on 8 February 2017 after being confirmed as Attorney General in the Trump administration by the U.S. Senate.
  • Senator Luther J. Strange, III (Republican, Alabama Class 2) was appointed on 9 February 2017 by Governor Robert J. Bentley (Republican).
  • Doug Jones (Democratic, Alabama Class 2) was elected in a Special Election on Tuesday 12 December 2017 and sworn on 3 January 2018.
  • Senator Al Franken (Democratic, Minnesota Class 2) resigned on 2 January 2018.
  • Senator Tina Smith (Democratic, Minnesota Class 2) was appointed by Governor Mark Dayton (Democratic) and sworn on 3 January 2018.
  • Senator Thad Cochran (Republican, Mississippi Class 2) resigned on 1 April 2018.
  • Senator Cindy Hyde-Smith (Republican, Mississippi Class 2) was appointed by Governor Governor Phil Bryant (Republican) and sworn on 9 April 2018.
  • Senator John Sidney McCain (Republican, Arizona Class 3) passed away on 25 August 2018 after a year-long battle with brain cancer.
  • Senator Jon Llewellyn Kyl (Republican, Arizona Class 3) was appointed on 4 September 2018 by Governor Doug Ducey (Republican) and sworn on 5 September 2018.

  Alabama    Alaska    Arizona    Arkansas    California    Colorado    Connecticut    Delaware    Florida    Georgia    Hawaii    Idaho    Illinois    Indiana    Iowa    Kansas    Kentucky    Louisiana    Maine    Maryland    Massachusetts    Michigan    Minnesota    Mississippi    Missouri    Montana    Nebraska    Nevada    New Hampshire    New Jersey    New Mexico    New York    North Carolina    North Dakota    Ohio    Oklahoma    Oregon    Pennsylvania    Rhode Island    South Carolina    South Dakota    Tennessee    Texas    Utah    Vermont    Virginia    Washington    West Virginia    Wisconsin    Wyoming 

Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Alaska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Dan Sullivan
FEC S4AK00214

Arizona  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
    Democratic     Deedra Abboud - lost primary
FEC S8AZ00122; 08 Aug 18; Tot $101,149; Dsb $91,308
  Candidate Democratic     Congressman  Kyrsten Sinema
Congressman CD 9.
28 September 2017: Running for the Senate Class 1 Seat in 2018.

FEC S8AZ00197; 08 Aug 18; Tot $10,724,851; Dsb $10,520,233
    Republican     former Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio - lost primary
FEC S8AZ00247; 08 Aug 18; Tot $1,325,064; Dsb $1,177,352
  Candidate Republican     Congressman  Martha E. McSally
Congressional District 2

FEC S8AZ00221; 08 Aug 18; Tot $7,717,545; Dsb $5,810,570
    Republican     former state Senator Kelli Ward - lost primary
27 October 2016: Announced.

FEC S6AZ00233; 08 Aug 18; Tot $3,070,894; Dsb $2,866,037
  Candidate Green     Angela Green
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Sheila May Bilyeu
FEC S2AZ00273
  Candidate Write-in; (None)     Michael DeCarlo
    Write-in; (Republican)     Nicholas N. Glenn - lost primary
    Write-in; (Republican)     William "Bill" Gonzales - lost primary
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Robert Kay
    Write-in; (Libertarian)     Adam Kokesh - apparently not a candidate
28 August 2018: Received an insufficient number of write-in votes in the primary to be nominated.

FEC S8AZ00296
  Candidate Write-in; (The Old Republic)     Jonathan Ringham B
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Benjamin Wirtz

Arkansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Thomas B. "Tom" Cotton
FEC S4AR00103

California  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     state Senator  Kevin de León
On General Election ballot

FEC S8CA00408; 30 Jun 18; Tot $1,318,244; Dsb $892,279
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Dianne Feinstein
On General Election ballot
9 October 2017: Will run for re-election in 2018.

FEC S0CA00199; 30 Jun 18; Tot $14,994,029; Dsb $13,660,951

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Erin Cruz
FEC S8CA00440; 30 Jun 18; Tot $30,631; Dsb $30,588
  Candidate Republican     Paul Anthony Gutierrez
FEC S2CA00849

Colorado  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Republican, 1 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Derrick James Blanton
FEC S0CO00427
  Candidate Democratic     Dustin John Leitzel
FEC S0CO00419
  Candidate Republican     Jerry Natividad

Connecticut  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Christopher Scott "Chris" Murphy
FEC S2CT00132; 30 Jun 18; Tot $10,803,022; Dsb $3,456,762
  Candidate Republican     Matthew McKinnon Corey
FEC S8CT00121; 25 Jul 18; Tot $31,090; Dsb $23,115
    Republican     Dominic Rapini - lost primary
FEC S8CT00113; 25 Jul 18; Tot $173,255; Dsb $143,596
    Green     Angela Capinera - apparently not a candidate
3 July 2018: Removed
    Green     T. J. Elgin - apparently not a candidate
FEC S8CT00139
  Candidate Green     Jeff Russell
  Candidate Libertarian     Richard Lion
  Candidate Unaffiliated     Fred M. "Mitch" Linck
Socialist

FEC S8CT00147

Delaware  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Thomas R. "Tom" Carper
FEC S8DE00079; 17 Aug 18; Tot $2,431,733; Dsb $1,582,602
    Democratic     state Human Relations Commissioner  Kerri Evelyn Harris - lost primary
FEC S8DE00137; 17 Aug 18; Tot $120,540; Dsb $69,239
  Candidate Republican     Sussex County Councilman  Robert B. "Rob" Arlett
FEC S8DE00145; 17 Aug 18; Tot $78,310; Dsb $63,766
    Republican     Roque "Rocky" De La Fuente - lost primary
FEC S8DE00178
    Republican     Eugene J. "Gene" Truono, Jr. - lost primary
FEC S8DE00129; 17 Aug 18; Tot $233,803; Dsb $227,485
  Candidate Green     Demitri George Theodoropoulos
FEC S8DE00152
  Candidate Libertarian     Nadine M. Frost
FEC S8DE00160
  Candidate Write-in     Barry Eveland
  Candidate Write-in     Matthew Water Stout

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Christopher A. "Chris" Coons
FEC S0DE00092

Florida  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Bill Nelson
FEC S8FL00166; 08 Aug 18; Tot $18,201,259; Dsb $5,334,980
  Candidate Republican     Governor  Richard L. "Rick" Scott
FEC S8FL00273; 08 Aug 18; Tot $31,203,038; Dsb $27,869,151
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Lateresa Ann "L.A." Jones
FEC S6FL00277; 31 Jul 18; Tot $200; Dsb $129
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Howard Knepper
FEC S0FL00544
  Candidate Write-in; (No Party Affiliation)     Michael Stephen "Lev" Levinson
  Candidate Write-in     Charles Frederick Tolbert
FEC S6FL00533
  Candidate Write-in; (No Party Affiliation)     David Kenneth Weeks
FEC S0FL00247

Georgia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Akhenaten Hotep Amun
FEC S0GA00351

Hawaii  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Mazie K. Hirono
FEC S2HI00106; 22 Jul 18; Tot $2,415,717; Dsb $1,000,190
    Republican     Consuelo Elizabeth Anderson - lost primary
FEC S8HI00194
    Republican     George L. Berish - lost primary
FEC S8HI00202
  Candidate Republican     Ronald C. "Ron" Curtis
FEC S8HI00210
    Republican     Roque Mamaka "Rocky" De La Fuente - lost primary
    Republican     Robert C. Helsham, Sr. - lost primary
FEC S8HI00236
    Republican     Michael R. Hodgkiss - lost primary
FEC S8HI00244
    Republican     Edward "Eddie" Pirkowski - lost primary
FEC S6HI00222
    Republican     Thomas Edward White - lost primary
FEC S8HI00186
    Nonpartisan     Charles David "Charlie" Haverty - lost primary
FEC S8HI00251
    Nonpartisan     Matthew Kameeiamoku Maertens - lost primary
FEC S8HI00269
    Nonpartisan     Arturo Pacheco "Art" Reyes - lost primary
FEC S0HI00118

Idaho  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  James E. "Jim" Risch
FEC S8ID00092

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Michael D. "Mike" Crapo
FEC S8ID00027

Illinois  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  L. Tammy Duckworth
FEC S6IL00292; 30 Jun 18; Tot $1,752,258; Dsb $916,627

Indiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Joseph Simon "Joe" Donnelly
FEC S2IN00091; 30 Jun 18; Tot $8,878,947; Dsb $3,876,384
  Candidate Republican     former state Representative Mike Braun
FEC S8IN00171; 30 Jun 18; Tot $8,451,782; Dsb $7,380,326
  Candidate Libertarian     Lucy M. Brenton
FEC S6IN00225
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Nathan J. Altman
FEC S8IN00213; 30 Jun 18; Tot $49,985; Dsb $46,218
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Christopher Fischer
  Candidate Write-in; (Other)     James L. Johnson, Jr.

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Todd Christopher Young
FEC S6IN00191

Iowa  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Joni K. Ernst
FEC S4IA00129

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Charles E. "Chuck" Grassley
FEC S0IA00028

Kansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Elliott Adams
FEC S0KS00190
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Pat Roberts
FEC S6KS00080

Kentucky  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Steven Jewell Isom Cox
FEC S0KY00271
    Republican     Karl Das - apparently not a candidate
FEC S0KY00263
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Mitch McConnell
4 August 2018: Announced that he will run for re-election in 2020.

FEC S2KY00012

Louisiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  William M. "Bill" Cassidy
FEC S4LA00107

Maine  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Zackary E. "Zak" Ringelstein
Democratic Socialists of America

FEC S8ME00155; 30 Jun 18; Tot $212,793; Dsb $189,317
  Candidate Republican     state Senator  Eric L. Brakey
FEC S8ME00130; 30 Jun 18; Tot $464,071; Dsb $389,565
    Libertarian     Chris Lyons - apparently not a candidate
    Independent     Alex Hammer - apparently not a candidate
FEC S8ME00148
  Candidate Independent     Senator  Angus Stanley King, Jr.
FEC S2ME00109; 30 Jun 18; Tot $4,134,756; Dsb $1,759,579
    Independent     Benjamin "Ben" Pollard - apparently not a candidate

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Cathleen Greenberg "Cat" London
FEC S0ME00053
  Candidate Republican     Max Patrick Linn
FEC S8ME00163; 30 Jun 18; Tot $249,886; Dsb $249,886

Maryland  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Benjamin L. "Ben" Cardin
FEC S6MD03177; 30 Jun 18; Tot $3,411,427; Dsb $1,096,811
  Candidate Republican     Antono Wade "Tony" Campbell
FEC S8MD00328; 30 Jun 18; Tot $42,296; Dsb $35,871
  Candidate Libertarian     Arvin Vohra
FEC S6MD03664
  Candidate Unaffiliated     Neal Simon
FEC S8MD00302; 17 Jul 18; Tot $1,183,145; Dsb $522,055
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Michael B. Puskar
FEC S8MD00393
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Lih Young
FEC S6MD03375

Massachusetts  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Elizabeth A. Warren
FEC S2MA00170; 15 Aug 18; Tot $22,418,942; Dsb $11,679,826
  Candidate Republican     Geoff Diehl
FEC S8MA00276
    Republican     John Kingston - lost primary
FEC S8MA00318; 15 Aug 18; Tot $5,958,474; Dsb $5,326,567
    Republican     Beth Joyce Lindstrom - lost primary
FEC S8MA00326; 15 Aug 18; Tot $1,448,146; Dsb $1,400,316
  Candidate Independent     Shiva Ayyadurai
FEC S8MA00268; 15 Aug 18; Tot $4,974,579; Dsb $4,874,194
  Candidate Independent     John P. Devine
FEC S8MA00284
  Candidate Independent     Joshua Ford
  Candidate Independent     Louis Edward "Lou" Gallo
FEC S8MA00334; 24 Apr 18; Tot $0; Dsb $0
  Candidate Independent     Sarah Genova Pimentel
FEC S8MA00342
  Candidate Independent     Allen Rodney Waters
Non-party Independent Centrist.
28 April 2018: Did not receive the nomination at the Republican convention.

FEC S8MA00250; 06 Nov 18; Tot $2,396; Dsb $2,971

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Edward John "Ed" Markey
FEC S4MA00028

Michigan  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Debbie Stabenow
FEC S8MI00281; 18 Jul 18; Tot $10,903,896; Dsb $7,833,670
  Candidate Republican     John E. James
FEC S8MI00372; 18 Jul 18; Tot $4,206,901; Dsb $3,337,904
  Candidate Green     Marcia Squier
  Candidate Natural Law     John Howard Wilhelm
  Candidate U.S. Taxpayers     George E. Huffman, III
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican; Independent)     Valerie Lee Willis
FEC S8MI00422; 30 Jun 18; Tot $2,187; Dsb $2,170

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Gary C. Peters
FEC S4MI00355

Minnesota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
    Democratic-Farmer Labor     Stephen Wayne "Steve" Carlson - lost primary
FEC S4MN00437
    Democratic-Farmer Labor     Stephen Allen Emery - lost primary
FEC S8MN00669
    Democratic-Farmer Labor     David Robert Groves - lost primary
FEC S8MN00701
  Candidate Democratic-Farmer Labor     Senator  Amy J. Klobuchar
FEC S6MN00267; 25 Jul 18; Tot $5,727,506; Dsb $2,432,986
    Democratic-Farmer Labor     Leonard J. Richards - lost primary
FEC S8MN00206
    Republican     Merrill Anderson - lost primary
FEC S8MN00644
    Republican     Rae Hart Anderson - lost primary
FEC S8MN00677
    Republican     Roque "Rocky" De La Fuente - lost primary
FEC S8MN00719
  Candidate Republican     state Representative  James Wallace "Jim" Newberger
FEC S8MN00552; 25 Jul 18; Tot $107,098; Dsb $107,343
  Candidate Minnesota Green Party     Paula M. Overby
FEC S6MN00416
  Candidate Legal Marijuana Now     Dennis Schuller
FEC S8MN00727
  Candidate Write-in; (Socialist Workers Party)     Helen Meyers

Class 2  
    Democratic-Farmer Labor     Ali Chehem Ali - lost primary
FEC S8MN00651
    Democratic-Farmer Labor     Gregg A. Iverson - lost primary
FEC S0MN00203
    Democratic-Farmer Labor     Nicholas Gerald "Nick" Leonard - lost primary
FEC S8MN00602; 17 Jul 18; Tot $2,775; Dsb $2,499
    Democratic-Farmer Labor     Richard W. Painter - lost primary
Formerly affiliated with the Republican Party.

FEC S8MN00628; 25 Jul 18; Tot $234,134; Dsb $151,545
    Democratic-Farmer Labor     Christopher Lovell, "Chris" Seymore, Sr. - lost primary
FEC S8MN00685
  Candidate Democratic-Farmer Labor     Senator  Tina Flint Smith
FEC S8MN00578; 25 Jul 18; Tot $4,855,513; Dsb $3,296,947
    Republican     Bob Anderson - lost primary
FEC S8MN00594; 30 Jun 18; Tot $11,559; Dsb $10,931
    Republican     NiKoLay Nikolayevich "Nik" Bey - lost primary
FEC S4MN00338; 03 Jul 18; Tot $0; Dsb $0
  Candidate Republican     state Senator  Karin Housley
FEC S8MN00586; 25 Jul 18; Tot $1,811,466; Dsb $819,578
  Candidate Legal Marijuana Now     Sarah Wellington
FEC S8MN00735
  Candidate Unaffiliated     Jerry Trooien
FEC S8MN00636; 30 Jun 18; Tot $391,226; Dsb $373,111

Mississippi  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     state Representative  David Wayne Baria
Proceeds to Runoff, 26 June 2018

FEC S8MS00253; 30 Jun 18; Tot $532,629; Dsb $528,325
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Roger F. Wicker
FEC S8MS00196; 30 Jun 18; Tot $5,349,028; Dsb $3,831,418
  Candidate Libertarian     Danny Bedwell
FEC S8MS00337
  Candidate Reform     Shawn O'Hara
FEC S4MS00062

Class 2  
  Candidate Nonpartisan     Tobey Bernard Bartee
FEC S8MS00295
  Candidate Nonpartisan; (Democratic)     former Congressman  Alphonso Michael "Mike" Espy
First elected to the U.S. House: 1986. Re-elected 1988, 1990, 1992. Resigned: 22 January 1993 after having been appointed Secretary of Agriculture by President William J. "Bill" Clinton. Served as Secretary of Agriculture: 1993-1994.

FEC S8MS00287; 30 Jun 18; Tot $408,236; Dsb $126,760
  Candidate Nonpartisan; (Republican)     Senator  Cindy Hyde-Smith
FEC S8MS00261; 30 Jun 18; Tot $1,654,032; Dsb $264,232
  Candidate Nonpartisan; (Republican)     state Senator  Christopher Brian "Chris" McDaniel
FEC S4MS00120; 30 Jun 18; Tot $327,263; Dsb $171,208

Missouri  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Claire C. McCaskill
FEC S6MO00305; 18 Jul 18; Tot $20,809,801; Dsb $14,945,909
  Candidate Republican     state Attorney General  Joshua David "Josh" Hawley
FEC S8MO00160; 18 Jul 18; Tot $5,320,513; Dsb $2,996,644
  Candidate Green     Jo Crain
FEC S8MO00327
  Candidate Libertarian     Japheth Ray Campbell
FEC S8MO00152; 30 Jun 18; Tot $1,155; Dsb $1,119
  Candidate Independent     Craig O'Dear
FEC S8MO00202; 10 Jul 18; Tot $454,344; Dsb $313,739
  Candidate Write-in     Gina Bufe

Montana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  R. Jon "Jon" Tester
FEC S6MT00162; 30 Jun 18; Tot $11,748,776; Dsb $7,201,122
    Republican     Troy Downing - lost primary
FEC S8MT00218; 30 Jun 18; Tot $1,495,097; Dsb $1,484,704
    Republican     former state Representative Russell C. 'Russ" Fagg - lost primary
Yellowstone County District Court Judge

FEC S8MT00275; 30 Jun 18; Tot $1,169,143; Dsb $1,153,462
    Republican     former state Senator Albert David "Al" Olszewski - lost primary
FEC S8MT00200; 30 Jun 18; Tot $325,867; Dsb $307,718
  Candidate Republican     Auditor  Matt Rosendale
31 July 2017: Running for the U.S. Senate Class 1 seat in 2018.

FEC S8MT00234; 30 Jun 18; Tot $2,055,983; Dsb $1,423,033
    Green     Timothy Adams - lost primary
FEC S8MT00291
  Candidate Libertarian     Rick Breckenridge
FEC S8MT00309
  Candidate Write-in; (Green)     Steve Kelly
9 July 2018: Montana court removed the Green Party from the ballot. Larson v State of Montana, DDV-2018-2945.

FEC S8MT00283

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Steven "Steve" Daines
FEC S2MT00096

Nebraska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
    Democratic     Chris Edward Janicek - lost primary
FEC S8NE00216
    Democratic     Lawrence D. "Larry" Marvin - lost primary
FEC S8NE00141; 14 Jun 18; Tot $35,207; Dsb $32,511
  Candidate Democratic     Lincoln City Councilmember  Jane Michele Raybould
FEC S8NE00182; 30 Jun 18; Tot $1,230,942; Dsb $750,700
    Democratic     Retired Circuit Judge Frank B. Svoboda - lost primary
FEC S8NE00224; 15 Apr 18; Tot $50,000; Dsb $2,853
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Debra S. "Deb" Fischer
FEC S2NE00094; 30 Jun 18; Tot $3,667,944; Dsb $1,934,516
    Republican     Jack Heidel - lost primary
FEC S8NE00190
    Republican     Dennis Frank Macek - lost primary
FEC S8NE00208; 30 Jun 18; Tot $28,600; Dsb $28,634
    Republican     Jeffrey Lynn Stein - lost primary
FEC S8NE00232
    Republican     Todd F. Watson - lost primary
FEC S4NE00157; 30 Jun 18; Tot $64,323; Dsb $64,321
  Candidate Libertarian     Jim Schultz
FEC S8NE00240

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Benjamin E. "Ben" Sasse
FEC S4NE00090

Nevada  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Republican, 1 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Congressman  Jacklyn S. "Jacky" Rosen
Congressman Congressional District 3

FEC S8NV00156; 30 Jun 18; Tot $9,401,408; Dsb $5,588,073
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Dean Heller
FEC S2NV00183; 30 Jun 18; Tot $8,310,649; Dsb $3,802,116
  Candidate Libertarian     Timothy "Tim" Hagan
FEC S8NV00206
  Candidate Independent American     Kamau A. Bakari
FEC S8NV00230
  Candidate No Political Party     Barry Michaels
FEC S8NV00214
  Candidate None of these candidates     None of these candidates

New Jersey  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Robert "Bob" Menendez
FEC S6NJ00289; 30 Jun 18; Tot $6,134,561; Dsb $1,350,279
  Candidate Republican     Robert "Bob" Hugin
FEC S8NJ00509; 30 Jun 18; Tot $16,728,876; Dsb $8,614,870
  Candidate Green     Madelyn R. Hoffman
  Candidate Libertarian     Murray Sabrin
FEC S8NJ00285; 30 Jun 18; Tot $18,881; Dsb $7,325
  Candidate Economic Growth     Hank Schroeder
  Candidate For The People     Natalie Lynn Rivera
FEC S8NJ00533
  Candidate Make It Simple     Kevin Kimple
  Candidate New Day NJ     Patricia "Tricia" Flanagan
FEC S8NJ00541; 30 Jun 18; Tot $8,529; Dsb $7,967

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Cory A. Booker
FEC S4NJ00185

New Mexico  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Martin Trevor Heinrich
FEC S2NM00088; 30 Jun 18; Tot $4,983,496; Dsb $2,556,541
  Candidate Republican     Mick Rich
FEC S8NM00200; 30 Jun 18; Tot $689,280; Dsb $491,078
  Candidate Libertarian     former Governor Gary Earl Johnson
4 August 2018: After state Land Commissioner Aubrey Dunn withdrew from the contest, the Libertarian Party nominated former Governor Gary Johnson. Mr. Johnson has until 18 August to decide whether to accept.
13 August 2018: Accepted.

FEC S8NM00226

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Tom Udall
FEC S8NM00184

New York  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic; Independence; Women's Equality; Working Families     Senator  Kirsten Elizabeth Gillibrand
FEC S0NY00410; 30 Jun 18; Tot $15,726,412; Dsb $7,271,099
  Candidate Republican; Reform; Conservative     Chele Chiavacci Farley
5 April 2018: Reform Petitions invalid.

FEC S8NY00215; 30 Jun 18; Tot $855,097; Dsb $390,899
    Libertarian     Aaron Commey - apparently not a candidate
The Libertarian Party of New York is not circulating a petition for the U.S. Senate in 2018 so it is unlikely that the party will have a nominee.
  Candidate Write-in; (Socialist Workers Party)     Margaret Trowe

North Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Eva F. Lee
FEC S0NC00277

North Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic-Nonpartisan League     Senator  Heidi Heitkamp
FEC S2ND00099; 30 Jun 18; Tot $8,955,106; Dsb $4,337,427
  Candidate Republican     Congressman  Kevin Cramer
15 February 2018: Put out a Facebook invite for a "Cramer for Senate Announcement & Rally".
7 April 2018: Received his party's endorsement.

FEC S8ND00120; 30 Jun 18; Tot $3,268,775; Dsb $1,227,668
    Republican     former Niagara Mayor Thomas E. O'Neill - lost primary
FEC S8ND00138

Ohio  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Sherrod Brown
FEC S6OH00163; 30 Jun 18; Tot $17,191,570; Dsb $9,281,236
    Republican     Melissa Ackison - lost primary
FEC S8OH00094; 25 May 18; Tot $38,378; Dsb $47,019
    Republican     Don Elijah Eckhart - lost primary
FEC S6OH00288
    Republican     Michael "Mike" Gibbons - lost primary
FEC S8OH00086; 30 Jun 18; Tot $3,271,812; Dsb $3,223,520
    Republican     Dan Kiley - lost primary
FEC S8OH00110; 30 Jun 18; Tot $1,106,376; Dsb $1,050,616
  Candidate Republican     Congressman  James B. "Jim" Renacci
House CD 16

FEC S8OH00102; 30 Jun 18; Tot $6,223,995; Dsb $2,653,074
  Candidate Libertarian     Bruce Jaynes
    Write-in; (Green)     Philena Irene Farley - apparently not a candidate
FEC S8OH00136
    Write-in; (Republican)     Timothy A. Pinion - lost primary
FEC S8OH00128

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Robert Jones "Rob" Portman
FEC S0OH00133

Oklahoma  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  James M. "Jim" Inhofe
FEC S4OK00083

Oregon  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Jeffrey Alan "Jeff" Merkley
FEC S8OR00207

Class 3  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Ronald Lee "Ron" Wyden
FEC S6OR00110

Pennsylvania  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Robert P. "Bob" Casey, Jr.
FEC S6PA00217; 30 Jun 18; Tot $14,691,248; Dsb $6,418,063
  Candidate Republican     Congressman  Louis J. "Lou" Barletta
Congressman CD 11.
28 August 2017: Running for the Class 1 Senate Seat in 2018.

FEC S8PA00320; 30 Jun 18; Tot $4,086,199; Dsb $2,930,595
    Republican     state Representative James Joseph "Jim" Christiana, III - lost primary
FEC S8PA00270; 30 Jun 18; Tot $302,398; Dsb $300,093
  Candidate Green     Neal Gale
FEC S8PA00346; 30 Jun 18; Tot $384; Dsb $20
  Candidate Libertarian     Dale Ronald Kerns, Jr.
FEC S8PA00254; 30 Jun 18; Tot $27,190; Dsb $21,327
  Candidate Write-in; (Socialist Workers Party)     Osborne Hart
    Write-in; (Democratic)     Brian Kelly - lost primary

Rhode Island  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
    Democratic     Patricia Joy "Pat" "Patty" Fontes - lost primary
FEC S8RI00144
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Sheldon Whitehouse, II
FEC S6RI00221; 23 Aug 18; Tot $4,552,941; Dsb $2,235,290
    Republican     Roque "Rocky" De La Fuente - lost primary
FEC S8RI00151
  Candidate Republican     former Rhode Island Supreme Court Justice Robert G. "Bob" Flanders, Jr.
FEC S8RI00128; 23 Aug 18; Tot $951,930; Dsb $649,530
    Republican     Robert Anthony "Bobby" Nardolillo, III - lost primary
FEC S8RI00110; 30 Sep 18; Tot $129,258; Dsb $129,503
  Candidate Independent     Raymond T. "Ray" McKay
FEC S8RI00169

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator John F. "Jack" Reed
FEC S6RI00163

South Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Lindsey Olin Graham
FEC S0SC00149
  Candidate Republican     Peggy Kandies
FEC S0SC00248
  Candidate Republican     Mark Sloan
FEC S0SC00230
  Candidate Constitution     Bill Bledsoe
  Candidate Independent     Matthew Baldwin Knights
FEC S0SC00255

South Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Marion Michael "Mike" Rounds
FEC S4SD00049

Tennessee  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Democratic     former Governor Philip N. "Phil" Bredesen
FEC S8TN00386; 13 Jul 18; Tot $8,526,736; Dsb $5,662,436
  Candidate Republican     Congressman  Marsha Blackburn
CD 7.
4 October 2017: Running for the Class 1 Senate Seat in 2018.

FEC S8TN00337; 13 Jul 18; Tot $8,091,625; Dsb $3,480,076
  Candidate Independent     former Morgan County Commissioner Trudy A. Austin
FEC S8TN00428
  Candidate Independent     John "Jae" Carico
FEC S8TN00436
  Candidate Independent     former Nashville Mayor Dean Hill
FEC S8TN00444
  Candidate Independent     Kevin Lee McCants
FEC S8TN00451
  Candidate Independent; (Republican)     Robert Breton "Breton" Phillips
FEC S8TN00477
  Candidate Independent     Kris L. Todd
FEC S8TN00469
  Candidate Write-in     Nicholas Brent Mantanona
Also filed with the FEC for House CD 9.

FEC S8TN00402

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Lamar Alexander
FEC S2TN00058

Texas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Congressman  Robert "Beto" O'Rourke
31 March 2017: Announced that he is running for the U.S. Senate Class I seat in 2018.

FEC S8TX00285; 30 Jun 18; Tot $23,647,799; Dsb $10,085,140
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz
FEC S2TX00312; 30 Jun 18; Tot $13,207,771; Dsb $8,116,097
  Candidate Libertarian     Neal Monroe Dikeman
FEC S8TX00418; 30 Jun 18; Tot $13,546; Dsb $5,470

Utah  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Democratic     Salt Lake County Councilwoman  Jenny Wilson
FEC S8UT00143; 30 Jun 18; Tot $684,832; Dsb $600,550
  Candidate Republican     former Massachusetts Governor Willard "Mitt" Romney
FEC S8UT00176; 30 Jun 18; Tot $4,097,124; Dsb $2,888,474
  Candidate Constitution     Timothy Noel "Tim" Aalders
FEC S2UT00229; 30 Jun 18; Tot $71,751; Dsb $17,933
  Candidate Libertarian     Craig R. Bowden
FEC S8UT00127; 31 Mar 18; Tot $44,654; Dsb $43,055
  Candidate Independent American     Reed C. McCandless
FEC S8UT00275
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Glade G. Fitzgerald
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     DG Daniel Geery
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Ryan Daniel Jackson
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Tyrone Jensen
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Cody Robert Judy
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Abe Korb
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Caleb Dan Reeve
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Hektor Madison Köppre Reiksthegn

Vermont  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Lawrence Zupan
FEC S8VT00141; 25 Jul 18; Tot $6,740; Dsb $352
  Candidate Liberty Union     Reid Kane
  Candidate Independent; (Democratic)     Folasade Adeluola
14 August 2018: Lost the Democratic nomination.

FEC S8VT00117
  Candidate Independent     Russell Beste
  Candidate Independent     Bruce Busa
  Candidate Independent     Edward S. Gilbert, Jr.
  Candidate Independent     Brad Joseph Peacock
FEC S8VT00158
  Candidate Independent     Senator  Bernard "Bernie" Sanders
Did not accept the Democratic or Progressive Party nominations.

FEC S4VT00033; 25 Jul 18; Tot $7,494,421; Dsb $3,274,814
  Candidate Independent; (Democratic)     Jon Svitavsky
FEC S8VT00133

Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Timothy Michael "Tim" Kaine
FEC S2VA00142; 30 Jun 18; Tot $13,196,525; Dsb $10,219,152
  Candidate Republican     Prince William Board of County Supervisors Chairman  Corey Alan Stewart
FEC S8VA00297; 30 Jun 18; Tot $1,092,277; Dsb $949,423
  Candidate Libertarian     Matt J. Waters
FEC S8VA00354; 30 Jun 18; Tot $29,356; Dsb $28,311
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     former state Delagate Winsome Sears

Class 2  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Mark Robert Warner
FEC S6VA00093

Washington  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
    Independent     Thor Amundson - lost primary
FEC S8WA00137
    Republican     David R. "Dave" Bryant - lost primary
FEC S8WA00277; 18 Jul 18; Tot $14,022; Dsb $1,134
    Independent     Jon Butler - lost primary
FEC S8WA00376
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Maria E. Cantwell
on General Election ballot

FEC S8WA00194; 18 Jul 18; Tot $7,480,742; Dsb $3,129,766
    Other     Brad Chase - lost primary
Prefers FDFR Party

FEC S8WA00350
    Republican     Arthur "Art" Coday, Jr. - lost primary
FEC S0WA00258; 18 Jul 18; Tot $20,135; Dsb $18,905
    Green     James Robert "Jimmie" Deal - lost primary
FEC S8WA00368
    Republican     Roque "Rocky" De La Fuente - lost primary
FEC S8WA00384
    Independent     Jennifer "GiGi" Ferguson - lost primary
FEC S8WA00202; 14 Jul 18; Tot $37,881; Dsb $31,828
    Write-in; (Socialist Workers Party)     Edwin Fruit - lost primary
    Republican     Joseph "Joey" Gibson - lost primary
FEC S8WA00244; 18 Jul 18; Tot $8,528; Dsb $6,422
    Republican     Matt Hawkins - lost primary
FEC S8WA00293
    Republican     Matthew D. Heines - lost primary
FEC S8WA00301
    Other     Steve Hoffman - lost primary
Freedom Socialist Party

FEC S8WA00236; 18 Jul 18; Tot $22,746; Dsb $11,559
  Candidate Republican     Susan Hutchison
on General Election ballot

FEC S8WA00319; 18 Jul 18; Tot $543,276; Dsb $109,483
    Independent     Charlie Richard "Chuck" Jackson - lost primary
FEC S8WA00129
    Democratic     George H. Kalberer - lost primary
FEC S8WA00285
    Libertarian     Mike Luke - lost primary
FEC S6WA00446
    Republican     Michael "GoodSpaceGuy" Nelson - lost primary
FEC S6WA00297
    Republican     John Orlinski - lost primary
FEC S8WA00327
    Republican     Tim Owen - lost primary
FEC S8WA00335
    Democratic     Don L. Rivers - lost primary
FEC S8WA00228; 18 Jul 18; Tot $45,253; Dsb $45,428
    Democratic     Mohammad H. Said - lost primary
FEC S4WA00474
    Republican     RC Smith - lost primary
FEC S8WA00343
    Republican     former Ritzville City Councilman Glen R. "Stocky" Stockwell - lost primary
FEC S2WA00320
    Independent     David Lee "Dave" Strider - lost primary
FEC S8WA00210
    Republican     Keith R. Swank - lost primary
FEC S8WA00269; 19 Jul 18; Tot $14,595; Dsb $12,318
    Democratic     Clint Ronald Tannehill - lost primary
FEC S8WA00251
    Other     Alex Tsimerman - lost primary
Stand Up America

FEC S6WA00339
    Other     Sam Wright - lost primary
Prefers The Human Rights Party

FEC S6WA00404

West Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Joseph "Joe" Manchin, III
FEC S0WV00090; 30 Jun 18; Tot $6,268,249; Dsb $1,660,841
    Democratic     Paula Jean Swearengin - lost primary
FEC S8WV00119; 30 Jun 18; Tot $219,111; Dsb $173,192
    Republican     Jimmy Dale "Bo" Copley, II - lost primary
FEC S8WV00135
    Republican     Congressman  Evan H. Jenkins - lost primary
8 May 2017: Announced.

FEC S8WV00127; 30 Jun 18; Tot $1,573,189; Dsb $2,276,898
  Candidate Republican     Attorney General  Patrick James Morrisey
10 July 2017: Candidate for the U.S. Senate Class 1 Seat in 2018.

FEC S8WV00143; 30 Jun 18; Tot $3,099,126; Dsb $2,204,633
    Republican     Jack Newbrough - lost primary
FEC S8WV00168
    Republican     Thomas Edwards "Tom" Willis, II - lost primary
FEC S8WV00176
    Constitution; (Republican)     Don Leon Blankenship - apparently not a candidate
23 July 2018: Don Blankenship announces that he intends to file to run for the Senate Class 1 seat under the banner of the Constitution Party.
21 May 2018: Running under the banner of the Constitution Party after losing the 8 May Republican Primary. Note that "Candidates affiliated with a recognized political party who run for election in a primary election and who lose the nomination cannot change her or his voter registration to a minor party organization/unaffiliated candidate to take advantage of the later filing deadlines and have their name on the subsequent general election ballot." [Ref RUNNING FOR OFFICE IN WEST VIRGINIA Page 4, West Virginia Secretary of State].
26 July 2018: Secretary of State Mac Warner refuses to place Don Blankenship as a Constitution Party candidate on the general election ballot.
29 August 2018: The West Virginia Supreme Court denies Don Blankenship's request to get on the ballot in November as U.S. Senate candidate for Constitution Party.

FEC S8WV00150; 30 Jun 18; Tot $4,029,435; Dsb $3,995,069
  Candidate Libertarian     Rusty Hollen
  Candidate Write-in     Morgantown City Deputy Mayor and Councilor  Mark Brazaitis

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Shelley Moore Capito
FEC S4WV00159

Wisconsin  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Tammy Baldwin
FEC S2WI00219; 25 Jul 18; Tot $19,329,651; Dsb $13,713,894
  Candidate Republican     state Senator  Leah Vukmir
FEC S8WI00224; 25 Jul 18; Tot $2,011,412; Dsb $1,581,823
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     John T. Schiess
FEC S2WI00193
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Mary Jo Walters
FEC S8WI00208

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Ronald Harold "Ron" Johnson
FEC S0WI00197; 30 Jun 18; Tot $873,734; Dsb $509,458

Wyoming  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Democratic     former Teton County School Trustee Gary Trauner
FEC S8WY00189; 01 Aug 18; Tot $633,876; Dsb $369,243
  Candidate Republican     Senator  John A. Barrasso
FEC S6WY00068; 01 Aug 18; Tot $5,039,739; Dsb $2,400,611
    Republican     Roque "Rocky" De La Fuente - lost primary
FEC S8WY00205
    Republican     David M. "Dave" Dodson - lost primary
FEC S8WY00197; 01 Aug 18; Tot $1,504,035; Dsb $1,437,239
    Republican     Charles E. "Charlie" Hardy - lost primary
FEC S4WY00097; 01 Aug 18; Tot $6,205; Dsb $6,066
    Republican     former County Court Judge John A. Holtz - lost primary
FEC S8WY00213
    Republican     Anthony L. Van Risseghem - lost primary
FEC S8WY00221

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Democratic-Nonpartisan League
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Libertarian
  Minnesota Green Party
  Reform
Other Third Parties
  Conservative
  Economic Growth
  For The People
  Independence
  Independent American
  Legal Marijuana Now
  Liberty Union
  Make It Simple
  Natural Law
  New Day NJ
  Socialist Workers Party
  The Old Republic
  U.S. Taxpayers
  Women's Equality
  Working Families
Independents
  Independent
  No Party Affiliation
  No Political Party
  None
  Nonpartisan
  Other
  Unaffiliated
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  None of these candidates
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2013 and end their terms on 3 January 2019. The next regular election for these seats is in 6 November 2018.
Class 2 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2015 and end their terms on 3 January 2021. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2020.
Class 3 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2017 and end their terms on 3 January 2023. The next regular election for these seats is 8 November 2022.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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