Executive and Legislative Branches
of the Several states


 

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State Executive and Legislative
Alaska
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor (1959--) [under State's 1st Constitution]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE (1912--) [as both a Territory and a State]
Upper House
  Senate (1912--) [as both a Territory and a State]
Lower House
  House of Representatives (1912--) [as both a Territory and a State]
Alabama
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  President of the State Senate (1819-1867) [under State's 1st and 2nd Constitutions: would merely become "acting Governor"; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
Lieutenant Governor (1867-1875) [under State's 3rd Constitution: elected separately from GOVERNOR; next in line of succession: President pro Tempore of the State Senate]
President of the State Senate (1875-1901) [under State's 4th Constitution: would merely become "acting Governor"; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
Lieutenant Governor (1901--) [under State's 5th Constitution: elected separately from GOVERNOR; next in line of succession: President pro Tempore of the State Senate, then Speaker of the State House of Representatives, followed- if ever necessary- by Statewide Elected Executive Officers]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE (1817-1819) [as a Territory]
GENERAL ASSEMBLY (1819-1901)
LEGISLATURE (1901--) [Name changed upon the adoption of the State's 5th Constitution]
Upper House
  Legislative Council (1817-1819) [as a Territory]
Senate (1819--) [currently 35 Senators by DISTRICT: 4-year terms]
Lower House
  House of Representatives (1817--) [as both a Territory and a State]
[currently 105 Representatives by DISTRICT: 4-year terms]
Arkansas
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  President of the State Senate (1836-1864) [under State's 1st Constitution: would merely become "acting Governor"; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
Lieutenant Governor (1864-1874) [under State's 2nd and 3rd Constitutions: elected separately from Governor; next in line of succession: President (pro Tempore) of the Senate]
President of the State Senate (1874-1914) [under State's 4th Constitution: would merely become "acting Governor"; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
Lieutenant Governor (1914--) [via Amendment to the State's 4th Constitution: elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY (1819--) [as both a Territory and a State]
Upper House
  Legislative Council (1819-1836) [as a Territory]
Senate (1836--)
Lower House
  House of Representatives (1819--) [as both a Territory and a State]
American Samoa
Chief Executive
  Governor
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor
 
Legislature
  Legislative Assembly (Fono)
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Arizona
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Secretary of State (1912--) [under State's 1st Constitution; next in line of sucession: State Attorney General]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY (1863-1912) [as a Territory]
LEGISLATURE (1912--)
Upper House
  Council (1863-1912) [as a Territory]
Senate (1912--)
Lower House
  House of Representatives (1863--) [as both a Territory and a State]
California
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor (1850--) [under State's 1st and 2nd Constitutions: elected separately from GOVERNOR; originally, next in line of succession: President (pro Tempore) of the State Senate, then (after State Constitutional Amendment of 1898) Speaker of the State Assembly... subsequently, the Legislature was authorized to determine a line of succession beyond the Lieutenant Governor by statute]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE (1850--)
Upper House
  Senate (1850--)
Lower House
  Assembly (1850--)
Colorado
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY (1861-1876) [as a Territory]
General Assembly (1876--)
Upper House
  Council (1861-1876) [as a Territory]
Senate (1876--)
Lower House
  House of Representatives (1861--) [as a Territory and a State]
Connecticut
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor
 
Legislature
  GENERAL COURT (1638-1818) [CONNECTICUT operated under its colonial Charter of 1662 into Statehood; until 1784, also functioned as- in effect- the "court of Last Resort".]
GENERAL ASSEMBLY (1818--)
Upper House
  Court of Assistants (--1784) [under the colonial Charter of 1662, also functioned as the Governor's Council (hence their name); from 1666 through 1715, also functioned as a "superior court" which tried major cases and exercised some appellate judicial jurisdiction]
Senate (1784--) [under Connecticut's colonial Charter of 1662 (in force till 1818), this body functioned as the "Supreme Court of Errors", the highest court in the State]
Lower House
  General Assembly (--1818) [under Connecticut's colonial Charter of 1662]
House of Representatives (1818--)
Delaware
Chief Executive
  PRESIDENT (1776-1792) [under the State's 1st Constitution]
GOVERNOR (1792--) [under the State's 2nd, 3rd and 4th Constitutions]
Successor to a Vacancy
  Speaker of the Legislative Council (1776-1792) [under State's 1st Constitution: would merely become "acting President"; next in line of succession: Speaker of the House of Assembly]
Speaker of the State Senate (1792-1897) [under the State's 2nd and 3rd Constitutions: would merely become "acting Governor"; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
Lieutenant Governor (1897--) [under State's 4th Constitution; next in the line of succession: Secretary of State, then Attorney General, President pro Tempore of the State Senate, Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  [Legislative] Council (1776-1792)
Senate (1792--) [Name changed with the adoption of the State's 2nd Constitution]
Lower House
  [House of] Assembly (1776-1792)
House of Representatives (1792--) [Name changed with the adoption of the State's 2nd Constitution]
Florida
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR]
President of the State Senate [under State's 4th Constitution; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
President of the State Senate (1845-1865) [under State's 1st Constitution; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
Lieutenant Governor (1865-1887) [under State's 2nd and 3rd Constitutions; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives (1865-1868), President pro Tempore of the State Senate (1868-1887)]
 
Legislature
  General Assembly (1845-1868) [under State's 1st and 2nd Constitutions]
LEGISLATURE (1868--) [under State's 3rd, 4th and 5th Constitutions]
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives (1845-1868) [under State's 1st and 2nd Constitutions]
Assembly (1868-1887) [under State's 3rd Constitution]
House of Representatives (1887--) [under State's 4th and 5th Constitutions]
Georgia
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Guam
Chief Executive
  Governor
 
Legislature
  Legislature
Hawaii
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [Elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR; nominated separately from Governor]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Iowa
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Idaho
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Illinois
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR; nominated separately from Governor]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Indiana
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR; next in line of succession: President pro Tempore of the State Senate (1816-1851)]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Kansas
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR; nominated with Governor as well]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Kentucky
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR; nominated with Governor as well]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Louisiana
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Massachusetts
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL COURT
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Maryland
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Delegates
Maine
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  President of the State Senate
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Michigan
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [Nominated by convention separately from the gubernatorial primary; elected on same ticket with Governor.]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Minnesota
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR; nominated with Governor as well]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Missouri
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Northern Marianas
Chief Executive
  Governor
 
Legislature
  Legislature
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Mississippi
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Montana
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR; nominated separately from Governor]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
North Carolina
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
North Dakota
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Nebraska
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR]
 
Unicameral
  Legislature
New Hampshire
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  President of the State Senate
 
Legislature
  GENERAL COURT
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
New Jersey
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  President of the State Senate (--2009) [prior to the creation of the Lt. Governor position (first elected in 2009), became "acting Governor" only and had to remain a member of the State Senate in order to hold such position; next in the line of succession (only where the office of State Senate President were itself vacant) was the Speaker of the General Assembly (who, likewise, would have to remain a member of that body during his/her tenure as 'acting Governor').]
Lieutenant Governor (2010--) [next in line of succession: President of the State Senate, followed by Speaker of the General Assembly, still subject to the reservations [that is, remaining in their respective legislative body while serving as, in their cases, 'acting Governor'] which existed prior to the creation of the office of Lt. Gov.; however, if someone has served as 'acting Governor' continuously for at least 180 days without the election of a new Governor, that person then becomes 'Governor' in full name and title.
"The Governor and Lieutenant Governor shall be elected conjointly and for concurrent terms by the legally qualified voters of this State, and the manner of election shall require each voter to cast a single vote for both offices. The candidate of each political party for election to the office of Lieutenant Governor shall be selected by the candidate of that party nominated for election to the office of Governor. The selection of the candidate for election to the office of Lieutenant Governor shall be made within 30 days following the nomination of the candidate for election to the office of Governor. A person shall not seek election to both offices simultaneously. The joint candidates receiving the greatest number of votes shall be elected; but if two or more joint candidacies shall be equal and greatest in votes, one set of joint candidates shall be elected by the vote of a majority of all the members of both houses in joint meeting at the regular legislative session next following the election for Governor and Lieutenant Governor by the people. Contested elections for the offices of Governor and Lieutenant Governor shall be determined in such manner as may be provided by law." [Article V, Section I, paragraph 4: New Jersey State Constitution (as amended)]]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  General Assembly
New Mexico
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR; nominated separately from Governor]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Nevada
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  Assembly
New York
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [Elected on a ticket with (but may be nominated separately from) the Governor]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  Assembly
Ohio
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR; nominated with Governor as well]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Oklahoma
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Oregon
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Secretary of State
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Pennsylvania
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Puerto Rico
Chief Executive
  Governor
Successor to a Vacancy
  Secretary of State (1952--) [appointed by the Governor with the consent of both houses of the Legislative Assembly]
 
Legislature
  Legislative Assembly
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  Chamber of Representatives
Rhode Island
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
South Carolina
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
South Dakota
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR; nominated with Governor as well]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Tennessee
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Speaker of the State Senate
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Texas
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Utah
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Virginia
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Delegates
Virgin Islands
Chief Executive
  Governor
 
Unicameral
  Senate
Vermont
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Washington
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives
Wisconsin
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR]
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  Assembly
West Virginia
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  President of the State Senate
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Delegates
Wyoming
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Secretary of State
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives

Titles of the OFFICIAL COMPILATIONS OF STATUTES in the Several states

 


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