The Green Papers
2008 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions
Copyright Vermont Democrat
Presidential Nominating Process
Primary: Tuesday 4 March 20081
State Convention: Saturday 24 May 2008
National Convention Delegate Meeting: Saturday 7 June 2008
Delegate Votes
Hard TotalFloor Vote
Obama, Barack Hussein91,901  59.31%9.0  39.13% 
Clinton, Hillary Rodham59,806  38.59%6.0  26.09% 
Edwards, John Reid1,936   1.25%  
Kucinich, Dennis J.1,010   0.65%  
Write-In307   0.20%  
Uncommitted 8.0  34.78% 
(not voting)  23.0 100.00%
Total154,960 100.00%23.0 100.00%23.0 100.00%

States Chronologically   States Alphabetically     Democratic Convention     Vermont Republican    
Vermont Primaries for Statewide offices and Congress
Vermont State and Local Government



Here is how we compute the delegate count (based on official returns from the 4 March primary):

  1. A candidate must receive 15% or more of the total popular vote to qualify for delegates. Discard votes cast for those candidates who do not qualify. Clinton and Obama have qualified for delegates.
  2. Allocate Congressional District delegates from the qualified vote in each district. Allocate Pledged PLEO and At-Large delegates using the state-wide qualified vote.
  3. In each jurisdiction (CD and statewide):
    1. Total qualified vote = total votes cast for the qualifying candidates in the jurisdiction.
    2. Allocation = (delegates for the jurisdiction) × (candidate's popular vote) ÷ (total qualified vote).
    3. Assign each candidate the WHOLE NUMBER of delegates.
    4. If delegates remain, allocate each of the remaining delegates to those candidates with the LARGEST REMAINDERS.

Delegates  15  9  6

Unpledged delegates as of
29 January 2008: Obama: 2
9 February 2008: Clinton: 1, Obama: 4
16 February 2008: Clinton: 1, Obama: 5
6 June 2008: Obama: 6


Tuesday 4 March 2008: 15 of 23 delegates to the Democratic National Convention are allocated to presidential contenders based on the results of the voting in today's Vermont Presidential Primary. A mandatory 15 percent threshold is required in order for a presidential contender to be allocated National Convention delegates at either the congressional district or statewide level.

  • 10 district delegates are to be allocated proportionally to presidential contenders based on the statewide primary results as Vermont has only one Congressional District.
  • In addition, 5 delegates are to be allocated to presidential contenders based on the primary vote statewide.
    • 3 at-large National Convention delegates
    • 2 Pledged PLEOs

The State Convention caucuses will select the district delegates on 24 May 2008.

Participation in Vermont’s delegate selection process is open to all voters who wish to participate as Democrats.

Saturday 24 May 2008. State Convention.

Saturday 7 June 2008: National Convention Delegate Meeting

The remaining 8 National Convention delegates consist of

  • 7 Unpledged PLEO delegates:
    • 5 Democratic National Committee members.
    • 2 Members of Congress (1 Senator and 1 Representative).
    • 0 Governors.
    • 0 Distinguished Party Leaders.
  • 1 Unpledged "add-on" (selected by a quorum of elected district level delegates).

These 8 delegates and will go to the Democratic National Convention officially "Unpledged".

Delegation to the National Convention

Vermont Delegation (as posted by, 1 July 2008)

Pledged District4610
Pledged PLEO112
Pledged At-Large123
Total Pledged6915
Alternate Pledged District123
Alternate Pledged PLEO000
Alternate Pledged At-Large011
Total Alternates134
Unpledged  8
Credentials Committee  5
Platform Committee  1
Rules Committee  1
Pages  2
Pledged DistrictObamaPhilip BaruthBurlington, VT
Pledged DistrictObamaTaylor BatesWilliston, VT
Pledged DistrictObamaCarolyn DwyerMontpelier, VT
Pledged DistrictObamaArshad HasanBurlington, VT
Pledged DistrictClintonHon. Don HooperSharon, VT
Pledged DistrictClintonHon. Mageleine M. KuninBurlington, VT
Pledged DistrictObamaDaria MondesireDerby, VT
Pledged DistrictClintonMichael PieciakBrattleboro, VT
Pledged DistrictClintonBeth RobinsonFerrisburgh, VT
Pledged DistrictObamaHon. Rachel WestonBurlington, VT
Pledged PLEOClintonSara KittellFairfield, VT
Pledged PLEOObamaHon. Peter ShumlinPutney, VT
Pledged At-LargeObamaKevin ChristieWhite River Junction, VT
Pledged At-LargeObamaSherry MerrickPost Mills, VT
Pledged At-LargeClintonLinda WeissCorinth, VT
Alternate Pledged DistrictObamaMichael GaffneyEssex Junction, VT
Alternate Pledged DistrictClintonNancy RichardsonCharlotte, VT
Alternate Pledged DistrictObamaMary SullivanBurlington, VT
Alternate Pledged At-LargeObamaTim BriglinThetford Center, VT
Delegation Vice Chair
 Judy BevansCraftsbury Comm., VT
Delegation Chair
 Hon. Ian CarletonMontpelier, VT
Delegation Chair
ObamaHon. Deb MarkowitzMontpelier, VT
Unpledged Congressman Hon. Peter WelchWashington, DC
Unpledged DNC Chair Hon. Howard DeanWashington, DC
Unpledged DNC Member Billi GoshBrookfield, VT
Unpledged DNC Member Hon. Chuck Ross, Jr.Hinesburg, VT
Unpledged Senator Hon. Patrick LeahyWashington, DC
Credentials Committee Kathy HoytNorwich, VT
Credentials CommitteeObamaMichael InnersGrand Isle, VT
Credentials Committee Kate O'ConnorWinooski, VT
Credentials Committee Bob RoganWashington, DC
Credentials Committee Jane StetsonNorwich, VT
Platform CommitteeObamaSarah MuyskensBurlington, VT
Rules CommitteeClintonBilli GoshBrookfield, VT
Page Ari MarkowitzMontpelier, VT
Page Kaela MealsBurlington, VT

1 Democratic Party's "First Determining Step" of the delegate selection process.


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Delegate Counts
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  Democratic Unpledged Delegate Preferences  
Delegate Allocation
  Democratic Quick Reference   --   Republican Quick Reference  
  Democratic Detailed Delegate Allocation   --   Republican Detailed Delegate Allocation  
  Democratic Delegate Selection and Voter Eligibility   --   Republican Delegate Selection and Voter Eligibility  
  Primaries at a Glance  
Ballot Access
  Democratic Candidates   --   Republican Candidates  
  Historical Analysis of the Presidential Nominating Process  
  Historical Analysis of the apportionment of delegate votes at the National Conventions of the two major parties  
  Primary/Caucus/Convention Glossary  
  Third Parties (Green, Libertarian)  
  Straw Polls