The Green Papers
2008 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions
Copyright Democrats Abroad Democrat
Presidential Nominating Process
Local Caucuses / Primary: Tuesday 5 February - Tuesday 12 February 20081
Regional Caucuses: Saturday 15 March - Friday 11 April 2008
Global Convention: Saturday 12 April 2008
Delegate Votes
Hard TotalFloor Vote
Obama, Barack Hussein15,214  65.85%4.5  40.91%8.5  77.27%
Clinton, Hillary Rodham7,501  32.46%2.5  22.73%2.5  22.73%
Edwards, John Reid159   0.69%  
Kucinich, Dennis J.143   0.62%  
Uncommitted54   0.23%4.0  36.36% 
Richardson, William B. "Bill", III19   0.08%  
Biden, Joseph Robinette "Joe", Jr.15   0.06%  
Total23,105 100.00%11.0 100.00%11.0 100.00%

States Chronologically   States Alphabetically     Democratic Convention    


Unpledged delegates as of
20 February 2008: Clinton: 2, Obama: 3
24 February 2008: Clinton: 2, Obama: 4
7 May 2008: Clinton: 3, Obama: 4
14 May 2008: Clinton: 3, Obama: 5
Each unpledged delegate casts one half vote at the national convention.


Participation in Democrats Abroad’s delegate selection process is open to all U.S. nationals who will be 18 years of age or older on 4 November 2008, who reside temporarily or permanently outside the United States and who wish to participate as Democrats. Voters must declare that they have not participated and will not participate in the delegate selection process (caucus, primary or other method) of any other delegation to the 2008 Democratic National Convention or in the nominating process of any other political party for the corresponding presidential elections.

DEMOCRATS ABROAD is allocated 11 delegate votes at the Democratic National Convention but will be sending 22 persons who will be acknowledged as "delegates" on the floor of the Convention. Each of the 22 delegates has ½ vote on the Convention Floor.

Tuesday 5 February - Tuesday 12 February 2008: Primary and Local and/or Country Caucuses.

There will be either Local or Country Caucuses of registered American voters who are legal residents of each country or each subdivision of such country in which there is such a caucus and who have signed a pledge to support the Democratic Party in the 4 November 2008 Presidential General Election (obviously, there are countries- or portions of countries- in which the holding of a Democrats Abroad local or country caucus by American citizens residing therein is impractical if not difficult and/or impossible, unwise if not dangerous and/or absolutely forbidden or illegal).

  • "These Local or Country Caucuses choose delegates from that country to Regional Caucuses. The decision as to whether to hold a Country Caucus for an entire country or Local Caucuses in first-order administrative subdivisions of such country is solely at the discretion of the Democratic Party Committee for that country."
  • Participants may vote in the primary by internet, in person, or postal mail.

Here is how we compute the delegate count (based on final results of the Tuesday 5 February - Tuesday 12 February 2008 Local Caucuses / Party run Primary from an party source. Last update 21 February 2008):


  1. A candidate must receive 15% or more of the total popular vote to qualify for delegates. Discard votes cast for those candidates who do not qualify. Clinton and Obama have qualified for delegates.
  2. Allocate Regional delegates from the qualified vote in each region. Allocate Pledged PLEO and At-Large delegates using the Worldwide qualified vote.
  3. In each jurisdiction (Region and Worldwide):
    1. Total qualified vote = total votes cast for the qualifying candidates in the jurisdiction.
    2. Allocation = (delegates for the jurisdiction) × (candidate's popular vote) ÷ (total qualified vote).
    3. Assign each candidate the WHOLE NUMBER of delegates.
    4. If delegates remain, allocate each of the remaining delegates to those candidates with the LARGEST REMAINDERS.

Each pledged delegate casts one half vote at the national convention.

Europe - Middle East - Africa14,09013,86669,6154.16144,2511.8392
Asia - Pacific3,7553,68812,7260.73919620.261 
Delegates  14  9  5

Saturday 15 March - Friday 11 April 2008: Three Regional Caucuses (one each for the Americas, Asia - Pacific and Europe - Middle East - Africa) are convened the day before the Global Convention. Votes cast by country delegates to these Regional Caucuses by telephone, FAX, teleconferencing and/or e-mail is permitted.

  • "The Regional Caucuses meet to allocate the total of 9 "regional delegates" for DEMOCRATS ABROAD according to the preferences of the participants in a given Regional Caucus: a 15 percent threshold of support by a Regional Caucus is required for a presidential contender to be allocated any such regional delegates. Each regional delegate shall cast ½ vote for a total of 4 ½ delegate votes on the floor of the Democratic National Convention."

Regional Caucuses

  • Americas Region (2 delegates = 1 delegate vote)
    • Canada
    • Colombia
    • Costa Rica
    • Dominican Republic
    • Guatemala
    • Mexico
    • Panama
  • Asia - Pacific Region: (1 delegate = ½ delegate vote)
    • Australia
    • Cambodia
    • Hong Kong
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • Japan
    • Philippines
    • Thailand
  • Europe - Middle East - Africa Region (6 delegates = 3 delegate votes)
    • Austria
    • Belgium
    • France
    • Germany
    • Greece
    • Ireland
    • Israel
    • Italy
    • Luxembourg
    • Netherlands
    • Norway
    • Portugal
    • Russia
    • Spain
    • Sweden
    • Switzerland
    • Ukraine
    • United Kingdom

Saturday 12 April 2008: The Global Convention chooses the 5 remaining delegates to the Democratic National Convention.

The 9 regional delegates to the National Convention meet with the 8 Democratic National Committee members from Democrats Abroad and the members of the Democratic Party Committee Abroad in a Global Convention in which proxy voting by any participant is permitted.

  • The 8 Democratic National Committee members from Democrats Abroad participating in the Global Convention are automatically certified as "unpledged PLEO delegates " and cast the 4 Unpledged PLEO delegate votes allocated to DEMOCRATS ABROAD on the floor of the Convention (each such "unpledged PLEO delegate" casting ½ vote).
  • The remaining 5 delegates chosen at the Global Convention are 3 "at-large" delegates and 2 "pledged PLEO delegates", their allocation reflecting the presidential preferences of the participants in the Global Convention: a 15 percent threshold of support at the Global Convention is required for a presidential contender to be allocated any of these remaining 5 delegates to the National Convention.
    • The 2 "pledged PLEO delegates" must be members of the Democratic Party Committee Abroad who will cast ½ vote each for the 1 Pledged PLEO delegate vote on the floor of the Convention
    • The 3 "at-large" delegates from DEMOCRATS ABROAD will also cast ½ vote each for a total of 1 ½ at-large delegate votes on the floor of the Convention."
DateDelegates SelectedEach delegate hasTotal Pledged
Delegate Votes
Total Unpledged
Delegate Votes
15 March to 11 April9 regional½ delegate vote4.5 
12 April3 at-large½ delegate vote1.5 
12 April2 pledged PLEO½ delegate vote1 
1 March
8 unpledged PLEO½ delegate vote 4
Totals22 74

Delegation to the National Convention

Democrats Abroad Delegation (as posted by, 5 May 2008)

Pledged District000
Pledged PLEO112
Pledged At-Large4812
Total Pledged5914
Alternate Pledged District000
Alternate Pledged PLEO000
Alternate Pledged At-Large112
Total Alternates112
Unpledged  8
Credentials Committee  1
Platform Committee  1
Rules Committee  1
Pages  1
Pledged PLEOClintonPeter C. AlegiRome, Italy
Pledged PLEOObamaSandra LoridansMexico
Pledged At-LargeObamaGeoffrey BerlinKiev, Ukraine
Pledged At-LargeObamaRobert BragarAmsterdam, The Netherlands
Pledged At-LargeObamaHoward FeldsteinLaredo, TX
Pledged At-LargeClintonRhoda GreenToronto, Canada
Pledged At-LargeClintonMargo MillerLondon, England
Pledged At-LargeObamaDavid M. NabtiBeirut, Lebanon
Pledged At-LargeObamaCarolyn Sauvage-MarNew Delhi, India
Pledged At-LargeClintonAllin C. SewardFrance
Pledged At-LargeObamaKenneth E. ShermanHamilton, Ontario, Canada
Pledged At-LargeObamaMonica Faith Stewart 
Pledged At-LargeObamaShari TempleMarzling, Germany
Pledged At-LargeClintonJo-Ann WhiteFlorence, Italy
Alternate Pledged At-LargeClintonGilbert A. CarbajalMadrid, Spain
Alternate Pledged At-LargeObamaGeorgia McCauleyMakati, Philippines
Delegation Vice Chair
 Toby CondliffeToronto, Canada
Delegation Chair
 Christine Schon MarquesSwitzerland
Unpledged DNC Member Robert BellToronto, Canada
Unpledged DNC Member Connie BordeParis, France
Unpledged DNC Member Liv GibbonsSutton, Dublin, Ireland
Unpledged DNC Member Theresa MorelliCasciago, Italy
Unpledged DNC Member Brent O'LearyTokyo, Japan
Unpledged DNC Member Leo Perez MinayaSanto Domingo, Dominican Republic
Credentials CommitteeObamaAnthony A. SistilliRome, Italy
Platform CommitteeClintonLynn Forester de RothschildLondon, England
Rules CommitteeObamaAdrienne JonesToronto, Ontario, Canada
Page James A. KlonoskiArmed Forces Europe

1 Democratic Party's "First Determining Step" of the delegate selection process.


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  Democratic Quick Reference   --   Republican Quick Reference  
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  Historical Analysis of the Presidential Nominating Process  
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