The Green Papers: 2022 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 117th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 33 Senate Seats are up for election on 8 November 2022.

There have been 0 deaths, 1 resignation, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 117th Senate.

  • Senator Alex Padilla (Democratic, California Class 3) was appointed on 22 December 2020 by Governor Gavin Newsom (Democratic). He will fill the seat of Senator Kamala D. Harris who has been elected to the office of Vice President. Senator Padilla was sworn on 20 January 2021. On 8 November 2022, he is concurrently elected to fill the remainder of the term ending January 3, 2023 and to the 6 year term ending in January 2029.
  • Senator Kamala D. Harris (Democratic, California Class 3) resigned on 18 January 2021 to take the office of Vice President of the United States.
  • Senator Raphael Warnock (Democratic, Georgia, Class 3) was elected in a 5 January 2021 Special Election. He replaces appointed Senator Kelly Loeffler (Republican) and was sworn on 20 January 2021.
  • Senator T. Jonathan "Jon" Ossoff (Democratic, Georgia, Class 2) was elected in a 5 January 2021 runoff election was sworn on 20 January 2021.

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Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Alabama  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Republican 942,154 66.62% Katie Boyd Britt
FEC S2AL00145; 28 Nov 22; Tot $11,306,453; Dsb $9,337,250
Total 1,414,238 100.00%  

Alaska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 136,330 53.70% Senator  Lisa Murkowski
8 November 2022: Rank choice elected in round 3.
16 August 2022 primary: Advances to General Election with 45%, 1st place.

FEC S4AK00099; 28 Nov 22; Tot $9,298,381; Dsb $9,443,708
  Candidate Republican 117,534 46.30% former state Department of Administration Commissioner Kelly C. Tshibaka
16 August 2022 Primary: Advances to General Election with 39%, 2nd place.

FEC S2AK00127; 28 Nov 22; Tot $6,002,252; Dsb $5,866,107
  Candidate Republican     Buzz A. Kelley
8 November 2022: Rank choice eliminated in round 1.
12 September 2022: Dropping out endorsing his Kelly C. Tshibaka (Republican). Remains on the ballot.
16 August 2022 Primary: Advances to General Election with 2%, 4nd place.

FEC S2AK00242
Total 253,864 100.00%  

Arizona  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican 1,196,308 46.51% Blake Masters
FEC S2AZ00372; 28 Nov 22; Tot $15,604,358; Dsb $15,297,423
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 27 0.00% Christopher Bullock
FEC S2AZ00463
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 20 0.00% Roxanne Renee Rodriguez
FEC S2AZ00489
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 17 0.00% Sherrise Bordes
FEC S2AZ00455
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 3 0.00% Edward Davida
FEC S8AZ00312
Total 2,572,294 100.00%  

Arkansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 592,437 65.73% Senator  John Nichols Boozman
FEC S0AR00150; 28 Nov 22; Tot $6,752,145; Dsb $6,666,656
Total 901,306 100.00%  

California  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Denice Lyn Gary-Pandol
FEC S4CA00407
  Candidate Republican     Peter Yuan Liu
FEC S4CA00498
  Candidate Republican     Barack Obama Mandela
FEC S4CA00464

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican 4,222,025 38.94% Mark P. Meuser
FEC S2CA01060; 28 Nov 22; Tot $1,052,125; Dsb $999,875
Total 10,843,641 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican 4,212,446 39.11% Mark P. Meuser
FEC S2CA01060; 28 Nov 22; Tot $1,052,125; Dsb $999,875
Total 10,771,749 100.00%  

Colorado  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican 1,031,693 41.27% Joseph Matthew "Joe" O'Dea
FEC S2CO00241; 28 Nov 22; Tot $10,225,695; Dsb $9,762,346
Total 2,500,130 100.00%  

Connecticut  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican 535,943 42.54% Leora R. Levy
FEC S2CT00314; 28 Nov 22; Tot $3,067,594; Dsb $3,029,241
Total 1,259,887 100.00%  

Florida  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Richard L. "Rick" Scott
FEC S8FL00273

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 4,474,847 57.68% Senator  Marco Rubio
8 December 2020: Will run for re-election in 2022.

FEC S0FL00338; 28 Nov 22; Tot $43,107,119; Dsb $45,393,216
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican) 2 0.00% Howard Knepper
FEC S0FL00544
Total 7,758,014 100.00%  

Georgia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Reagan Box
FEC S6GA00267

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican 1,721,244 48.60% Herschel Junior Walker
FEC S2GA00225; 16 Nov 22; Tot $58,697,140; Dsb $48,847,487
Total 3,541,877 100.00%  

Hawaii  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican 106,358 25.36% Robert C. "Bob" McDermott
FEC S2HI00155
Total 419,363 100.00%  

Idaho  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  James E. "Jim" Risch
FEC S8ID00092

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 358,539 60.68% Senator  Michael D. "Mike" Crapo
FEC S8ID00027; 28 Nov 22; Tot $4,800,081; Dsb $6,414,691
Total 590,890 100.00%  

Illinois  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican 1,701,055 41.50% Kathy Raye Salvi
FEC S2IL00267; 28 Nov 22; Tot $1,348,600; Dsb $1,219,269
Total 4,098,896 100.00%  

Indiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Erik Benson
FEC S4IN00170 or S4IN00188

FEC S4IN00170
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Mike Braun
FEC S8IN00171

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 1,090,390 58.62% Senator  Todd Christopher Young
FEC S6IN00191; 28 Nov 22; Tot $10,962,201; Dsb $9,372,159
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican; Other) 1,294 0.07% Daniel "Danny" Niederberger
FEC S2IN00182; 31 Dec 22; Tot $18,387; Dsb $8,522
Total 1,860,154 100.00%  

Iowa  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 681,501 55.39% Senator  Charles E. "Chuck" Grassley
FEC S0IA00028; 28 Nov 22; Tot $9,482,789; Dsb $10,675,112
Total 1,230,416 100.00%  

Kansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 602,976 60.00% Senator  Jerry Moran
FEC S0KS00091; 28 Nov 22; Tot $5,521,443; Dsb $4,678,158
Total 1,004,956 100.00%  

Kentucky  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 913,326 61.80% Senator  Rand Paul
FEC S0KY00156; 28 Nov 22; Tot $24,879,241; Dsb $21,126,143
Total 1,477,830 100.00%  

Louisiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 851,568 61.56% Senator  John Neely Kennedy
FEC S4LA00065; 28 Nov 22; Tot $33,846,319; Dsb $29,434,296
  Candidate Republican 25,275 1.83% Devin Lance Graham
FEC S2LA00200
Total 1,383,290 100.00%  

Maryland  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Christopher Robert "Chris" Puleo
FEC S4MD00285

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican 682,293 34.07% Chris Chaffee
FEC S6MD03557
Total 2,002,336 100.00%  

Massachusetts  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Shiva Ayyadurai
FEC S8MA00268
  Candidate Republican     John Berman
FEC S4MA00267

Minnesota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     David A. Hilbrich
FEC S4MN00460

Mississippi  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Roger F. Wicker
FEC S8MS00196

Missouri  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Joshua David "Josh" Hawley
FEC S8MO00160

Class 3  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Republican 1,146,966 55.43% Attorney General  Eric S. Schmitt
FEC S2MO00544; 28 Nov 22; Tot $6,500,909; Dsb $6,382,682
Total 2,069,130 100.00%  

Montana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Thomas John Madigan
FEC S4MT00167
  Candidate Republican     Jeremy Mygland
FEC S4MT00175

Nebraska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Grant City Superintendent  Edward Dunn
FEC S6NE00137
  Candidate Republican     John Glen Weaver
FEC H2NE01159

Nevada  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Ronda Kennedy
FEC S4NV00247

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican 490,388 48.04% former Attorney General Adam Paul Laxalt
Elected as Attorney General: 2014; unsuccessful candidate for Governor: 2018.

FEC S2NV00324; 28 Nov 22; Tot $18,801,828; Dsb $18,181,324
Total 1,020,850 100.00%  

New Hampshire  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     former state Senator Chuck Morse
FEC S2NH00249; 30 Sep 22; Tot $1,753,435; Dsb $1,459,117
  Candidate Republican     Tejasinha Sivalingam
FEC S6NH00133

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican 275,928 44.43% Donald C. "Don" Bolduc
FEC S0NH00326; 28 Nov 22; Tot $4,181,745; Dsb $4,113,561
Total 620,975 100.00%  

New Jersey  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Dan Cruz
FEC S4NJ00334
  Candidate Republican     Shirley Maia-Cusick
FEC S4NJ00359

New York  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican; Conservative 2,501,151 41.93% Joseph "Joe" Pinion, III
FEC S2NY00499; 28 Nov 22; Tot $589,034; Dsb $546,596
Total 5,965,684 100.00%  

North Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Republican 1,905,786 50.50% Member of Congress  Theodore Paul "Ted" Budd
U.S. House Member CD 13.
28 April 2021: Announced he would run for the U.S. Senate Class 3 seat in 2022.

FEC S2NC00505; 28 Nov 22; Tot $14,640,684; Dsb $15,281,152
Total 3,773,924 100.00%  

North Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Kevin Cramer
FEC S8ND00120

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 135,474 56.41% Senator  John Hoeven
FEC S0ND00093; 28 Nov 22; Tot $3,307,831; Dsb $4,801,696
  Candidate Independent; (Republican) 44,406 18.49% state Representative  Rick Clark Becker
Republican state Representative

FEC S2ND00149; 28 Nov 22; Tot $276,195; Dsb $252,485
Total 240,140 100.00%  

Ohio  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Joel Mutchler
FEC S4OH00176

Class 3  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Elected Republican 2,192,114 53.03% J.D. Vance
FEC S2OH00436; 28 Nov 22; Tot $15,818,821; Dsb $14,826,487
Total 4,133,342 100.00%  

Oklahoma  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Elected Republican 710,643 61.77% Member of Congress  Markwayne Mullin
26 February 2022: Candidate for the U.S. Senate Class 2 Special Election.
Member of Congress CD 2.

FEC S2OK00186; 28 Nov 22; Tot $5,511,305; Dsb $5,960,343
Total 1,150,481 100.00%  

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 739,960 64.30% Senator  James Paul Lankford
FEC S4OK00232; 28 Nov 22; Tot $5,841,839; Dsb $4,605,408
Total 1,150,732 100.00%  

Oregon  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican; Constitution 788,991 40.92% Jo Rae Perkins
FEC S4OR00156; 28 Nov 22; Tot $116,086; Dsb $146,834
Total 1,927,949 100.00%  

Pennsylvania  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 3  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Republican 2,487,260 46.33% Mehmet C. Oz
FEC S2PA00638; 28 Nov 22; Tot $50,909,378; Dsb $49,075,666
Total 5,368,021 100.00%  

Rhode Island  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Raymond Tyler "Ray" McKay
FEC S4RI00051

South Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 1,066,274 62.88% Senator  Timothy E. "Tim" Scott
FEC S4SC00240; 28 Nov 22; Tot $42,739,776; Dsb $28,689,603
Total 1,695,702 100.00%  

South Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 242,316 69.63% Senator  John R. Thune
FEC S2SD00068; 28 Nov 22; Tot $7,337,819; Dsb $3,718,091
Total 348,020 100.00%  

Tennessee  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Marsha Blackburn
FEC S8TN00337

Texas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz
FEC S2TX00312

Utah  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Willard "Mitt" Romney
FEC S8UT00176

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 571,974 53.15% Senator  Mike Lee
FEC S0UT00165; 28 Nov 22; Tot $10,840,725; Dsb $10,276,244
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican; Unaffiliated) 152 0.01% Laird Fetzer Hamblin
Running as a write-in after his losing his party's nomination by Convention.

FEC S2UT00377; 28 Nov 22; Tot $111; Dsb $72
Total 1,076,068 100.00%  

Vermont  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Democratic

Class 3  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Republican 80,468 27.56% Gerald Malloy
FEC S2VT00292; 28 Nov 22; Tot $407,759; Dsb $408,574
Total 291,955 100.00%  

Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Gary Barve
FEC S4VA00205
  Candidate Republican     Craig Edward Ennis
FEC S4VA00213
  Candidate Republican     Kimberly Lowe
FEC S4VA00221
  Candidate Republican     C.L. "Chuck" Smith, Jr.
FEC S4VA00197

Washington  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican 1,299,322 42.63% Tiffany Smiley
FEC S2WA00387; 28 Nov 22; Tot $20,938,850; Dsb $20,150,770
Total 3,047,900 100.00%  

West Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Member of Congress  Alexander Xavier "Alex" Mooney
Member of Congress CD 2

FEC S4WV00324
  Candidate Republican     Christopher Andrew "Chris" Rose
FEC S4WV00316

Wisconsin  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 3  
  Elected Republican 1,337,185 50.41% Senator  Ronald Harold "Ron" Johnson
FEC S0WI00197; 28 Nov 22; Tot $34,468,886; Dsb $33,830,890
Total 2,652,477 100.00%  

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Democratic-Nonpartisan League
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Libertarian
  Pacific Green
Other Third Parties
  Alaskan Independence
  Aloha 'Āina
  Approval Voting
  Bull Moose
  Conservative
  Green Mountain
  Independent American
  Independent Party of Florida
  Independent Party of Oregon
  Keystone
  LaRouche
  Political Synergy
  Progressive
  Progressive Party of Oregon
  Socialist Equality
  United Utah
  Unity
  Working Families
Independents
 
  Independent
  No Party
  No Party Affiliation
  No Political Party
  Nonpartisan
  Other
  Unaffiliated
  Undeclared
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  None of these candidates
  Not readily classifiable
  Scattering
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2019 and end their terms on 3 January 2025. The next regular election for these seats is in 5 November 2024.
Class 2 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2015 and end their terms on 3 January 2021. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2026.
Class 3 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2017 and end their terms on 3 January 2023. The next regular election for these seats is 8 November 2022.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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