The Green Papers Worldwide
Roster of UNITED NATIONS (1945--)


SECRETARIES-GENERAL of the UNITED NATIONS

When the United Nations Organization was formed in 1945, it purposely mirrored the organization of its predecessor, the League of Nations: the UN General Assembly assumed the same role as the League's Assembly, made up of all Member-States of the organization; the UN Security Council was clearly the replacement for the League of Nation's own Council made up of Permanent Members (intended, in each case, to be the Great Powers of the time) and non-Permament Members chosen for limited terms; and the United Nations, like the League, would also have its own Secretariat headed by a Secretary-General. Unlike 1919, however, there was no real notion that this Secretary-General of the United Nations would, or even could, function as anything like a World "political executive" (despite claims by the UN's critics, to this very day, that this is precisely where the office is- or so these same critics fear- actually headed); the hard lessons provided by what had happened to the League of Nations between two World Wars would soon combine with the new geopolitical realities of a Cold War and its resultant Iron Curtain to keep all but the most starry-eyed of dreamers from seeing the United Nations with anything approaching the same optimism with which all too many had greeted the League of Nations at its birth. Rather, the UN was born in an atmosphere of Hope rather than Grand Expectations as was the League of Nations a quarter century before...

and the end of the Cold War as the 1980s became the 1990s did little, if anything, to at all really alter this mood...

nor has the world since the terrorist attacks against the United States on 11 September 2001 (or, for that matter, major terrorist attacks elsewhere after 9/11).

 
Dates in office Name Home country Notes
2 February 1946
thru
9 April 1953
Trygve Halvdan Lie Norway elected to a five-year term, 1 Feb 1946;
re-elected to a three-year term beginning 1 Feb 1951,
but announced his resignation, 10 Nov 1952, pending the choosing of a successor.
(Lie's resignation was mostly tied to his inability to successfully negotiate an end to the Korean Conflict then ongoing [which was, after all, a United Nations-authorized "police action"]).
10 April 1953
thru
18 September 1961
Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskj÷ld Sweden elected, 7 Apr 1953, to a five-year term;
re-elected to another five-year term beginning 10 Apr 1958;
killed in a plane crash in Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) while on a peace mission re: the then ongoing civil war between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the breakaway state of Katanga.
3 November 1961
thru
31 December 1971
U Thant Burma [now Myanmar] originally elected, 3 Nov 1961, as "acting Secretary-General" to finish the late Dag Hammarskj÷ld's term expiring 9 Apr 1963;
later elected, 30 Nov 1962, to a full five-year term as Secretary-General retroactive to 3 Nov 1961;
re-elected, 2 Dec 1966, to a five-year term adjusted so as to end on 31 Dec 1971.
(This latter adjustment was made so that, thereafter, the term of office of a UN Secretary-General would coincide with the start and finish of the terms of half of the non-Permanent Members on relevant UN Security Councils, beginning and ending with a Gregorian [Western] calendar Year).
1 January 1972
thru
31 December 1981
Kurt Waldheim Austria originally elected, 22 Dec 1971, to a five-year term;
re-elected, 8 Dec 1976, to another five-year term.
1 January 1982
thru
31 December 1991
Juan Perez de Cuellar Peru originally elected, 12 Dec 1981, to a five-year term;
re-elected, 10 Oct 1986, to another five-year term.
1 January 1992
thru
31 December 1996
Boutros Boutros-Ghali Egypt elected, 3 Dec 1991, to a five-year term.
1 January 1997
thru
31 December 2006
Kofi Annan Ghana originally elected, 17 Dec 1996, to a five-year term;
re-elected, 2001, to another five-year term.
1 January 2007
thru
31 December 2016
Ban Ki-moon Republic of [South] Korea originally elected, 13 Oct 2006, to a five-year term ending 31 December 2011.
re-elected, 2011, to another five-year term.
1 January 2017
thru
present
António Guterres Portugal originally elected, 13 Oct 2016, to a five-year term ending 31 December 2021.
 

Members of the UNITED NATIONS throughout its history

(UNITED NATIONS CHARTER signed, 26 June 1945;
UN came into existence, 24 October 1945)

[Each MEMBER-STATE is listed in alphabetical order within each section of this table by the name of the given country in English as used in diplomatic circles at the time of its earliest association with the UN]


the UN Original Members which made the UN operational (the 5 so-called "Permanent Members" [*] plus a majority [24] of the remaining 46 Signatories to the UN CHARTER)
[NOTE: these 29 UN MEMBER-STATES officially date their respective memberships from 24 October 1945, the date the UNITED NATIONS formally became operational]:

 
United Nations
MEMBER-STATE
current Name
(if different from
that at time
of signing the UN CHARTER)
date of deposit
of its
ratification
of the UN CHARTER
date of adherence to
the anti-Axis DECLARATION BY
UNITED NATIONS
(if applicable)
ARGENTINA   24 September 1945 [invited to attend
UN Conference,
30 April 1945]
BRAZIL   21 September 1945 8 February 1943
BYELORUSSIA BELARUS 24 October 1945 [invited to attend
UN Conference,
30 April 1945]
CHILE   11 October 1945 12 February 1945
CHINA*,
Republic of
[replaced as the representative for CHINA by the People's Republic, 25 October 1971] 28 September 1945 1 January 1942
CUBA   15 October 1945 1 January 1942
CZECHOSLOVAKIA divided into the
CZECH REPUBLIC and
the SLOVAK REPUBLIC,
1 January 1993
19 October 1945 1 January 1942
DENMARK   9 October 1945 [invited to attend
UN Conference,
5 June 1945]
the DOMINICAN REPUBLIC   4 September 1945 1 January 1942
EGYPT   22 October 1945 27 February 1945
EL SALVADOR   26 September 1945 1 January 1942
FRANCE*   31 August 1945 26 December 1944
HAITI   27 September 1945 1 January 1942
IRAN   16 October 1945 10 September 1943
the LEBANON LEBANON 15 October 1945 1 March 1945
LUXEMBOURG   17 October 1945 1 March 1945
NEW ZEALAND   19 September 1945 1 January 1942
NICARAGUA   6 September 1945 1 January 1942
PARAGUAY   12 October 1945 12 February 1945
the PHILIPPINE COMMONWEALTH the PHILIPPINES 11 October 1945 10 June 1942
POLAND   24 October 1945 1 January 1942
SA'UDI ARABIA   18 October 1945 1 March 1945
SYRIA   19 October 1945 1 March 1945
TURKEY   28 September 1945 24 February 1945
the UKRAINE UKRAINE 24 October 1945 [invited to attend
UN Conference,
30 April 1945]
the UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS*
[USSR]
ceased to exist,
25 December 1991
[UN seat taken by RUSSIAN FEDERATION]
24 October 1945 1 January 1942
the UNITED KINGDOM*   20 October 1945 1 January 1942
the UNITED STATES*   8 August 1945 1 January 1942
YUGOSLAVIA expelled 22 September 1992 19 October 1945 1 January 1942
 

the UN Original Members which ratified the UN CHARTER after 24 October 1945, the date the UNITED NATIONS formally became operational
[NOTE: these 22 UN MEMBER-STATES officially date their respective memberships from the date of deposit of their respective ratifications of the UN CHARTER, yet are no less "Original Members" than the MEMBER-STATES listed in the previous section of this table]:

 
United Nations
MEMBER-STATE
currentName
(if different from
that at time
of signing the UN CHARTER)
date of deposit
of its
ratification
of the UN CHARTER
date of adherence to
the anti-Axis DECLARATION BY
UNITED NATIONS
AUSTRALIA   1 November 1945 1 January 1942
BELGIUM   27 December 1945 1 January 1942
BOLIVIA   14 November 1945 27 April 1943
CANADA   9 November 1945 1 January 1942
COLOMBIA   5 November 1945 22 December 1943
COSTA RICA   2 November 1945 1 January 1942
ECUADOR   21 December 1945 7 February 1945
ETHIOPIA   13 November 1945 28 July 1942
GREECE   25 October 1945 1 January 1942
GUATEMALA   21 November 1945 1 January 1942
HONDURAS   17 December 1945 1 January 1942
INDIA   30 October 1945 1 January 1942
IRAQ   21 December 1945 16 January 1943
LIBERIA   2 November 1945 26 February 1944
MEXICO   7 November 1945 5 June 1942
the NETHERLANDS   10 December 1945 1 January 1942
NORWAY   27 November 1945 1 January 1942
PANAMA   13 November 1945 1 January 1942
PERU   31 October 1945 11 February 1945
SOUTH AFRICA   7 November 1945 1 January 1942
URUGUAY   18 December 1945 23 February 1945
VENEZUELA   15 November 1945 16 February 1945
 

 

Additional Members admitted to the UNITED NATIONS after 1945:

United Nations
MEMBER-STATE
currentName
(if different from
that at time
of admission)
date of admission
to the UNITED NATIONS
AFGHANISTAN   19 November 1946
ALBANIA   14 December 1955
ALGERIA   8 October 1962
ANDORRA   28 July 1993
ANGOLA   1 December 1976
ANTIGUA and BARBUDA   11 November 1981
ARMENIA   2 March 1992
AUSTRIA   14 December 1955
AZERBAIJAN   2 March 1992
the BAHAMAS   18 September 1973
BAHRAIN   21 September 1971
BANGLADESH   17 September 1974
BARBADOS   9 December 1966
BELIZE   25 September 1981
BHUTAN   21 September 1971
BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA   22 May 1992
BOTSWANA   17 October 1966
BRUNEI [DARUSSALAM]   21 September 1984
BULGARIA   14 December 1955
BURMA MYANMA[R] 19 April 1948
BURUNDI   18 September 1962
CAMBODIA   14 December 1955
CAMEROON   20 September 1960
CAPE VERDE   16 September 1975
the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC   20 September 1960
CEYLON SRI LANKA 14 December 1955
CHAD   20 September 1960
CHINA,
People's Republic of
replaced the Republic as representative for CHINA* 25 October 1971
the COMOROS   12 November 1975
CONGO[-BRAZZAVILLE] the CONGO REPUBLIC 20 September 1960
CONGO[-LEOPOLDVILLE
(later, KINSHASA)]
Democratic Republic of
THE CONGO
20 September 1960
CROATIA   22 May 1992
CYPRUS   20 September 1960
the CZECH REPUBLIC [had been part of
CZECHOSLOVAKIA before
1 January 1993]
19 January 1993
DAHOMEY BENIN 20 September 1960
DJIBOUTI   20 September 1977
DOMINICA   18 December 1978
EQUATORIAL GUINEA   12 November 1968
ERITREA   28 May 1993
ESTONIA   17 September 1991
FIJI   13 October 1970
FINLAND   14 December 1955
GABON   20 September 1960
[the] GAMBIA   21 September 1965
GEORGIA   31 July 1992
(EAST) GERMANY
["German Democratic Republic"]
[incorporated into reunified GERMANY,
3 October 1990]
18 September 1973
(WEST) GERMANY
["Federal Republic of GERMANY"]
[incorporated (EAST) GERMANY
into an expanded
"Federal Republic of GERMANY",
3 October 1990]
18 September 1973
GHANA   8 March 1957
GRENADA   17 September 1974
GUINEA   12 December 1958
GUINEA-BISSAU   17 September 1974
GUYANA   20 September 1966
HUNGARY   14 December 1955
ICELAND   19 November 1946
INDONESIA*   28 September 1950*
IRELAND   14 December 1955
ISRAEL   11 May 1949
ITALY   14 December 1955
IVORY COAST the CďTE d'IVOIRE 20 September 1960
JAMAICA   18 September 1962
JAPAN   18 December 1956
JORDAN   14 December 1955
KAZAKHSTAN   2 March 1992
KENYA   16 December 1963
KIRIBATI   14 September 1999
"the Democratic People's Republic of"
(that is, NORTH) KOREA
  17 September 1991
"the Republic of"
(that is, SOUTH) KOREA
  17 September 1991
KUWAIT   14 May 1963
KYRGYZSTAN   2 March 1992
LAOS   14 December 1955
LATVIA   17 September 1991
LESOTHO   17 October 1966
LIBYA   14 December 1955
LIECHTENSTEIN   18 September 1990
LITHUANIA   17 September 1991
"the Former Yugoslav Republic
of" MACEDONIA
  8 April 1993
the MALAGASY REPUBLIC MADAGASCAR 20 September 1960
MALAWI   1 December 1964
the MALAY FEDERATION
[aka 'MALAYA']
MALAYSIA 17 September 1957
the MALDIVES   21 September 1965
MALI   28 September 1960
MALTA   1 December 1964
the MARSHALL ISLANDS   17 September 1991
MAURITANIA   27 October 1961
MAURITIUS   24 April 1968
the MICRONESIAN FEDERATION
['MICRONESIA']
  17 September 1991
MOLDOVA   2 March 1992
MONACO   28 May 1993
MONGOLIA   27 October 1961
MONTENEGRO   28 June 2006
MOROCCO   12 November 1956
MOZAMBIQUE   16 September 1975
NAMIBIA   23 April 1990
NAURU   14 September 1999
NEPAL   14 December 1955
NIGER   20 September 1960
NIGERIA   7 October 1960
OMAN   7 October 1971
PAKISTAN   30 September 1947
PALAU   15 December 1994
PAPUA NEW GUINEA   10 October 1975
PORTUGAL   14 December 1955
QATAR   21 September 1971
ROMANIA   14 December 1955
the RUSSIAN FEDERATION   [took UN seat of
the defunct USSR,
25 December 1991]
RWANDA   18 September 1962
SAINT KITTS and NEVIS   23 September 1983
SAINT LUCIA   18 September 1979
SAINT VINCENT and the GRENADINES   16 September 1980
(WESTERN) SAMOA   15 December 1976
SAN MARINO   2 March 1992
S├O TOM╔ and PRINCIPE   16 September 1975
SENEGAL   28 September 1960
the SEYCHELLES   21 September 1976
SIERRA LEONE   27 September 1961
SINGAPORE   21 September 1965
the SLOVAK REPUBLIC
['SLOVAKIA']
[had been part of
CZECHOSLOVAKIA before
1 January 1993]
19 January 1993
SLOVENIA   22 May 1992
SOLOMON ISLANDS   19 September 1978
the SOMALI REPUBLIC SOMALIA 20 September 1960
SOUTH SUDAN   14 July 2011
SPAIN   14 December 1955
the SUDAN SUDAN 12 November 1956
SURINAME   4 December 1975
SWAZILAND   24 September 1968
SWEDEN   19 November 1946
SWITZERLAND   10 September 2002
TAJIKISTAN   2 March 1992
TANGANYIKA TANZANIA 14 December 1961
THAILAND   16 December 1946
TIMOR-LESTE
['EAST TIMOR']
  27 September 2002
TOGO   20 September 1960
TONGA   14 September 1999
TRINIDAD and TOBAGO   18 September 1962
TUNISIA   12 November 1956
TURKMENISTAN   2 March 1992
TUVALU   5 September 2000
UGANDA   25 October 1962
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES   9 December 1971
UPPER VOLTA BURKINA [FASO] 20 September 1960
UZBEKISTAN   2 March 1992
VANUATU   15 September 1981
VIET NAM   20 September 1977
YEMEN   30 September 1947
[SOUTHERN] YEMEN [incorporated into YEMEN,
22 May 1990]
14 December 1967
YUGOSLAVIA SERBIA and MONTENEGRO,
then SERBIA
1 November 2000
[restoration to UN
membership after
earlier expulsion
]
ZAMBIA   1 December 1964
ZANZIBAR [incorporated into TANZANIA,
26 April 1964]
16 December 1963
ZIMBABWE   25 August 1980
 

*) On 21 January 1965, INDONESIA formally withdrew from the United Nations Organization; on 19 September 1966 (the date of the convening of that year's UN General Assembly), that country formally indicated that she would "resume full co-operation" with the UN. As the United Nations Charter (unlike the predecessor League of Nations Covenant) contains no provision for a Member-State giving formal notice of withdrawal in the first place, the United Nations Organization had never officially recognized INDONESIA's initial action in this regard of 1965; since, as far as the UN was- and, for that matter, still is- concerned- INDONESIA had never legally left the organization, there was no need for the UN to officially note that she had returned more than a year and a half later. "Constitutionally" speaking, then, INDONESIA's withdrawal from the UN of 1965-66 never really ever happened.



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