Footnotes for the Sessions of the
34th Congress, 1855-1857

session type convened adjourned President pro Tempore
of the Senate
Speaker of the House
of Representatives
1stlong3 December 185518 August 1856BrightBanks, Nathaniel P.
(Amer.- Massachusetts)
2ndExtra21 August 185630 August 1856BrightBanks

This "extra" Session of the 34th Congress was called by President Franklin Pierce via executive Proclamation issued on 18 August 1856.

Senate President pro Tempore Jesse D. Bright served as acting President of the Senate throughout both the "long" and "extra" sessions of the 34th Congress due to a vacancy in the Vice Presidency of the United States (Vice President William R. King having died in office during the preceding Congress).

3rdshort1 December 18563 March 1857Mason, James M.
(Dem.- Virginia)
Banks

Senate President pro Tempore James M. Mason served as acting President of the Senate throughout this "short" session of the 34th Congress due to a vacancy in the Vice Presidency of the United States (Vice President William R. King having died in office during the previous Congress).

 

   

"Regular" Sessions of Congress
"Regular" Sessions prior to the adoption of the 20th Amendment (1933)
"Regular" Sessions after the adoption of the 20th Amendment (1933)
"Extra" Sessions
"Special SENATE" Sessions

Related information:
Political Party Floor Leaders in the Congress of the United States
A Brief History of Congressional Leadership