|The Green Papers: 2009 General Election|
Senate Seats by State
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|Delaware 6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes|
|Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic|
|Class 2||Democratic||Senator Edward E. "Ted" Kaufman
Appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Joseph Robinette "Joe" Biden, Jr., effective 15 January 2009 after having been elected Vice President; appointed 15 January 2009 and sworn 16 January 2009
Seat up for election: Tuesday 2 November 2010
Open Seat - Senator Kaufman has stated he will not run for election to the Senate in his own right.
Next regular election: Tuesday 4 November 2014
24 November 2008: Governor Ruth Ann Minner (D-Delaware) announced that she would appoint Ted Kaufman, a long-time aide to Senator (now Vice President-elect) Joseph Biden, to the seat Biden will have to vacate prior to Noon Eastern Time next 20 January, when he is scheduled to be sworn in as Vice-President of the United States. Senator Biden won re-election to his seat (as well as the Vice-Presidency) in the 4 November Elections; Kaufman would be appointed to serve until a successor is chosen by the People of the State of Delaware in a Special Election in November 2010.
9 January 2009: Vice President-elect Biden will resign his Senate Seat effective at 5 PM Eastern Time (2000 UTC) on Thursday 15 January 2009.
15 January 2009: Vice President-elect Joseph R. Biden is resigning his Senate seat (to which he had been re-elected in the 4 November 2008 election) today; his long-time aide- Ted Kaufman (Democrat), appointed by Delaware's Governor as Biden's temporary replacement (pending a Special Election in November 2010)- is to be formally sworn in 16 January 2009. This change has no effect on the political breakdown of the U.S. Senate in the 111th Congress. Senator Biden was first elected in 1972; and re-elected in 1978, 1984, 1990, 1996, 2002, and 2008.
|Illinois 6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes|
|Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic|
|Class 3||Democratic||Senator Roland W. Burris
Appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Barack Hussein Obama, effective 16 November 2008, after having been elected President of the United States; appointed 31 December 2008 and sworn 15 January 2009
Seat up for election: Tuesday 2 November 2010
Open Seat - 10 July 2009: Announced that he will not seek election in 2010.
Senator Barack Obama, who was first elected in 2004, was elected to the Presidency 4 November 2008. On 15 November 2008, President-elect Obama announced his resignation from the Senate, effective on 16 November 2008.
Tuesday 30 December 2008: Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich (Democrat) has announced he will appoint Roland W. Burris (Democrat), a former state Comptroller and Attorney General of the State of Illinois, to fill the U.S. Senate Class 3 seat vacated by President-elect Barack Obama. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nevada) and Senate Majority Whip Dick Durbin (D-Illinois) have issued a joint statement stating they will block the appointment.
The most desirable dates for a possible Special Election to fill the Class 3 U.S. Senate seat from Illinois are 24 February 2009 for a Special Senate Primary and 7 April 2009 for the Special Senate Election itself, as these would coincide with local and municipal elections in the State-- however, this would require the new 96th Illinois General Assembly to pass enabling legislation (approved by the Governor or, if necessary, overriding his veto) which is highly unlikely to be adopted prior to these dates (thus, these are labeled as 'tentative' on this website)-- if Governor Blagojevich is either removed from office via impeachment (highly unlikely before these dates) or should he resign, this would all become a moot point as Lieutenant Governor Pat Quinn would, in each such case, thereafter accede to the office of Governor and retain the statutory power to appoint a temporary successor (one presumably untainted by the current allegations against the Governor).
On 5 January 2009, the Secretary of the U.S. Senate rejected the filing of a Certificate of Appointment on behalf of Mr. Burris because said certificate was not signed by both the Illinois Governor and the Illinois Secretary of State.
9 January 2009 update: The ILLINOIS Supreme Court ruled today that the appointment of Roland W. Burris by Governor Blagojevich to fill the vacancy in this seat caused by the resignation of President-elect Barack Obama this past November is valid even without the attestation of Illinois' Secretary of State (who has yet to so countersign Mr. Burris' Certificate of Appointment): the court ruled that the power granted to the States- per the 17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution- to allow for the temporary filling of U.S. Senate vacancies by their respective Governors where permitted by State law supersedes any rules, customs or traditions of the Senate itself requiring more than mere appointment by the Governor (in essence, then, the court interpreted the term "executive" of the State as found in the 17th Amendment to refer to a State's Governor only and not to any other officials who might otherwise be considered to be part of a State's Executive branch of Government in relation to the act of Appointment [such as a State's Secretary of State or equivalent). The Democratic Party leadership of the U.S. Senate is reported to be going over this ruling as part and parcel of considering what steps to take next as regards the possible seating (or not) of Mr. Burris as the junior Senator from the State.
15 January 2009: Roland W. Burris, appointed by embattled Governor Rod Blagojevich to temporarily fill the vacancy in this seat caused by the resignation of President-elect Barack H. Obama in mid-November 2008, is to be sworn in today.
|Massachusetts 6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes|
|Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic|
|Class 1||Democratic||Senator Paul G. Kirk, Jr.
Appointed 24 September 2009 by Governor Deval L. Patrick to fill the vacancy caused by the 25 August 2009 passing of Senator Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy (Democrat). Sworn 25 September 2009.
Seat up for election: Tuesday 19 January 2010
Open Seat - Senator Kirk will not run for election to this office.
Special Primary to fill the seat: Tuesday 8 December 2009
Special Election: Tuesday 19 January 2010
Next regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2012
On 25 August 2009, Senator Kennedy passed away from brain cancer at the age of 77.
Senator Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy was first elected to finish out the term in a Special Election in 1962 [held to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator John F. Kennedy (Democrat) on 22 December 1960- which Benjamin A. Smith II (Democrat) had been appointed by Governor Foster Furcolo (Democrat) to fill, 27 December 1960]; he was elected to first full term in 1964; and re-elected in 1970, 1976, 1982, 1988, 1994, 2000, and 2006.
Upon the passing of Senator Kennedy, MASSACHUSETTS State law did not permit the Governor of the Commonwealth to appoint an interim successor when a vacancy in the United States Senate has occurred; instead, a Special Election for the remainder of the current term (the Class 1 seat would otherwise next be up for election in November 2012 and, therefore, the current term ends at Noon Eastern Standard Time on 3 January 2013) must be held no sooner than 145 days and no later than 160 days after a vacancy has occurred.
On 23 September 2009, the General Court (state Legislature) changed the law to allow the Governor to appoint a temporary Senator who would serve until the Special Election.
Tuesday 8 December 2009 Primary returns from a official source.
|Political Parties Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.|
|Major Third Parties|
|Other Third Parties|
| Boston Tea|
| Independent Democrat|
Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.
FEC indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary "Total Receipts" for candidates for Federal Office.
Class 1 seats end their current terms at noon on 3 January 2013... next regular election for these seats is in 6 November 2012.
For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".
Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:
"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."
Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.
When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.
When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).
After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.
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