2010 Census
State Population and the
Distribution of Electoral Votes and
Representatives

 

This table reflects changes in the distribution of seats in the House of Representatives and Electoral College based on the Apportionment data released by the Census Bureau on 21 December 2010.

There are 100 Senate Seats, 435 House Seats, and 538 Electors.

States receive one elector for each U.S. Senator (all states have 2 Senators) and one elector for each U.S. Representative. States have 1 or more Representatives based on population. Since the District of Columbia is not a state, it has no U.S. Senators and no apportionment population for allocating U.S. Representatives. The 23rd Amendment to the United States Constitution provides the District of Columbia with 3 electors-- number of Electors of the least populous state.

A state's resident population consists of those "usually resident" in that state-- that is, where they live most of the time. A state's apportionment population is its resident population plus the state's overseas U.S. military and federal civilian employees (and their dependents living with them).

 
 
  Apportionment Population Electors House Seats
State 2010 Change 2000 2012
2016
2020
Change 2004
2008
2012
2016
2020
Change 2004
2008
Alabama4,802,982+341,8524,461,1309 97 7
Alaska721,523+92,590628,9333 31 1
Arizona6,412,700+1,272,0175,140,68311+1109+18
Arkansas2,926,229+246,4962,679,7336 64 4
California37,341,989+3,411,19133,930,79855 5553 53
Colorado5,044,930+733,0484,311,8829 97 7
Connecticut3,581,628+172,0933,409,5357 75 5
Delaware900,877+115,809785,0683 31 1
District of Columbia   3 3   
Florida18,900,773+2,871,88316,028,89029+22727+225
Georgia9,727,566+1,520,5918,206,97516+11514+113
Hawaii1,366,862+150,2201,216,6424 42 2
Idaho1,573,499+276,2251,297,2744 42 2
Illinois12,864,380+425,33812,439,04220-12118-119
Indiana6,501,582+410,8006,090,78211 119 9
Iowa3,053,787+121,8642,931,9236-174-15
Kansas2,863,813+169,9892,693,8246 64 4
Kentucky4,350,606+301,1754,049,4318 86 6
Louisiana4,553,962+73,6914,480,2718-196-17
Maine1,333,074+55,3431,277,7314 42 2
Maryland5,789,929+482,0435,307,88610 108 8
Massachusetts6,559,644+204,0766,355,56811-1129-110
Michigan9,911,626-44,2039,955,82916-11714-115
Minnesota5,314,879+389,2094,925,67010 108 8
Mississippi2,978,240+125,3132,852,9276 64 4
Missouri6,011,478+405,2185,606,26010-1118-19
Montana994,416+89,100905,3163 31 1
Nebraska1,831,825+116,4561,715,3695 53 3
Nevada2,709,432+707,4002,002,0326+154+13
New Hampshire1,321,445+83,0301,238,4154 42 2
New Jersey8,807,501+383,1478,424,35414-11512-113
New Mexico2,067,273+243,4521,823,8215 53 3
New York19,421,055+416,08219,004,97329-23127-229
North Carolina9,565,781+1,498,1088,067,67315 1513 13
North Dakota675,905+32,149643,7563 31 1
Ohio11,568,495+193,95511,374,54018-22016-218
Oklahoma3,764,882+306,0633,458,8197 75 5
Oregon3,848,606+420,0633,428,5437 75 5
Pennsylvania12,734,905+434,23512,300,67020-12118-119
Rhode Island1,055,247+5,5851,049,6624 42 2
South Carolina4,645,975+620,9144,025,0619+187+16
South Dakota819,761+62,887756,8743 31 1
Tennessee6,375,431+675,3945,700,03711 119 9
Texas25,268,418+4,364,42420,903,99438+43436+432
Utah2,770,765+534,0512,236,7146+154+13
Vermont630,337+20,447609,8903 31 1
Virginia8,037,736+937,0347,100,70213 1311 11
Washington6,753,369+844,6855,908,68412+11110+19
West Virginia1,859,815+46,7381,813,0775 53 3
Wisconsin5,698,230+327,0205,371,21010 108 8
Wyoming568,300+72,996495,3043 31 1
Totals309,183,463+27,759,286281,424,177538 538435 435
 
 


  United States Census 2010 Home  
 
  State Population and the Distribution of Electoral Votes and Representatives  
  2012 - 2020 Federal Representation by People per House Seat, Senate Seat, and Electors  
 
  An Historical Analysis of the Electoral College  
 
  The Math Behind the 2010 Census Apportionment of Representatives  
  PERL script used to generate the Apportionment