The Green Papers
2004 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions
Copyright Virginia Democrat
Presidential Nominating Process
Primary: Tuesday 10 February 20041
State Convention: Saturday 5 June 2004
Delegate Votes
Hard TotalFloor Vote
Kerry, John F.204,129   51.5%54.   55.1%98.  100.0%
Edwards, John105,489   26.6%28.   28.6% 
Clark, Wesley K.36,566    9.2%  
Dean, Howard27,634    7.0%  
Sharpton, Alfred C. "Al"12,863    3.2%  
Kucinich, Dennis J.5,013    1.3%  
Lieberman, Joe2,865    0.7%  
LaRouche, Lyndon H., Jr.1,042    0.3%  
Gephardt, Richard "Dick"580    0.1%  
Uncommitted 16.   16.3% 
Total396,181  100.0%98.  100.0%98.  100.0%

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Virginia Primaries for Statewide offices and Congress


26 May 2004 Unpledged delegate preference update: Kerry: 7. Unpledged delegates appear in the "Soft Unpledged" column.

Official results from the Commonwealth of Virginia. Last updated 23 February 2004.

Results from an official source:
Results from a media source:

Kerry wins Virginia, holding bare majority of the vote;
Edwards a distant second but qualifies for delegates;
other candidates trail, all below 15% delegate threshold

Here's how we compute the delegate count:

  1. A candidate must receive 15% or more of the total popular vote to qualify for delegates. Discard votes cast for those candidates who do not qualify.
  2. Allocate Congressional District delegates from the qualified vote in each district. Allocate Pledged PLEO and At-Large delegates using the state-wide qualified vote.
  3. In each jurisdiction (CD and statewide):
    1. Total qualified vote = total votes cast for the qualifying candidates in the jurisdiction.
    2. Allocation = (delegates for the jurisdiction) (candidate's popular vote) (total qualified vote).
    3. Assign each candidate the WHOLE NUMBER of delegates.
    4. If delegates remain, allocate each of the remaining delegates to those candidates with the LARGEST REMAINDERS.




Tuesday 10 February 2004: 82 of 98 delegates to the Democratic National Convention are allocated to presidential contenders based on the results of the voting in today's Virginia Presidential Primary. A mandatory 15 percent threshold is required in order for a presidential contender to be allocated National Convention delegates at either the congressional district or statewide level.

  • 53 district delegates are to be allocated proportionally to presidential contenders based on the primary results in each of the State's 11 congressional districts.
    • CD 1: 4
    • CD 2: 4
    • CD 3: 6
    • CD 4: 5
    • CD 5: 5
    • CD 6: 4
    • CD 7: 5
    • CD 8: 6
    • CD 9: 5
    • CD 10: 4
    • CD 11: 5
  • In addition, 29 delegates are to be allocated to presidential contenders based on the primary results statewide.
    • 18 at-large National Convention delegates
    • 11 Pledged PLEOs

The results of the Tuesday 10 February 2004 primary are used to allocate district delegates who are elected at county and city caucuses held on 17 April, county and city caucuses held on 19 April, county or city conventions held before 24 April 2004. The 2,000 district delegates elected during these caucuses will attend congressional district conventions and the State Convention.

District Level delegates are selected during the 8 May, 15 May, and 22 May 2004 District Conventions.

All delegates shall in good conscience reflect the sentiments of the presidential candidate to whom they are pledged in that candidates caucus on the first ballot at the district convention and again at the State Convention.

The district and State Convention delegates elected in county and city caucuses (or conventions) shall be allocated according to the Presidential Preference Primary. District and State Convention delegates who do not form a candidate caucus that that reaches a 15% threshold at the district or state level may join another candidate caucus and pledge to that candidate. After joining another candidate caucus, however, the delegates shall remain committed to that candidate throughout the process.


Saturday 5 June 2004: The Virginia State Democratic Convention convenes. The State Convention chooses the at-large and pledged PLEO delegates who will attend the Democratic National Convention based on presidential preference as determined by the 10 February primary. The remaining 16 National Convention delegates consist of

  • 14 Unpledged PLEO delegates:
    • 10 Democratic National Committee members
    • 3 Members of Congress (0 Senators and 3 Representatives)
    • 1 Governor
    • 0 Distinguished Party Leaders
  • 2 Unpledged "add-on"s (elected at the State Convention)

These 16 delegates and will go to the Democratic National Convention officially "Unpledged".

Delegation to the National Convention

Virginia Delegation (as posted by, 4 July 2004)

Pledged District183553
Pledged PLEO4711
Pledged At-Large61218
Total Pledged285482
Alternate Pledged District099
Alternate Pledged PLEO000
Alternate Pledged At-Large134
Total Alternates11213
Unpledged  16
Pages  3
Pledged District 1KerryCarmen KilduffKilmarnock, VA
Pledged District 1EdwardsMike McKenneyCallao, VA
Pledged District 1KerryHon. Norman MosherIrvington, VA
Pledged District 1KerryDelia ZismanFredericksburg, VA
Pledged District 2KerrySandra BrandtVirginia Beach, VA
Pledged District 2EdwardsJeffrey BreitVirginia Beach, VA
Pledged District 2KerryMary NelsonVirginia Beach, VA
Pledged District 2KerryRudy PintoVirginia Beach, VA
Pledged District 3KerryKenneth AlexanderNorfolk, VA
Pledged District 3EdwardsCynthia GoodePortsmouth, VA
Pledged District 3EdwardsStephen HeretickPortsmouth, VA
Pledged District 3KerryCollins Howlett, IIIRichmond, VA
Pledged District 3KerryClaire WardRichmond, VA
Pledged District 3KerryJeion WardHampton, VA
Pledged District 4KerryArthur BredemeyerSuffolk, VA
Pledged District 4KerryHahn DenistonColonial Heights, VA
Pledged District 4EdwardsKenneth HollowayChesapeake, VA
Pledged District 4EdwardsEvelyn Morris-HarrisRichmond, VA
Pledged District 4KerrySusan RowlandChesapeake, VA
Pledged District 5EdwardsSheila BaynesDanville, VA
Pledged District 5KerryCharlotte DammannCharlottesville, VA
Pledged District 5KerryHon. Michael MaysVinton, VA
Pledged District 5KerryOra McCoyAppomattox, VA
Pledged District 5EdwardsJohn SnookCharlottesville, VA
Pledged District 6KerryDorothy BlackwellLexington, VA
Pledged District 6KerryWarren CampbellRoanoke, VA
Pledged District 6EdwardsJeanne FishwickRoanoke, VA
Pledged District 6EdwardsTimothy GibsonTroutville, VA
Pledged District 7KerrySherwood BranchRichmond, VA
Pledged District 7KerryJack CarterMechanicsville, VA
Pledged District 7KerryMarjorie ClarkRichmond, VA
Pledged District 7EdwardsLynne CooperMidlothian, VA
Pledged District 7EdwardsHon. Franklin HallRichmond, VA
Pledged District 8KerryN. Thomas ConnallyArlington, VA
Pledged District 8EdwardsLibby GarveyArlington, VA
Pledged District 8KerryCarole LieberArlington, VA
Pledged District 8KerryPatrick MorrisonFalls Church, VA
Pledged District 8KerryElsie MosquedaAlexandria, VA
Pledged District 8EdwardsPeter RousselotArlington, VA
Pledged District 9KerryTerry BraddockWise, VA
Pledged District 9KerryKimberly ChiapettoFloyd, VA
Pledged District 9KerryGary HancockPulaski, VA
Pledged District 9EdwardsTom MullisRadford, VA
Pledged District 9EdwardsMary Lynn TateAbingdon, VA
Pledged District 10KerryJohn Flannery, IILovettsville, VA
Pledged District 10KerryEileen ManningVienna, VA
Pledged District 10EdwardsDouglas ReimelSterling, VA
Pledged District 10KerryEve WilsonMcLean, VA
Pledged District 11KerryDaniel DuncanBurke, VA
Pledged District 11KerryTheresa HartnettBurke, VA
Pledged District 11EdwardsRobert HovisOakton, VA
Pledged District 11KerryMargaret KuglerFairfax, VA
Pledged District 11KerryReed StockmanFairfax Station, VA
Pledged PLEOKerryPixie BellAlexandria, VA
Pledged PLEOEdwardsAbbi EasterRichmond, VA
Pledged PLEO
Delegation Chair
KerryHon. Larry FrammeRichmond, VA
Pledged PLEOEdwardsGerald GrayClintwood, VA
Pledged PLEOKerryHon. Katherine HanleyReston, VA
Pledged PLEOKerryHon. Henry MarshRichmond, VA
Pledged PLEOKerryHon. Brian MoranAlexandria, VA
Pledged PLEOEdwardsToni MoteVirginia Beach, VA
Pledged PLEOKerryJames ScottFairfax, VA
Pledged PLEOKerryCarol SummerlynPortsmouth, VA
Pledged PLEOEdwardsHon. J. Walter TejadaArlington, VA
Pledged At-LargeEdwardsChristopher AmbroseLorton, VA
Pledged At-LargeKerryMarwan BurganAnnandale, VA
Pledged At-LargeEdwardsDebby BurroughsRichmond, VA
Pledged At-LargeKerryRanjana ChachraBlacksburg, VA
Pledged At-LargeKerryHon. Gerald ConnollyFairfax, VA
Pledged At-LargeKerryElizabeth CranwellVinton, VA
Pledged At-LargeKerryGerald Glenn, Sr.Richmond, VA
Pledged At-LargeEdwardsJohn GregoryMidlothian, VA
Pledged At-LargeKerryMargo HornerArlington, VA
Pledged At-LargeKerryTheresa KernRichmond, VA
Pledged At-LargeKerryR. Michael MohlerSpringfield, VA
Pledged At-LargeEdwardsPrincess MossBumpas, VA
Pledged At-LargeKerryMuriel MurrayRichmond, VA
Pledged At-LargeKerryWava ReigelVirginia Beach, VA
Pledged At-LargeKerryM. Beth RennickRichmond, VA
Pledged At-LargeEdwardsMarcia SpeckAlexandria, VA
Pledged At-LargeKerryHon. Lionell SpruillChesapeake, VA
Pledged At-LargeEdwardsLouise WareRichmond, VA
Alternate Pledged DistrictKerryHon. Fenton BlandPetersburg, VA
Alternate Pledged DistrictKerryKimberly CollellArlington, VA
Alternate Pledged DistrictKerrySally DavisWoodbridge, VA
Alternate Pledged DistrictKerryPatricia GrayEtlan, VA
Alternate Pledged DistrictKerryKay HorneySpeedwell, VA
Alternate Pledged DistrictKerryShirley JohnsonFredericksburg, VA
Alternate Pledged DistrictKerryGary KendallCharlottesville, VA
Alternate Pledged DistrictKerryEric PayneRichmond, VA
Alternate Pledged DistrictKerryRaymond Pelletier,Jr.Leesburg, VA
Alternate Pledged At-LargeEdwardsW. Joseph CunninghamLeesburg, VA
Alternate Pledged At-LargeKerryMark FedericiFairfax, VA
Alternate Pledged At-LargeKerryLaura SonnenmarkAlexandria, VA
Alternate Pledged At-LargeKerryLynnell TyreeRichmond, VA
Unpledged Add-on Hon. William EuilleAlexandria, VA
Unpledged Add-on Hon. Yvonne MillerNorfolk, VA
Unpledged Congressman Hon. Rick BoucherWashington, DC
Unpledged Congressman Hon. James MoranAlexandria, VA
Unpledged Congressman Hon. Robert ScottWashington, DC
Unpledged DNC Member Hon. Kerry DonleyAlexandria, VA
Unpledged DNC Member Barbara EasterlingAlexandria, VA
Unpledged DNC Member Hon. Alexis HermanWashington, DC
Unpledged DNC Member Hon. Jerrauld JonesNorfolk, VA
Unpledged DNC Member Miguel LausellWashington, DC
Unpledged DNC Member Daniel LeBlancRichmond, VA
Unpledged DNC Member Terence McAuliffeWashington, DC
Unpledged DNC Member Jennifer McClellanRichmond, VA
Unpledged DNC Member Mame ReileyAlexandria, VA
Unpledged DNC Member Susan SweckerRichmond, VA
Unpledged Governor Hon. Mark WarnerRichmond, VA
Page Kaitlin DonleyAlexandria, VA
Page Ben EasterRichmond, VA
Page Bethany RowlandChesapeake, VA

1 Democratic Party's "First Determining Step" of the delegate selection process.


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Delegate Allocation
  Democratic Quick Reference   --   Republican Quick Reference  
  Democratic Detailed Delegate Allocation   --   Republican Detailed Delegate Allocation  
  Democratic Delegate Selection and Voter Eligibility   --   Republican Delegate Selection and Voter Eligibility  
  Primaries at a Glance  
Ballot Access
  Democratic Candidates   --   Republican Candidates  
  Historical Analysis of the Presidential Nominating Process  
  Historical Analysis of the apportionment of delegate votes at the National Conventions of the two major parties  
  Primary/Caucus/Convention Glossary  
  Third Parties (Green, Libertarian, Reform)