The Green Papers: Election 2000 
Democratic PartyMichigan Democrat
Caucus: Saturday, March 11, 2000
District Conventions: Saturday, May 6, 2000
Democratic State Central Committee: Saturday, May 20, 2000
Popular VoteDelegate Votes
Floor VoteHard Total
Gore, Al  15,853  83%  158.  100%  120.   76%
Bradley, Bill  3,117  16%          9.    6%
Uncommitted  190   1%         29.   18%
Total  19,160 100%  158.  100%  158.  100%
Voter Eligibility: Modified Open Caucus
Delegate Selection: Caucus/Convention

158 total delegate votes - 84 district / 28 at-large; 17 Pledged PLEOs; 27 Unpledged PLEOs; 2 Unpledged add-ons

Last modified Sunday, December 24, 2000
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19 March 2000: Unpledged delegate preference update: Gore 23, Bradley 0. Unpledged delegates appear in the "Soft Unpledged" field.

The Popular Vote above is based on unofficial returns from the 11 March caucus (100% of the caucuses reporting). (A state run primary was held on 22 February 2000. The results of this primary - Uncommitted: 31,655, Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.: 13,195 - have no bearing on the delegete selection process.)

Note on Voter Eligibility: Anyone, regardless of party affiliation, may participate in the March 11, 2000 Presidential Caucuses. However, during registration at the Caucus, everyone must sign a form declaring him or herself as a Democrat for purposes of participating in the Presidential Caucus.

Here's how we compute the delegate count:

  1. A candidate must receive 15% or more of the total popular vote to qualify for delegates. Discard those votes cast for candidates who do not qualify.
  2. Allocate Congressional District delegates from the qualified vote in each district. Allocate Pledged PLEO and At-Large delegates using the statewide qualified vote. Bill Bradley, having withdrawn from the campaign, is not entitled to receive At-Large and PLEO delegates.
  3. In each jurisdiction:
    1. Total qualified vote = total votes cast for the qualifying candidates in the jurisdiction.
    2. Allocation = (delegates for the jurisdiction) × (candidate's popular vote) ÷ (total qualified vote).
    3. Assign each candidate the WHOLE NUMBER of delegates.
    4. If delegates remain, allocate each of the remaining delegates to those candidates with the LARGEST REMAINDERS.

Delegates 129  120  9


Michigan Democrats have replaced their 12 February Presidential Advisory Primary with an 11 March Caucus.

Monday, 3 January 2000: Last day for Presidential candidates to file a statement of candidacy with the State Chair.

Wednesday, 1 March 2000: 26 Unpledged PLEOs consisting of Michigan's 11 federal lawmakers and 15 Democratic National Committee members are automatically selected.

Saturday, 11 March 2000: Presidential Caucus. Today's caucuses choose delegates to the District Conventions. Delegates are selected based on presidential preference with a 15 percent threshold required in order for a presidential contender to gain support of any delegates to said District Conventions. (No National Convention delegates are selected today.)

The Caucuses will convene at 11:00 A.M. You must be there by 11:00 A.M. in order to participate. Registration will start by 10:00 A.M. Michigan will hold an "Iowa style" caucus; each Caucus will convene on the same day and at the same time across the state. All participants must complete a registration sign-in, including a public declaration that they are a Democrat. Participants then "break out" by presidential preference to cast and count the vote. Each Caucus will adjourn no later than two hours after convening. Results are reported back to the MDP that day.

NOTE: the "break out" refers to the technique of having caucus particpants actually line up [or at least stand in different parts of the room] to indicate their support for a given presidential contender....

Saturday, 6 May 2000: District Conventions. 84 delegates are selected based on the results of the 11 March Presidential Caucus.

The District Conventions choose the 84 district National Convention delegates from Michigan (divvied up among the state's 16 congressional districts, so that each district will have 4 to 8 district National Convention delegates)- subject to the same 15 percent threshold requirement for a presidential contender to be allocated any of these delegates.

Saturday, 20 May 2000: The remaining 47 delegates are elected at today's Democratic State Central Committee meeting. Election breakdown: 2 unpledged add-ons, 17 pledged PLEO, and 28 pledged at-large delegates.

The breakdown of unpledged delegates is:

  • 15 Democratic National Committee members
  • 11 Members of Congress (1 Senator, 10 Representatives)
  • 2 add-ons

The State Central Committee meeting will choose the remaining 47 pledged National Convention delegates subject to that same 15 percent threshold requirement among the participants- as per Democratic Party national rules.

Monday, 22 May 2000: State Chair shall certify to the Secretary of DNC the election of all 157 convention delegates.

Michigan has 16 Congressional Districts and 83 Counties; 72 Counties are within one CD and 11 Counties are split between more than one CD.

UNDIVIDED COUNTIES: (Counties wholly within one Congressional District)

  • CD # 1: Alger, Alpena, Antrim, Baraga, Benzie, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Delta, Dickinson, Emmet, Gogebic, Grand Traverse, Houghton, Iron, Kalkaska, Keweenaw, Leelanau, Luce, Mackinac, Marquette, Menominee, Montmorency, Ontonagon, Otsego, Presque Isle, Schoolcraft. (27)
  • CD # 2: Lake, Manistee, Mason, Muskegon, Newaygo, Oceana, Ottawa, Wexford. (8)
  • CD # 3: Ionia, Kent. (2)
  • CD # 4: Clare, Clinton, Gladwin, Gratiot, Isabella, Mecosta, Midland, Missaukee, Montcalm, Ogemaw, Osceola, Oscoda, Roscommon. (13)
  • CD # 5: Alcona, Arenac, Bay, Huron, Iosco, Sanilac, Tuscola. (7)
  • CD # 6: Berrien, Cass, Kalamazoo, St. Joseph, Van Buren. (5)
  • CD # 7: Branch, Calhoun, Eaton, Hillsdale, Jackson, Lenawee. (6)
  • CD # 8: Ingham, Livingston. (2)
  • CD # 10: St. Clair. (1)
  • CD # 16: Monroe. (1)

DIVIDED COUNTIES: (Counties with portions in more than one Congressional District)

  • Allegan: CD2 and CD6
  • Barry: CD2, CD3 and CD7
  • Crawford: CD1 and CD4
  • Genesee: CD5, CD8 and CD9
  • Lapeer: CD5 and CD9
  • Macomb: CD10 and CD12
  • Oakland: CD8, CD9, CD11 and CD12
  • Saginaw: CD4 and CD5
  • Shiawassee: CD4 and CD8
  • Washtenaw: CD7, CD8 and CD13
  • Wayne: CD 11, CD13, CD14, CD15 and CD16.

NOTE: CDs 14 and 15 are wholly contained within Wayne County.

The following listing of the Minor Civil Divisions (also known as "County Subdivisions") included in each Congressional District of which the so-called DIVIDED COUNTIES are a part contains references to the Townships and the Cities only. There are two types of Municipality in Michigan: the City and the Village- but, while the City is administratively and governmentally separate from any Township, the Village remains a part of its Township and, thus, is itself a further subdivision of the Township; therefore, Villages- unlike Cities and Townships- do not constitute Minor Civil Divisions/County Subdivisions of the first order in the State of Michigan and, thus, no Villages are noted in this listing:


  • CD # 6 includes the Townships of Casco, Cheshire, Lee and Trowbridge plus the City of Otsego;
  • Otsego Township is split between CDs 2 and 6.
  • The remainder of Allegan County is in CD # 2.


  • CD # 2 includes the Townships of Barry, Orangeville, Prairieville, Thornapple and Yankee Springs; Hope Township is split between CDs 2 and 3;
  • CD # 3 includes the Townships of Carlton, Castleton, Hastings, Irving, Rutland and Woodland plus the City of Hastings;
  • CD # 7 includes the Townships of Assyria, Johnstown and Maple Grove.
  • Most of Baltimore Township is in CD 7 but a small portion lies in CD 3.


  • CD # 1 includes the Townships of Frederic, Lovells and Maple Forest;
  • CD # 4 includes the Townships of Beaver Creek and South Branch plus the City of Grayling.
  • Grayling Township is split between CDs 1 and 4.


  • CD # 5 includes the Townships of Flushing, Forest, Genesee, Montrose, Mount Morris, Richfield, Thetford and Vienna plus the Cities of Clio, Flushing and Mount Morris;
  • CD # 8 includes the Townships of Argentine, Clayton, Fenton, Flint, Gaines and Mundy plus the Cities of Fenton and Swartz Creek;
  • CD # 9 includes the Townships of Atlas and Davison plus the Cities of Burton, Davison, Flint and Grand Blanc.
  • Grand Blanc Township is split between CDs 8 and 9.


  • CD # 9 includes the Townships of Almont, Attica, Dryden, Elba, Hadley, Imlay, Lapeer and Metamora plus the Cities of Imlay City and Lapeer.
  • The remainder of Lapeer County is in CD # 5.


  • CD # 12 includes the Cities of Center Line, Sterling Heights, Utica and Warren.
  • Most of the City of Eastpointe (formerly East Detroit) is in CD 10 but a small portion lies in CD 12.
  • The remainder of Macomb County is in CD # 10.


  • CD # 8 includes the Townships of Holly and Rose.
  • CD # 9 includes the Townships of Addison, Brandon, Groveland, Independence, Oakland Charter, Orion, Oxford, Springfield and Waterford plus the Cities of Auburn Hills, Lake Angelus, Pontiac, Rochester and Rochester Hills.
  • CD # 11 includes the Townships of Bloomfield, Commerce, Highland, Lyon, Milford, Novi, Southfield, West Bloomfield and White Lake plus the Cities of Birmingham, Bloomfield Hills, Keego Harbor, Lathrup Village, Novi, Orchard Lake Village, South Lyon, Sylvan Lake, Walled Lake and Wixom;
  • the City of Northville straddles the county line between Oakland and Wayne Counties- only that portion of Northville within Oakland County is in CD # 11.
  • CD # 12 includes the Cities of Berkley, Clawson, Ferndale, Hazel Park, Huntington Woods, Madison Heights, Oak Park, Pleasant Ridge, Royal Oak and Troy.
  • The City of Southfield is mostly in CD 11 but a small portion lies in CD 12.


  • CD # 5 includes the Townships of Blumfield, Buena Vista Charter, Frankenmuth, Saginaw and Zilwaukee plus the Cities of Frankenmuth, Saginaw and Zilwaukee.
  • Most of Kochville Township is in CD 4 but a small portion lies in CD 5.
  • The remainder of Saginaw County is in CD # 4.


  • CD # 8 includes the Townships of Antrim, Burns, Shiawassee and Vernon plus the City of Durand.
  • Venice Township is split between CDs 4 and 8.
  • The remainder of Shiawassee County is in CD # 4.


  • CD # 7 includes the Townships of Bridgewater, Manchester, Saline and York;
  • the City of Milan straddles the county line between Monroe and Washtenaw Counties- only that portion of Milan within Washtenaw County is in CD 7.
  • The City of Saline is split between CDs 7 and 8.
  • CD # 8 includes the Townships of Dexter, Freedom, Lima, Lodi, Lyndon, Northfield, Scio, Sharon, Sylvan and Webster.
  • CD # 13 includes the Townships of Ann Arbor, Salem, Superior and Ypsilanti plus the Cities of Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti;
  • Pittsfield Township is split between CDs 8 and 13.


  • CD # 11 includes the Township of Redford.
  • The City of Livonia is split between CDs 11 and 13.
  • CD # 13 includes the Townships of Canton, Huron, Northville, Plymouth, Sumpter and Van Buren plus the Cities of Belleville, Garden City, Inkster, Plymouth, Wayne and Westland;
  • the City of Northville straddles the county line between Oakland and Wayne Counties- only that portion of Northville within Wayne County is in CD 13.
  • CD # 14 includes the Township of Grosse Pointe plus the Cities of Grosse Pointe Woods, Harper Woods and Highland Park.
  • The City of Detroit is split between CDs 14 and 15.
  • CD # 15 includes the Cities of Ecorse, Grosse Pointe, Grosse Pointe Farms, Grosse Point Park, Hamtramck and River Rouge.
  • CD # 16 includes the Townships of Brownstown and Grosse Ile plus the Cities of Allen Park, Dearborn, Dearborn Heights, Flat Rock, Gibraltar, Lincoln Park, Melvindale, Riverview, Rockwood, Southgate, Taylor, Trenton, Woodhaven and Wyandotte.

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Richard E. Berg-Andersson, Research and Commentary, E-Mail:
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