[Last update 6 October 2018]

Justices of the United States Supreme Court

(by Term of Court)


Explanation of Certain items in the "Justices of the Supreme Court" Table
Justices of the United States Supreme Court (current)

 
TERM OF COURT CHIEF JUSTICE Associate Justices of the United States Supreme Court TERM        
[1] FEBRUARY 1790 John Jay
[Federalist, N.Y.]
(19 October 1789)
John Rutledge
[Federalist, S.C.]
(15 February 1790)
William Cushing
[Federalist, Mass.]
(2 February 1790)
James Wilson
[Federalist, Pa.]
(5 October 1789)
John Blair
[Federalist, Va.]
(2 February 1790)
[VACANT] [FEB.
1790]
       
[2] AUGUST 1790 Jay Rutledge Cushing Wilson Blair James Iredell
[Federalist, N.C.]
(12 May 1790)
[AUG.
1790]
       
[7] FEBRUARY 1791 Jay Rutledge
(resigned, 5 March 1791)
Cushing Wilson Blair Iredell [FEB.
1791]
       
[1] AUGUST 1791 Jay [VACANT] Cushing Wilson Blair Iredell [AUG.
1791]
       
[6] FEBRUARY 1792 Jay [VACANT] Cushing Wilson Blair Iredell [FEB.
1792]
       
[6] AUGUST 1792 Jay Thomas Johnson
[Federalist, Md.]
(6 August 1792)
(resigned, 1 February 1793)
Cushing Wilson Blair Iredell [AUG.
1792]
       
[4] FEBRUARY 1793 Jay William Paterson
[Federalist, N.J.]
(11 March 1793)
Cushing Wilson Blair Iredell [FEB.
1793]
       
[5] AUGUST 1793 Jay Paterson Cushing Wilson Blair Iredell [AUG.
1793]
       
[3] FEBRUARY 1794 Jay Paterson Cushing Wilson Blair Iredell [FEB.
1794]
       
[4] AUGUST 1794 Jay Paterson Cushing Wilson Blair Iredell [AUG.
1794]
       
[2] FEBRUARY 1795 Jay
(resigned, 29 June 1795)
Paterson Cushing Wilson Blair Iredell [FEB.
1795]
       
[3] AUGUST 1795 John Rutledge
[Federalist, S.C.]
(recess appointment effective,
12 August 1795;
rejected by the Senate,
15 December 1795)
Paterson Cushing Wilson Blair
(resigned, 27 January 1796)
Iredell [AUG.
1795]
       
[1] FEBRUARY 1796 Oliver Ellsworth
[Federalist, Conn.]
(8 March 1796)
Paterson Cushing Wilson Samuel Chase
[Federalist, Md.]
(4 February 1796)
Iredell [FEB.
1796]
       
[1] AUGUST 1796 Ellsworth Paterson Cushing Wilson Chase Iredell [AUG.
1796]
       
[6] FEBRUARY 1797 Ellsworth Paterson Cushing Wilson Chase Iredell [FEB.
1797]
       
[7] AUGUST 1797 Ellsworth Paterson Cushing Wilson Chase Iredell [AUG.
1797]
       
[5] FEBRUARY 1798 Ellsworth Paterson Cushing Wilson Chase Iredell [FEB.
1798]
       
[6] AUGUST 1798 Ellsworth Paterson Cushing Wilson
(died, 21 August 1798)
Chase Iredell [AUG.
1798]
       
[4] FEBRUARY 1799 Ellsworth Paterson Cushing Bushrod Washington
[Federalist, Va.]
(4 February 1799)
Chase Iredell [FEB.
1799]
       
[5] AUGUST 1799 Ellsworth Paterson Cushing Washington Chase Iredell
(died, 20 October 1799)
[AUG.
1799]
       
[3] FEBRUARY 1800 Ellsworth Paterson Cushing Washington Chase Alfred Moore
[Federalist, N.C.]
(21 April 1800)
[FEB.
1800]
       
[4] AUGUST 1800 Ellsworth
(resigned, 15 December 1800)
Paterson Cushing Washington Chase Moore [AUG.
1800]
       
[2] FEBRUARY 1801 John Marshall
[Federalist, Va.]
(4 February 1801)
Paterson Cushing Washington Chase Moore [FEB.
1801]
       
[3] AUGUST 1801 Marshall Paterson Cushing Washington Chase Moore [AUG.
1801]
       
[7] FEBRUARY 1803 Marshall Paterson Cushing Washington Chase Moore
(resigned, 26 January 1804)
[FEB.
1803]
       
[6] FEBRUARY 1804 Marshall Paterson Cushing Washington Chase William Johnson
[Republican, S.C.]
(7 May 1804)
[FEB.
1804]
       
[4] FEBRUARY 1805 Marshall Paterson Cushing Washington Chase Johnson [FEB.
1805]
       
[3] FEBRUARY 1806 Marshall Paterson
(died, 9 September 1806)
Cushing Washington Chase Johnson (new Court seat
created by Congress,
24 February 1807)
[FEB.
1806]
     
[2] FEBRUARY 1807 Marshall H. Brockholst Livingston
[Republican, N.Y.]
(20 January 1807)
Cushing Washington Chase Johnson Thomas Todd
[Republican, Ky.]
(4 May 1807)
[FEB.
1807]
[1] FEBRUARY 1808 Marshall Livingston Cushing Washington Chase Johnson Todd [FEB.
1808]
     
[6] FEBRUARY 1809 Marshall Livingston Cushing Washington Chase Johnson Todd [FEB.
1809]
     
[5] FEBRUARY 1810 Marshall Livingston Cushing
(died, 13 September 1810)
Washington Chase Johnson Todd [FEB.
1810]
     
[4] FEBRUARY 1811 Marshall Livingston [VACANT] Washington Chase
(died, 19 June 1811)
Johnson Todd [FEB.
1811]
     
[3] FEBRUARY 1812 Marshall Livingston Joseph Story
[Republican, Mass.]
(3 February 1812)
Washington Gabriel Duval
[Republican, Md.]
(23 November 1811)
Johnson Todd [FEB.
1812]
     
[1] FEBRUARY 1813 Marshall Livingston Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd [FEB.
1813]
     
[7] FEBRUARY 1814 Marshall Livingston Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd [FEB.
1814]
     
[6] FEBRUARY 1815 Marshall Livingston Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd [FEB.
1815]
     
[5] FEBRUARY 1816 Marshall Livingston Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd [FEB.
1816]
     
[3] FEBRUARY 1817 Marshall Livingston Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd [FEB.
1817]
     
[2] FEBRUARY 1818 Marshall Livingston Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd [FEB.
1818]
     
[1] FEBRUARY 1819 Marshall Livingston Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd [FEB.
1819]
     
[7] FEBRUARY 1820 Marshall Livingston Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd [FEB.
1820]
     
[5] FEBRUARY 1821 Marshall Livingston Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd [FEB.
1821]
     
[4] FEBRUARY 1822 Marshall Livingston Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd [FEB.
1822]
     
[3] FEBRUARY 1823 Marshall Livingston
(died, 18 March 1823)
Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd [FEB.
1823]
     
[2] FEBRUARY 1824 Marshall Smith Thompson
[Republican, N.Y.]
(1 September 1823)
Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd [FEB.
1824]
     
[7] FEBRUARY 1825 Marshall Thompson Story Washington Duval Johnson Todd
(died, 7 February 1826)
[FEB.
1825]
     
[6] FEBRUARY 1826 Marshall Thompson Story Washington Duval Johnson [VACANT] [FEB.
1826]
     
[8] JANUARY 1827 Marshall Thompson Story Washington Duval Johnson Robert Trimble
[Republican, Ky.]
(16 June 1826)
[JAN.
1827]
     
[14] JANUARY 1828 Marshall Thompson Story Washington Duval Johnson Trimble
(died, 25 August 1828)
[JAN.
1828]
     
[12] JANUARY 1829 Marshall Thompson Story Washington Duval Johnson [VACANT] [JAN.
1829]
     
[11] JANUARY 1830 Marshall Thompson Story Henry Baldwin
[Democrat, Pa.]
(18 January 1830)
Duval Johnson John McLean
[Democrat, Ohio]
(11 January 1830)
[JAN.
1830]
     
[10] JANUARY 1831 Marshall Thompson Story Baldwin Duval Johnson McLean [JAN.
1831]
     
[9] JANUARY 1832 Marshall Thompson Story Baldwin Duval Johnson McLean [JAN.
1832]
     
[14] JANUARY 1833 Marshall Thompson Story Baldwin Duval Johnson McLean [JAN.
1833]
     
[13] JANUARY 1834 Marshall Thompson Story Baldwin Duval
(resigned, 14 January 1835)
Johnson
(died, 4 August 1834)
McLean [JAN.
1834]
     
[12] JANUARY 1835 Marshall
(died, 6 July 1835)
Thompson Story Baldwin [VACANT] James M. Wayne
[Democrat, Ga.]
(14 January 1835)
McLean [JAN.
1835]
     
[11] JANUARY 1836 Roger B. Taney
[Democrat, Md.]
(28 March 1836)
Thompson Story Baldwin Philip P. Barbour
[Democrat, Va.]
(12 May 1836)
Wayne McLean (new Court seat
created by Congress,
3 March 1837)
(new Court seat
created by Congress,
3 March 1837)
[JAN.
1836]
 
[9] JANUARY 1837 Taney Thompson Story Baldwin Barbour Wayne McLean John Catron
[Democrat, Tenn.]
(1 May 1837)
[VACANT] [JAN.
1837]
 
[8] JANUARY 1838 Taney Thompson Story Baldwin Barbour Wayne McLean Catron John McKinley
[Democrat, Ala.]
(9 January 1838)
[JAN.
1838]
 
[14] JANUARY 1839 Taney Thompson Story Baldwin Barbour Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [JAN.
1839]
 
[13] JANUARY 1840 Taney Thompson Story Baldwin Barbour Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [JAN.
1840]
 
[11] JANUARY 1841 Taney Thompson Story Baldwin Barbour
(died, 25 February 1841)
Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [JAN.
1841]
 
[10] JANUARY 1842 Taney Thompson Story Baldwin Peter V. Daniel
[Democrat, Va.]
(10 January 1842)
Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [JAN.
1842]
 
[9] JANUARY 1843 Taney Thompson
(died, 18 December 1843)
Story Baldwin Daniel Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [JAN.
1843]
 
[8] JANUARY 1844 Taney [VACANT] Story Baldwin
(died, 21 April 1844)
Daniel Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [JAN.
1844]
 
[13] JANUARY 1845 Taney Samuel Nelson
[Democrat, N.Y.]
(27 February 1845)
Story
(died, 10 September 1845)
[VACANT] Daniel Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [JAN.
1845]
 
[1] DECEMBER 1845 Taney Nelson Levi Woodbury
[Democrat, N.H.]
(23 September 1845)
[VACANT] Daniel Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [DEC.
1845]
 
[7] DECEMBER 1846 Taney Nelson Woodbury Robert C. Grier
[Democrat, Pa.]
(10 August 1846)
Daniel Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [DEC.
1846]
 
[6] DECEMBER 1847 Taney Nelson Woodbury Grier Daniel Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [DEC.
1847]
 
[4] DECEMBER 1848 Taney Nelson Woodbury Grier Daniel Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [DEC.
1848]
 
[3] DECEMBER 1849 Taney Nelson Woodbury Grier Daniel Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [DEC.
1849]
 
[2] DECEMBER 1850 Taney Nelson Woodbury
(died, 4 September 1851)
Grier Daniel Wayne McLean Catron McKinley [DEC.
1850]
 
[1] DECEMBER 1851 Taney Nelson Benjamin R. Curtis
[Whig, Mass.]
(10 October 1851)
Grier Daniel Wayne McLean Catron McKinley
(died, 19 July 1852)
[DEC.
1851]
 
[6] DECEMBER 1852 Taney Nelson Curtis Grier Daniel Wayne McLean Catron John A. Campbell
[Democrat, Ala.]
(11 April 1853)
[DEC.
1852]
 
[5] DECEMBER 1853 Taney Nelson Curtis Grier Daniel Wayne McLean Catron Campbell [DEC.
1853]
 
[4] DECEMBER 1854 Taney Nelson Curtis Grier Daniel Wayne McLean Catron Campbell [DEC.
1854]
 
[3] DECEMBER 1855 Taney Nelson Curtis Grier Daniel Wayne McLean Catron Campbell [DEC.
1855]
 
[1] DECEMBER 1856 Taney Nelson Curtis
(resigned, 30 September 1857)
Grier Daniel Wayne McLean Catron Campbell [DEC.
1856]
 
[7] DECEMBER 1857 Taney Nelson Nathan Clifford
[Democrat, Me.]
(21 January 1858)
Grier Daniel Wayne McLean Catron Campbell [DEC.
1857]
 
[6] DECEMBER 1858 Taney Nelson Clifford Grier Daniel Wayne McLean Catron Campbell [DEC.
1858]
 
[5] DECEMBER 1859 Taney Nelson Clifford Grier Daniel
(died, 31 May 1860)
Wayne McLean Catron Campbell [DEC.
1859]
 
[3] DECEMBER 1860 Taney Nelson Clifford Grier [VACANT] Wayne McLean
(died, 4 April 1861)
Catron Campbell
(resigned, 30 April 1861)
[DEC.
1860]
 
[2] DECEMBER 1861 Taney Nelson Clifford Grier [VACANT] Wayne Noah H. Swayne
[Republican, Ohio]
(27 January 1862)
Catron [VACANT] (new Court seat
created by Congress,
3 March 1863)
[DEC.
1861]
[1] DECEMBER 1862 Taney Nelson Clifford Grier Samuel F. Miller
[Republican, Iowa]
(21 July 1862)
Wayne Swayne Catron David Davis
[Independent, Ill.]
(10 December 1862)
Stephen J. Field
[Democrat, Calif.]
(20 May 1863)
[DEC.
1862]
[7] DECEMBER 1863 Taney
(died, 12 October 1864)
Nelson Clifford Grier Miller Wayne Swayne Catron Davis Field [DEC.
1863]
[5] DECEMBER 1864 Salmon P. Chase
[Republican, Ohio]
(15 December 1864)
Nelson Clifford Grier Miller Wayne Swayne Catron
(died, 30 May 1865)
Davis Field [DEC.
1864]
[4] DECEMBER 1865 Chase Nelson Clifford Grier Miller Wayne Swayne [VACANT] Davis Field [DEC.
1865]
[3] DECEMBER 1866 Chase Nelson Clifford Grier Miller Wayne
(died, 5 July 1867)
Swayne (Court seat
abolished
by Congress,
23 July 1866)
Davis Field [DEC.
1866]
[2] DECEMBER 1867 Chase
(presided over Impeachment
trial of President Andrew
Johnson in the Senate,
5 March to 26 May 1868)
Nelson Clifford Grier Miller [VACANT] Swayne Davis Field [DEC.
1867]
 
[7] DECEMBER 1868 Chase Nelson Clifford Grier
(resigned, 31 January 1870)
Miller [VACANT] Swayne Davis Field [DEC.
1868]
 
[6] DECEMBER 1869 Chase Nelson Clifford William Strong
[Republican, Pa.]
(14 March 1870)
Miller Joseph P. Bradley
[Republican, N.J.]
23 March 1870
Swayne Davis Field [DEC.
1869]
 
[5] DECEMBER 1870 Chase Nelson Clifford Strong Miller Bradley Swayne Davis Field [DEC.
1870]
 
[4] DECEMBER 1871 Chase Nelson
(resigned, 28 November 1872)
Clifford Strong Miller Bradley Swayne Davis Field [DEC.
1871]
 
[2] DECEMBER 1872 Chase
(died, 7 May 1873)
Ward Hunt
[Republican, N.Y.]
(9 January 1873)
Clifford Strong Miller Bradley Swayne Davis Field [DEC.
1872]
 
[13] OCTOBER 1873 Morrison R. Waite
[Republican, Ohio]
(4 March 1874)
Hunt Clifford Strong Miller Bradley Swayne Davis Field [OCT.
1873]
 
[12] OCTOBER 1874 Waite Hunt Clifford Strong Miller Bradley Swayne Davis Field [OCT.
1874]
 
[11] OCTOBER 1875 Waite Hunt Clifford Strong Miller Bradley Swayne Davis Field [OCT.
1875]
 
[9] OCTOBER 1876 Waite Hunt Clifford Strong Miller Bradley Swayne Davis
(resigned, 4 March 1877)
Field [OCT.
1876]
 
[8] OCTOBER 1877 Waite Hunt Clifford Strong Miller Bradley Swayne John Marshall Harlan
[Republican, Ky.]
(10 December 1877)
Field [OCT.
1877]
 
[14] OCTOBER 1878 Waite Hunt Clifford Strong Miller Bradley Swayne Harlan Field [OCT.
1878]
 
[13] OCTOBER 1879 Waite Hunt Clifford Strong Miller Bradley Swayne Harlan Field [OCT.
1879]
 
[11] OCTOBER 1880 Waite Hunt Clifford
(died, 25 July 1881)
Strong
(resigned, 14 December 1880)
Miller Bradley Swayne
(resigned, 24 January 1881)
Harlan Field [OCT.
1880]
 
[10] OCTOBER 1881 Waite Hunt
(resigned, 27 January 1882)
Horace Gray
[Republican, Mass.]
(9 January 1882)
William B. Woods
[Republican, Ga.]
(5 January 1881)
Miller Bradley Stanley Matthews
[Republican, Ohio]
(17 May 1881)
Harlan Field [OCT.
1881]
 
[9] OCTOBER 1882 Waite Samuel Blatchford
[Republican, N.Y.]
(3 April 1882)
Gray Woods Miller Bradley Matthews Harlan Field [OCT.
1882]
 
[8] OCTOBER 1883 Waite Blatchford Gray Woods Miller Bradley Matthews Harlan Field [OCT.
1883]
 
[13] OCTOBER 1884 Waite Blatchford Gray Woods Miller Bradley Matthews Harlan Field [OCT.
1884]
 
[12] OCTOBER 1885 Waite Blatchford Gray Woods Miller Bradley Matthews Harlan Field [OCT.
1885]
 
[11] OCTOBER 1886 Waite Blatchford Gray Woods
(died, 14 May 1887)
Miller Bradley Matthews Harlan Field [OCT.
1886]
 
[10] OCTOBER 1887 Waite
(died, 23 March 1888)
Blatchford Gray Lucius Q. C. Lamar
[Democrat, Miss.]
(18 January 1888)
Miller Bradley Matthews Harlan Field [OCT.
1887]
 
[8] OCTOBER 1888 Melville W. Fuller
[Democrat, Ill.]
(8 October 1888)
Blatchford Gray Lamar Miller Bradley Matthews
(died, 22 March 1889)
Harlan Field [OCT.
1888]
 
[14] OCTOBER 1889 Fuller Blatchford Gray Lamar Miller Bradley David J. Brewer
[Republican, Kan.]
(6 January 1890)
Harlan Field [OCT.
1889]
 
[13] OCTOBER 1890 Fuller Blatchford Gray Lamar Henry B. Brown
[Republican, Mich.]
(5 January 1891)
Bradley Brewer Harlan Field [OCT.
1890]
 
[12] OCTOBER 1891 Fuller Blatchford Gray Lamar Brown Bradley
(died, 22 January 1892)
Brewer Harlan Field [OCT.
1891]
 
[10] OCTOBER 1892 Fuller Blatchford
(died, 7 July 1893)
Gray Lamar
(died, 23 January 1893)
Brown George Shiras, Jr.
[Republican, Pa.]
(10 October 1892)
Brewer Harlan Field [OCT.
1892]
 
[9] OCTOBER 1893 Fuller Edward D. White
[Democrat, La.]
(12 March 1894)
Gray Howell E. Jackson
[Democrat, Tenn.]
(4 March 1893)
Brown Shiras Brewer Harlan Field [OCT.
1893]
 
[8] OCTOBER 1894 Fuller White Gray Jackson
(died, 8 August 1895)
Brown Shiras Brewer Harlan Field [OCT.
1894]
 
[14] OCTOBER 1895 Fuller White Gray Rufus W. Peckham
[Democrat, N.Y.]
(6 January 1896)
Brown Shiras Brewer Harlan Field [OCT.
1895]
 
[12] OCTOBER 1896 Fuller White Gray Peckham Brown Shiras Brewer Harlan Field [OCT.
1896]
 
[11] OCTOBER 1897 Fuller White Gray Peckham Brown Shiras Brewer Harlan Field
(resigned, 1 December 1897)
[OCT.
1897]
 
[10] OCTOBER 1898 Fuller White Gray Peckham Brown Shiras Brewer Harlan Joseph McKenna
[Republican, Calif.]
(26 January 1898)
[OCT.
1898]
 
[9] OCTOBER 1899 Fuller White Gray Peckham Brown Shiras Brewer Harlan McKenna [OCT.
1899]
 
[8] OCTOBER 1900 Fuller White Gray Peckham Brown Shiras Brewer Harlan McKenna [OCT.
1900]
 
[14] OCTOBER 1901 Fuller White Gray
(15 September 1902)
Peckham Brown Shiras Brewer Harlan McKenna [OCT.
1901]
 
[13] OCTOBER 1902 Fuller White Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
[Republican, Mass.]
(8 December 1902)
Peckham Brown Shiras
(resigned, 23 February 1903)
Brewer Harlan McKenna [OCT.
1902]
 
[12] OCTOBER 1903 Fuller White Holmes Peckham Brown William R. Day
[Republican, Ohio]
(2 March 1903)
Brewer Harlan McKenna [OCT.
1903]
 
[10] OCTOBER 1904 Fuller White Holmes Peckham Brown Day Brewer Harlan McKenna [OCT.
1904]
 
[9] OCTOBER 1905 Fuller White Holmes Peckham Brown
(resigned, 28 May 1906)
Day Brewer Harlan McKenna [OCT.
1905]
 
[8] OCTOBER 1906 Fuller White Holmes Peckham William H. Moody
[Republican, Mass.]
(17 December 1906)
Day Brewer Harlan McKenna [OCT.
1906]
 
[14] OCTOBER 1907 Fuller White Holmes Peckham Moody Day Brewer Harlan McKenna [OCT.
1907]
 
[12] OCTOBER 1908 Fuller White Holmes Peckham
(died, 24 October 1909)
Moody Day Brewer Harlan McKenna [OCT.
1908]
 
[11] OCTOBER 1909 Fuller
(died, 4 July 1910)
White
(elevated to the
Chief Justiceship)
Holmes Horace H. Lurton
[Democrat, Tenn.]
(3 January 1910)
Moody
(resigned, 20 November 1910)
Day Brewer
(died, 28 March 1910)
Harlan McKenna [OCT.
1909]
 
[10] OCTOBER 1910 Edward D. White
[Democrat, La.]
(19 December 1910)
Willis Van Devanter
[Republican, Wyo.]
(3 January 1911)
Holmes Lurton Joseph R. Lamar
[Democrat, Ga.]
(3 January 1911)
Day Charles Evans Hughes
[Republican, N.Y.]
(10 October 1910)
Harlan
(died, 14 October 1911)
McKenna [OCT.
1910]
 
[9] OCTOBER 1911 White Van Devanter Holmes Lurton Lamar Day Hughes Mahlon Pitney
[Republican, N.J.]
(18 March 1912)
McKenna [OCT.
1911]
 
[14] OCTOBER 1912 White Van Devanter Holmes Lurton Lamar Day Hughes Pitney McKenna [OCT.
1912]
 
[13] OCTOBER 1913 White Van Devanter Holmes Lurton
(died, 12 July 1914)
Lamar Day Hughes Pitney McKenna [OCT.
1913]
 
[12] OCTOBER 1914 White Van Devanter Holmes James C. McReynolds
[Democrat, Tenn.]
(12 October 1914)
Lamar Day Hughes Pitney McKenna [OCT.
1914]
 
[11] OCTOBER 1915 White Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Lamar
(died, 2 January 1916)
Day Hughes
(resigned, 10 June 1916)
Pitney McKenna [OCT.
1915]
 
[9] OCTOBER 1916 White Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Louis D. Brandeis
[Democrat, Mass.]
(5 June 1916)
Day John H. Clarke
[Democrat, Ohio]
(9 October 1916)
Pitney McKenna [OCT.
1916]
 
[1] OCTOBER 1917 White Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Day Clarke Pitney McKenna [OCT.
1917]
 
[7] OCTOBER 1918 White Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Day Clarke Pitney McKenna [OCT.
1918]
 
[6] OCTOBER 1919 White Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Day Clarke Pitney McKenna [OCT.
1919]
 
[4] OCTOBER 1920 White
(died, 19 May 1921)
Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Day Clarke Pitney McKenna [OCT.
1920]
 
[3] OCTOBER 1921 William Howard Taft
[Republican, Conn.]
(11 July 1921)
Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Day Clarke
(resigned, 18 September 1922)
Pitney McKenna [OCT.
1921]
 
[2] OCTOBER 1922 Taft Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Day
(resigned, 13 November 1922)
George Sutherland
[Republican, Utah]
(2 October 1922)
Pitney
(resigned, 31 December 1922)
McKenna [OCT.
1922]
 
[1] OCTOBER 1923 Taft Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Pierce Butler
[Democrat, Minn.]
(2 January 1923)
Sutherland Edward T. Sanford
[Republican, Tenn.]
(19 February 1923)
McKenna [OCT.
1923]
 
[6] OCTOBER 1924 Taft Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Sanford McKenna
(resigned, 5 January 1925)
[OCT.
1924]
 
[5] OCTOBER 1925 Taft Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Sanford Harlan F. Stone
[Republican, N.Y.]
(2 March 1925)
[OCT.
1925]
 
[4] OCTOBER 1926 Taft Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Sanford Stone [OCT.
1926]
 
[3] OCTOBER 1927 Taft Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Sanford Stone [OCT.
1927]
 
[1] OCTOBER 1928 Taft Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Sanford Stone [OCT.
1928]
 
[7] OCTOBER 1929 Taft
(resigned, 3 February 1930)
Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Sanford
(died, 8 March 1930)
Stone [OCT.
1929]
 
[6] OCTOBER 1930 Charles Evans Hughes
[Republican, N.Y.]
(24 February 1930)
Van Devanter Holmes McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Owen J. Roberts
[Republican, Pa.]
(2 June 1930)
Stone [OCT.
1930]
 
[5] OCTOBER 1931 Hughes Van Devanter Holmes
(resigned, 12 January 1932)
McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Roberts Stone [OCT.
1931]
 
[3] OCTOBER 1932 Hughes Van Devanter Benjamin N. Cardozo
[Democrat, N.Y.]
(14 March 1932)
McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Roberts Stone [OCT.
1932]
 
[2] OCTOBER 1933 Hughes Van Devanter Cardozo McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Roberts Stone [OCT.
1933]
 
[1] OCTOBER 1934 Hughes Van Devanter Cardozo McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Roberts Stone [OCT.
1934]
 
[7] OCTOBER 1935 Hughes Van Devanter Cardozo McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Roberts Stone [OCT.
1935]
 
[5] OCTOBER 1936 Hughes Van Devanter
(resigned, 2 June 1937)
Cardozo McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland Roberts Stone [OCT.
1936]
 
[4] OCTOBER 1937 Hughes Hugo L. Black
[Democrat, Ala.]
(19 August 1937)
Cardozo
(died, 9 July 1938)
McReynolds Brandeis Butler Sutherland
(resigned, 17 January 1938)
Roberts Stone [OCT.
1937]
 
[3] OCTOBER 1938 Hughes Black Felix Frankfurter
[Independent, Mass.]
(30 January 1939)
McReynolds Brandeis
(resigned, 13 February 1939)
Butler Stanley F. Reed
[Democrat, Ky.]
(31 January 1938)
Roberts Stone [OCT.
1938]
 
[2] OCTOBER 1939 Hughes Black Frankfurter McReynolds William O. Douglas
[Democrat, Conn.]
(17 April 1939)
Butler
(died, 16 November 1939)
Reed Roberts Stone [OCT.
1939]
 
[7] OCTOBER 1940 Hughes
(resigned, 30 June 1941)
Black Frankfurter McReynolds
(resigned, 31 January 1941)
Douglas Frank Murphy
[Democrat, Mich.]
(5 February 1940)
Reed Roberts Stone(elevated to the
Chief Justiceship)
[OCT.
1940]
 
[6] OCTOBER 1941 Harlan F. Stone
[Republican, N.Y.]
(3 July 1941)
Black Frankfurter James F. Byrnes
[Democrat, S.C.]
(8 July 1941;
resigned, 3 October 1942)
Douglas Murphy Reed Roberts Robert H. Jackson
[Democrat, N.Y.]
(11 July 1941)
[OCT.
1941]
 
[5] OCTOBER 1942 Stone Black Frankfurter Wiley B. Rutledge
[Democrat, Iowa]
(15 February 1943)
Douglas Murphy Reed Roberts Jackson [OCT.
1942]
 
[4] OCTOBER 1943 Stone Black Frankfurter Rutledge Douglas Murphy Reed Roberts Jackson [OCT.
1943]
 
[2] OCTOBER 1944 Stone Black Frankfurter Rutledge Douglas Murphy Reed Roberts
(resigned, 31 July 1945)
Jackson [OCT.
1944]
 
[1] OCTOBER 1945 Stone
(died, 22 April 1946)
Black Frankfurter Rutledge Douglas Murphy Reed Harold H. Burton
[Republican, Ohio]
(1 October 1945)
Jackson(Chief Prosecutor at
Nuremburg Trials of Nazi
War Criminals, 20 November
1945 to 30 September 1946)
[OCT.
1945]
 
[7] OCTOBER 1946 Fred M. Vinson
[Democrat, Ky.]
(24 June 1946)
Black Frankfurter Rutledge Douglas Murphy Reed Burton Jackson [OCT.
1946]
 
[6] OCTOBER 1947 Vinson Black Frankfurter Rutledge Douglas Murphy Reed Burton Jackson [OCT.
1947]
 
[4] OCTOBER 1948 Vinson Black Frankfurter Rutledge
(died, 10 September 1949)
Douglas Murphy
(died, 19 July 1949)
Reed Burton Jackson [OCT.
1948]
 
[3] OCTOBER 1949 Vinson Black Frankfurter Sherman Minton
[Democrat, Ind.]
(12 October 1949)
Douglas Tom C. Clark
[Democrat, Texas]
(24 August 1949)
Reed Burton Jackson [OCT.
1949]
 
[2] OCTOBER 1950 Vinson Black Frankfurter Minton Douglas Clark Reed Burton Jackson [OCT.
1950]
 
[1] OCTOBER 1951 Vinson Black Frankfurter Minton Douglas Clark Reed Burton Jackson [OCT.
1951]
 
[6] OCTOBER 1952 Vinson
(died, 8 September 1953)
Black Frankfurter Minton Douglas Clark Reed Burton Jackson [OCT.
1952]
 
[5] OCTOBER 1953 Earl Warren
[Republican, Calif.]
(5 October 1953)
Black Frankfurter Minton Douglas Clark Reed Burton Jackson
(died, 9 October 1954)
[OCT.
1953]
 
[4] OCTOBER 1954 Warren Black Frankfurter Minton Douglas Clark Reed Burton John Marshall Harlan 2d
[Republican, N.Y.]
(28 March 1955)
[OCT.
1954]
 
[3] OCTOBER 1955 Warren Black Frankfurter Minton
(resigned, 15 October 1956)
Douglas Clark Reed Burton Harlan [OCT.
1955]
[1] OCTOBER 1956 Warren Black Frankfurter William J. Brennan, Jr.
[Democrat, N.J.]
(16 October 1956)
Douglas Clark Reed
(resigned, 25 February 1957)
Burton Harlan [OCT.
1956]
 
[7] OCTOBER 1957 Warren Black Frankfurter Brennan Douglas Clark Charles E. Whittaker
[Republican, Mo.]
(25 March 1957)
Burton
(resigned, 13 October 1958)
Harlan [OCT.
1957]
 
[6] OCTOBER 1958 Warren Black Frankfurter Brennan Douglas Clark Whittaker Potter Stewart
[Republican, Ohio]
(14 October 1958)
Harlan [OCT.
1958]
 
[5] OCTOBER 1959 Warren Black Frankfurter Brennan Douglas Clark Whittaker Stewart Harlan [OCT.
1959]
 
[3] OCTOBER 1960 Warren Black Frankfurter Brennan Douglas Clark Whittaker Stewart Harlan [OCT.
1960]
 
[2] OCTOBER 1961 Warren Black Frankfurter
(resigned, 28 August 1962)
Brennan Douglas Clark Whittaker
(resigned, 31 March 1962)
Stewart Harlan [OCT.
1961]
 
[1] OCTOBER 1962 Warren Black Arthur J. Goldberg
[Democrat, Ill.]
(1 October 1962)
Brennan Douglas Clark Byron R. White
[Democrat, Colo.]
(16 April 1962)
Stewart Harlan [OCT.
1962]
 
[7] OCTOBER 1963 Warren Black Goldberg Brennan Douglas Clark White Stewart Harlan [OCT.
1963]
 
[5] OCTOBER 1964 Warren Black Goldberg
(resigned, 25 July 1965)
Brennan Douglas Clark White Stewart Harlan [OCT.
1964]
 
[4] OCTOBER 1965 Warren Black Abe Fortas
[Democrat, Tenn.]
(4 October 1965)
Brennan Douglas Clark White Stewart Harlan [OCT.
1965]
 
[3] OCTOBER 1966 Warren Black Fortas Brennan Douglas Clark
(resigned, 12 June 1967)
White Stewart Harlan [OCT.
1966]
 
[2] OCTOBER 1967 Warren Black Fortas Brennan Douglas Thurgood Marshall
[Democrat, N.Y.]
(2 October 1967)
White Stewart Harlan [OCT.
1967]
 
[7] OCTOBER 1968 Warren
(resigned, 23 June 1969)
Black Fortas
(resigned, 14 May 1969)
Brennan Douglas Marshall White Stewart Harlan [OCT.
1968]
 
[6] OCTOBER 1969 Warren E. Burger
[Republican, Va.]
(23 June 1969)
Black [VACANT] Brennan Douglas Marshall White Stewart Harlan [OCT.
1969]
 
[5] OCTOBER 1970 Burger Black
(resigned, 17 September 1971)
Harry A. Blackmun
[Republican, Minn.]
(9 June 1970)
Brennan Douglas Marshall White Stewart Harlan
(resigned, 23 September 1971)
[OCT.
1970]
 
[4] OCTOBER 1971 Burger Lewis F. Powell, Jr.
[Republican, Va.]
(7 January 1972)
Blackmun Brennan Douglas Marshall White Stewart William H. Rehnquist
[Republican, Ariz.]
(7 January 1972)
[OCT.
1971]
 
[2] OCTOBER 1972 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan Douglas Marshall White Stewart Rehnquist [OCT.
1972]
 
[1] OCTOBER 1973 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan Douglas Marshall White Stewart Rehnquist [OCT.
1973]
 
[7] OCTOBER 1974 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan Douglas Marshall White Stewart Rehnquist [OCT.
1974]
 
[6] OCTOBER 1975 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan Douglas
(resigned, 12 November 1975)
Marshall White Stewart Rehnquist [OCT.
1975]
 
[4] OCTOBER 1976 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan John Paul Stevens
[Republican, Ill.]
(19 December 1975)
Marshall White Stewart Rehnquist [OCT.
1976]
 
[3] OCTOBER 1977 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan Stevens Marshall White Stewart Rehnquist [OCT.
1977]
 
[2] OCTOBER 1978 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan Stevens Marshall White Stewart Rehnquist [OCT.
1978]
 
[1] OCTOBER 1979 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan Stevens Marshall White Stewart Rehnquist [OCT.
1979]
 
[6] OCTOBER 1980 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan Stevens Marshall White Stewart
(resigned, 3 July 1981)
Rehnquist [OCT.
1980]
 
[5] OCTOBER 1981 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan Stevens Marshall White Sandra Day O'Connor
[Republican, Ariz.]
(25 September 1981)
Rehnquist [OCT.
1981]
 
[4] OCTOBER 1982 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan Stevens Marshall White O'Connor Rehnquist [OCT.
1982]
 
[3] OCTOBER 1983 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan Stevens Marshall White O'Connor Rehnquist [OCT.
1983]
 
[1] OCTOBER 1984 Burger Powell Blackmun Brennan Stevens Marshall White O'Connor Rehnquist [OCT.
1984]
 
[7] OCTOBER 1985 Burger
(resigned, 26 September 1986)
Powell Blackmun Brennan Stevens Marshall White O'Connor Rehnquist(elevated to the
Chief Justiceship)
[OCT.
1985]
 
[6] OCTOBER 1986 William H. Rehnquist
[Republican, Ariz.]
(26 September 1986)
Powell
(resigned, 26 June 1987)
Blackmun Brennan Stevens Marshall White O'Connor Antonin Scalia
[Republican, Va.]
(26 September 1986)
[OCT.
1986]
 
[5] OCTOBER 1987 Rehnquist Anthony M. Kennedy
[Republican, Calif.]
(18 February 1988)
Blackmun Brennan Stevens Marshall White O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1987]
 
[3] OCTOBER 1988 Rehnquist Kennedy Blackmun Brennan Stevens Marshall White O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1988]
 
[2] OCTOBER 1989 Rehnquist Kennedy Blackmun Brennan
(resigned, 20 July 1990)
Stevens Marshall White O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1989]
 
[1] OCTOBER 1990 Rehnquist Kennedy Blackmun David H. Souter
[Republican, N.H.]
(9 October 1990)
Stevens Marshall
(resigned, 27 June 1991)
White O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1990]
 
[7] OCTOBER 1991 Rehnquist Kennedy Blackmun Souter Stevens Clarence Thomas
[Republican, Ga.]
(23 October 1991)
White O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1991]
 
[5] OCTOBER 1992 Rehnquist Kennedy Blackmun Souter Stevens Thomas White
(resigned, 28 June 1993)
O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1992]
 
[4] OCTOBER 1993 Rehnquist Kennedy Blackmun
(resigned, 3 August 1994)
Souter Stevens Thomas Ruth Bader Ginsburg
[Democrat, N.Y.]
(10 August 1993)
O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1993]
 
[3] OCTOBER 1994 Rehnquist Kennedy Stephen G. Breyer
[Democrat, Mass.]
(3 August 1994)
Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1994]
 
[2] OCTOBER 1995 Rehnquist Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1995]
 
[7] OCTOBER 1996 Rehnquist Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1996]
 
[6] OCTOBER 1997 Rehnquist Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1997]
 
[5] OCTOBER 1998 Rehnquist
(presided over Impeachment
trial of President Bill Clinton
in the Senate, 7 January
to 12 February 1999)
Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1998]
 
[4] OCTOBER 1999 Rehnquist Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
1999]
 
[2] OCTOBER 2000 Rehnquist Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
2000]
 
[1] OCTOBER 2001 Rehnquist Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
2001]
 
[7] OCTOBER 2002 Rehnquist Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
2002]
 
[6] OCTOBER 2003 Rehnquist Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg O'Connor Scalia [OCT.
2003]
 
[4] OCTOBER 2004 Rehnquist
(died, 3 September 2005)
Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg O'Connor
(resigned, 31 January 2006)
Scalia [OCT.
2004]
 
[3] OCTOBER 2005 John G. Roberts
[Republican, D.C.]
(29 September 2005)
Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg Samuel A. Alito, Jr.
[Republican, N.J.]
(31 January 2006)
Scalia [OCT.
2005]
 
[2] OCTOBER 2006 Roberts Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg Alito Scalia [OCT.
2006]
 
[1] OCTOBER 2007 Roberts Kennedy Breyer Souter Stevens Thomas Ginsburg Alito Scalia [OCT.
2007]
 
[6] OCTOBER 2008 Roberts Kennedy Breyer Souter
(resigned, 29 June 2009)
Stevens Thomas Ginsburg Alito Scalia [OCT.
2008]
 
[5] OCTOBER 2009 Roberts Kennedy Breyer Sonia Sotomayor
[Democrat, N.Y.]
(8 August 2009)
Stevens
(resigned, 28 June 2010)
Thomas Ginsburg Alito Scalia [OCT.
2009]
 
[4] OCTOBER 2010 Roberts Kennedy Breyer Sotomayor Elena Kagan
[Democrat, N.Y.]
(7 August 2010)
Thomas Ginsburg Alito Scalia [OCT.
2010]
 
[3] OCTOBER 2011 Roberts Kennedy Breyer Sotomayor Kagan Thomas Ginsburg Alito Scalia [OCT. 2011]  
[1] OCTOBER 2012 Roberts Kennedy Breyer Sotomayor Kagan Thomas Ginsburg Alito Scalia [OCT. 2012]  
[7] OCTOBER 2013 Roberts Kennedy Breyer Sotomayor Kagan Thomas Ginsburg Alito Scalia [OCT. 2013]  
[6] OCTOBER 2014 Roberts Kennedy Breyer Sotomayor Kagan Thomas Ginsburg Alito Scalia [OCT. 2014]  
[5] OCTOBER 2015 Roberts Kennedy Breyer Sotomayor Kagan Thomas Ginsburg Alito Scalia
(died, 13 February 2016)
[OCT. 2015]  
[3] OCTOBER 2016 Roberts Kennedy Breyer Sotomayor Kagan Thomas Ginsburg Alito Neil Gorsuch
[Republican, Colo.]
(7 April 2017)
[OCT. 2016]  
[2] OCTOBER 2017 Roberts Kennedy
(resigned, 31 July 2018)
Breyer Sotomayor Kagan Thomas Ginsburg Alito Gorsuch [OCT. 2017]  
[1] OCTOBER 2018 Roberts Brett Michael Kavanaugh
[Republican, M.D.]
(6 October 2018)
Breyer Sotomayor Kagan Thomas Ginsburg Alito Gorsuch [OCT. 2018]  
TERM OF COURT CHIEF JUSTICE Associate Justices of the United States Supreme Court TERM  
 
 

Supreme Court TERMS OF COURT are traditionally referred to by the month and year in which said term convened (thus, at the time I am writing these very words [9 May 2001], the Supreme Court- still in session- is nearing the end of its OCTOBER 2000 Term). The number in brackets to the left of the TERM OF COURT at the left of the above table is the actual date of the month on which the Court convened that particular term (thus, for example, the aforementioned OCTOBER 2000 Term first met on 2 October 2000).

The date under each Supreme Court Justice's name when it first appears on the above chart is that of his or her taking of the Oath of Office, which marks the final step before the Justice is permitted to enter upon his or her judicial duties. In a number of cases, the Justice may have been confirmed by the Senate and/or may have received his or her Commission after confirmation well before the actual taking of the Oath of Office (this might be especially true where there is a significant gap between the end of service of the Justice's predecessor and the date shown for the successor Justice. In addition, especially as regards the early days of the Court (when Supreme Court Justices still "rode Circuit"), a given date may, in fact, reflect the taking of the Oath of Office before the Court itself while, at the same time, it is possible that the Justice in question may have taken an earlier Oath of Office in order to enter upon judicial duties related to holding Circuit Court; moreover, some of the earlier dates re: Justices entering upon judicial duties are somewhat questionable but are the best discerned at the time this table was created.

[VACANT] only appears where there was a significant length of time during which no person was in the Court seat during the transaction of judicial business in a given TERM OF COURT.

The Chief Justice is always in boldface and is always listed first (to the left of the table); the original 5 original Associate Justices have been listed across the table in order of their receiving their Commission after confirmation by the Senate which, as can be seen, has no necessary connection to the date these Justices entered upon their judicial duties (the date under their names where they appear at the top of the table). The reason for this is that, under the original Judiciary Act of 1789, seniority on the Court among the Associate Justices was determined by 1. date of Commission (not date of taking of the Oath of Office) and 2. where two or more Justices were commissioned on the same date, by age. For those who might be interested in the dates of Commission for the first Associate Justices (which determined their order on the above table), a listing follows:

Chief Justice John Jay26 September 1789
Justice John Rutledge26 September 1789
Justice William Cushing27 September 1789
Justice James Wilson29 September 1789
Justice John Blair30 September 1789
Justice James Iredell10 February 1790

Court seats later added by Congress are placed on the table in the order of their creation (in the case of the two seats added in 1837, the order is determined by order of dates of Commission- as in the case of the original Justices: Justice John Catron received his Commission on 8 March 1837 and Justice John McKinley received his Commission on 25 September 1837). The order of the current Associate Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court is solely determined by their lineal descent of succession from the original holders of their respective Court seats as thus determined; no other reason exists for the order in which these Justices happen to appear on the above table.

 

Judicial Branch
 
United States Supreme Court Justices (current)
Justices of the United States Supreme Court (by Term of Court)
Explanation of certain items in the "Justices of the United States Supreme Court" Table
 
Federal Court System
 
Federal, State, and Local Government - Judicial Branch


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