The Green Papers: State and Local Government
Copyright Texas
Governor:1(Term Limit: None; 4-year term)
Senators:2(Electoral Classes 1 and 2)
2000 Census:20,903,994 (7.41% of 281,998,273)
2004, 2008 Electors:34(6.32% of 538)
2002-2010 Representatives:32(7.36% of 435)
2010 Census:25,268,418 (8.16% of 309,785,186)
2012, 2016, 2020 Electors:38(7.06% of 538)
2012-2020 Representatives:36(8.28% of 435)

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States Alphabetically    Current Texas Statewide Office Holders

Official Name/Status   All States
 The STATE of Texas
 Status: STATE of the Union
 Texas was an independent Republic prior to Statehood (independence from Mexico declared, 2 March 1836) and, thus, never constituted a U.S. Territory
 Admitted to the Union as a State: 29 December 1845 by a Joint Resolution of Congress (9 Stat. 108)
[NOTE: The Texas Annexation Resolution (5 Stat. 797) contained a provision specifically permitting Texas to divide itself into up to 5 new States of the Union; this provision, however, would unconstitutionally place Texas on other than the "equal footing" with its sister States declared upon its Admission (in 9 Stat. 108)-- see the essay May Texas *really* split itself into up to five States on its own? for further information]
  The 28th state.

Traditional Sections and Regions   All States
 Section: SOUTH
 Region: Lower ["Deep"] South
 Survey: Metes & Bounds

Constitutions   All States     Links to State Constitutions
 Enabling Act (of the Congress of the United States): 1 March 1845 [The resolution of this date annexing the Republic of Texas to the United States (5 Stat. 797) functioned as an equivalent to an Enabling Act authorizing formation of a State government and Admission thereafter; this annexation was formally accepted by the Republic of Texas (via a Consent Resolution adopted by the Congress of the Republic) on 23 June 1845 (and the State Constitutional Convention- upon first convening on 4 July 1845- formally made both the American and Texan Congressional Resolutions aforementioned the legal basis on which said Convention was thereafter entitled to act)]
1st (1836-1845) [Adopted: 17 March 1836 This was the Constitution of the REPUBLIC of Texas, framed by a Convention which convened on 1 March 1836, formally declared independence from Mexico on 2 March, adopted an "Executive Ordinance" to provide for a provisional government for the Republic and then drafted this Constitution, Ratified: 17 March 1836 not submitted to the People]
2nd (1845-1866) [Adopted: 27 August 1845 Convention convened, 4 July 1845, Ratified: 13 October 1845 ratified by a vote of 4,174 to 312; effective upon Admission, 29 December 1845]
3rd (1866-1869) [Adopted: 2 April 1866 Convention convened, March 1866, Ratified: 25 June 1866 ratified by a vote of 34,794 to 11,235]
4th (1869-1876) [Adopted: December 1868 Convention convened, 1 June 1868, Ratified: 3 December 1869 ratified by a vote of 72,395 to 4,924]
5th (1876-) [Adopted: 24 November 1875 Convention convened, 6 September 1875, Ratified: 17 February 1876]

Executive Branch   All States
Chief Executive
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected separately from GOVERNOR]
Major Executive Officers Elected Statewide   All States   2021 Office holders
  Governor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022. Term Limit: None
  Lieutenant Governor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022
  Attorney General: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022
  Comptroller of Public Accounts: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022
  Commissioner of Agriculture: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022
  Commissioner of General Land Office: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022
  Railroad Commissioner 1: 6 year term, Election Cycle: 2016, 2022
  Railroad Commissioner 2: 6 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2024
  Railroad Commissioner 3: 6 year term, Election Cycle: 2020, 2026

Legislative Branch   All States
Upper House
Lower House
  House of Representatives

Judicial Branch   All States
Court of Last Resort
  Supreme Court
  Court of Criminal Appeals
Intermediate Appellate Court
  Courts of Appeals [IN: district FOR: State/County]

Local Government
  County [Type: Strong, Executive: Judge, Legislative: COMMISSIONERS' COURT]
   precinct [Type: None, Executive and Legislative: no associated governmental structure]
Incorporated Municipalities  All States

Statutory Election Information   All States
Presidential Primary   All States
  1st Tuesday in March of Presidential Election years
[TX Election Code 41.007(c)]
State Primary   All States
  (--2011) "General Primary": 1st Tuesday in March of even-numbered years [TX Election Code 41.007(a)]
"Runoff Primary" (re: races in which no candidate has received a majority of the vote in the "General Primary"): 2d Tuesday in April of even-numbered years [TX Election Code 41.007(b)]
  (2012--) "General Primary": 1st Tuesday in March of even-numbered years [TX Election Code 41.007(a)]
"Runoff Primary" (re: races in which no candidate has received a majority of the vote in the "General Primary"): 4th Tuesday in May following the general primary election. [TX Election Code 41.007(b)]
Polling times   All States
  Polls open: 7 AM local time
Polls close: 7 PM local time.
[41.031(a) Voting Hours]

Links  Links to other web sites
Constitution    All States
  The Texas Constitution
Election Authority
  Texas Elections Division
  Texas Ethics Commission
  Texas Secretary of State Office of the Texas Secretary of State
Legislature    All States
  Texas House of Representatives
  Texas Legislative Council
  Texas Legislative Reference Library
  Texas Legislature
  Texas State Senate
  Texas Statutes
  Texas Democratic Party
  Republican Party of Texas
Third Party
  Green Party of Texas
  Libertarian Party of Texas
  Reform Party of Texas
  Socialist Party of Texas
  Texas Right to Life
  The Unity Party of Texas
Media & others
  Abilene Reporter-News
  Alpine Avalanche
  Athens Review
  Austin American-Statesman
  Corpus Christi Caller-Times
  Corsicana Daily Sun
  Dallas Business Journal
  Denton Record-Chronicle
  East Texas News - Polk County
  El Paso Times
  Ellis County Press
  Express-News - KENS TV - CBS - San Antonio
  Fort Stockton Pioneer
  Forward Times - Houston
  Gainesville Daily Register
  Guidry News - Houston-Galveston
  Harvey Kronberg's The Quorum Report
  Hays Free Press
  Hood County News - Granbury
  Houston Business Journal
  Houston Chronicle
  KCEN TV - NBC - Temple - Waco - Killeen
  KDBC TV - CBS - El Paso
  KDFW TV - FOX - Dallas
  KHOU TV - CBS - Houston
  KPRC TV - NBC - Houston
  KSAT TV - ABC - San Antonio
  KTRE TV - ABC - Lufkin - Nacogdoches
  KTRK TV - ABC - Houston
  KTSM TV - NBC - El Paso
  KTVT TV - CBS - Dallas - Fort Worth
  KVUE TV - ABC - Austin
  KXAN TV - NBC - Austin
  KXAS TV - NBC - Dallas
  Laredo Morning Times
  Lubbock Avalanche-Journal
  Midland Reporter-Telegram
  Mike Hailey's Capitol Inside
  Moore County News-Press
  Mount Pleasant Tribune Texas Newspapers
  Odessa American - Texas
  Port Arthur News
  San Antonio Business Journal
  San Marcos Daily Record
  Seguin Gazette-Enterprise
  Terrell Tribune
  Texas GOP Vote
  The Baytown Sun
  The Beaumont Enterprise
  The Brownsville Herald
  The Bryan-College Station Eagle
  The Canyon News - Randall County
  The Courier of Montgomery County
  The Cuero Record - DeWitt County
  The Daily Sentinel - Nacogdoches
  The Daily Texan - University of Texas - Austin
  The Dallas Morning News
  The El Campo Leader-News
  The Facts - Brazoria County - Clute - Angleton
  The Galveston County Daily News
  The Gilmer Mirror
  The Herald Democrat - Sherman
  The Herald-Zeitung - New Braunfels
  The Katy Times
  The Kilgore News Herald
  The Killeen Daily Herald
  The Lufkin Daily News
  The Monitor - McAllen
  The Paris News
  The Pleasanton Express
  The Texas Tribune - Austin
  The Victoria Advocate
  The Wharton Journal-Spectator
  TXElects - Texas Election Source
  Tyler Morning Telegraph
  Valley Morning Star - Harlingen
  WFAA TV - ABC - Dallas - Fort Worth
  Wichita Falls Times Record News
  Wilson County News
  Wise County Messenger - Decatur
  WOIA TV - NBC - San Antonio

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  Compilation of Statutes     United States STATUTES AT LARGE: Arrangement  
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