The Green Papers: State and Local Government
Copyright Kansas
Governor:1(Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms)
Senators:2(Electoral Classes 2 and 3)
2000 Census:2,693,824 (0.96% of 281,998,273)
2004, 2008 Electors:6(1.12% of 538)
2002-2010 Representatives:4(0.92% of 435)
2010 Census:2,863,813 (0.92% of 309,785,186)
2012, 2016, 2020 Electors:6(1.12% of 538)
2012-2020 Representatives:4(0.92% of 435)

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States Alphabetically    Current Kansas Statewide Office Holders

Official Name/Status   All States
 The STATE of Kansas
 Status: STATE of the Union
 Organized as a Territory: 30 May 1854. 10 Stat. 277: previously, part of the unorganized so-called "Indian country" of old Missouri Territory left over from when Missouri had been admitted as a State back in 1821 (NOTE: this is not to be at all confused with that Indian Territory which eventually became the State of Oklahoma and which was established just south of this "Indian country")
 Admitted to the Union as a State: 29 January 1861 by an Act of Congress (12 Stat. 126) recognizing a State government already formed. (a previous Act of Admission [that of 4 May 1858: 11 Stat. 269], conditional upon adoption of the so-called "Lecompton Constitution", was mooted when that document was rejected in a vote held on 21 August 1858 [also see references elsewhere in this database to Kansas' 2nd and 3rd Constitutions])
  The 34th state.

Traditional Sections and Regions   All States
 Section: MIDWEST
 Region: Great Plains
 Survey: Public Domain

Constitutions   All States     Links to State Constitutions
 Enabling Act: [Kansas never had an Enabling Act prior to its Admission as a State]
1st (-) [Adopted: 2 November 1855 Convention convened, 23 October 1855. This was the so-called "Topeka Constitution" put forth by so-called "Free Staters" opposed to the actions of the pro-slavery Territorial legislature which, after expelling its anti-Slavery members on 2 July 1855, had subsequently passed a series of measures in defense of Slavery in Kansas; a Convention of such Free Staters had met at Lawrence in August 1855 and, after repudiating this pro-Slavery legislation, met again in Big Springs, 5 September 1855, to elect delegates to a convention in Topeka which was specifically authorized to draw up this 1st State Constitution, Ratified: 15 December 1855 ratified by a vote of 1,731 to 46; the "Topeka Constitution" was rejected by President Franklin Pierce when, as part of a Special Message to Congress on 24 January 1856, he referred to this document as the product of "persons confessedly not constituting the body politic"; thus, this Constitution never became effective]
2nd (-) [Adopted: 7 November 1857 Convention convened, 5 September 1857. This was the so-called "Lecompton Constitution" which was put forth by "Slave Staters". The originally planned ratification vote called for in this document's "Schedule" only provided for a choice between this Consitution with Slavery permitted or this Constitution with Slavery prohibited (that is: there was no way to vote against this Constitution per se). The Territorial legislature- now under the control of the Free Staters- passed a law on 17 December 1857 ordering the "Lecompton Constitution" to be submitted to a "full and fair vote" (that is, with a third alternative- that of rejecting the "Lecompton Constitution"- on the ballot) come the following 4 January (the date this Constitution's Schedule had set for the first election of State officers under the document), Ratified: 21 December 1857 Despite the new requirement for a third "against" option put forth by the Territorial legislature only days before, the original ratification vote of this date went ahead anyway and- with Free Staters boycotting it- this Constitution with Slavery permitted was ratified by a vote of 6,226 to 589 for this Constitution without Slavery (some sources cite the vote as 6,143 to 580). Meanwhile, the legislatively-authorized ratification vote was held only in anti-Slavery areas of the Territory on 4 January 1858 along with the "State" elections held Territory-wide: here, the "Lecompton Constitution" was overwhelmingly rejected by a vote of 10,126 against to 138 for this document with Slavery and 24 for this Constitution without Slavery (Free Staters also captured control of all the "State" offices elected at the same time in any event). The adoption of this "Lecompton Constitution" had been supported by President James Buchanan in his first Annual Message to Congress on 8 December 1857 and was reiterated by the President in the Special Message to Congress on 2 February 1858 in which he submitted a copy of this document to that body; Congress passed an Act of Admission with conditions (as noted under the "3rd Constitution", below) on 4 May 1858, but this "Lecompton Constitution" had no chance of ever becoming effective once the Free Staters had won the "State" elections held under what had been, after all, a Slave Staters' document]
3rd (-) [Adopted: 3 April 1858 Convention convened, 23 March 1858. This was the so-called "Leavenworth Constitution", the answer of Free Staters to the Slave Staters' "Lecompton Constitution" of 1857: it had been drafted as a reaction to what Free Staters felt was a rigged original ratification vote for that other Constitution on 21 December 1857; however, Congress had- in the meantime- passed an act, on 4 May 1858, admitting Kansas as a State under the "Lecompton Constitution" pending a new ratification vote up or down on that other document on 21 August 1858: the "Lecompton Consitution" was overwhelmingly rejected by a vote of only 1,788 for it as opposed to 11,300 against, Ratified: 18 May 1858 ratified by vote of 4,346 to 1,257. After the "Lecompton Constitution" was soundly defeated once and for all in August 1858, this "Leavenworth Constitution" was put forth by the Free Staters as a viable alternative to that other Constitution based on claims that it had already been ratified by the People of Kansas prior to this latest ratification vote "do-over". The Buchanan Administration, however, strenuously opposed this "Leavenworth Constitution" on the same grounds on which the previous Administration had opposed the "Topeka Constitution"- that the drafting Convention was not truly representative of all the political factions in the Territory- and, thus, it never became effective]
4th (1861-) [Adopted: 29 July 1859 Convention convened, 5 July 1859. This was the so-called "Wyandotte Consitution" which formed the basis for Kansas' being admitted to the Union as a Free State (and- as things turned out- the very last State admitted to the Union prior to the outbreak of the American Civil War). The Free Staters now being in complete control of the Territorial government, this Constitution was drafted in order to deflect any claim by pro-Slavery opponents that either of the two previous Constitutions drafted by Free-Stater Conventions (that is, those drafted at Topeka and Leavenworth) were illegal; by holding yet a third Free-Stater Constitutional Convention, this potential problem was deftly avoided, Ratified: 4 October 1859 ratified by vote of 10,421 to 5,530; effective upon Admission, 29 January 1861]

Executive Branch   All States
Chief Executive
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR; nominated with Governor as well]
Major Executive Officers Elected Statewide   All States   2021 Office holders
  Governor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022. Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms
  Lieutenant Governor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022. Elected on a ticket with Governor
  Secretary of State: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022
  Attorney General: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022
  Treasurer: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022
  Commissioner of Insurance: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2018, 2022

Legislative Branch   All States
Upper House
Lower House
  House of Representatives

Judicial Branch   All States
Court of Last Resort
  Supreme Court
Intermediate Appellate Court
  Court of Appeals

Local Government
  county [Type: Broad, Executive and Legislative: BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS]
   township [Type: Limited, Executive: Trustee, Legislative: Board]
Incorporated Municipalities  All States
    Kansas Civil Divisions and Municipalities

Key Statewide / Federal Officials  All States
  Kansas Officials

Statutory Election Information   All States
General Election   All States
  Tuesday succeeding 1st Monday in November in even-numbered years
[KS Constitution: Art.4, sec.2;
KS Statutes 25-101]
Presidential Primary   All States
  (--2011) on or before the 1st Tuesday in April in Presidential Election years
(only if, by 1 November of the immediately preceding year, no "common date" shared with at least five other States holding presidential primaries or delegate selection caucuses or conventions has been adopted)
[KS Statutes 25-4501]
  (2011-2015) ... there shall be held a presidential preference primary election in the year 2016, and every fourth year thereafter. [KS Statutes 25-4501. (a)]
On or before November 1, 2015, and ... every fourth year thereafter, the secretary of state shall certify ... a common date in the next succeeding year on which at least five other states will hold a presidential [primary... convention... caucus...] at which delegates to a national convention are selected. ... If the secretary of state determines that there is no common date ..., the secretary of state shall certify ... a date, which shall be on or before the first Tuesday in April of the next ... year, on which the presidential preference primary election shall be held. [KS Statutes 25-4501. (b)]
  (2016--) Parties select their nominees by caucus: "Each political party ... shall have procedures to select a presidential nominee and shall select a presidential nominee in accordance with such party procedures for the 2016 presidential election, and every fourth year thereafter." [KS Statutes 25-3905 (e).6]
State Primary   All States
  1st Tuesday in August in even-numbered years
[KS Statutes 25-203]
Polling times   All States
  Polls open: 7 AM Central Time, 6 AM Mountain Time.
Polls close: 7 PM Central Time, 6 PM Mountain Time
Counties may set different polling hours:
  • Central Time: The polls shall be open at least 12 continuous hours commencing not earlier than 6:00 AM and ending not later than 8:00 PM and ending not earlier than 7:00 PM.
  • Mountain Time: The polls shall be open at least 12 continuous hours commencing not earlier than 5:00 AM and ending not later than 7:00 PM and ending not earlier than 6:00 PM.
[KS Statutes 25-106]

Links  Links to other web sites
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Third Party
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  The Unity Party of Kansas
Media & others
  Atchison Globe Now
  Baldwin City Signal
  Courier Tribune - Liberty and Kearney
  Dodge City Daily Globe
  Great Bend Tribune
  High Plains Journal - Dodge City
  Hillsboro Free Press
  Hillsboro Star-Journal
  Kansas City Jewish Chronicle
  Kansas Press Association
  KCTV - Kansas City
  Lawrence Journal-World
  Louisburg Herald
  Marion County Record
  Miami County Republic - Kansas - Nor'West Newspapers
  Osawatomie Graphic
  Ottawa Herald - Franklin County - Kansas
  The Abilene Reflector-Chronicle
  The Ark Valley News - Valley Center
  The Butler County Times Gazette
  The Chanute Tribune
  The Coffey County Republican - Burlington
  The Daily Union - Junction City
  The Emporia Gazette
  The Garden City Telegram
  The Gyp Hill Premiere - Medicine Lodge
  The Hays Daily News
  The Hutchinson News
  The Iola Register
  The Leavenworth Times
  The Manhattan Mercury
  The McPherson Sentinel
  The Miami County Republic - Paola
  The Mirror - Tonganoxie
  The Morning Sun - Pittsburg
  The Newton Kansan
  The Parsons Sun
  The Pratt Tribune - Pratt County
  The Topeka Capital-Journal
  Vote! Kansas
  Winfield Courier

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