The Green Papers: Election 2000 
Democratic PartyIowa Democrat
Caucus: Monday, January 24, 2000
County Conventions: Saturday, March 25, 2000
District Conventions: Saturday, May 6, 2000
State Convention: Saturday, June 17, 2000
Popular VoteDelegate Votes
Floor VoteHard Total
Gore, Al  1,269  63%   57.  100%   35.   61%
Bradley, Bill  698  35%         12.   21%
Uncommitted                10.   18%
Uncommitted  33   2%            
others  1   0%            
Total  2,001 100%   57.  100%   57.  100%
Voter Eligibility: Closed Caucus
Delegate Selection: Caucus/Convention

57 total delegate votes - 31 district / 10 at-large; 6 Pledged PLEOs; 9 Unpledged PLEOs; 1 Unpledged add-on

Last modified Wednesday, August 16, 2000
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18 March 2000: Unpledged delegate preference update: Gore 9, Bradley 0. Unpledged delegates appear in the "Soft Unpledged" field.

Bill Bradley, having withdrawn from the campaign, is no longer entitled to receive At-Large and unpledged PLEO delegates (rule 9.C). The 4 At-Large and 2 unpledged PLEO delegates originally assigned to Bradley have been reassigned to Gore in our "Soft Pledged".

The Popular Vote above is based on unofficial returns from the 24 January Caucuses (98% of the Precincts reporting). Iowa Democrats do not release the actual number of votes for each candidate. The Popular Vote above is the projected number of delegates at the Iowa State Convention.

Here's how we compute the delegate count:
  1. A candidate must receive 15% or more of the total popular vote to qualify for delegates. Discard those votes cast for candidates who do not qualify.
  2. Allocate Congressional District delegates from the qualified vote in each district. Allocate Pledged PLEO and At-Large delegates using the statewide qualified vote.
  3. In each jurisdiction:
    1. Total qualified vote = total votes cast for the qualifying candidates in the jurisdiction.
    2. Allocation = (delegates for the jurisdiction) × (candidate's popular vote) ÷ (total qualified vote).
    3. Assign each candidate the WHOLE NUMBER of delegates.
    4. If delegates remain, allocate each of the remaining delegates to those candidates with the LARGEST REMAINDERS.
Delegates 47  29  18

Monday 24 January 2000: Democratic Party Caucuses meet in each precinct. Each Precinct Caucus chooses the precinct's delegates to County Conventions based on presidential preference.

  • "At each caucus, each presidential contender who fails to get at least 15 percent support among the participants in the initial balloting after a period of discussion will be considered "non-viable" and all supporters of such "non-viable" presidential contenders will then be required to join in the support of presidential contenders who have remained "viable" (i.e., those who have achieved the 15 percent minimum in the initial balloting at the caucus.)"

The caucus will next choose the precinct's delegates to the Democratic Convention of the County in which the precinct is located (which is all, despite all the media hoopla, that will be actually decided at the Iowa caucuses!) who will be allocated in proportion to the percentage of the support each "viable" presidential contender received in the second round of balloting at the precinct caucus as of the time of its adjournment. (Estimates will, of course, be made by media outlets as well as the contenders themselves as to how many of Iowa's 57 National Convention delegates each contender will ultimately be receiving but, of course, since NO National Convention delegates are actually being chosen by these caucuses, all such estimates will almost certainly, in the end, be WRONG!!!)."

Saturday 25 March 2000: Democratic Party County Conventions convene in each county. Each County Convention chooses the county's delegates to both Congressional District Conventions and the Iowa State Convention based on presidential preference.

  • "County Conventions choose both the county's delegates to the Democratic Party Convention of the Congressional District of which the county is a part as well as the county's delegates the Iowa State Democratic Convention; each presidential contender receives a number of the county's delegates to each respective Convention (District or State) in proportion to the number of county convention delegates supporting said candidate."

Saturday 6 May 2000: Democratic Party District Conventions convene in each congressional district. Each District Convention chooses the congressional district's delegates to the Democratic National Convention based on presidential preference.

  • "Congressional District Conventions choose Iowa's 31 district delegates to the Democratic National Convention (therefore, the very first time Democratic National Convention delegates from Iowa will be allocated to presidential contenders officially will be at these 6 May District Conventions!!), each congressional district having from as many as 8 to a few as 5 delegates to make up the total of 31 district delegates from the entire state; each presidential contender receives a number of district delegates proportional to the number of district convention delegates supporting said candidate."

The number of delegates in each Congressional District is:

  • District 1: 7 delegates
  • District 2: 6 delegates
  • District 3: 6 delegates
  • District 4: 7 delegates
  • District 5: 5 delegates

Saturday 17 June 2000: The Iowa State Democratic Convention convenes. The State Convention chooses 16 of the remaining 26 of Iowa's delegates to the Democratic National Convention. The leftover 10 National Convention delegates consist of 9 Unpledged PLEOs and 1 Unpledged "add-on"; these last 10 delegates will go to the Democratic National Convention officially "Unpledged".

The breakdown of unpledged delegates is:

  • 6 Democratic National Committee members
  • 2 Members of Congress (1 Senator, 1 Representative)
  • 1 Governor
  • 1 add-on

"The Iowa State Convention chooses the state's at-large and Pledged PLEO delegates to the Democratic National Convention. 10 at-large and 6 Pledged PLEOs (16 total) are to be allocated to the presidential contenders in proportion to the number of state convention delegates supporting said candidate. (Only as of 17 June will ALL of Iowa's 57 Democratic National Convention delegates have been allocated: it is quite probable that the field of Democratic presidential contenders on 17 June might very well be quite different from the way that same field looked at the time the Iowa Precinct Caucuses took place back on 24 January!)".

Iowa has 99 counties and 5 congressional districts: all 99 counties are "undivided- that is, they are all wholly within a given congressional district.

  • CD # 1: Cedar, Clinton, Johnson, Jones, Linn, Louisa, Muscatine and Scott
  • CD # 2: Allamakee, Benton, Black Hawk, Bremer, Buchanan, Butler, Cerro Gordo, Chickasaw, Clayton, Delaware, Dubuque, Fayette, Floyd, Grundy, Howard, Iowa, Jackson, Mitchell, Tama, Winneshiek and Worth
  • CD # 3: Adams, Appanoose, Clarke, Davis, Decatur, Des Moines, Henry, Jasper, Jefferson, Keokuk, Lee, Lucas, Mahoska, Marion, Marshall, Monroe, Page, Poweshiek, Ringgold, Story, Taylor, Union, Van Buren, Wapello, Warren, Washington and Wayne
  • CD # 4: Adair, Audubon, Cass, Dallas, Fremont, Guthrie, Harrison, Madison, Mills, Montgomery, Polk, Pottawatamie and Shelby
  • CD # 5: Boone, Buena Vista, Calhoun, Carroll, Cherokee, Clay, Crawford, Dickinson, Emmet, Franklin, Greene, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardin, Humboldt, Ida, Kossuth, Lyon, Monona, O'Brien, Osceola, Palo Alto, Plymouth, Pocahontas, Sac, Sioux, Webster, Winnebago, Woodbury and Wright

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Richard E. Berg-Andersson, Research and Commentary, E-Mail:
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