2020 Census
State Population and the
Distribution of Electoral Votes and
Representatives

 
Disclaimer:
These pages contain a estimated data.
The information posted here is subject to change.
  • The data presented is based on the 1 July 2020 Estimate by the Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau released 22 December 2020.

This table reflects changes in the distribution of seats in the House of Representatives and Electoral College based on the Apportionment data released by the Census Bureau on 22 December 2020.

There are 100 Senate Seats, 435 House Seats, and 538 Electors.

States receive one elector for each U.S. Senator (all states have 2 Senators) and one elector for each U.S. Representative. States have 1 or more Representatives based on population. Since the District of Columbia is not a state, it has no U.S. Senators and no apportionment population for allocating U.S. Representatives. The 23rd Amendment to the United States Constitution provides the District of Columbia with 3 electors-- number of Electors of the least populous state.

A state's resident population consists of those "usually resident" in that state-- that is, where they live most of the time. A state's apportionment population is its resident population plus the state's overseas U.S. military and federal civilian employees (and their dependents living with them).

 
 
  Apportionment Population Electors House Seats
State 2020 Change 2010 2024
2028
Change 2012
2016
2020
2022
2024
2026
2028
2030
Change 2012
2014
2016
2018
2020
Alabama4,921,532+118,5504,802,9829 97 7
Alaska731,158+9,635721,5233 31 1
Arizona7,421,401+1,008,7016,412,70012+11110+19
Arkansas3,030,522+104,2932,926,2296 64 4
California39,368,078+2,026,08937,341,98954-15552-153
Colorado5,807,719+762,7895,044,93010+198+17
Connecticut3,557,006-24,6223,581,6287 75 5
Delaware986,809+85,932900,8773 31 1
District of Columbia   3 3   
Florida21,733,312+2,832,53918,900,77331+22929+227
Georgia10,710,017+982,4519,727,56616 1614 14
Hawaii1,407,006+40,1441,366,8624 42 2
Idaho1,826,913+253,4141,573,4994 42 2
Illinois12,587,530-276,85012,864,38019-12017-118
Indiana6,754,953+253,3716,501,58211 119 9
Iowa3,163,561+109,7743,053,7876 64 4
Kansas2,913,805+49,9922,863,8136 64 4
Kentucky4,477,251+126,6454,350,6068 86 6
Louisiana4,645,318+91,3564,553,9628 86 6
Maine1,350,141+17,0671,333,0744 42 2
Maryland6,055,802+265,8735,789,92910 108 8
Massachusetts6,893,574+333,9306,559,64411 119 9
Michigan9,966,555+54,9299,911,62615-11613-114
Minnesota5,657,342+342,4635,314,8799-1107-18
Mississippi2,966,786-11,4542,978,2406 64 4
Missouri6,151,548+140,0706,011,47810 108 8
Montana1,080,577+86,161994,4164+132+11
Nebraska1,937,552+105,7271,831,8255 53 3
Nevada3,138,259+428,8272,709,4326 64 4
New Hampshire1,366,275+44,8301,321,4454 42 2
New Jersey8,882,371+74,8708,807,50114 1412 12
New Mexico2,106,319+39,0462,067,2735 53 3
New York19,336,776-84,27919,421,05527-22925-227
North Carolina10,600,823+1,035,0429,565,78116+11514+113
North Dakota765,309+89,404675,9053 31 1
Ohio11,693,217+124,72211,568,49517-11815-116
Oklahoma3,980,783+215,9013,764,8827 75 5
Oregon4,241,507+392,9013,848,6068+176+15
Pennsylvania12,783,254+48,34912,734,90519-12017-118
Rhode Island1,057,125+1,8781,055,2473-141-12
South Carolina5,218,040+572,0654,645,9759 97 7
South Dakota892,717+72,956819,7613 31 1
Tennessee6,886,834+511,4036,375,43111 119 9
Texas29,360,759+4,092,34125,268,41841+33839+336
Utah3,249,879+479,1142,770,7656 64 4
Vermont623,347-6,990630,3373 31 1
Virginia8,590,563+552,8278,037,73613 1311 11
Washington7,693,612+940,2436,753,36912 1210 10
West Virginia1,784,787-75,0281,859,8154-152-13
Wisconsin5,832,655+134,4255,698,23010 108 8
Wyoming582,328+14,028568,3003 31 1
Totals328,771,307+19,587,844309,183,463538 538435 435
 
 


  United States Census 2020 Home  
 
  State Population and the Distribution of Electoral Votes and Representatives  
  2022 - 2030 Federal Representation by People per House Seat, Senate Seat, and Electors  
 
  An Historical Analysis of the Electoral College  
 
  The Math Behind the 2020 Census Apportionment of Representatives  
  PERL script used to generate the Apportionment