The Green Papers: State and Local Government
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm Florida
Governor:1(Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms)
Senators:2(Electoral Classes 1 and 3)
2000 Census:16,028,890 (5.68% of 281,998,273)
2004, 2008 Electors:27(5.02% of 538)
2002-2010 Representatives:25(5.75% of 435)
2010 Census:18,900,773 (6.10% of 309,785,186)
2012, 2016, 2020 Electors:29(5.39% of 538)
2012-2020 Representatives:27(6.21% of 435)
Capital:Tallahassee
 

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States Alphabetically    Current Florida Statewide Office Holders


Official Name/Status   All States
 The STATE of Florida
 Status: STATE of the Union
 Organized as a Territory: 30 March 1822. 3 Stat. 654: originally, formally annexed by the United States via Treaty with the Spanish Realm, 22 February 1819; temporary pre-Territorial governance provided for by Act of Congress, 3 March 1819
 Admitted to the Union as a State: 3 March 1845 Enabling Act (5 Stat. 742, 788) also served as Act of Admission
  The 27th state.

Traditional Sections and Regions   All States
 Section: SOUTH
 Region: Lower ["Deep"] South
 Survey: Public Domain

Constitutions   All States     Links to State Constitutions
 Enabling Act (of the Congress of the United States): 3 March 1845 [5 Stat. 742, 788: recognizing a State government already formed and admitting the State forthwith]
 
1st (1845-1865) [Adopted: 11 January 1839 Convention convened, 3 December 1838, Ratified: 6 May 1839 ratified by a reported vote of 2,071 to 1,958; effective upon Admission, 3 March 1845]
2nd (1865-1868) [Adopted: 7 November 1865 Convention convened, 25 October 1865, Ratified: 7 November 1865 not submitted to the People]
3rd (1868-1887) [Adopted: 25 February 1868 Convention convened, 20 January 1868, Ratified: May 1868 ratified by vote of 14,520 to 9,491]
4th (1887-1969) [Adopted: 3 August 1885 Convention convened, 9 June 1885, Ratified: 2 November 1886 effective, 1 January 1887]
5th (1969-) [Adopted: 3 July 1968 drafted and enacted by a Special Session of the Legislature- convened, 24 June 1968, Ratified: 5 November 1968 effective, 7 January 1969]


Executive Branch   All States
 
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor [elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR]
  President of the State Senate [under State's 4th Constitution; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
  President of the State Senate (1845-1865) [under State's 1st Constitution; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
  Lieutenant Governor (1865-1887) [under State's 2nd and 3rd Constitutions; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives (1865-1868), President pro Tempore of the State Senate (1868-1887)]
 
 
Major Executive Officers Elected Statewide   All States   2017 Office holders
  Governor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018. Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms
  Lieutenant Governor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018. Elected on ticket with Governor
  Secretary of State (--2002): 4 year term, Final Election Cycle: 1998. As of January 2003, this office will be appointive (there will be no election for this office in 2002 or anytime thereafter).
  Attorney General: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Chief Financial Officer (2002--): 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018. The new office of Chief Financial Officer will replace both the Comptroller and Treasurer in Florida.
  Treasurer (--2002): 4 year term, Final Election Cycle: 1998. As of January 2003, this office will disappear completely (there will be no election for this office in 2002 or anytime thereafter).
  Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Commissioner of Education (--2002): 4 year term, Final Election Cycle: 1998. As of January 2003, this office will be appointive (there will be no election for this office in 2002 or anytime thereafter).
  Comptroller (--2002): 4 year term, Final Election Cycle: 1998. As of January 2003, this office will disappear completely (there will be no election for this office in 2002 or anytime thereafter).

Legislative Branch   All States
 
Legislature
  General Assembly (1845-1868) [under State's 1st and 2nd Constitutions]
  LEGISLATURE (1868--) [under State's 3rd, 4th and 5th Constitutions]
 
Upper House
  Senate
Lower House
  House of Representatives (1845-1868) [under State's 1st and 2nd Constitutions]
  Assembly (1868-1887) [under State's 3rd Constitution]
  House of Representatives (1887--) [under State's 4th and 5th Constitutions]

Judicial Branch   All States
 
Court of Last Resort
  Supreme Court [IN and FOR: State]
Intermediate Appellate Court
  [District] Courts of Appeal (1957--) [IN: district FOR: State]
 
General Trial Jurisdiction
  Circuit Court Constitutional Court [IN: circuit FOR: county]
 
Limited Jurisdiction
  Justice of the Peace Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county (-1887-) district]
  Municipal Court Statutory Court [IN and FOR: municipality. authorized by the State's 3rd and 4th Constitutions]
  Criminal Court of Record Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county. under State's 4th Constitution]
  [Civil] Court of Record Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county. under the State's 4th Constitution; where established, it replaced the County Court (but not the County Judge)]
  County Judge Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county. separate from the County Court: under the State's 4th Constitution]
  Corporation Court (1845-1868) Statutory Court [IN and FOR: municipality. authorized by the State's 1st and 2nd Constitutions]
  County Court (1868--) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county]
Special Jurisdiction
  Court of Chancery (1845-1868) Constitutional Court
  Judge of Probate (1865-1868) Constitutional Court


Local Government
 
   
PRIMARY CIVIL DIVISION  All States
  County [Type: Strong, Executive and Legislative: BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS]
 MINOR CIVIL DIVISION  All States
   precinct [Type: None, Executive and Legislative: no associated governmental structure]
 
Incorporated Municipalities  All States
 
Localities
    Florida Civil Divisions and Municipalities
   

Key Statewide / Federal Officials  All States
  Florida Officials

Statutory Election Information   All States
 
General Election   All States
  1st Tuesday after 1st Monday in November of even-numbered years.
(FL Statutes 100.031... in conformity with FL Constitution Article VI, Section 5)
Presidential Primary   All States
  (--2007) 2nd Tuesday in March in each year which is a multiple of 4
(FL Statutes 103.101)
  (2008-2011) Last Tuesday in January in each year which is a multiple of 4 (FL Statutes 103.101)
  (2011-2013) There shall be a Presidential Preference Primary Date Selection Committee composed of the Secretary of State, who shall be a nonvoting chair; three members, no more than two of whom may be from the same political party, appointed by the Governor; three members, no more than two of whom may be from the same political party, appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives; and three members, no more than two of whom may be from the same political party, appointed by the President of the Senate. No later than October 1 of the year preceding the presidential preference primary, the committee shall meet and set a date for the presidential preference primary. The date selected may be no earlier than the first Tuesday in January and no later than the first Tuesday in March in the year of the presidential preference primary. [FL Statutes 103.101]
  (2014-2015) ... The presidential preference primary shall be held ... on the first Tuesday that the rules of the major political parties provide for state delegations to be allocated without penalty. Any party rule directing the vote of delegates at a national nominating convention shall reasonably reflect the results of the presidential preference primary .... [FL Statutes 103.101(1)]
  (2015--) ... The presidential preference primary shall be held ... on the third Tuesday in March of each presidential election year. Any party rule directing the vote of delegates at a national nominating convention shall reasonably reflect the results of the presidential preference primary .... [FL Statutes 103.101(1)]
If ... a political party has only one presidential candidate, neither the name of the candidate nor the names of the candidate's delegates shall be printed on the ballot." [Florida Statutes 103.101, paragraph 4]
State Primary   All States
  (--2006) the Tuesday exactly 9 weeks before the General Election
(FL Statutes 100.061)
NOTE: Through the 2000 Elections, FLORIDA scheduled a potential "Second Primary" (that is, a runoff in all cases where no candidate achieved a majority of the vote in the Primary scheduled as above)- authorized by FL Statutes 100.091- for four weeks after the Primary (that is, 5 weeks before the General Election). In 2001, however, temporary uncodified legislation did away with this "Second Primary" for the 2002 Elections only while subsequent legislation, adopted in 2004, did away with Section 100.091 altogether. Thus, Florida no longer has a "second ballot" or runoff Primary system and has joined the majority of the States of the Union in making their Primary "first past the post" (that is, nomination by simple plurality).
  (2007-2011) In each year in which a general election is held, a primary election for nomination of candidates of political parties shall be held on the Tuesday 10 weeks prior to the general election. The candidate receiving the highest number of votes cast in each contest in the primary election shall be declared nominated for such office. [FL Statutes 100.061]
  (2011-2013) In each year in which a general election is held, a primary election for nomination of candidates of political parties shall be held on the Tuesday 12 weeks prior to the general election. The candidate receiving the highest number of votes ... shall be declared nominated.... If two or more candidates receive an equal and highest number of votes ..., such candidates shall draw lots to determine which candidate is nominated. [FL Statutes 100.061]
  (2014--) ... a primary election for nomination of candidates of political parties shall be held on the Tuesday 10 weeks prior to the general election. The candidate receiving the highest number of votes ... shall be declared nominated.... If two or more candidates receive an equal and highest number of votes ..., such candidates shall draw lots to determine which candidate is nominated. [FL Statutes 100.061]
Polling times   All States
  Polls open: 7 AM local time
Polls close: 7 PM local time
The polls shall be open at the voting places at 7:00 a.m., on the day of the election, and shall be kept open until 7:00 p.m. ... [Florida Statutes 100.011]
[NOTE: 10 counties in the western section of the so-called "Panhandle" are in the CENTRAL TIME ZONE-- the polls in these counties, therefore, open and close one hour relative to Universal Time (GMT) later than the polls in the other 57 counties of the State, which are in the EASTERN TIME ZONE]


Links  Links to other web sites
 
Constitution    All States
  http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?Mode=Constitution&Submenu=3&Tab=statutes
Election Authority
  Florida Department of State - Division of Elections
Legislature    All States
  Florida House of Representatives
  Florida Senate
  The Florida Monitor Weekly Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability
Democratic
  Florida Democratic Party
Republican
  Republican Party of Florida
  Republican Party of Florida
Third Party
  Conservative Party USA Florida
  Constitution Party of Florida
  Ecology Party of Florida
  Florida Whig Party
  Green Party of Florida
  Justice Party of Florida
  Libertarian Party of Florida
  Peace and Freedom Party of Florida
  Reform Party of Florida
  Reform Party of Florida
  Socialist Workers Party of Florida
  The Unity Party of Florida
Media & others
  Cedar Key Beacon
  Charlotte Sun-Herald - Charlotte Harbor
  Citrus County Chronicle - Crystal River
  Daytona Beach News-Journal
  El Nueve Herald - Miami
  Florida News Center
  Florida Politics (blog)
  Florida Today - Melborne, Merritt Island, Palm Bay, Titusville
  Gadsden County Times
  Gulfshore Business
  Keynoter.com - Florida Keys
  KeysNews.com - The Florida Keys
  Lake City Reporter
  Miami Herald
  Naples Daily News
  New Chief - The Ledger - Winter Haven - Lakeland
  New Times - Broward-Palm Beach
  News Leader - Fernandina Beach
  News-Sun - Avon Park - Lake Placid - Sebring
  Northwest Florida Daily News - Fort Walton Beach
  Orlando Sentinel
  Palatka Daily News
  Palm Beach Post
  Palm Beach Post - Post on Politics
  Pensacola News Journal
  Political Gateway - Deerfield Beach
  Politics1.com - Florida
  Sarasota Herald-Tribune
  Sayfie Review
  South Florida Sun-Sentinel - Broward - Palm Beach - Miami-Dade
  St. Augustine Record
  St. Petersburg Times
  Sunshine State News - Tallahassee
  Tallahassee Democrat
  Tampa Bay Times - St. Petersburg
  TC Palm - Treasure Coast - Palm Beach
  The Apalachicola Times
  The Beaches Leader - Jacksonville
  The Daily Commercial - Leesburg
  The Florida Times-Union - Jacksonville
  The Gainesville Sun
  The Herald - Manatee - Brandenton - Sarasota
  The Ledger - Lakeland
  The News Herald - Panama City
  The News-Press - Fort Myers
  The Palm Beach Post
  The Westside Gazette - BlackPressUSA - Broward County
  WBBH TV - NBC - Fort Myers
  WCJB TV - ABC - Gainesville - Lake City - Ocala
  WCTV - CBS - Tallahassee
  WEAR TV - ABC - Pensacola
  WESH TV - NBC - Winter Park
  WFLA TV - NBC - Tampa
  WFOR TV - CBS - Miami - Fort Lauderdale
  WFTS TV - ABC - Tampa - St. Petersburg - Sarasota
  WFTV TV - ABC - Orlando
  WINK TV - CBS - Fort Myers
  WINZ AM - CC - Miami
  WJHG TV - NBC - Panama City
  WJXT TV - Jacksonville
  WJXX TV - ABC and WTLV TV - NBC - Jacksonville
  WKMG TV - CBS - Orlando
  WPBF TV - IBS - West Palm Beach
  WPLG TV - ABC - Miami - Fort Lauderdale
  WPTV TV - NBC - West Palm Beach
  WSCV-TV - Telemundo 51 - Miami - Ft. Lauderdale
  WSVN TV - FOX - Miami
  WTSP TV - CBS - Tampa
  WTVJ TV - NBC - Miramar
  WTVT TV - FOX - Tampa Bay
  WTXL TV - ABC - Tallahassee
 
 


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