The Green Papers: State and Local Government
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm California
Governor:1(Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms)
Senators:2(Electoral Classes 1 and 3)
2000 Census:33,930,798 (12.03% of 281,998,273)
2004, 2008 Electors:55(10.22% of 538)
2002-2010 Representatives:53(12.18% of 435)
2010 Census:37,341,989 (12.05% of 309,785,186)
2012, 2016, 2020 Electors:55(10.22% of 538)
2012-2020 Representatives:53(12.18% of 435)
Capital:Sacramento
 

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States Alphabetically    Current California Statewide Office Holders


Official Name/Status   All States
 The STATE of California
 Status: STATE of the Union
 created out of the Mexican Cession of 1848 and never organized as a U.S. Territory: in 1849, a bill to make California such a Territory failed of passage in Congress
 Admitted to the Union as a State: 9 September 1850 by an Act of Congress (9 Stat. 452)
  The 31st state.

Traditional Sections and Regions   All States
 Section: WEST
 Region: Pacific
 Survey: Public Domain

Constitutions   All States     Links to State Constitutions
 Enabling Act: 13 February 1850 [Congress twice failed to pass Enabling Acts for California: in 1849 and 1850; the functional equivalent of an Enabling Act was President Zachary Taylor submitting the State's new Constitution to Congress via Special Message on this date]
 
1st (1850-1879) [Adopted: 13 October 1849 Convention convened, 1 September 1849, Ratified: 13 November 1849 ratified by vote of 12,061 to 811; effective upon Admission, 9 September 1850]
2nd (1880-) [Adopted: 3 March 1879 Convention convened, 28 September 1878, Ratified: 7 May 1879 effective, 1 January 1880]


Executive Branch   All States
 
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  Lieutenant Governor (1850--) [under State's 1st and 2nd Constitutions: elected separately from GOVERNOR; originally, next in line of succession: President (pro Tempore) of the State Senate, then (after State Constitutional Amendment of 1898) Speaker of the State Assembly... subsequently, the Legislature was authorized to determine a line of succession beyond the Lieutenant Governor by statute]
 
 
Major Executive Officers Elected Statewide   All States   2017 Office holders
  Governor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018. Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms
  Lieutenant Governor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Secretary of State: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Controller: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Treasurer: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Attorney General: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Insurance Commissioner: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Superintendent of Public Instruction: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018

Legislative Branch   All States
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE (1850--)
 
Upper House
  Senate (1850--)
Lower House
  Assembly (1850--)

Judicial Branch   All States
 
Court of Last Resort
  Supreme Court (1850--) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: State]
Intermediate Appellate Court
  [District] Courts of Appeal (1905--) Constitutional Court [IN: district FOR: State]
 
General Trial Jurisdiction
  District Court (1849-1879) Constitutional Court [IN: district FOR: county]
  Superior Court (1879--) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county. Beginning in 1998, Municipal Courts began transferring their functions to the Superior Courts of their respective counties: this process was completed throughout the State by July 2000; thus, from mid-2000 on, the Superior Courts have exercised what was formerly the province of courts of limited jurisdiction in addition to the general trial jurisdiction it has always had since replacing the old District Court]
 
Limited Jurisdiction
  Court of Sessions (1849-1862) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county. Court of Sessions was held by County Court judge and two justices of the peace]
  Justices of the Peace (1849-1928) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county or municipality(-1862-)township or municipality]
  Municipal Court (1849-1862) Statutory Court [IN and FOR: municipality]
  County Court (1862-1879) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county]
  Recorder's Court (1862-1879) Statutory Court [IN and FOR: municipality]
  Justice Court (1928-1995) Constitutional Court [IN: township, later:"justice" district FOR: township, later: "justice" district. In 1995, any remaining Justice Courts were changed into Municipal Courts and their former justice districts, thereby, became municipal court districts of their respective counties]
  Municipal Court (1928-2000) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: municipality, later: "municipal court" district. Each county in California was divided into municipal court districts once the Justice Courts were defunct, with the former justice court districts having become municipal court districts. Beginning in June 1998, upon a majority vote of the Superior Court judges and the municipal court judges in any county, the municipal courts (and their judges) of that county were allowed to become subsumed within the Superior Court of that county: by July 2000, all Municipal Courts in California had transferred their functions to the Superior Court in and for their respective counties.]
Special Jurisdiction
  County Court (1849-1862) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county]
  Probate Court (1862-1879) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county]


Local Government
 
   
PRIMARY CIVIL DIVISION  All States
  County [Type: Strong, Executive and Legislative: BOARD OF SUPERVISORS]
 MINOR CIVIL DIVISION  All States
   township [Type: None, Executive and Legislative: no associated governmental structure. Functioned historically as the jurisdiction of California's justices of the peace until the development of the Municipal Court system throughout the mid-20th Century eventually replaced these township Justice Courts with a districted system of Justice Courts which ultimately was to be subsumed into the Municipal Court system as the primary court of limited jurisdiction in California. The original text of the [2nd] California Constitution of 1879- in Article XI, section 4- contained a clause which stated that the Legislature by general laws shall provide for township organization, under which any county may organize whenever a majority of the qualified electors of such county, voting at a general election, shall so determine: however, this provision was repealed by an Amendment to the Constitution of California adopted by majority vote of the State's electors on Tuesday 27 June 1933; thus, for a little over half a century, the State of California allowed a given county to turn its non-governmental (principally judicial) townships into active governmental subdivisions of the county by local option but, since 1933, this option has no longer been available. Nevertheless, many of the more recent subdivisions of the county in California for purposes of both county and State government were often originally delimited with at least some reference to the township boundaries in that county; therefore, the township- though having become dormant- remains the traditional Minor Civil Division in the State of California]
 
Incorporated Municipalities  All States
  City [Separated from MCD: ---, Population requirement(s): none, Form(s) of government: Mayor/Council]
  Town [Separated from MCD: ---, Population requirement(s): none, Form(s) of government: Mayor/Council]
  Town [Separated from MCD: ---, Population requirement(s): 1,999 -, Form(s) of government: Board of Trustees]
 
Localities
    California Civil Divisions and Municipalities
   

Key Statewide / Federal Officials  All States
  California Officials

Statutory Election Information   All States
 
General Election   All States
  (1851-1861) biennially, on Tuesday next after 1st Monday in November of odd-numbered years
[per CA Constitution [1849]]

NOTE: The very first State election in CALIFORNIA was held on Tuesday 13 November 1849 and was also used as the ratification referendum re: the State's 1st Constitution.
  (1863-1877) biennially, on 1st Wednesday in September of odd-numbered years
[per Amendment to CA Constitution [1849], adopted 1862]
NOTE:The election of 1879 was an annual election held on this date solely to bring the schedule of State elections into conformity with the even-numbered biennial elections required under the Constitution of 1879.
  (1880--) biennially, on Tuesday next after 1st Monday in November of even-numbered years
[CA Elections Code 1000e, 1200 (in conformity with CA Constitution [1879]: Article 4, Section 2(b))]
Presidential Primary   All States
  (--2004) at the same time as the State Primary [1st Tuesday in March in even-numbered years (CA Elections Code 1000c, 1201a)] in Presidential Election years
[CA Elections Code 1000c, 1202]
  (2005-2007) The first Tuesday after the first Monday in June in Presidential Election years [CA Elections Code 1000c, 1202].
  (2007-2011) The first Tuesday in February of each year evenly divisible by the number four. [CA Elections Code 1000 (e)].
The presidential primary shall be held on the first Tuesday in February in any year evenly divisible by the number four, and shall not be consolidated with the statewide direct primary held in that year. [CA Elections Code 1201]
  (2012-2018) The presidential primary shall be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in June in any year that is evenly divisible by the number four, and shall be consolidated with the statewide direct primary held in that year. [CA Elections Code Section 1202]
  (2019--) The presidential primary shall be consolidated with the statewide direct primary in any year that is evenly divisible by four, and the consolidated primary shall be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March. [CA Elections Code Section 1202(a)]
State Primary   All States
  (--2004) 1st Tuesday in March of even-numbered years
[CA Elections Code 1000c, 1201a]
  (2005-2018) The first Tuesday after the first Monday in June in even-numbered years. [CA Elections Code 1000c, 1201a]
Special Elections:
The Governor shall call ... special elections .. within 14 calendar days of the occurrence of the vacancy [CA Elections Code 10700]
A special election to fill a vacancy in the office of Representative in Congress, State Senator, or Member of Assembly shall be conducted on a Tuesday at least 112 days, but not more than 126 days, following the issuance of an election proclamation by the Governor ... [CA Elections Code 10703 (a)]
A special primary ... shall be held ... on the eighth Tuesday or, if the eighth Tuesday is the day of or the day following a state holiday, the ninth Tuesday preceding the day of the special general election .... [CA Elections Code 10704 (a)] [or when] A statewide or local election ... is scheduled for the ninth Tuesday preceding the day of the special general election. [CA Elections Code 10704 (b)(2)]
  (2019--) The statewide direct primary shall be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each even-numbered year [CA Elections Code 1201.(a)].
Special Elections:
The Governor shall call ... special elections .. within 14 calendar days of the occurrence of the vacancy [CA Elections Code 10700]
A special election to fill a vacancy in the office of Representative in Congress, State Senator, or Member of Assembly shall be conducted on a Tuesday at least 112 days, but not more than 126 days, following the issuance of an election proclamation by the Governor ... [CA Elections Code 10703 (a)]
A special primary ... shall be held ... on the eighth Tuesday or, if the eighth Tuesday is the day of or the day following a state holiday, the ninth Tuesday preceding the day of the special general election .... [CA Elections Code 10704 (a)] [or when] A statewide or local election ... is scheduled for the ninth Tuesday preceding the day of the special general election. [CA Elections Code 10704 (b)(2)]
Polling times   All States
  Polls open: 7 AM local time
Polls close: 8 PM local time
[CA Elections Code 14212]


Links  Links to other web sites
 
Constitution    All States
  http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/const.html
Election Authority
  California Secretary of State
  California Secretary of State - Elections
Legislature    All States
  California State Assembly
  California State Legislature
  California State Senate
  Citizens Redistricting Commission
Democratic
  California Democratic Party
  California Senate Democratic Caucus
  California Senate Democratic Caucus
  California State Assembly Democratic Caucus
Republican
  California Republican Party
  California State Assembly Republican Caucus
  California State Senate Republican Caucus
Third Party
  American Independent Party (prefers NOT to be allied with the national Constitution Party)
  California Peace and Freedom Party
  California ProLife Council California Affiliate of the National Right to Life Committee
  Conservative Party USA California
  Constitution Party - California
  Green Party of California
  Libertarian Party of California
  Libertarian Party of California
  Reform Party of California
  Socialist Party of California
  The Humane Party
  The Unity Party of California
Media & others
  Alameda Times-Star
  Antelope Valley Press
  Around The Capitol.com (Lay Consulting)
  Beverly Hills Weekly
  California Voter Foundation
  CalNews.com
  Calraaces.com - Insider Commentary on California Politics
  Chico Enterprise-Record
  Contra Costa Times - Walnut Creek
  Daily Breeze - Torrance
  Daily Democrat - Woodland
  Daily Republic - Fairfield
  East Bay Times - Walnut Creek
  ElectionVolunteer.com - California Candidate and Election Information
  FlashReport
  Fort Bragg Advocate-News
  Inland Valley Daily Bulletin - Ontario
  Join California Election History for the State of California
  Los Angeles Daily News
  North County Times - San Diego and Riverside Counties
  OC Weekly - Orange County
  Orange County Now
  Pasadena Star-News
  Political Vanguard (Republican)
  Politics1.com - California
  Random Lengths News - San Pedro
  Redlands Daily Facts
  Ridgecrest Daily Independent
  Rough & Tumble
  San Bernardino Sun
  San Francisco Bay Guardian
  San Francisco Chronicle
  San Gabriel Valley Tribune - West Covina
  San Jose Mercury News
  Santa Rosa Press-Democrat
  Siskiyou Daily News - Yreka
  Smart Voter - League of Women Voters
  Sonoma Index-Tribune
  Tahoe World
  The Bakersfield Californian
  The Daily Transcript / San Diego Source - San Diego
  The Davis Enterprise
  The Lompoc Record
  The Los Angeles Times
  The Modesto Bee
  The Mountain Democrat - Placerville
  The Orange County Register - Santa Ana
  The Press-Enterprise - Riverside - Inland Southern California
  The Record - Stockton
  The Reporter - Vacaville
  The Sacramento Bee
  The San Diego Union-Tribune
  The Tribune - San Luis Obispo
  The Union - Grass Valley
  The Usual Suspects - San Francisco
  Times-Standard - Eureka
  Whittier Daily News
 
 


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