The Green Papers: State and Local Government
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm Arkansas
Governor:1(Term Limit: No one can serve more than 2 4-year terms in a lifetime)
Senators:2(Electoral Classes 2 and 3)
2000 Census:2,679,733 (0.95% of 281,998,273)
2004, 2008 Electors:6(1.12% of 538)
2002-2010 Representatives:4(0.92% of 435)
2010 Census:2,926,229 (0.94% of 309,785,186)
2012, 2016, 2020 Electors:6(1.12% of 538)
2012-2020 Representatives:4(0.92% of 435)
Capital:Little Rock
 

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States Alphabetically    Current Arkansas Statewide Office Holders


Official Name/Status   All States
 The STATE of Arkansas
 Status: STATE of the Union
 Organized as a Territory: 2 March 1819. 3 Stat. 493: effective, 4 July 1819; previously, part of Missouri Territory
 Admitted to the Union as a State: 15 June 1836 Enabling Act (5 Stat. 50) also served as Act of Admission. Supplementary Enabling Act adopted by Congress, 23 June 1836; accepted by Ordinance of the Arkansas General Assembly, 18 October 1836
  The 25th state.

Traditional Sections and Regions   All States
 Section: SOUTH
 Region: Upper ["Border"] South
 Survey: Public Domain

Constitutions   All States     Links to State Constitutions
 Enabling Act (of the Congress of the United States): 15 June 1836 [5 Stat. 50: recognizing a State government already formed and admitting the State forthwith]
 
1st (1836-1864) [Adopted: 30 January 1836 Convention convened, 4 January 1836, Ratified: 30 January 1836 not submitted to the People; effective upon Admission, 15 June 1836
[NOTE:The state Convention that adopted the Ordinance of Secession, 6 May 1861, also slightly amended this Constitution (by, for example, replacing the words "United States" with "Confederate States"), such amendments adopted on 22 May 1861 (and not submitted to the People for ratification). The State of Arkansas considers this 1861 revision to be a separate, 2nd, Constitution from that of 1836 and, thus, numbers all subsequent State Constitutions (those from 1864 on) one ahead of the numerical sequence as seen on this list. 'The Green Papers', however, considers the 1861 revisions to be a mere recodification of the 1836 document made in order to bring it into better conformity with the Constitution of the Confederate States of America]]
2nd (1864-1868) [Adopted: 19 January 1864 adopted by Mass Meeting assembled 4 January 1864, Ratified: 14 March 1864 ratified by vote of 12,177 to 266]
3rd (1868-1874) [Adopted: 11 February 1868 Convention convened, 7 January 1868, Ratified: 13 March 1868 ratified by vote of 27,913 to 26,597]
4th (1874-) [Adopted: 7 September 1874 Convention convened, 14 July 1874, Ratified: 13 October 1874]


Executive Branch   All States
 
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  President of the State Senate (1836-1864) [under State's 1st Constitution: would merely become "acting Governor"; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
  Lieutenant Governor (1864-1874) [under State's 2nd and 3rd Constitutions: elected separately from Governor; next in line of succession: President (pro Tempore) of the Senate]
  President of the State Senate (1874-1914) [under State's 4th Constitution: would merely become "acting Governor"; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
  Lieutenant Governor (1914--) [via Amendment to the State's 4th Constitution: elected separately from GOVERNOR]
 
 
Major Executive Officers Elected Statewide   All States   2017 Office holders
  Governor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018. Term Limit: No one can serve more than 2 4-year terms in a lifetime
  Lieutenant Governor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Secretary of State: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018. Term Limit: No one can serve more than 2 4-year terms in a lifetime
  Attorney General: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Treasurer: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Auditor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Commissioner of State Lands: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018. Term Limit: No one can serve more than 2 4-year terms in a lifetime

Legislative Branch   All States
 
Legislature
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY (1819--) [as both a Territory and a State]
 
Upper House
  Legislative Council (1819-1836) [as a Territory]
  Senate (1836--)
Lower House
  House of Representatives (1819--) [as both a Territory and a State]

Judicial Branch   All States
 
Court of Last Resort
  Supreme Court (1836--) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: State]
Intermediate Appellate Court
  Court of Appeals (1979--) Constitutional Court [IN: district FOR: State]
 
General Trial Jurisdiction
  Circuit Court (1836--) Constitutional Court [IN: circuit FOR: county]
 
Limited Jurisdiction
  Police Court (--2003) Statutory Court [FOR: municipality. Jurisdiction taken over by the District Court.]
  Municipal Court/Mayor's Court (--1971) Statutory Court [FOR: municipality]
  Justices of the Peace (1836-2001) Constitutional Court [IN: township FOR: township or county. Jurisdiction taken over by the District Court]
  County Court (1836-1868) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county. Also functioned as the county governing body]
  Corporation Courts (1836--) Constitutional Court [FOR: municipality]
  Supervisors' Court (1868-1874) Statutory Court [FOR: county]
  County Court (1874-2003) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county. Also functioned as the county governing body (in this capacity, known as the QUORUM COURT= justices of the peace of the county meeting with the county Judge; after 2001, the justices of the peace no longer exercised judicial functions and this also became true of the county Judge after 2003: however, the QUORUM COURT in this form still exists as the governing body of the county). Judicial jurisdiction taken over by the District Court.]
  Court of Common Pleas (1874-2001) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county. Jurisdiction taken over by the District Court]
  City Court (1971--) Statutory Court [FOR: municipality]
  District Court (2001--) Statutory Court [IN: district FOR: county. Had been known as Municipal Court before taking over jurisdiction of Court of Common Pleas and Justice of the Peace Courts in 2001; also took over jurisdiction of County Court and Police Court in 2003]
Special Jurisdiction
  Court of Probate (1836-2001) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county. Beginning in 2002, the jurisdiction of this court was taken over by the Circuit Court]
  Court of Chancery (1836-2001) Constitutional Court [IN: district FOR: county. Beginning in 2002, the jurisdiction of this court was taken over by the Circuit Court]


Local Government
 
   
PRIMARY CIVIL DIVISION  All States
  County [Type: Strong, Executive: Judge (of County Court), Legislative: QUORUM COURT (= justices of the peace meeting with the county Judge)]
 MINOR CIVIL DIVISION  All States
   township [Type: Vestigial, Executive and Legislative: no associated governmental structure. The Arkansas township has traditionally been the electoral unit for, as well as the jurisdiction of, the Justice of the Peace (although, in practice, the jurisdiction of a given J.P. tends to extend throughout the county)]
 
Incorporated Municipalities  All States
  City [Separated from MCD: ---, Population requirement(s): 500 +, Form(s) of government: Mayor/Aldermen; Commission; Board of Directors- Administrator OR Manager]
  Town [Separated from MCD: ---, Population requirement(s): 499 -, Form(s) of government: Mayor/Aldermen]
 
Localities
    Arkansas Civil Divisions and Municipalities
   

Key Statewide / Federal Officials  All States
  Arkansas Officials

Statutory Election Information   All States
 
General Election   All States
  Tuesday next after 1st Monday in November of even-numbered years
[AR Code 7-5-102]...
(NOTE: AR Constitution- Article 3, Section 8- sets the General Election date as the 1st Monday of September "but the General Assembly may by law fix a different time"-- and, quite obviously, it has done so)
Presidential Primary   All States
  What the statutes call a "Preferential Primary Election" is required for the selection of delegates to any Party's quadrennial National Nominating Convention. [AR Code 7-8-201]...
[NOTE: the clear implication being that the date of the resultant Presidential Primary would be the same as that of such a "Preferential Primary Election" as stated in AR Code 7-7-203(b). Hence, the "Preferential Primary Election" is held 3 weeks [AR Code 7-7-203(b)] prior to the 2nd Tuesday in June (for 2016, 3 weeks prior to the 4th Tuesday in March) "General Primary Election" [AR Code 7-7-203(a)].]
State Primary   All States
  (--2017) per AR Code 7-7-203(a), what the statutes call a "General Primary Election" is held on the 2nd Tuesday in June (for 2016, the 4th Tuesday in March) prior to the General Election.
[NOTE: this is, in fact, what would normally be called a "Runoff Election"];
per AR Code 7-7-203(b), what the statutes call a "Preferential Primary Election" is held exactly 3 weeks prior to the so-called "General Primary Election".
[NOTE: this is, in fact, what would normally be called a "(First) Primary Election" in those States with Runoff Elections]
  (2017--) per AR Code 7-7-203(a), what the statutes call a "General Primary Election" is held on the 3nd Tuesday in June preceding the General Election. [NOTE: this is, in fact, what would normally be called a "Runoff Election"];
per AR Code 7-7-203(b), what the statutes call a "Preferential Primary Election" is held exactly 4 weeks prior to the so-called "General Primary Election" [NOTE: this is, in fact, what would normally be called a "(First) Primary Election" in those States with Runoff Elections]
Polling times   All States
  Polls open: 7:30 AM local time
Polls close: 7:30 PM local time
[AR Code 7-5-304]


Links  Links to other web sites
 
Election Authority
  Arkansas Election Results Website
  Arkansas Secretary of State Presents: Vote Naturally | Accurate, Accessible. For Arkansas
  Secretary of State: Elections Department
Legislature    All States
  Arkansas General Assembly
  Arkansas House of Representatives
  Arkansas Senate
Democratic
  The Democratic Party of Arkansas
Republican
  The Republican Party of Arkansas
Third Party
  Arkansas Libertarian Party
  Arkansas Right to Life
  Constitution Party of Arkansas
  Green Party of Arkansas
  Justice Party of Arkansas
  Natural Law Party of Arkansas
  The Unity Party of Arkansas
Media & others
  Arkansas Business.com - Little Rock
  Arkansas Democrat-Gazette - Little Rock
  Arkansas News Bureau
  Arkansas Times - Little Rock
  Batesville Daily Guard
  Evening Times - West Memphis
  KAIT TV - ABC - Jonesboro
  KARK TV - NBC - ArkansasMatters - Little Rock
  KATV TV - ABC - Little Rock
  KLRT TV - FOX - Little Rock
  KTHV - CBS - Little Rock
  Lynch at Large
  Magnolia Reporter - Magnolia
  NWANews.com - Arkansas Democrat-Gazette - Fayetteville
  Pine Bluff Commercial
  Politics1.com - Arkansas
  Talk Business River Rock Communications
  The Arkansas Project
  The Atkins Chronicle - The Dover Times
  The Baxter Bulletin - Mountain Home
  The Jonesboro Sun
  The Leader - Jacksonville
  The Morning News - Springdale - Rogers - Bentonville - Fayetteville
  The Sentinel-Record - Hot Springs
  The Times Dispatch - Lawrence County
  The Times Record - Fort Smith
  TheCabin.net - Log Cabin Democrat of Conway
  Van Buren Press Argus
 
 


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