The Green Papers: State and Local Government
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm Alabama
Governor:1(Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms)
Senators:2(Electoral Classes 2 and 3)
2000 Census:4,461,130 (1.58% of 281,998,273)
2004, 2008 Electors:9(1.67% of 538)
2002-2010 Representatives:7(1.61% of 435)
2010 Census:4,802,982 (1.55% of 309,785,186)
2012, 2016, 2020 Electors:9(1.67% of 538)
2012-2020 Representatives:7(1.61% of 435)
Capital:Montgomery
 

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States Alphabetically    Current Alabama Statewide Office Holders


Official Name/Status   All States
 The STATE of Alabama
 Status: STATE of the Union
 Organized as a Territory: 3 March 1817. 3 Stat. 371; previously, part of Mississippi Territory
 Admitted to the Union as a State: 14 December 1819 by a Joint Resolution of Congress (3 Stat. 608)
  The 22nd state.

Traditional Sections and Regions   All States
 Section: SOUTH
 Region: Lower ["Deep"] South
 Survey: Public Domain

Constitutions   All States     Links to State Constitutions
 Enabling Act (of the Congress of the United States): 2 March 1819 [3 Stat. 489: authorizing formation of a State government and Admission thereafter]
 
1st (1819-1865) [Adopted: 2 August 1819 Convention convened, 5 July 1819, Ratified: 2 August 1819 not submitted to the People; effective upon Admission, 14 December 1819]
2nd (1865-1868) [Adopted: 30 September 1865 Convention convened, 12 September 1865, Ratified: 30 September 1865 not submitted to the People]
3rd (1868-1875) [Adopted: 6 December 1867 Convention convened, 5 November 1867, Ratified: 1868]
4th (1875-1901) [Adopted: 2 October 1875 Convention convened, 6 September 1875, Ratified: 16 November 1875 ratified by vote of 95,672 to 30,004; effective, 6 December 1875]
5th (1901-) [Adopted: 3 September 1901 Convention convened, 21 May 1901, Ratified: 28 November 1901]


Executive Branch   All States
 
Chief Executive
  GOVERNOR
Successor to a Vacancy
  President of the State Senate (1819-1867) [under State's 1st and 2nd Constitutions: would merely become "acting Governor"; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
  Lieutenant Governor (1867-1875) [under State's 3rd Constitution: elected separately from GOVERNOR; next in line of succession: President pro Tempore of the State Senate]
  President of the State Senate (1875-1901) [under State's 4th Constitution: would merely become "acting Governor"; next in line of succession: Speaker of the State House of Representatives]
  Lieutenant Governor (1901--) [under State's 5th Constitution: elected separately from GOVERNOR; next in line of succession: President pro Tempore of the State Senate, then Speaker of the State House of Representatives, followed- if ever necessary- by Statewide Elected Executive Officers]
 
 
Major Executive Officers Elected Statewide   All States   2017 Office holders
  Governor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018. Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms
  Lieutenant Governor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018. Term Limit: Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms. Elected separately from the Governor.
  Secretary of State: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Attorney General: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Treasurer: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Auditor: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018
  Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries: 4 year term, Election Cycle: 2014, 2018

Legislative Branch   All States
 
Legislature
  LEGISLATURE (1817-1819) [as a Territory]
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY (1819-1901)
  LEGISLATURE (1901--) [Name changed upon the adoption of the State's 5th Constitution]
 
Upper House
  Legislative Council (1817-1819) [as a Territory]
  Senate (1819--) [currently 35 Senators by DISTRICT: 4-year terms]
Lower House
  House of Representatives (1817--) [as both a Territory and a State]
[currently 105 Representatives by DISTRICT: 4-year terms]

Judicial Branch   All States
 
Court of Last Resort
  Supreme Court (1819--) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: State]
Intermediate Appellate Court
  Court of Appeals (1910-1969) Statutory Court [IN and FOR: State]
  Court of Civil Appeals (1969--) Statutory Court [IN and FOR: State]
  Court of Criminal Appeals (1969--) Statutory Court [IN and FOR: State]
 
General Trial Jurisdiction
  Circuit Court (1819--) Constitutional Court [IN: circuit FOR: county]
 
Limited Jurisdiction
  County Court (--1977) Statutory Court [IN and FOR: county]
  Recorder's Court (--1977) Statutory Court [FOR: municpality]
  Justices of the Peace (1819-1977) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county-1875: precinct]
  District Court (1975--) Statutory Court [FOR: county]
  Municipal Court (1975--) Statutory Court [IN and FOR: municipality]
Special Jurisdiction
  Chancery Court (1819--) Constitutional Court [IN: division & district FOR: county. Authorized by the State's Constitutions, over the years, to be a separate court but its equity jurisdiction has, historically, been exercised by the Circuit Court.]
  Probate Court (1819--) Constitutional Court [IN and FOR: county]


Local Government
 
   
PRIMARY CIVIL DIVISION  All States
  County [Type: Strong, Executive and Legislative: COMMISSION]
 MINOR CIVIL DIVISION  All States
   precinct [Type: None, Executive and Legislative: no associated governmental structure. Functioned historically as the jurisdiction of Alabama's justices of the peace (until that office was abolished in 1977); some precincts still elect a constable but this office may be abolished by local option. Where a constable is no longer elected, the precinct is largely dormant]
 
Incorporated Municipalities  All States
  City [Separated from MCD: ---, Population requirement(s): 2,000 +, Form(s) of government: Mayor/Aldermen; Commission]
  Town [Separated from MCD: ---, Population requirement(s): 300-1,999, Form(s) of government: Mayor/Aldermen; Commission]
 
Localities
    Alabama Civil Divisions and Municipalities
   

Key Statewide / Federal Officials  All States
  Alabama Officials

Statutory Election Information   All States
 
Presidential Primary   All States
  (--2006) Section 17-16-6. Presidential preference primaries and primary elections, except special primary elections ... shall be held on the first Tuesday in June....
  (2007-2011) Section 17-13-100 (a) Primary elections for the purpose of determining the preferred candidates for President of the United States shall be held the first Tuesday in February each year in which a President is to be elected beginning in the year 2008. (c) (2) Qualified electors in Mobile County, Baldwin County, and any county that recognizes Mardi Gras as a county holiday may vote in the presidential preference primary on the Wednesday preceding the first Tuesday in February. (4) When early voting is provided, votes on that day shall be counted by poll workers at the voting centers and the results shall be sealed without disclosure... such results shall remain sealed until the first Tuesday in February, when the final tabulation and canvassing shall be conducted, after which all results shall be announced at the same time.
  (2011-2015) Primary elections for the purpose of determining the preferred candidates for President of the United States shall be held the second Tuesday in March each year in which a President is to be elected beginning in the year 2012. [§17-13-100a]
  (2015--) Primary elections for the purpose of determining the preferred candidates for President of the United States shall be held the first Tuesday in March each year in which a President is to be elected beginning in the year 2016. [§17-13-100a]
State Primary   All States
  (--2006) Section 17-16-6. Presidential preference primaries and primary elections, except special primary elections ... shall be held on the first Tuesday in June.... 17-16-36.(b) If no candidate receives a majority of all of the votes cast in the primary election ... then there shall be held a second primary election on the sixth Tuesday following the primary election....
  (2006-2011) Section 17-13-3. Primary elections, except special primary elections and presidential preference primaries ... shall be held on the first Tuesday in June.
Section 17-13-18. (b) If no candidate receives a majority of all of the votes cast ..., then there shall be held a second primary election on the sixth Tuesday following the primary election.
  (2011-2015) ... primary elections ... shall be held on the first Tuesday in June. When necessary ... a second or runoff primary election shall be held on the sixth Tuesday following the primary election. [§17-13-3 (a)]
In years in which a presidential primary is conducted, the primary election shall be the second Tuesday in March. [§17-13-3 (b)]
  (2015--) ... primary elections ... shall be held on the first Tuesday in June. When necessary ... a second or runoff primary election shall be held on the sixth Tuesday following the primary election. [§17-13-3 (a)]
In years in which a presidential primary is conducted, the primary election shall be the first Tuesday in March. [§17-13-3 (b)]
Polling times   All States
  Code of Alabama Section 11-46-28. (a) Every polling place shall open for voting at 7:00 A.M. and shall close at 7:00 P.M. and shall remain open for voting for not less than 12 consecutive hours. All polling places in areas operating on eastern time may open and close under this section pursuant to eastern time.


Links  Links to other web sites
 
Election Authority
  Alabama Secretary of State
  AlabamaVotes.gov
Legislature    All States
  Alabama Legislature
Democratic
  Alabama Democratic Party
Republican
  Alabama Republican Party
Third Party
  Alabama Green Party
  Constitution Party of Alabama
  Justice Party of Alabama
  Libertarian Party of Alabama
  Reform Party of Alabama
  The The Unity Party of Alabama
Media & others
  al.com - Everything Alabama
  Alabama Political Reporter
  Andalusia Star News
  Daily Mountain Eagle - Jasper
  Hartselle Enquirer
  Montgomery Advertiser
  Politics1.com - Alabama
  The Cullman Times
  The Daily Home - Talladega
  The Daily Sentinel - Scottsboro
  The Decatur Daily
  The Demopolis Times
  The Dothan Eagle
  The Gadsden Times
  The Messinger - Troy
  The Opelika-Auburn News - Opelika
  The Outlook - Alexander City & Lake Martin
  The Star - Anniston
  The Times-Journal - Fort Payne
  The Valley Times-News - Lanett
  Times Daily - Florence
  Tuscaloosa News
  WAAY TV - ABC - Huntsville
  WAFF TV - NBC - Huntsville
  WAKA TV - CBS - Montgomery
  WAKA TV-8 (ABC - Montgomery)
  WBRC TV - FOX - Birmingham
  WHNT TV - Huntsville
  WNCF TV - ABC - Montgomery
  WPMI TV-15 (NBC - Mobile)
  WSFA TV - NBC - Montgomery
  WVTM TV-13 (NBC - Birmingham)
  WZDX TV-8 (FOX - Huntsville)
  Yellowhammer - Montgomery
 
 


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