The Green Papers
2012 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions
Copyright Vermont Democrat
Presidential Nominating Process
Primary: Tuesday 6 March 20121
Town Caucuses: Saturday 24 March 2012
State Convention: Saturday 26 May 2012
National Convention Delegate Meeting: Saturday 9 June 2012
Delegate Votes
Hard TotalFloor Vote
Obama, Barack Hussein30,954  98.15%18.0  66.67%27.0 100.00%
Write-in582   1.85%  
Uncommitted 9.0  33.33% 
Total31,536 100.00%27.0 100.00%27.0 100.00%

States Chronologically   States Alphabetically     Democratic Convention     Vermont Republican    
Vermont Primaries for Statewide offices and Congress
Vermont State and Local Government


The delegate selection processes herein was updated 6 May 2011 per the Draft 2012 Delegate Selection Plan as of 4 May 2011.


Participation in Vermont's delegate selection process is open to all voters who wish to participate as Democrats. There is no party registration in Vermont.

Tuesday 6 March 2012: 18 of 27 delegates to the Democratic National Convention are pledged to presidential contenders based on the results of the voting in today's Vermont Presidential Primary. A mandatory 15 percent threshold is required in order for a presidential contender to be pledged National Convention delegates at either the congressional district or statewide level.

  • 12 district delegates are to be pledged proportionally to presidential contenders based on the statewide primary results as Vermont has only one Congressional District.
  • In addition, 6 delegates are to be pledged to presidential contenders based on the primary vote statewide.
    • 4 at-large National Convention delegates
    • 2 Pledged PLEOs

Here's how we compute the delegate count:

  1. A candidate must receive 15% or more of the total popular vote to qualify for delegates. Discard votes cast for those candidates who do not meet the threshold.
  2. Allocate Congressional District delegates from the qualified vote in each district. Allocate Pledged PLEO and At-Large delegates using the state-wide qualified vote.
  3. In each jurisdiction (CD and statewide):
    1. Total qualified vote = total votes cast for the qualifying candidates in the jurisdiction.
    2. Allocation = (delegates for the jurisdiction) × (candidate's popular vote) ÷ (total qualified vote).
    3. Assign each candidate the WHOLE NUMBER of delegates.
    4. If delegates remain, allocate each of the remaining delegates to those candidates with the LARGEST REMAINDERS.

Tuesday 6 March 2012 Primary
CD  12
At-Large  4
Delegates  18

Saturday 24 March 2012: Post-Primary Town Caucuses elect delegates to State Convention.


Saturday 26 May 2012. State Convention.

National Convention District delegates are elected by Presidential preference according to the results of the primary.


Saturday 9 June 2012: National Convention Delegate Meeting

National Convention Pledged PLEO and At-Large delegates are elected, by a quorum of National Convention district-level delegates, according to the results of the primary.

The remaining 9 National Convention delegates consist of

  • 9 Unpledged PLEO delegates:
    • 5 Democratic National Committee members.
    • 2 Members of Congress (1 Senator and 1 Representative).
    • 1 Governor.
    • 1 Distinguished Party Leader: former Chairman of the Democratic National Committee Howard Dean.

These 9 delegates and will go to the Democratic National Convention officially "Unpledged".

Delegation to the National Convention

Vermont Delegation (as posted at, 20 August 2012)

Martha AllenCanaan
Steve AmosWheeloch
Judith E BevansCraftsbury Common
Joanne BoyleWoodstock
Timothy C BriglinThetford Center
Andrew ChampagneBurlington
Kevin "Coach" ChristieWhite River Junction
Howard DeanBurlington
Dorothy (Dottie) DeansNorth Pomfret
Jackson T DwyerMontpelier
Carolyn K DwyerMontpelier
Dawn EllisBurlington
Peter GalbraithTownshend
Billi (Betty) A GoshBrookfield
Richard N HoltMontpelier
Robert J HooperBurlington
Krista HulingJeffersonville
Patrick J LeahyMontpelier
Sherry L MerrickPost Mills
Matthew S MetzCharlotte
Jill MichaelsS. Stratford
Jacob PerkinsonBurlington
Kesha K RamBurlington
Chuck Ross Jr.Hinesburg
William SanderJeffersonville
Fauna ShawBurlington
Peter ShumlinPutney
Shapleigh Smith Sr.Morrisville
Jane StetsonNorwich
Mary M SullivanBurlington
Charles F Sweetman Jr.Landgrove
Peter WelchBurlington
Amelia Wood SilverManchester Center

Links Links to other web sites

Constitution   Links to State Constitutions
  Constitution of the State of Vermont
Election Authority
  Vermont Secretary of State
Legislature   Links to State Legislatures
  State of Vermont Legislature
  Vermont Statutes Online
  The Vermont Democratic Party
Media & others
  Bennington Banner
  Brattleboro Reformer
  Burlington Free Press
  News & Citizen - Morrisville - Vermont
  Rutland Herald
  The Addison County Independent
  The Barre Montpelier Times Argus
  The Deerfield Valley News - West Dover
  The Stowe Reporter
  Valley News - White River Junction
  Valley Reporter - Waitsfield
  Vermont Cynic (UVM)
  Vermont Public Radio
  Vermont Public Television
  VTDigger - Montpelier
  WCAX TV - CBS - Burlington
  Williston Observer
  WVNY - WFFF - My Champlain Valley - Colchester

1 Democratic Party's "First Determining Step" of the delegate selection process.


  Election 2012 - Presidential Primary, Caucus, and Convention Home  
  Presidential Candidates  
Rule Making and Process
  30 December 2009 - Democratic Change Commission's Recommendations for the 2012 Presidential Nominating Process  
  20 August 2010 - Democratic National Committee approves 2012 Call To Convention and Delegate Selection Rules  
  6 August 2010 - Republican Temporary Delegate Selection Committee's Recommendations for the 2012 Presidential Nominating Process  
  States Alphabetically  
  Events Chronologically  
  Major Events Chronologically  
  Democratic "First Determining Step" Chronologically  
  Chronological Cumulative Allocation of Delegates  
  Weekly Delegate Distribution and Availability  
  Democratic Pledged and Unpledged Summary   --   Republican Pledged and Unpledged Summary  
  Democratic Hard and Floor Summary   --   Republican Hard and Floor Summary  
Delegate Allocation
  Democratic Quick Reference   --   Republican Quick Reference  
  Democratic Detailed Delegate Allocation   --   Republican Detailed Delegate Allocation  
  Democratic Delegate Selection and Voter Eligibility   --   Republican Delegate Selection and Voter Eligibility  
  Primaries at a Glance  
  Historical Analysis of the Presidential Nominating Process  
  Historical Analysis of the apportionment of delegate votes at the National Conventions of the two major parties  
  Primary/Caucus/Convention Glossary  
  Statutory Election Information of the Several states / Presidential Primary  
  Dates of PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES re: selection and/or allocation/distribution of Delegates to Major Party National Conventions  
  Major Third Party (Constitution, Green, Libertarian) Presidential Nomination Process  
  Straw Polls