The Green Papers: Hawaii 2023 General Election
This page is for offices up for election in 2023. Find 2024 elections here.

Flag images courtesy of The World Flag Database. Copyright Hawaii
Elections for Statewide offices and Congress
Senators:2(Electoral Classes 1 and 3)
2020 Census:1,460,137 (0.47% of 309,785,186)
2024, 2028 Electoral Votes:4(0.00% of 538)
2022-2030 Representatives:2(0.46% of 435)

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Hawaii State and Local Government

Hawaii Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions:
Democrats   Republicans

In order to advance to the General Election, Nonpartisan primary candidates must receive EITHER 10% of the total votes cast for all candidates for that office OR at least the number of votes that any winning partisan candidate received for that office. If more nonpartisan candidates qualify to run in the general election than there are seats available, then the nonpartisan candidate who receives the most votes will appear on the general election ballot.

Special Elections do not have a primary. All candidates, regardles of party affiliation, run on a single ballot. The candidate who receives the most votes wins.

Hawaii does not permit write-ins.


U.S. Senate  6 year term. No Term Limit. 118th Senate  Senate Electoral Classes

Class 1 Democratic Senator Mazie K. Hirono
First elected: 2012; re-elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
 Candidate list (2)
  Candidate Democratic     Senator Mazie K. Hirono
FEC S2HI00106; 30 Sep 23; Tot $1,095,081; Dsb $525,675
  Candidate Republican     Adriel Lam
FEC S4HI00177

Class 3 Democratic Senator Brian Emanuel Schatz
Appointed: 26 December 2012 (re 17 December 2012 death of Senator Daniel K. Inouye [Democratic]). First elected in a special election: 2014; re-elected: 2016, 2022.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 7 November 2028

Governor  4 year term, Election Cycle: 2022, 2026. Term Limit: 2 consecutive 4-year terms, All Governors

  Democratic Governor Joshua B. "Josh" Green
First elected: 2022.
Chair up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2026
The current Governor is unaffected by the State's term limit.

Lieutenant Governor  4 year term, Election Cycle: 2022, 2026. Elected on same ticket with GOVERNOR; nominated separately from Governor

  Democratic Lieutenant Governor Sylvia Luke
First elected: 2022.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 3 November 2026

118th U.S. House of Representatives  2-year term. Election Cycle 2024, 2026. No Term Limit. 118th House
Partisan Composition (primary disposition):
2 Democratic (2 Undetermined)

Incumbent - 118th Congress
CD 1 Democratic Member of Congress Edward E. "Ed" Case
First elected in a special election 2002, reelected 2004. Unsuccessful candidate to the United States Senate in 2006 and for the United States House in 2010. Elected: 2018.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024
 Candidate list (2) - 119th Congress
  Candidate Democratic     Member of Congress Edward E. "Ed" Case
FEC H2HI02128; 30 Sep 23; Tot $209,192; Dsb $99,957
  Candidate Democratic     Clyde McClain "Mac" Lewman

Incumbent - 118th Congress
CD 2 Democratic Member of Congress Jill Naomi Tokuda
First elected: 2022.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 5 November 2024

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties   Those parties which received electoral votes through winning a plurality of a state's [or the District of Columbia's] popular vote in any presidential election between 1984 and 2016. See Classification of Political parties.
  Democratic (affiliates): 6 incumbents, 3 candidates
  Republican: 1 candidate
Candidates running under the banner of more than one party are counted towards each party's total. A candidate who has lost a primary or is apparently no longer a candidate is not counted.


Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.

Primary dates marked "presumably" and polling times marked "reportedly" are based on unofficial or estimated data (especially as regards local variations from a jurisdictionwide statutory and/or regulatory standard) and are, thereby, subject to change.

"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


  2023 General Election Home  
  Gubernatorial Popular Vote by Party  
  Close Contests Summary - Decision by 2% or less  
  Contests Where No Candidate Received a Majority  
2023 Primaries and Runoffs for Statewide offices/Congress
  Alphabetically   --   Alphabetically with Filing Deadlines  
  Chronologically   --   Chronologically with Filing Deadlines  
  Poll Closing Times (with time zones)  
General Election Poll Closing Times (with time zones)
  Alphabetically   --   Chronologically  
Poll Closing Times (list)
  All Elections     Primary/Special Elections     General Elections  
  Governors     Senate     House  
  Senators by 'Class'  
  Governors by election 'cycle'  
  Gubernatorial Primaries at a Glance  
  Open Governor's Chairs, Senate and House Seats (the incumbent is not running for re-election)  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with no incumbent running for them  
  Uncontested Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats (one candidate running for office)  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with multiple incumbents running for them  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with only one major party candidate running for office  
  2023 Partisan Composition by State  
  Political Parties  
  Senate Electoral Classes  
  Comparative Political Party Predominance in each State, 2000 thru 2016  
  Political Party Floor Leaders in the Congress of the United States  
  Dates of DIRECT PRIMARY Elections re: Major Party Nominations for Statewide and/or Federal Office  
  Length of Terms of Office of STATE Governors throughout American History