The Green Papers: 2022 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 117th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 33 Senate Seats are up for election on 8 November 2022.

There have been 0 deaths, 1 resignation, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 117th Senate.

  • Senator Alex Padilla (Democratic, California Class 3) was appointed on 22 December 2020 by Governor Gavin Newsom (Democratic). He will fill the seat of Senator Kamala D. Harris who has been elected to the office of Vice President. Senator Padilla was sworn on 20 January 2021.
  • Senator Kamala D. Harris (Democratic, California Class 3) resigned on 18 January 2021 to take the office of Vice President of the United States.
  • Senator Raphael Warnock (Democratic, Georgia, Class 3) was elected in a 5 January 2021 Special Election. He replaces appointed Senator Kelly Loeffler (Republican) and was sworn on 20 January 2021.
  • Senator T. Jonathan "Jon" Ossoff (Democratic, Georgia, Class 2) was elected in a 5 January 2021 runoff election was sworn on 20 January 2021.

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Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Arizona  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Mark Kelly
First elected in a special election [caused by the passing of Senator John Sidney McCain (Republican), resignation of appointed Senator Jon Llewellyn Kyl (Republican), and replacing appointed Senator Senator Martha E. McSally (Republican)]: 2020.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Mark Kelly
FEC S0AZ00350; 13 Jul 22; Tot $54,141,015; Dsb $30,754,829
    Republican     Attorney General Mark Brnovich - lost primary
10 June 2021: Candidate for the U.S. Senate in 2022

FEC S2AZ00356; 13 Jul 22; Tot $3,118,529; Dsb $2,632,835
    Republican     Jim Lamon - lost primary
FEC S2AZ00331; 13 Jul 22; Tot $15,077,977; Dsb $14,640,082
  Candidate Republican     Blake Masters
FEC S2AZ00372; 26 Sep 22; Tot $5,074,424; Dsb $3,524,137
    Republican     former state Adjutant General  Michael T. "Mick" McGuire - lost primary
FEC S2AZ00349; 13 Jul 22; Tot $2,467,896; Dsb $2,124,378
    Republican     state Corporation Commissioner  Justin Olson - lost primary
FEC S2AZ00380; 13 Jul 22; Tot $318,570; Dsb $195,074
  Candidate Libertarian     Marc Jeffrey Victor
FEC S2AZ00299; 13 Jul 22; Tot $129,103; Dsb $105,870
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Sherrise Bordes
    Write-in; (Republican)     David Bozic - lost primary
FEC S2AZ00448
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Christopher Bullock
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Edward Davida
General Election Candidate

FEC S8AZ00312
  Candidate Write-in; (Independent)     Lester Ralph "Skip" Maul
FEC S6AZ00282
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Ty McLean, Jr.
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Roxanne Rodriguez
General Election Candidate
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Todd Smeltzer
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     William "Will" Taylor
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Richard Sean "Dick" Weed

California  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Alex Padilla
Appointed 22 December 2020 [re: Election of Senator Kamala D. Harris (Democratic) as Vice President]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
on General Election ballot
  Candidate Republican     Mark P. Meuser
FEC S2CA01060; 30 Jun 22; Tot $495,881; Dsb $467,109
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Alex Padilla
FEC S2CA00955; 30 Jun 22; Tot $10,446,727; Dsb $3,538,122
 Senator Kamala D. Harris (Democratic), who was first elected in 2016, resigned on 18 January 2021 to become Vice President of the United States.
11 August 2020: Former Vice President Joe Biden chooses Senator Kamala D. Harris as his Running Mate.
7 November 2020: Kamala D. Harris is apparently elected Vice President.
Governor Gavin Newsom (Democratic) will appoint a replacement to fill the remainder of the term ending in 2023.
22 December 2020: Secretary of State Alex Padilla (Democratic) is chosen by Governor Gavin Newsom (Democratic) to fill the Senate Class 3 Seat Senator Kamala D. Harris (Democratic) who has been elected Vice President.
18 January 2021: Senator Kamala D. Harris resigns.

Colorado  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Michael Farrand Bennet
Appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Ken Salazar on 21 January 2009 after entering upon his duties as Secretary of the Interior; appointed 21 January 2009 and sworn 22 January 2009. First elected: 2010, re-elected: 2016.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Michael Farrand Bennet
FEC S0CO00211; 30 Jun 22; Tot $13,010,453; Dsb $5,475,690
  Candidate Republican     Joseph Matthew "Joe" O'Dea
FEC S2CO00241; 08 Sep 22; Tot $3,540,269; Dsb $2,699,281
  Candidate Libertarian     Brian Scott Peotter
  Candidate Approval Voting     Frank Fisher Atwood
FEC S2CO00308
  Candidate Unity     Tijani R. "T.J." Cole
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Tom Harvey
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Robert Messman
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Joanne Rock
  Candidate Write-in; (Liberation)     John Carleton Rutledge
 4 April 2019: Senator Michael F. Bennet announced he has prostate cancer. The prognosis is good.

Connecticut  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Richard Blumenthal
First elected: 2010; re-elected: 2016.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic; Working Families     Senator  Richard Blumenthal
FEC S0CT00177; 30 Jun 22; Tot $6,184,198; Dsb $1,776,554
    Republican     former state Assembly Member Themis Klarides - lost primary
FEC S2CT00306; 20 Jul 22; Tot $965,038; Dsb $678,372
  Candidate Republican     Leora R. Levy
FEC S2CT00314; 06 Sep 22; Tot $1,646,796; Dsb $1,380,934
    Republican     Pjerin "Peter" Lumaj - lost primary
FEC S2CT00272; 20 Jul 22; Tot $597,752; Dsb $190,951
  Candidate Libertarian     Daniel Reale
  Candidate Unaffiliated     Andrew Hyduchuk
FEC S2CT00330
  Candidate Unaffiliated     Dexter Narwhal
FEC S2CT00280 or S2CT00298

FEC S2CT00280
  Candidate Unaffiliated     Kristi L. Talmadge
FEC S2CT00348

Georgia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Raphael Gamaliel Warnock
First elected in a special runoff election: 5 January 2021 [re: resignation of Senators John Hardy "Johnn" Isakson (Republican) and Kelly Loeffler (Republican)]
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
Renominated
    Democratic     Tamara Johnson-Shealey - lost primary
FEC S0GA00484; 30 Jun 22; Tot $61,920; Dsb $51,794
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Raphael Gamaliel Warnock
FEC S0GA00559; 30 Jun 22; Tot $84,914,584; Dsb $85,457,928
    Republican     Agriculture Commissioner Gary W. Black - lost primary
4 June 2021: Candidate for Senate Class 3 in 2022.

FEC S2GA00209; 30 Jun 22; Tot $2,030,482; Dsb $2,007,407
    Republican     former state Representative Joshua Stephen "Josh" Clark - lost primary
FEC S2GA00266; 25 Sep 22; Tot $386,657; Dsb $386,657
    Republican     Kelvin King - lost primary
FEC S2GA00183; 30 Jun 22; Tot $1,657,556; Dsb $1,487,279
    Republican     Jonathan "Jon" McColumn - lost primary
FEC S2GA00282
    Republican     Latham Saddler - lost primary
FEC S2GA00175; 30 Jun 22; Tot $4,263,892; Dsb $4,255,145
  Candidate Republican     Herschel Junior Walker
FEC S2GA00225; 07 Sep 22; Tot $20,233,156; Dsb $13,438,113
  Candidate Libertarian     Chase R. Oliver
FEC S2GA00274; 30 Jun 22; Tot $7,790; Dsb $2,607
    Conservative     George E. Litchfield, II - apparently not a candidate
Filed with the FEC for Senate Class 3 and House CD 1.

FEC H2GA01264
    Socialist Workers Party     Lisa Potash - apparently not a candidate
    Independent     Eric Chase Johnson - apparently not a candidate
FEC S2GA00233
  Candidate Write-in     Annette Jackson Jackson
FEC S2GA00308

Hawaii  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Brian Emanuel Schatz
Appointed: 26 December 2012 (re 17 December 2012 death of Senator Daniel K. Inouye [Democratic]). First elected in a special election: 2014; re-elected: 2016.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Brian Emanuel Schatz
FEC S4HI00136; 24 Jul 22; Tot $2,041,744; Dsb $1,636,393
  Candidate Republican     Robert C. "Bob" McDermott
FEC S2HI00155
  Candidate Green     Emma Jane Avila Pohlman
FEC S2HI00205
  Candidate Libertarian     Feena M. Bonoan
FEC S2HI00171; 24 Jul 22; Tot $13,133; Dsb $9,542
  Candidate Aloha 'Āina     Daniel Burt "Dan" Decker, IV
FEC S2HI00213

Illinois  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  L. Tammy Duckworth
First elected: 2016. Previously served in the U.S. Congress (2013-2017).
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  L. Tammy Duckworth
FEC S6IL00292; 30 Jun 22; Tot $11,451,557; Dsb $6,143,852
    Republican     Casey Chlebek - lost primary
FEC S2IL00200 or S0IL00550

FEC S2IL00200; 30 Jun 22; Tot $129,656; Dsb $160,819
    Republican     Matthew James "Matt" Dubiel - lost primary
FEC S2IL00259; 30 Jun 22; Tot $136,825; Dsb $2,415
    Republican     Peggy Hubbard - lost primary
FEC S0IL00501; 30 Jun 22; Tot $54,648; Dsb $53,022
    Republican     Robert "Bobby" Piton - lost primary
FEC S2IL00184; 30 Jun 22; Tot $248,686; Dsb $244,820
  Candidate Republican     Kathy Raye Salvi
FEC S2IL00267; 30 Jun 22; Tot $434,704; Dsb $369,051
    Republican     Jimmy Lee Tillman, II - lost primary
FEC S2IL00234
    Republican     Anthony W. Williams - lost primary
FEC S2IL00291
    Green     Jeffrey "JD" Dixon - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Libertarian     William "Bill" Redpath
FEC S2IL00226; 30 Jun 22; Tot $29,771; Dsb $21,716
    Not readily classifiable     Daniel Obama Hauskins, Jr. - apparently not a candidate
George Wallace Party

FEC S2IL00176
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Timothy C. "Tim" Arview
FEC S2IL00150; 31 Dec 21; Tot $1,254; Dsb $1,090
  Candidate Write-in; (Socialist Workers Party)     John Hawkins
  Candidate Write-in     Bradley Lamar Horges, Jr.
FEC S2IL00275

Maryland  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Christopher "Chris" Van Hollen, Jr.
Previously served in the U.S. Congress elected: 2002-2014. First elected to the U.S. Senate: 2016.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
Renominated - 15 May 2022: Suffered a minor stroke.
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Christopher "Chris" Van Hollen, Jr.
FEC S6MD03441; 29 Jun 22; Tot $5,814,677; Dsb $3,085,584
  Candidate Republican     Chris Chaffee
FEC S6MD03557
  Candidate Write-in; (Democratic)     Scottie Griffin
Candidacy for General Election Only

FEC S2MD00628

Nevada  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Catherine Marie Cortez Masto
First elected: 2016
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Catherine Marie Cortez Masto
FEC S6NV00200; 30 Jun 22; Tot $23,605,210; Dsb $16,779,708
  Candidate Republican     former Attorney General Adam Paul Laxalt
Elected as Attorney General: 2014; unsuccessful candidate for Governor: 2018.

FEC S2NV00324; 08 Sep 22; Tot $7,346,384; Dsb $5,199,991
  Candidate Libertarian     Neil Scott
  Candidate Independent American     Barry Rubinson
  Candidate No Political Party     Barry Lindemann
FEC S2NV00415
  Candidate None of these candidates     None of These Candidates

New Hampshire  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Margaret Wood "Maggie" Hassan
First elected: 2016
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Margaret Wood "Maggie" Hassan
FEC S6NH00091; 24 Aug 22; Tot $26,103,142; Dsb $21,037,291
    Democratic     Paul J. Krautmann - lost primary
FEC S0NH00359
    Democratic     John Riggieri - lost primary
FEC S2NH00314
    Republican     Gerard Beloin - lost primary
FEC S0NH00284
    Republican     John Berman - lost primary
FEC S2NH00298
  Candidate Republican     Donald C. "Don" Bolduc
FEC S0NH00326; 24 Aug 22; Tot $588,198; Dsb $528,039
    Republican     Bruce Fenton - lost primary
FEC S2NH00280; 24 Aug 22; Tot $1,842,066; Dsb $1,721,908
    Republican     Dennis R. Lamare - lost primary
FEC S2NH00215
    Republican     Edmond Joseph "Ed" Laplante, Jr. - lost primary
FEC S2NH00223
    Republican     Vikram Mansharamani - lost primary
FEC S2NH00272; 24 Aug 22; Tot $929,839; Dsb $348,817
    Republican     Andy Martin - lost primary
FEC S4NH00096
    Republican     state Senator  Charles "Chuck" Morse - lost primary
FEC S2NH00249; 24 Aug 22; Tot $1,577,005; Dsb $994,909
    Republican     Tejasinha Sivalingam - lost primary
FEC S2NH00207; 24 Aug 22; Tot $855; Dsb $787
    Republican     former Londonderry Town Manager Kevin H. Smith - lost primary
Will step down as Mayor March 2022 to focus on his run for the U.S. Senate.

FEC S2NH00231; 24 Aug 22; Tot $841,673; Dsb $591,657
    Libertarian     Kevin Kahn - apparently not a candidate
FEC S2NH00306; 24 Aug 22; Tot $1,875; Dsb $3,977
  Candidate Libertarian     Jeremy Kauffman
FEC S2NH00256; 30 Jun 22; Tot $20,256; Dsb $3,005
    Independent     Stephen Fondakowski - apparently not a candidate
    Independent     Steven J. "Steve" Hattamer - apparently not a candidate
    Independent     Thomas V. Sharpe - apparently not a candidate
FEC S2NH00264
    Independent     Geoffrey "Geoff" Woollacott - apparently not a candidate

New York  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Charles E. "Chuck" Schumer
First elected: 1998; re-elected: 2004, 2010, 2016.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic; Working Families     Senator  Charles E. "Chuck" Schumer
FEC S8NY00082; 30 Jun 22; Tot $35,091,030; Dsb $7,453,352
  Candidate Republican; Conservative     Joseph "Joe" Pinion, III
FEC S2NY00499; 30 Jun 22; Tot $254,397; Dsb $229,247
  Candidate LaRouche     Diane Wilson Sare
FEC S2NY00325; 30 Jun 22; Tot $181,722; Dsb $173,132
  Candidate Write-in; (Socialist Workers Party)     Sara Lobman
  Candidate Write-in     Luca Nascimbene
FEC S2NY00465

Oregon  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Ronald Lee "Ron" Wyden
First elected to finish out the term in a Special Election: 30 January 1996 [held to fill vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Robert Packwood (Republican): 1 October 1995 (Oregon state law does not permit the state's Governor to make temporary appointments to fill vacancies in the United States Senate)]; elected to a full term: 1998; re-elected: 2004, 2010, 2016.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
Renominated
  Candidate Democratic; Independent Party of Oregon     Senator  Ronald Lee "Ron" Wyden
FEC S6OR00110; 30 Jun 22; Tot $9,192,702; Dsb $2,607,048
  Candidate Republican; Constitution     Jo Rae Perkins
FEC S4OR00156; 30 Jun 22; Tot $38,760; Dsb $59,597
  Candidate Pacific Green     Daniel J. "Dan" Pulju
FEC S2OR00176
  Candidate Progressive Party of Oregon     Chris Henry
FEC S2OR00234
  Candidate Write-in; (Unaffiliated)     Thomas X. Verde
FEC S2OR00143

Vermont  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Open
Democratic Senator  Patrick J. Leahy
First elected: 1974; re-elected: 1980, 1986, 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010, 2016.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
Open Seat - 15 November 2021: Senator Leahy will not seek re-election.
30 June 2022: Fractured his hip. Expects to make a full recovery.
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Democratic     Member of Congress  Peter Francis Welch
22 November 2021: Running for the U.S. Senate in 2022.

FEC S2VT00235; 20 Jul 22; Tot $4,611,564; Dsb $1,848,582
  Candidate Republican     Gerald Malloy
FEC S2VT00292; 20 Jul 22; Tot $139,856; Dsb $59,252
  Candidate Green Mountain     Natasha Diamondstone-Kohout
  Candidate Independent     Carl Mark "Mark" Coester
FEC S2VT00185; 30 Jun 22; Tot $10,046; Dsb $7,769
  Candidate Independent     Stephen Duke
  Candidate Independent     Dawn Marie Ellis
  Candidate Independent     Cris Ericson
FEC S2VT00326
  Candidate Independent     Kerry Patrick Raheb
FEC S2VT00243

Washington  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3
Seat up for regular election
Democratic Senator  Patricia L. "Patty" Murray
First elected: 1992; re-elected: 1998, 2004, 2010, 2016.
Seat up for regular election: Tuesday 8 November 2022
on General Election ballot
    Independent     Thor Amundson - lost primary
FEC S8WA00137
    Independent     Jon Butler - lost primary
FEC S8WA00376
    Democratic     Pano Kroko Churchill - lost primary
FEC S6WA00438
    Democratic     Sam Cusmir - lost primary
FEC S2WA00502
    Socialist Workers Party     Henry Clay Dennison - lost primary
FEC S2WA00569
    No Party Preference     Dan Phan Doan - lost primary
States No Party Preference

FEC S2WA00544
    Republican     John Guenther - lost primary
FEC S2WA00510
    No Party Preference     Martin D. Hash - lost primary
FEC S2WA00551
    Republican     Bill Hirt - lost primary
FEC S2WA00528
    Independent     Charlie Richard "Chuck" Jackson - lost primary
FEC S8WA00129
    Republican     Leon Lawson - lost primary
Trump Republican

FEC S2WA00486
  Candidate Democratic     Senator  Patricia L. "Patty" Murray
FEC S2WA00189; 13 Jul 22; Tot $10,200,826; Dsb $7,025,304
    Independent     Naz Paul - lost primary
FEC S2WA00437; 31 Aug 22; Tot $31,397; Dsb $31,397
    Democratic     Ravin R. Pierre - lost primary
FEC S2WA00395
    Democratic     Mohammad Hassan Said - lost primary
FEC S4WA00474
    Republican     Dave Saulibio - lost primary
JFK Republican

FEC S2WA00536
  Candidate Republican     Tiffany Smiley
FEC S2WA00387; 13 Jul 22; Tot $7,106,696; Dsb $4,778,056
    Democratic     Bryan Solstin - lost primary
FEC S2WA00445

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Democratic-Nonpartisan League
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Libertarian
  Pacific Green
Other Third Parties
  Alaskan Independence
  Alliance Party
  Aloha 'Āina
  Approval Voting
  Bull Moose
  Conservative
  Green Mountain
  Independent American
  Independent Party of Florida
  Independent Party of Oregon
  Keystone
  LaRouche
  Liberation
  Political Synergy
  Progressive Party of Oregon
  Socialist Equality
  Socialist Workers Party
  United Utah
  Unity
  Working Families
Independents
 
  Independent
  No Party
  No Party Affiliation
  No Party Preference
  No Political Party
  Nonpartisan
  Other
  Unaffiliated
  Undeclared
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  None of these candidates
  Not readily classifiable
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2019 and end their terms on 3 January 2025. The next regular election for these seats is in 5 November 2024.
Class 2 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2015 and end their terms on 3 January 2021. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2026.
Class 3 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2017 and end their terms on 3 January 2023. The next regular election for these seats is 8 November 2022.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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  Gubernatorial Popular Vote by Party  
  118th U.S. House Popular Vote and FEC Total Receipts by Party  

 
2022 Primaries and Runoffs for Statewide offices/Congress
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  Poll Closing Times (with time zones)  
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General Election Poll Closing Times (with time zones)
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Poll Closing Times (list)
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  Governors     Senate     House  
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  Senators by 'Class'  
  Governors by election 'cycle'  
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  Gubernatorial Primaries at a Glance   --   Senatorial Primaries at a Glance  
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  Open Governor's Chairs, Senate and House Seats (the incumbent is not running for re-election)  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with no incumbent running for them  
  Uncontested Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats (one candidate running for office)  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with multiple incumbents running for them  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with only one major party candidate running for office  
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  2022 Partisan Composition by State  
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  Political Parties  
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  Senate Electoral Classes  
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  Comparative Political Party Predominance in each State, 2000 thru 2016  
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History
  Political Party Floor Leaders in the Congress of the United States  
  Dates of DIRECT PRIMARY Elections re: Major Party Nominations for Statewide and/or Federal Office  
  Length of Terms of Office of STATE Governors throughout American History  
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  (downloads)