The Green Papers: 2022 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 117th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 33 Senate Seats are up for election on 8 November 2022.

There have been 0 deaths, 1 resignation, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 117th Senate.

  • Senator Alex Padilla (Democratic, California Class 3) was appointed on 22 December 2020 by Governor Gavin Newsom (Democratic). He will fill the seat of Senator Kamala D. Harris who has been elected to the office of Vice President. Senator Padilla was sworn on 20 January 2021.
  • Senator Kamala D. Harris (Democratic, California Class 3) resigned on 18 January 2021 to take the office of Vice President of the United States.
  • Senator Raphael Warnock (Democratic, Georgia, Class 3) was elected in a 5 January 2021 Special Election. He replaces appointed Senator Kelly Loeffler (Republican) and was sworn on 20 January 2021.
  • Senator T. Jonathan "Jon" Ossoff (Democratic, Georgia, Class 2) was elected in a 5 January 2021 runoff election was sworn on 20 January 2021.

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Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Alabama  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Republican     Katie Boyd Britt
proceeds to and won Runoff

FEC S2AL00145; 07 Sep 22; Tot $8,999,435; Dsb $7,803,210

Alaska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Buzz A. Kelley
12 September 2022: Dropping out endorsing his Kelly C. Tshibaka (Republican). Remains on the ballot.
16 August 2022 Primary: Advances to General Election with 2%, 4th place.

FEC S2AK00242
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Lisa Murkowski
16 August 2022 primary: Advances to General Election with 45%, 1st place.

FEC S4AK00099; 27 Jul 22; Tot $7,506,100; Dsb $3,182,550
  Candidate Republican     former state Department of Administration Commissioner Kelly C. Tshibaka
16 August 2022 Primary: Advances to General Election with 39%, 2nd place.

FEC S2AK00127; 27 Jul 22; Tot $3,338,012; Dsb $2,529,937

Arizona  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
    Republican     Attorney General Mark Brnovich - lost primary
10 June 2021: Candidate for the U.S. Senate in 2022

FEC S2AZ00356; 13 Jul 22; Tot $3,118,529; Dsb $2,632,835
    Republican     Jim Lamon - lost primary
FEC S2AZ00331; 13 Jul 22; Tot $15,077,977; Dsb $14,640,082
  Candidate Republican     Blake Masters
FEC S2AZ00372; 26 Sep 22; Tot $5,074,424; Dsb $3,524,137
    Republican     former state Adjutant General  Michael T. "Mick" McGuire - lost primary
FEC S2AZ00349; 13 Jul 22; Tot $2,467,896; Dsb $2,124,378
    Republican     state Corporation Commissioner  Justin Olson - lost primary
FEC S2AZ00380; 13 Jul 22; Tot $318,570; Dsb $195,074
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Sherrise Bordes
    Write-in; (Republican)     David Bozic - lost primary
FEC S2AZ00448
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Christopher Bullock
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Edward Davida
General Election Candidate

FEC S8AZ00312
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Roxanne Rodriguez
General Election Candidate
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Richard Sean "Dick" Weed

Arkansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
    Republican     Jake Bequette - lost primary
FEC S2AR00107; 30 Jun 22; Tot $1,395,154; Dsb $1,177,534
  Candidate Republican     Senator  John Nichols Boozman
FEC S0AR00150; 30 Jun 22; Tot $5,763,058; Dsb $5,313,775
    Republican     Heath Loftis - lost primary
FEC S2AR00073; 25 May 22; Tot $39,678; Dsb $40,178
    Republican     Jan Morgan - lost primary
FEC S2AR00081; 27 Jul 22; Tot $622,789; Dsb $622,789

California  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Denice Lyn Gary-Pandol
FEC S4CA00407
  Candidate Republican     Barack Obama Mandela
FEC S4CA00464

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Mark P. Meuser
FEC S2CA01060; 30 Jun 22; Tot $495,881; Dsb $467,109

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Mark P. Meuser
FEC S2CA01060; 30 Jun 22; Tot $495,881; Dsb $467,109

Colorado  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Joseph Matthew "Joe" O'Dea
FEC S2CO00241; 08 Sep 22; Tot $3,540,269; Dsb $2,699,281

Connecticut  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
    Republican     former state Assembly Member Themis Klarides - lost primary
FEC S2CT00306; 20 Jul 22; Tot $965,038; Dsb $678,372
  Candidate Republican     Leora R. Levy
FEC S2CT00314; 06 Sep 22; Tot $1,646,796; Dsb $1,380,934
    Republican     Pjerin "Peter" Lumaj - lost primary
FEC S2CT00272; 20 Jul 22; Tot $597,752; Dsb $190,951

Florida  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Richard L. "Rick" Scott
FEC S8FL00273

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Marco Rubio
8 December 2020: Will run for re-election in 2022.

FEC S0FL00338; 03 Aug 22; Tot $29,280,469; Dsb $17,333,813
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Howard Knepper
FEC S0FL00544

Georgia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Reagan Box
FEC S6GA00267

Class 3  
    Republican     Agriculture Commissioner Gary W. Black - lost primary
4 June 2021: Candidate for Senate Class 3 in 2022.

FEC S2GA00209; 30 Jun 22; Tot $2,030,482; Dsb $2,007,407
    Republican     former state Representative Joshua Stephen "Josh" Clark - lost primary
FEC S2GA00266; 25 Sep 22; Tot $386,657; Dsb $386,657
    Republican     Kelvin King - lost primary
FEC S2GA00183; 30 Jun 22; Tot $1,657,556; Dsb $1,487,279
    Republican     Jonathan "Jon" McColumn - lost primary
FEC S2GA00282
    Republican     Latham Saddler - lost primary
FEC S2GA00175; 30 Jun 22; Tot $4,263,892; Dsb $4,255,145
  Candidate Republican     Herschel Junior Walker
FEC S2GA00225; 07 Sep 22; Tot $20,233,156; Dsb $13,438,113

Hawaii  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Robert C. "Bob" McDermott
FEC S2HI00155

Idaho  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  James E. "Jim" Risch
FEC S8ID00092

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Michael D. "Mike" Crapo
FEC S8ID00027; 30 Jun 22; Tot $3,581,398; Dsb $2,032,928

Illinois  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
    Republican     Casey Chlebek - lost primary
FEC S2IL00200 or S0IL00550

FEC S2IL00200; 30 Jun 22; Tot $129,656; Dsb $160,819
    Republican     Matthew James "Matt" Dubiel - lost primary
FEC S2IL00259; 30 Jun 22; Tot $136,825; Dsb $2,415
    Republican     Peggy Hubbard - lost primary
FEC S0IL00501; 30 Jun 22; Tot $54,648; Dsb $53,022
    Republican     Robert "Bobby" Piton - lost primary
FEC S2IL00184; 30 Jun 22; Tot $248,686; Dsb $244,820
  Candidate Republican     Kathy Raye Salvi
FEC S2IL00267; 30 Jun 22; Tot $434,704; Dsb $369,051
    Republican     Jimmy Lee Tillman, II - lost primary
FEC S2IL00234
    Republican     Anthony W. Williams - lost primary
FEC S2IL00291
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican)     Timothy C. "Tim" Arview
FEC S2IL00150; 31 Dec 21; Tot $1,254; Dsb $1,090

Indiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Mike Braun
FEC S8IN00171

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Todd Christopher Young
FEC S6IN00191; 30 Jun 22; Tot $9,071,379; Dsb $4,594,335
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican; Other)     Daniel "Danny" Niederberger
FEC S2IN00182; 30 Jun 22; Tot $8,467; Dsb $5,308

Iowa  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Charles E. "Chuck" Grassley
FEC S0IA00028; 30 Jun 22; Tot $6,087,290; Dsb $3,925,848

Kansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
    Republican     Joan E. Farr - lost primary
Running for Senate in Kansas and Oklahoma

FEC S2KS00105
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Jerry Moran
FEC S0KS00091; 13 Jul 22; Tot $4,021,544; Dsb $1,070,429

Kentucky  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Rand Paul
FEC S0KY00156; 30 Jun 22; Tot $19,496,596; Dsb $11,968,448

Louisiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Devin Lance Graham
  Candidate Republican     Senator  John Neely Kennedy
FEC S4LA00065; 02 Jul 22; Tot $21,658,253; Dsb $11,526,853

Maryland  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Chris Chaffee
FEC S6MD03557

Massachusetts  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Shiva Ayyadurai
FEC S8MA00268
  Candidate Republican     John Berman
FEC S4MA00267

Minnesota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     David A. Hilbrich
FEC S4MN00460

Mississippi  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Roger F. Wicker
FEC S8MS00196

Missouri  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Joshua David "Josh" Hawley
FEC S8MO00160

Class 3  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Republican     Attorney General  Eric S. Schmitt
FEC S2MO00544; 26 Sep 22; Tot $3,760,575; Dsb $2,740,117

Montana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Thomas John Madigan
FEC S4MT00167
  Candidate Republican     Jeremy Mygland
FEC S4MT00175

Nebraska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Grant City Superintendent  Edward Dunn
FEC S6NE00137

Nevada  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     former Attorney General Adam Paul Laxalt
Elected as Attorney General: 2014; unsuccessful candidate for Governor: 2018.

FEC S2NV00324; 08 Sep 22; Tot $7,346,384; Dsb $5,199,991

New Hampshire  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Tejasinha Sivalingam
FEC S6NH00133

Class 3  
    Republican     Gerard Beloin - lost primary
FEC S0NH00284
    Republican     John Berman - lost primary
FEC S2NH00298
  Candidate Republican     Donald C. "Don" Bolduc
FEC S0NH00326; 24 Aug 22; Tot $588,198; Dsb $528,039
    Republican     Bruce Fenton - lost primary
FEC S2NH00280; 24 Aug 22; Tot $1,842,066; Dsb $1,721,908
    Republican     Dennis R. Lamare - lost primary
FEC S2NH00215
    Republican     Edmond Joseph "Ed" Laplante, Jr. - lost primary
FEC S2NH00223
    Republican     Vikram Mansharamani - lost primary
FEC S2NH00272; 24 Aug 22; Tot $929,839; Dsb $348,817
    Republican     Andy Martin - lost primary
FEC S4NH00096
    Republican     state Senator  Charles "Chuck" Morse - lost primary
FEC S2NH00249; 24 Aug 22; Tot $1,577,005; Dsb $994,909
    Republican     Tejasinha Sivalingam - lost primary
FEC S2NH00207; 24 Aug 22; Tot $855; Dsb $787
    Republican     former Londonderry Town Manager Kevin H. Smith - lost primary
Will step down as Mayor March 2022 to focus on his run for the U.S. Senate.

FEC S2NH00231; 24 Aug 22; Tot $841,673; Dsb $591,657

New Jersey  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Dan Cruz
FEC S4NJ00334
  Candidate Republican     Shirley Maia-Cusick
FEC S4NJ00359

New York  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican; Conservative     Joseph "Joe" Pinion, III
FEC S2NY00499; 30 Jun 22; Tot $254,397; Dsb $229,247

North Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Republican     Member of Congress  Theodore Paul "Ted" Budd
U.S. House Member CD 13.
28 April 2021: Announced he would run for the U.S. Senate Class 3 seat in 2022.

FEC S2NC00505; 23 Aug 22; Tot $6,490,738; Dsb $5,778,569

North Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Kevin Cramer
FEC S8ND00120

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  John Hoeven
FEC S0ND00093; 30 Jun 22; Tot $2,442,432; Dsb $1,125,400
  Candidate Independent; (Republican)     state Representative  Rick Clark Becker
Republican state Representative

FEC S2ND00149

Ohio  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Joel Mutchler
FEC S4OH00176

Class 3  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Republican     J.D. Vance
FEC S2OH00436; 31 Aug 22; Tot $3,625,265; Dsb $2,996,654

Oklahoma  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Member of Congress  Markwayne Mullin
26 February 2022: Candidate for the U.S. Senate Class 2 Special Election.
Member of Congress CD 2. Proceeds to Runoff

FEC S2OK00186; 03 Aug 22; Tot $3,608,251; Dsb $3,984,308

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  James Paul Lankford
FEC S4OK00232; 30 Jun 22; Tot $5,006,739; Dsb $3,661,923

Oregon  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican; Constitution     Jo Rae Perkins
FEC S4OR00156; 30 Jun 22; Tot $38,760; Dsb $59,597

Pennsylvania  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 3  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
    Republican     Kathy J. Barnette - lost primary
FEC S2PA00489; 30 Jun 22; Tot $2,601,869; Dsb $2,410,616
    Republican     Jeffrey A. "Jeff" Bartos - lost primary
FEC S8PA00262; 30 Sep 22; Tot $3,515,417; Dsb $3,515,417
    Republican     George A. Bochetto - lost primary
FEC S2PA00703; 30 Jun 22; Tot $920,618; Dsb $915,813
    Republican     Sean Peter Gale - lost primary
FEC S2PA00372; 30 Jun 22; Tot $55,099; Dsb $53,371
    Republican     David H. "Dave" McCormick - lost primary
3 June 2022: Conceded.

FEC S2PA00661; 30 Jun 22; Tot $19,594,635; Dsb $19,581,515
  Candidate Republican     Mehmet C. Oz
FEC S2PA00638; 14 Sep 22; Tot $19,005,897; Dsb $17,879,633
    Republican     Carla Herd Sands - lost primary
FEC S2PA00554; 30 Aug 22; Tot $8,856,511; Dsb $8,856,511

South Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Timothy E. "Tim" Scott
FEC S4SC00240; 30 Jun 22; Tot $35,325,367; Dsb $18,244,884

South Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  John R. Thune
FEC S2SD00068; 30 Jun 22; Tot $5,646,371; Dsb $2,169,748

Tennessee  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Marsha Blackburn
FEC S8TN00337

Texas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz
FEC S2TX00312

Utah  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Willard "Mitt" Romney
FEC S8UT00176

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Mike Lee
FEC S0UT00165; 30 Jun 22; Tot $6,288,927; Dsb $4,347,835
  Candidate Write-in; (Republican; Unaffiliated)     Laird Fetzer Hamblin
Running as a write-in after his losing his party's nomination by Convention.

FEC S2UT00377; 30 Jun 22; Tot $111; Dsb $0

Vermont  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Democratic

Class 3  
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **
  Candidate Republican     Gerald Malloy
FEC S2VT00292; 20 Jul 22; Tot $139,856; Dsb $59,252

Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     C.L. "Chuck" Smith, Jr.
FEC S4VA00197

Washington  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
    Republican     John Guenther - lost primary
FEC S2WA00510
    Republican     Bill Hirt - lost primary
FEC S2WA00528
    Republican     Leon Lawson - lost primary
Trump Republican

FEC S2WA00486
    Republican     Dave Saulibio - lost primary
JFK Republican

FEC S2WA00536
  Candidate Republican     Tiffany Smiley
FEC S2WA00387; 13 Jul 22; Tot $7,106,696; Dsb $4,778,056

West Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Christopher Andrew Rose
FEC S4WV00316

Wisconsin  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Ronald Harold "Ron" Johnson
FEC S0WI00197; 20 Jul 22; Tot $16,117,096; Dsb $14,652,905

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Democratic-Nonpartisan League
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Libertarian
  Pacific Green
Other Third Parties
  Alaskan Independence
  Alliance Party
  Aloha 'Āina
  Approval Voting
  Bull Moose
  Conservative
  Green Mountain
  Independent American
  Independent Party of Florida
  Independent Party of Oregon
  Keystone
  LaRouche
  Liberation
  Political Synergy
  Progressive Party of Oregon
  Socialist Equality
  Socialist Workers Party
  United Utah
  Unity
  Working Families
Independents
 
  Independent
  No Party
  No Party Affiliation
  No Party Preference
  No Political Party
  Nonpartisan
  Other
  Unaffiliated
  Undeclared
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  None of these candidates
  Not readily classifiable
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2019 and end their terms on 3 January 2025. The next regular election for these seats is in 5 November 2024.
Class 2 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2015 and end their terms on 3 January 2021. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2026.
Class 3 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2017 and end their terms on 3 January 2023. The next regular election for these seats is 8 November 2022.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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  iCalendar Feed Subscriptions  
  Poll Closing Times (with time zones)  
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General Election Poll Closing Times (with time zones)
  Alphabetically   --   Chronologically  
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Poll Closing Times (list)
  All Elections     Primary/Special Elections     General Elections  
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  Governors     Senate     House  
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  Senators by 'Class'  
  Governors by election 'cycle'  
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  Gubernatorial Primaries at a Glance   --   Senatorial Primaries at a Glance  
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  Open Governor's Chairs, Senate and House Seats (the incumbent is not running for re-election)  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with no incumbent running for them  
  Uncontested Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats (one candidate running for office)  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with multiple incumbents running for them  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with only one major party candidate running for office  
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  2022 Partisan Composition by State  
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  Political Parties  
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  Senate Electoral Classes  
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  Comparative Political Party Predominance in each State, 2000 thru 2016  
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History
  Political Party Floor Leaders in the Congress of the United States  
  Dates of DIRECT PRIMARY Elections re: Major Party Nominations for Statewide and/or Federal Office  
  Length of Terms of Office of STATE Governors throughout American History  
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  (downloads)