The Green Papers: 2019 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 116th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. Not counting special elections, 33 Senate Seats are up for election on 3 November 2020.

There have been 0 deaths, 0 resignation, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 116th Senate.

  • Senator Martha E. McSally (Republican, Arizona Class 3) was appointed on 31 December 2018 by Governor Doug Ducey (Republican) and was sworn on 3 January 2019.

  Alabama    Alaska    Arizona    Arkansas    California    Colorado    Connecticut    Delaware    Florida    Georgia    Hawaii    Idaho    Illinois    Indiana    Iowa    Kansas    Kentucky    Louisiana    Maine    Maryland    Massachusetts    Michigan    Minnesota    Mississippi    Missouri    Montana    Nebraska    Nevada    New Hampshire    New Jersey    New Mexico    New York    North Carolina    North Dakota    Ohio    Oklahoma    Oregon    Pennsylvania    Rhode Island    South Carolina    South Dakota    Tennessee    Texas    Utah    Vermont    Virginia    Washington    West Virginia    Wisconsin    Wyoming 

Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Alabama  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Stanley E. Adair
FEC S0AL00248; 30 Jun 19; Tot $134,431; Dsb $132,824
  Candidate Republican     Congressman  Bradley Roberts Byrne
20 February 2019: Announced he is running for the Class 2 Senate Seat in 2020.

FEC S0AL00206; 30 Jun 19; Tot $2,747,432; Dsb $307,526
    Republican     Douglas "Doug" Duke - apparently not a candidate
FEC S0AL00198
  Candidate Republican     Marty Preston Hatley
FEC S0AL00214
  Candidate Republican     Secretary of State  John Harold Merrill
FEC S0AL00289; 30 Jun 19; Tot $217,562; Dsb $399
  Candidate Republican     state Representative  Arnold Mooney
FEC S0AL00263; 30 Jun 19; Tot $298,314; Dsb $6,365
  Candidate Republican     former Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court Roy Stewart Moore
FEC S0AL00297; 30 Jun 19; Tot $16,964; Dsb $740
  Candidate Republican     Chase Anderson "Andy" Romagnano
FEC S0AL00305
  Candidate Republican     John Paul Serbin
FEC S0AL00271; 30 Jun 19; Tot $450; Dsb $0
  Candidate Republican     Thomas H. "Tommy" Tuberville
FEC S0AL00230; 30 Jun 19; Tot $1,421,252; Dsb $78,710
  Candidate Republican     Auditor  Jim "Zig" Zeigler
20 November 2018: Formed an exploratory committee for the U.S. Senate Class 2 seat.

Alaska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Dan Sullivan
FEC S4AK00214; 30 Jun 19; Tot $2,167,487; Dsb $412,221

Arizona  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Martha E. McSally
FEC S8AZ00221; 30 Jun 19; Tot $5,499,478; Dsb $2,046,560

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Craig R. Brittain
FEC S8AZ00189; 30 Jun 19; Tot $3,076; Dsb $0
  Candidate Republican     Josue Larose
FEC S0AZ00343; 30 Jun 19; Tot $0; Dsb $0

Arkansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Thomas B. "Tom" Cotton
FEC S4AR00103; 30 Jun 19; Tot $1,963,613; Dsb $565,652

California  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     James P. Bradley
FEC S8CA00515
  Candidate Republican     Erin Cruz
FEC S8CA00440
  Candidate Republican     Paul Anthony Gutierrez
FEC S2CA00849

Colorado  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Republican, 1 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Cory Scott Gardner
FEC S4CO00395; 30 Jun 19; Tot $4,012,065; Dsb $793,711
    Republican     Jerry Natividad - apparently not a candidate

Connecticut  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     John J. Flynn
FEC S2CT00264
  Candidate Republican     Robert Finley Hyde
FEC S2CT00256

Florida  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Richard L. "Rick" Scott
FEC S8FL00273

Georgia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Derrick Grayson
  Candidate Republican     Senator  David Alfred Perdue
FEC S4GA11285; 30 Jun 19; Tot $3,691,311; Dsb $532,198

Idaho  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  James E. "Jim" Risch
FEC S8ID00092; 30 Jun 19; Tot $406,743; Dsb $95,520

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Michael D. "Mike" Crapo
FEC S8ID00027

Illinois  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Peggy Hubbard
FEC S0IL00501; 30 Jun 19; Tot $53,015; Dsb $51,270
  Candidate Republican     Robert Allen Marshall
FEC S6IL00185; 30 Jun 19; Tot $30,000; Dsb $6,525
  Candidate Republican     Dean A. Seppelfrick
FEC S0IL00519
  Candidate Republican     Thomas "Tom" Tarter
FEC S0IL00527; 30 Jun 19; Tot $1,497; Dsb $0

Indiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Mike Braun
FEC S8IN00171

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Todd Christopher Young
FEC S6IN00191

Iowa  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Joni K. Ernst
FEC S4IA00129; 30 Jun 19; Tot $2,815,901; Dsb $740,748
  Candidate Republican     Paul Rieck
FEC S0IA00143

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Charles E. "Chuck" Grassley
FEC S0IA00028

Kansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     former Secretary of State Kris W. Kobach
FEC S0KS00257
  Candidate Republican     Treasurer  Jacob "Jake" LaTurner
FEC S0KS00208; 30 Jun 19; Tot $507,029; Dsb $37,276
  Candidate Republican     David Alan "Dave" Lindstrom
FEC S0KS00240; 30 Jun 19; Tot $124,931; Dsb $1,094
  Candidate Republican     Bryan Pruitt
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Pat Roberts
FEC S6KS00080; 30 Jun 19; Tot $94; Dsb $78,638
  Candidate Republican     Gabriel Mark Robles
  Candidate Republican     state Senator  Susan Wagle

Kentucky  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
    Republican     Karl Das - apparently not a candidate
FEC S0KY00263
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Mitch McConnell
4 August 2018: Announced that he will run for re-election in 2020.

FEC S2KY00012; 30 Jun 19; Tot $5,199,015; Dsb $919,655
  Candidate Republican     former state Representative Clinton Wesley "Wes" Morgan
FEC S0KY00297; 30 Jun 19; Tot $9,974; Dsb $5,825

Louisiana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  William M. "Bill" Cassidy
FEC S4LA00107; 30 Jun 19; Tot $1,929,661; Dsb $450,115

Maine  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Independent, 1 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Susan M. Collins
FEC S6ME00159; 30 Jun 19; Tot $3,526,381; Dsb $744,843
  Candidate Republican     Derek Allen Levasseur
FEC S0ME00095; 30 Jun 19; Tot $6,930; Dsb $9,356
    Republican     Max Patrick Linn - apparently not a candidate
30 June 2018: Filed termination report.

FEC S8ME00163

Massachusetts  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Shiva Ayyadurai
FEC S8MA00268; 30 Jun 19; Tot $22,425; Dsb $21,733
  Candidate Republican     Tiffany Williams

Michigan  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Bob Carr
FEC S4MI00298; 31 Mar 19; Tot $0; Dsb $0
  Candidate Republican     John E. James
FEC S8MI00372; 30 Jun 19; Tot $1,613,100; Dsb $379,860

Minnesota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Robert Paul "Rob" Barrett, Jr.
FEC S0MN00294; 30 Jun 19; Tot $10,670; Dsb $4,853
  Candidate Republican     Forest W. Hyatt
FEC S0MN00286

Mississippi  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Roger F. Wicker
FEC S8MS00196

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Cindy Hyde-Smith
FEC S8MS00261; 30 Jun 19; Tot $647,365; Dsb $239,595

Missouri  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Joshua David "Josh" Hawley
FEC S8MO00160

Montana  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Steven "Steve" Daines
FEC S2MT00096; 30 Jun 19; Tot $2,641,188; Dsb $581,045

Nebraska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Benjamin E. "Ben" Sasse
FEC S4NE00090; 30 Jun 19; Tot $1,584,742; Dsb $198,727

New Hampshire  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Donald C. "Don" Bolduc
FEC S0NH00326
  Candidate Republican     William Lawrence "Bill" O'Brien
FEC S0NH00318

New Jersey  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Patricia "Tricia" Flanagan
FEC S8NJ00541
  Candidate Republican     Natalie Lynn Rivera
FEC S8NJ00533
  Candidate Republican     Hirsh V. Singh
FEC S0NJ00191; 30 Jun 19; Tot $78,125; Dsb $11,232

New Mexico  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Gavin Clarkson
FEC S0NM00066; 30 Jun 19; Tot $156,811; Dsb $49,076

North Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Sandy Smith
Also running for U.S. House CD 3

FEC S0NC00293; 30 Jun 19; Tot $131,999; Dsb $77,093
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Thomas Roland "Thom" Tillis
FEC S4NC00162; 30 Jun 19; Tot $3,072,278; Dsb $710,301
  Candidate Republican     Garland S. Tucker, III
FEC S0NC00319; 30 Jun 19; Tot $1,039,244; Dsb $930,756

North Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Kevin Cramer
FEC S8ND00120

Ohio  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Robert Jones "Rob" Portman
FEC S0OH00133

Oklahoma  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  James M. "Jim" Inhofe
FEC S4OK00083; 30 Jun 19; Tot $1,095,317; Dsb $143,791

Oregon  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Larry Wallace Reese
FEC S0OR00311

South Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Lindsey Olin Graham
FEC S0SC00149; 30 Jun 19; Tot $5,065,415; Dsb $1,805,551
  Candidate Republican     Peggy Kandies
FEC S0SC00248
  Candidate Republican     Michael James "Mike" LaPierre
FEC S0SC00313; 30 Jun 19; Tot $12,219; Dsb $2,755
  Candidate Republican     Joseph "Joe" Reynolds
FEC S0SC00297; 30 Jun 19; Tot $35,004; Dsb $22,734
    Republican     Mark Sloan - apparently not a candidate
11 February 2019: Filed a termination report with the FEC.

FEC S0SC00230
  Candidate Republican     Eddie White
  Candidate Republican     Carey L. Wilson
FEC S0SC00271

South Dakota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     state Representative  Scyller J. Borglum
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Marion Michael "Mike" Rounds
FEC S4SD00049; 30 Jun 19; Tot $1,211,596; Dsb $327,516

Tennessee  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Marsha Blackburn
FEC S8TN00337

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Danny Clyde "Clyde" Benson, II
    Republican     Joseph Brosnahan - apparently not a candidate
  Candidate Republican     Garrett Lance "Lance" Nichols
FEC S0TN00128
  Candidate Republican     Geoffrey Stokes "Stokes" Nielson
FEC S0TN00136
  Candidate Republican     Aaron Leo Pettigrew
FEC S8TN00394
  Candidate Republican     Manny Sethi
FEC S0TN00144; 30 Jun 19; Tot $1,569,506; Dsb $36,803

Texas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz
FEC S2TX00312

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  John Cornyn
FEC S2TX00106; 30 Jun 19; Tot $4,544,899; Dsb $1,264,465

Utah  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Willard "Mitt" Romney
FEC S8UT00176

Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Democratic

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Gary Gene Adkins
FEC S0VA00096
  Candidate Republican     Alissa Baldwin
FEC S0VA00070
  Candidate Republican     Thomas A. "Tom" Speciale, II
FEC S0VA00088
  Candidate Republican     former U.S. Representative  Scott William Taylor
First elected 2016; unsuccessful candidate for re-election: 2018.

FEC S0VA00104
  Candidate Republican     Victor Keith Williams
FEC S0VA00120; 30 Jun 19; Tot $406,090; Dsb $1,850

West Virginia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Shelley Moore Capito
FEC S4WV00159; 30 Jun 19; Tot $1,672,830; Dsb $297,367

Wisconsin  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 3  
  Candidate Republican     Senator  Ronald Harold "Ron" Johnson
FEC S0WI00197

Wyoming  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2  
  Candidate Republican     Patrick John Dotson
FEC S0WY00145
    Republican     Senator  Michael B. "Mike" Enzi - apparently not a candidate
4 May 2019: Announced retirement. Not running for re-election.

FEC S6WY00126; 30 Jun 19; Tot $142,972; Dsb $176,382
  Candidate Republican     former Congressman  Cynthia Marie Lummis
First elected to the US House: 2008; re-elected 2010, 2012, 2014; did not run in 2016.

FEC S0WY00137; 30 Jun 19; Tot $505; Dsb $53,602
  Candidate Republican     Joshua B. "Josh" Wheeler
FEC S0WY00103

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Constitution
  Green
  Libertarian
Other Third Parties
  Unity
Independents
  Independent
  No Party Affiliation
  Non Affiliated
  None
  Other
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  Not readily classifiable
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from a legal election authority that the person has been officially certified to appear on the ballot.


"FEC" indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary.

When available, we post each candidate's FEC identification number, the date of their most recently filed Report of Receipts and Disbursements, their "Tot" [Total Receipts (contributions received or what came in: FEC Form 3, Line 16, Column B)] and their "Dsb" [Total Disbursements (expenditures or what was spent: FEC Form 3, Line 23, Column B)]. A link is provided to the Federal Election Commission's Summary Report for those who might wish to explore the details.

If a candidate raises or spends $5,000 or less, he or she is not subject to FEC reporting requirements.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their terms at noon on 3 January 2019 and end their terms on 3 January 2025. The next regular election for these seats is in 5 November 2024.
Class 2 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2015 and end their terms on 3 January 2021. The next regular election for these seats is 3 November 2020.
Class 3 seats began their terms at noon on 3 January 2017 and end their terms on 3 January 2023. The next regular election for these seats is 8 November 2022.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


  2019 General Election Home  
 
2019 Primaries and Runoffs for Statewide offices/Congress
  Alphabetically   --   Alphabetically with Filing Deadlines  
  Chronologically   --   Chronologically with Filing Deadlines  
  Poll Closing Times (with time zones)  
....
General Election Poll Closing Times (with time zones)
  Alphabetically   --   Chronologically  
....
Poll Closing Times (list)
  All Elections     Primary/Special Elections     General Elections  
....
  Governors     Senate     House  
....
  Senators by 'Class'  
  Governors by election 'cycle'  
....
  Gubernatorial Primaries at a Glance  
....
  Open Governor's Chairs, Senate and House Seats (the incumbent is not running for re-election)  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with no incumbent running for them  
  Uncontested Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats (one candidate running for office)  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with multiple incumbents running for them  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with only one major party candidate running for office  
....
  2019 Partisan Composition by State  
....
  Political Parties  
....
  Senate Electoral Classes  
....
  Comparative Political Party Predominance in each State, 2000 thru 2016  
....
History
  Political Party Floor Leaders in the Congress of the United States  
  Dates of DIRECT PRIMARY Elections re: Major Party Nominations for Statewide and/or Federal Office  
  Length of Terms of Office of STATE Governors throughout American History  
....
  (downloads)