The Green Papers: 2008 General Election
 
Copyright www.flags.net/UNST.htm 110th Congress
Senate Seats by State

This is a list of the current Senate seats and the incumbents occupying them. 34 Senate Seats are up for election in 2008.

There has been 1 death, 1 resignation, and 0 changes re: party breakdown in the 110th Senate.

  • Senator Craig L. Thomas (Republican, Wyoming) passed away Monday 4 June 2007 at the age of 74. Senator Thomas was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia in November 2006.
  • Senator John Barrasso (Republican, Wyoming) was appointed to fill the vacant Class 1 Seat by Wyoming Governor Dave Freudenthal on 22 June 2007. A Special Election will be held Tuesday 4 November 2008 to fill the seat through January 2013. The next regular election is Tuesday 6 November 2012.
  • Senator Barack Obama (Democrat, Illinois) was elected to the Presidency on 4 November 2008. He resigned from the Senate 16 November 2008.

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Legislative Links     Senate Electoral Classes

           

Alabama  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Jefferson B. "Jeff" Sessions
• Re-elected Tuesday 4 November 2008
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 3 June 2008 Primary
 Polls: Republican Senator Jefferson B. "Jeff" Sessions

Alaska  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Theodore F. "Ted" Stevens
Appointed by Governor Walter J. Hickel (Republican) on 24 December 1968, to fill vacancy caused by the death of Senator E. L. Bartlett (Democrat): 11 December 1968; elected to finish out the term in a Special Election: 1970; elected to first full term: 1972; re-elected: 1978, 1984, 1990, 1996; 2002
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 26 August 2008 Primary
 Polls: Leans Democratic - WATCH - Democratic Anchorage Mayor Mark Begich or Republican Senator Theodore F. "Ted" Stevens
  

On 30 July 2007, FBI and IRS agents searched the home of Senator Stevens as part of an investigation into the Senator's relationship with contractor Bill Allen. Mr. Allen has pleaded guilty to bribing Alaska state legislators. On 28 July 2008, Senator Stevens was indicted on 7 counts of failing to disclose services he received from a company that renovate his home. On 31 July 2008, Senator Stevens pleaded not guilty to 7 felony charges. He was conviced on all 7 charges on 27 October 2008. Sentencing is scheduled for 26 January 2009.

6 November 2008 update: The latest "scuttlebutt" is that Ted Stevens (who appears has won re-election) is under heavy pressure to resign anyway or at least not serve past the end of his current term which ends on 3 January 2009. There exists sentiment in the Senate, on both sides of the aisle, to formally expel him if he does not (2/3 of the Senate is needed for expulsion: per Art. I, Sec. 5, clause 2). If he does NOT serve his new 6-year term, Alaska law requires a Special Election within 90 days of the seat becoming vacant.

7 April 2009 update: U.S. District Judge Emmet Sullivan set aside the conviction of former Senator Ted Stevens and initiated criminal contempt proceedings against the government lawyers who prosecuted the case.


Georgia  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Saxby Chambliss
• Re-elected Tuesday 2 December 2008
First elected: 2002; re-elected: 2008
Seat up for election: Tuesday 2 December 2008
Renominated - 15 July 2008 Primary
 Polls: Leans Republican - Republican Senator Saxby Chambliss vs. Democratic James Francis "Jim" Martin: expect no candidate to receive 50% on 4 November - contest to be decided on 2 December runoff
  

Since no candidate received 50% of the vote plus 1 in the 4 November General Election, the top 2 vote getters, Senator Saxby Chambliss (Republican, 49.8%) and James Francis "Jim" Martin (Democratic, 46.8%) advance to a 2 December 2008 runoff.


Kansas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Pat Roberts
• Re-elected Tuesday 4 November 2008
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008
[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1980, 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1994]
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 5 August 2008 Primary
 Polls: Republican Senator Pat Roberts

Kentucky  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Mitch McConnell
• Re-elected Tuesday 4 November 2008
First elected: 1984; re-elected: 1990, 1996, 2002, 2008
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 20 May 2008 Primary
 Polls: Leans Republican - Republican Senator Mitch McConnell

Maine  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Susan M. Collins
• Re-elected Tuesday 4 November 2008
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 10 June 2008 Primary
 Polls: Leans Republican - Republican Senator Susan M. Collins

Minnesota  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Democratic, 1 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Norm Coleman
First elected: 2002
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 9 September 2008 Primary
 Polls: Toss-up - Republican Senator Norm Coleman vs. Democratic-Farmer Labor Al Franken
  

Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State - 2008 Recount Guide

Monday 13 April 2009 update: The District Court has issued a judgement: "Based on the above findings of fact and conclusions of law, and pursuant to Minnesota Stat. 209.12, the Court decides, declares, and adjudges that ... Al Franken ... received the highest number of votes ... and is entitled to receive the certificate of election". Signed by Judge Elizabeth A. Hayden, Judge Kurt J. Marben, and Judge Denise D. Reilly. Norm Coleman has 10 days to appeal to the Minnesota Supreme Court. Reference: Findings of Fact Conclusions of Law and Order for Judgment [No. 62-CV-09-56]


Mississippi  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Thad Cochran
• Re-elected Tuesday 4 November 2008
First elected: 1978; re-elected: 1984, 1990, 1996, 2002, 2008
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 11 March 2008 Primary
 Polls: Republican Senator Thad Cochran

New Hampshire  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator John E. Sununu
First elected: 2002
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 9 September 2008 Primary
 Polls: Toss-up - Democratic former Governor Jeanne Shaheen slightly favored over Republican Senator John E. Sununu

North Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Elizabeth H. Dole
First elected: 2002
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 6 May 2008 Primary
 Polls: Leans Democratic - WATCH - Democratic state Senator Kay R. Hagan favored over Republican Senator Elizabeth H. Dole

Oklahoma  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator James M. "Jim" Inhofe
• Re-elected Tuesday 4 November 2008
First elected to fill out the term in a Special Election: 1994 [held to fill the impending vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator David L. Boren (Democrat): effective, 15 November 1994 but announced before the 1994 Oklahoma state/local Primary in August 1994, allowing for this Special Election to take place; elected to a full term: 1996; re-elected 2002, 2008
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 29 July 2008 Primary
 Polls: Republican Senator James M. "Jim" Inhofe

Oregon  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 1 Republican, 1 Democratic

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Gordon Harold Smith
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 20 May 2008 Primary
 Polls: Leans Democratic - WATCH - Democratic state Speaker of the House Jeffrey Alan "Jeff" Merkley favored over Republican Senator Gordon Harold Smith

South Carolina  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Lindsey Olin Graham
• Re-elected Tuesday 4 November 2008
First elected: 2002; re-elected: 2008
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 10 June 2008 Primary
 Polls: Republican Senator Lindsey Olin Graham

Tennessee  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Lamar Alexander
• Re-elected Tuesday 4 November 2008
First elected: 2002; re-elected: 2008
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 7 August 2008 Primary
 Polls: Republican Senator Lamar Alexander

Texas  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator John Cornyn
• Re-elected Tuesday 4 November 2008
First elected: 2002; re-elected: 2008
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 4 March 2008 Primary
 Polls: Republican Senator John Cornyn

Wyoming  6-year term. No Term Limit. Senate Electoral Classes
Partisan Composition: 2 Republican

Class 1
Seat up for election
Republican Senator John A. Barrasso
• Re-elected Tuesday 4 November 2008
Appointed: 22 June 2007 by Governor Dave Freudenthal; first elected in a special election: 4 November 2008
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 19 August 2008 Primary.
Next Special Election: Tuesday 4 November 2008; Next regular election: Tuesday 6 November 2012
 Polls: Republican Senator John A. Barrasso
 ** Open Seat (no incumbent) **

Class 2
Seat up for election
Republican Senator Michael B. "Mike" Enzi
• Re-elected Tuesday 4 November 2008
First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008
Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2008
Renominated - 19 August 2008 Primary
 Polls: Republican Senator Michael B. "Mike" Enzi

Political Parties    Parties appear in parenthesis and italics when a candidate receives the endorsement of a given Party and/or official sources indicate a candidate's association with a particular Party but only where the Party in question does not appear on the actual ballot as such.

Major Parties
  Democratic
  Democratic-Farmer Labor
  Republican
Major Third Parties
  Green
  Libertarian
  Reform
Other Third Parties
  Alaskan Independence
  American Constitution
  Boston Tea
  Constitution
  Independence
  Independent Greens
  Independent Party of Oregon
  Natural Law
  Nebraska
  Socialist Workers Party
  U.S. Taxpayers
  Veterans Party of America
Independents
  Independent
  Independent Democrat
  No Party Affiliation
  Nominated By Petition
  Other-party nominee
  Unenrolled
Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable
  Scattering
  Write-in
 

Notes

Candidates for office appear on this page in italics where 'The Green Papers' does not yet have independent confirmation from an election authority that the person so listed will actually appear on the ballot.

FEC indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary "Total Receipts" for candidates for Federal Office.


Senate Class

Class 1 seats begin their current terms at noon on 3 January 2007... next regular election for these seats is in 2012.
Class 2 seats end their current terms at noon on 3 January 2009... next regular election for these seats is 2008.
Class 3 seats end their current terms at noon on 3 January 2011... next regular election for these seats is 2010.

For more information on Senate Classes refer to UNITED STATES SENATE: Electoral "Classes".


Article I, Section 3, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"Immediately after [the Senate of the United States] shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year..."

Pursuant to this Constitutional provision, a three-Senator Committee was appointed by the Senate on 11 May 1789 to come up with a plan to carry out the requirements of that provision; this Committee reported to the Senate on 14 May 1789 a plan to divide the then 20 Senators (there were 10 of the 13 original States represented in the Senate at the time- each having 2 Senators: North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify the U.S. Constitution, while New York had so ratified but had failed to elect Senators as of that date) into the requisite three electoral Classes: under this plan, three groups of Senators (set up in such a way so as no State had its two Senators in the same group) were to be listed and the first Senator on each list (a list which was set up geographically north-to-south in the manner in which the Electoral Vote for President was counted before Congress at that time, so that two of the first Senators on these lists were from New Hampshire and the third was the first Senator in alphabetical order from Massachusetts) was to each blindly draw a piece of paper numbered either "1", "2" or "3" out of a box in the possession of the Secretary of the Senate. This plan being agreeable to the Senate and so approved, the drawing of lots in this manner was carried out the following day (15 May 1789)- such lot drawing ultimately determining that, to start with, Classes 1 and 2 were to have 7 Senators each and Class 3 was to have only 6 Senators.

When New York finally seated its two Senators during the ensuing Summer, there was another lot drawing (actually a double-lot drawing) on 28 July 1789 to determine the Classes for these seats: since one of the seats had to be Class 3 to make it equal in number to that of the other two Classes so far, the two New York Senators each blindly drew between two pieces of paper, one marked "3", the other which was blank- after this, there was a second lot drawing in which the New York Senator who had drawn the blank paper blindly drew again between two pieces of paper marked "1" and "2": he drew "1" so that New York would henceforth have Senators of electoral Classes 1 and 3.

When North Carolina seated its two Senators after ratifying the Constitution on 21 November 1789, there was yet another lot drawing (on 29 January 1790) in which North Carolina's two Senators each blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "2" and "3" (since there were now 12 States and, thus, 24 Senators: 24 being equally divisible by 3, there would now have to be 8 Senators in each of the three Classes to fulfill the Constitutional provision that, as nearly as was practicable, one third of the Senate be elected every second year).

After Rhode Island- the last of the 13 original States- finally ratified the Constitution on 29 May 1790 and subsequently seated its two Senators that Summer, there was yet one more lot drawing in the First Congress (on 25 June 1790) in which Rhode Island's two Senators blindly drew between pieces of paper marked "1", "2" and "3": one Senator drew "2", the other drew "1"- thereby determining electoral Classes 1 and 2 as those for the Senators from this State. When Vermont was admitted to the Union as the 14th state on 4 March 1791, there was again a double lot drawing as there had been for New York. From that day until this, whenever a new State has been admitted to the Union, these types of lot drawings (the type determined by the necessity of keeping the number of Senators in each electoral Class as close to one third as possible at the time of said lot drawing) between the new State's first Senators is held before the Senate to determine in just which of the three electoral Classes that State's Senate seats will be placed from then on.


 


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