The Green Papers
2006 Political Parties
Parties Grouped by Classification

Return to All Parties

The Classification of Political parties listed on

  1. Major Parties (those parties which received electoral votes through winning a plurality of a state's [or the District of Columbia's] popular vote in any presidential election between 1976 and 2004)
    1. Democrats and affiliates
    2. Republicans and affiliates
  2. Third Parties
    1. Major Third Parties and affiliates (any Party, other than the Democrats and the Republicans, receiving a minimum of 2/10ths of 1 percent of the nationwide popular vote in any presidential election between 1976 and 2004 and which fielded candidates in the previous presidential election [2004] are hereby defined as "Major third parties" for the purposes of "The Green Papers" website. Excluded from this are non-party Independent bids for President which received at least 0.2% of the nationwide popular vote. See Criteria for including Major Third Parties)
    2. Other Third Parties (i.e., not a Major Third Party)
  3. Independents (covering Unaffiliated, Nonpartisan and all the other synonyms/euphemisms for Independent)
  4. Write-in/Scattered/otherwise not readily classifiable

Constitution Affiliates: American Constitution; American Independent; Concerned Citizens; Constitutional; Independent American; Nebraska; U.S. Taxpayers

Incumbents, candidates, and links to state affiliates
26 Candidates

American Constitution Party
  Affiliate of: Constitution
Colorado affilate of the Constitution Party

Incumbents, candidates, and links to state affiliates
2 Candidates

American Independent
American Independent Affiliate of: Constitution
California affiliate of the Constitution Party

Incumbents, candidates, and links to state affiliates
9 Candidates

Concerned Citizens
  Affiliate of: Constitution
Connecticut affiliate of the Constitution Party

Incumbents, candidates, and links to state affiliates
4 Candidates

  Affiliate of: Constitution

Independent American
  Affiliate of: Constitution
Nevada affiliate of the Constitution Party

Incumbents, candidates, and links to state affiliates
10 Candidates

Nebraska Party
  Affiliate of: Constitution
Nebraska affiliate of the Constitution Party

Incumbents, candidates, and links to state affiliates
3 Candidates

U.S. Taxpayers
  Affiliate of: Constitution

Incumbents, candidates, and links to state affiliates
12 Candidates

Former name for the Constitution Party.

StatePartyCandidate or LinkOffice
American Samoa  
CaliforniaAmerican IndependentJay Earl BurdenCandidate for Insurance Commissioner
American IndependentWarren Markl CampbellCandidate for Controller
American IndependentElliot GrahamCandidate for House CD 26
American IndependentDon J. GrundmannCandidate for Senate Class 1
American IndependentJames D. "Jim" KingCandidate for Lieutenant Governor
American IndependentGlenn McMillon, Jr.Candidate for Secretary of State
American IndependentGordon Michael MegoCandidate for House CD 35
American IndependentEdward C. NoonanCandidate for Governor
American IndependentEdward Justin "Justin" NoonanCandidate for Treasurer
ColoradoAmerican ConstitutionClyde J. HarkinsCandidate for Governor
American ConstitutionRoger McCarvilleCandidate for House CD 7
ConnecticutConcerned CitizensJean Marie BurnessCandidate for Secretary of State
Concerned CitizensMimi M. KnibbsCandidate for Treasurer
Concerned CitizensTimothy A. KnibbsCandidate for Senate Class 1
Concerned CitizensJoseph A. "Joe" ZdonczykCandidate for Governor
District of Columbia  
IdahoConstitutionTravis J. HedrickCandidate for House CD 2
ConstitutionMarvin Pro-Life RichardsonCandidate for Governor
ConstitutionPaul SmithCandidate for House CD 1
ConstitutionWilliam Charles WellischCandidate for Lieutenant Governor
Illinois(Constitution)Randall C. StufflebeamCandidate for Governor
KentuckyConstitutionWilliam Edward "Ed" ParkerCandidate for House CD 3
Maryland(Constitution)Peter KuhnertCandidate for House CD 5
MichiganU.S. TaxpayersCharles F. ConcesCandidate for Attorney General
U.S. TaxpayersRobert F. "Bob" CzakCandidate for House CD 15
U.S. TaxpayersBhagwan "Bob" DashairyaCandidate for Governor
U.S. TaxpayersJohn W. EmerickCandidate for House CD 4
U.S. TaxpayersW. Dennis FitzSimonsCandidate for Senate Class 1
U.S. TaxpayersRonald E. GraeserCandidate for House CD 2
U.S. TaxpayersFrancisco Richard "Rick" GualdoniCandidate for House CD 10
U.S. TaxpayersDavid P. HornCandidate for House CD 7
U.S. TaxpayersCarl G. OehlingCandidate for Lieutenant Governor
U.S. TaxpayersCharles E. TackettCandidate for House CD 11
U.S. TaxpayersLester I. "Les" TownsendCandidate for House CD 12
U.S. TaxpayersJoshua J. WarrenCandidate for House CD 1
MinnesotaConstitutionKen LucierCandidate for House CD 7
ConstitutionBen PowersCandidate for Senate Class 1
NebraskaNebraskaJohn H. GathingsCandidate for Treasurer
NebraskaBarry RichardsCandidate for Governor
NebraskaKelly Renee RosbergCandidate for Auditor of Public Accounts
NevadaIndependent AmericanMark Christopher AndrewsCandidate for Treasurer
Independent AmericanFloyd FitzgibbonsCandidate for Controller
Independent AmericanChristopher H. HansenCandidate for Governor
Independent AmericanJanine HansenCandidate for Secretary of State
Independent AmericanJoshua HansenCandidate for House CD 3
Independent AmericanThomas F. JeffersonCandidate for Lieutenant Governor
Independent AmericanJames C. KroshusCandidate for House CD 2
Independent AmericanDarnell RobertsCandidate for House CD 1
Independent AmericanDavid K. SchumannCandidate for Senate Class 1
(Independent American)Kenneth Alexander WegnerCandidate for House CD 1
New Hampshire  
New JerseyConstitutionJohn MeleCandidate for House CD 11
New Mexico  
New York  
North Carolina  
North Dakota  
Northern Marianas  
OregonConstitutionJack Alan Brown, Jr.Candidate for House CD 2
ConstitutionDavid M. BrownlowCandidate for House CD 3
ConstitutionDouglas PattersonCandidate for House CD 5
ConstitutionMary StarrettCandidate for Governor
ConstitutionDean O. WolfCandidate for House CD 1
Pennsylvania(Constitution)Carl EdwardsCandidate for Senate Class 1
ConstitutionTimothy J. HagbergCandidate for House CD 3
(Constitution)Veronica A. "Niki" HannevigCandidate for House CD 10
(Constitution)Hagan SmithCandidate for Governor
Puerto Rico  
Rhode Island  
South CarolinaConstitutionRalph LindbladCandidate for Superintendent of Education
South DakotaConstitutionSteven J. "Steve" WillisCandidate for Governor
TexasConstitutionRon AveryCandidate for House CD 28
UtahConstitutionScott N. BradleyCandidate for Senate Class 1
ConstitutionMark E. HudsonCandidate for House CD 1
ConstitutionJames Michael "Jim" NoorlanderCandidate for House CD 3
ConstitutionW. David PerryCandidate for House CD 2
Virgin Islands  
West Virginia  

Parties are listed as (party) where either it has been reported that a given candidacy is affiliated with a given Party but said affiliation does not appear on the ballot or 'The Green Papers' does not have independent confirmation from an election authority that the given Party has its own separate line on the ballot.


  2006 Midterm Election Home  
  U.S. Senate Popular Vote and FEC Total Receipts by Party  
  Gubernatorial Popular Vote by Party  
  U.S. House Popular Vote and FEC Total Receipts by Party  
  Close Contests Summary - Decision by 2% or less  
  Contests Where No Candidate Received a Majority  
  Contests to Watch and Polling Data  
2006 Election Dates:   Chronologically   --   Alphabetically  
Poll Closing Times:   Chronologically   --   Alphabetically  
  Governors     Senate     House  
  Senators by 'Class'  
  Governors by election 'cycle'  
  Gubernatorial Primaries at a Glance   --   Senatorial Primaries at a Glance  
  Open Governor's Chairs, Senate and House Seats (the incumbent is not running for re-election)  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with no incumbent running for them  
  Uncontested Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats (one candidate running for office)  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with multiple incumbents running for them  
  Governor's Chairs, Senate, and U.S. House Seats with only one major party candidate running for office  
  2006 Partisan Composition by State  
  2006 Political Party Breakdown by State - "Traditional" Sections and Regions  
  Political Parties  
  Senate Electoral Classes  
  Statewide Political Party Strength